Federal Register: January 6, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 3)
Presidential Documents               
Page 845-848


Part V

The President


Notice of January 5, 2004--Continuation of the National Emergency With 
Respect to Libya

                        Presidential Documents 


Title 3--
The President

[[Page 847]]

                Notice of January 5, 2004

                Continuation of the National Emergency With 
                Respect to Libya

                On January 7, 1986, by Executive Order 12543, President 
                Reagan declared a national emergency to deal with the 
                unusual and extraordinary threat to the national 
                security and foreign policy of the United States 
                constituted by the actions and policies of the 
                Government of Libya. On January 8, 1986, by Executive 
                Order 12544, the President took additional measures to 
                block Libyan assets in the United States. The President 
                has transmitted a notice continuing this emergency to 
                the Congress and the Federal Register every year since 

                The crisis between the United States and Libya that led 
                to the declaration of a national emergency on January 
                7, 1986, has not been fully resolved, although there 
                have been some positive developments.

                On September 12, 2003, the United Nations Security 
                Council adopted Resolution 1506 (UNSCR 1506), ending 
                the United Nations sanctions against Libya. These U.N. 
                sanctions were imposed in 1992 and 1993 as a result of 
                Libyan involvement in the terrorist bombings of Pan Am 
                103 in 1988 and UTA 772 in 1989, and included travel 
                restrictions, an arms embargo, and financial sanctions. 
                The UNSCR 1506 lifted these sanctions after Libya 
                addressed the requirements of the relevant UNSC 
                Resolutions, including accepting responsibility for the 
                actions of its officials in the Pan Am 103 attack and 
                arranging to compensate the families of the victims. 
                The United States abstained from voting on the lifting 
                of U.N. sanctions, and it made clear that it continued 
                to have serious concerns about other Libyan policies 
                and actions, including Libya's pursuit of weapons of 
                mass destruction, Libya's role with respect to 
                terrorism, and Libya's poor human rights record.

                On December 19, 2003, Prime Minister Blair and I 
                announced separately that Libya's leader, Colonel 
                Muammar Qadhafi, had agreed to eliminate all elements 
                of Libya's chemical and nuclear weapons program, 
                declare all nuclear activities to the International 
                Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), accept international 
                inspections to ensure Libya's complete adherence to the 
                Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and sign the IAEA 
                Additional Protocol, accede to the Chemical Weapons 
                Convention, eliminate ballistic missiles beyond 300 
                kilometer range, and immediately and unconditionally 
                allow inspectors from international organizations to 
                enter Libya. Libya's declaration of December 19, 2003, 
                marks an important and welcome step toward addressing 
                the concerns of the world community. As Libya takes 
                tangible steps to address those concerns, the United 
                States will in turn take reciprocal tangible steps to 
                recognize Libya's progress. Libya's agreement marks the 
                beginning of a process of rejoining the community of 
                nations, but its declaration of December 19, 2003, must 
                be followed by verification of concrete steps.

                Therefore, consistent with section 202(d) of the 
                National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am 
                continuing the national emergency with respect

[[Page 848]]

                to Libya. This notice shall be published in the Federal 
                Register and transmitted to the Congress.

                    (Presidential Sig.)B

                THE WHITE HOUSE,

                    January 5, 2004.

[FR Doc. 04-363
Filed 1-5-04; pm]

Billing code 3195-01-P