Index
PRC Regulations on Management of Publications  

Document Date: 31 Dec 2001
Sourceline: Beijing Xinhua Domestic Service
Language: Chinese 

[FBIS Translated Text]     Beijing, 31 Dec (Xinhua) -- Regulations on 
Management of Publications 

    Chapter I.   General Rules [subhead] 

    Article 1.   These regulations are formulated in accordance with the 
constitution, in order to strengthen management of publications, to 
develop and promote socialist publishing undertakings with Chinese 
characteristics, to guarantee citizens' freedom to exercise the right to 
publication according to the law, and to facilitate the building of 
socialist spiritual and material civilization. 

    Article 2.   These regulations apply to publication activities within 
the PRC territory. 

    Publication activities referred to in these regulations include the 
publishing, printing or reproduction, imports, and distribution of 
publications. 

    Publications referred to in these regulations are newspapers, 
periodicals, books, audio and video products, and electronic 
publications. 

    Article 3.   Publishing undertakings must adhere to the orientation 
of serving the people and serving socialism; persist in taking 
Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, and Deng Xiaoping Theory as the 
guide; disseminate and gather science, technology, and general knowledge, 
which is conducive to the enhancement of national quality, as well as 
economic and social advancement; carry forward splendid national culture; 
facilitate international cultural exchanges; and enrich and improve the 
people's spiritual life. 

    Article 4.   In carrying out publication activities, it is necessary 
to give first priority to the integration of social benefit with economic 
efficiency. 

    Article 5.   People's governments at all levels should guarantee 
citizens' freedom to exercise the right of publishing according to the 
law. 

    When exercising freedom of the right of publishing, citizens must 
abide by the constitution and laws; and must not oppose the basic 
principles laid in the constitution and must not undermine the interests 
of the state, society, and collectives, as well as other citizens' lawful 
freedoms and rights. 

    Article 6.   The State Council's publications administrative 
department is in charge of supervision and management of publication 
activities throughout the country.   Other relevant departments under the 
State Council are responsible for supervision and management of relevant 
publication activities in accordance with the division responsibilities 
prescribed by the State Council. 

    Administrative departments in charge of publications management under 
local people's governments at and above the county level (hereafter 
shortened as publications administrative departments) are responsible for 
supervision and management of publication activities within each 
administrative district.   Other relevant departments of local people's 
governments at and above the county level are responsible for supervision 
and management of relevant publication activities within the scope of 
their responsibilities. 

    Article 7.   When investigating and dealing with activities of 
publishing, printing, copying, importing, or distributing publications 
suspected of violating the law based on evidence of alleged violations of 
the law already obtained or reports by informants, publications 
administrative departments can inspect goods related to illegal 
activities; and can seal up or detain goods proven to be related to 
illegal activities. 

    Article 8.   Social organizations of the publications industry 
exercise self-regulation in accordance with their charters and under the 
guidance of publications administrative departments. 

    Chapter II.   Establishment and Management of Publishing units 
[subhead] 

    Article 9.   Newspapers, periodicals, books, audio and video 
products, and electronic publications are to be published by publishing 
units. 

    Publishing units referred to in these regulations include newspaper 
offices, periodical offices, and publishing houses of books, audio and 
video products, and electronic products. 

    Editorial departments of newspapers and periodicals published by 
legal persons, which do not have a newspaper or periodical office, are 
regarded as publishing units. 

    Article 10.   The State Council's publications administrative 
department draws up plans for the total number, structure, and 
distribution of publishing units nationwide. 

    Article 11.   Qualifications for establishing a publishing unit are 
as follows: 

    (1) The title and charter of a publishing unit; 
    (2) A sponsor and its competent authorities certified by the State 
Council's publications administrative department; 
    (3) A definite scope of businesses; 
    (4) Registered capital of no less than 300,000 yuan and permanent 
working venue; 
    (5) Organizational structure commensurate with the operational scope 
and editorial and publishing professional personnel, who meet the 
qualifications of state regulations; and 
    (6) Other qualifications prescribed by the law and administrative 
rules and regulations. 

    In addition to meeting the qualifications listed in the preceding 
paragraph, approval of applications for establishing a publishing unit 
should also tally with the state plans for the total number, structure, 
and distribution of publishing units. 

    Article 12.   Application for establishing publishing units should be 
submitted by the sponsor to the local provincial, autonomous regional, or 
municipal people's government's publications administrative department; 
and after reviewed and concurred by the provincial, autonomous regional, 
or municipal people's government's publications administrative 
department, be reported to the State Council's publications 
administrative department for examination and approval. 

    Article 13.   Application for establishing publishing units should 
include the items listed below: 

    (1) Title and address of publishing units; 
    (2) Title and address of the sponsor and its competent authorities of 
publishing units; 
    (3) Name, address, and certificates of qualifications of the legal 
representative or chief executive officer of publishing units; and 
    (4) Source and amount of funds of publishing units. 

    Application for establishing a newspaper or periodical office, or for 
newspaper or periodical editorial department, should also include name, 
interval between publications, format size, and printing venue of the 
publication. 

    Applications should be accompanied with charters of publishing units 
and relevant documents of sponsors for the publishing units and their 
competent authorities. 

    Article 14.   The State Council's publications administrative 
department should decide whether to approve or not to approve an 
application within 90 days after receipt of the application for 
establishing a publishing unit; and the sponsor will be notified of the 
decision by the provincial, autonomous regional, or municipal people's 
government's publications administrative department, and be given reasons 
in case of disapproval. 

    Article 15.   The sponsor of publishing units should complete 
registration and obtain the publication license from the local 
provincial, autonomous regional, or municipal people's government's 
publications administrative department within 60 days after receipt of 
the notification of the decision.   The items of registration are to be 
standardized by the State Council's publications administrative 
department. 

    After completing registration, publishing units shall bring the 
publication license to the industry and commerce administrative 
department to complete the registration there and obtain the business 
license according to the law. 

    Article 16.   Newspaper offices, periodical offices, and publishing 
houses of books, audio and video products, and electronic products should 
have the qualifications of legal persons.   After obtaining the status of 
legal persons following verification and registration of the 
qualifications, newspaper and periodical offices and publishing houses 
shall assume civil liabilities independently with the entire assets of 
legal persons. 

    Sponsors of newspaper and periodical editorial departments, which are 
regarded as publishing units under the provisions in Section 3 of Article 
9 of these regulations, shall assume their civil liabilities because they 
do not have the status of legal persons. 

    Article 17.   When publishing units changes the title, sponsor or its 
competent authorities, and scope of businesses; merge with or separate 
from other publishing units; or publish new newspapers or periodicals; or 
when newspapers or periodicals change the title and interval between 
publications, it is necessary to apply for approval in accordance with 
the provisions prescribed in Articles 12 and 13 of these regulations, and 
complete the corresponding registration procedures at the industry and 
commerce administrative department, where they have registered. 

    In making changes of other items than those listed in the preceding 
paragraph, publishing units should, after concurred by the sponsor and 
its competent authorities, apply for the changes of registration with the 
local provincial, autonomous regional, or municipal people's government's 
publications administrative department; and after reporting to the State 
Council's publications administrative department for the record, complete 
registration of changes with the industry and commerce administrative 
department, where they have registered. 

    Article 18.   When publishing units terminate publication activities, 
it is necessary to apply for cancellation of registration with the local 
provincial, autonomous regional, or municipal people's government's 
publications administrative department; and after reporting to the State 
Council's publications administrative department for the record, complete 
the cancellation of registration with the industry and commerce 
administrative department, where it has registered. 

    Article 19.   When publishing houses of books, audio and video 
products, or electronic products do not have any publication activities 
within 180 days after registration; or when newspaper or periodical 
offices do not publish a newspaper or periodical within 90 days after 
registration, the publications administrative department, where the 
publishing houses or newspaper or periodical offices have registered, 
shall cancel their registration and report to the State Council's 
publications administrative department for the record. 

    When circumstances prescribed in the preceding paragraph occur 
because of irresistible forces or other legitimate reasons, publishing 
units can apply for the extension with the publications administrative 
department, where they have registered. 

    Article 20.   Annual publications plans of publishing houses of 
books, audio and video products, and electronic products, as well as 
selections of major projects having a bearing on national security and 
social stability, should be examined and verified by the local 
provincial, autonomous regional, or municipal people's government's 
publications administrative department and report to the State Council's 
publications administrative department for the record.   Selections of 
major projects, which are not reported to higher authorities for the 
record before publication, are not allowed to publish.   Specific 
procedures are to be drawn up by the State Council's publications 
administrative department. 

    Selections of major projects by periodical offices should be handled 
in accordance with the procedures prescribed in the preceding paragraph. 

    Article 21.   Publications administrative departments should 
strengthen routine supervision and management of publication activities 
of publishing units within their own administrative district. 

    Publishing units should submit written reports to publications 
administrative departments on the condition of their publication 
activities in accordance with the regulations of the State Council's 
publications administrative department. 

    Article 22.   Publishing units are not allowed to sell or transfer in 
any other form to any unit or individual their unit titles, book titles, 
periodical titles, or layout formats; nor are they allowed to lease 
units' titles or periodical titles. 

    Article 23.   Before putting their publications into circulation, 
publishing units should, in accordance with the relevant state 
regulations, send free samples to the national libraries, the libraries 
of Chinese editions, and the State Council's publications administrative 
department. 

    Chapter III. Publishing of Publications [subhead] 

    Article 24.   Pursuant to the provisions in these regulations, 
citizens can freely express in publications their understanding of and 
aspirations for state affairs, economic and cultural undertakings, and 
social affairs; and can freely publish results of their own scientific 
research, literary and artistic creations, and other cultural activities. 

    Lawful publications are protected under the law; and no organization 
or individual is allowed to illegally interfere with, obstruct, and 
sabotage the publishing of publications. 

    Article 25.   Publishing units shall implement editors' 
responsibility system to ensure that contents of publications comply with 
the provisions in these regulations. 

    Article 26.   No publication is allowed to have the following 
contents: 

    (1) Which oppose the basic principles laid in the constitution; 
    (2) Which are detrimental to national unification, sovereignty, and 
territorial integrity; 
    (3) Which leak state secrets, endanger national security, or damage 
national honor and interests; 
    (4) Which incite ethnic hatred and ethnic discrimination, undermine 
ethnic unity, or encroach upon ethnic customs and habits; 
    (5) Which publicize cults and superstitions; 
    (6) Which disrupt public order and undermine social stability; 
    (7) Which publicize pornography, gambling, and violence, or instigate 
crimes; 
    (8) Which insult or slander other people and encroach upon others' 
legitimate interests; 
    (9) Which endanger social ethics or outstanding national cultural 
traditions; and 
    (10) Other contents prohibited by the laws, administrative rules and 
regulations, and state provisions. 

    Article 27.   Publications targeted at minors are not allowed to 
include contents, which induce minors to imitate antisocial and 
anti-ethical behavior and criminal behavior; or horrible and cruel 
contents which are harmful to the healthy development of minors' mind and 
body. 

    Article 28.   When untruthful or unfair contents of publications 
cause damage to the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, legal 
persons, or other organizations, the publishing units should make 
corrections publicly to remove the consequences, and undertake other 
civil liabilities in accordance with the law. 

    When untruthful or unfair contents of materials published by 
newspapers and periodicals cause damage to the legitimate rights and 
interests of citizens, legal persons, or other organizations, parties 
concerned have the right to demand relevant publishing units to make 
correction or reply.   The relevant publishing units should publish 
corrections in the next issue of newspapers or periodicals.   When 
publishing units refuse to do so, the parties concerned have the right to 
file lawsuits with the people's court. 

    Article 29.   In accordance with the relevant state regulations, 
publications should state authors, publishers, printers or reproducers, 
the title and address of distributors; book, periodical, or edition 
titles; publication dates and interval between publications; and other 
relevant items. 

    Specifications, sizes, formats, layouts and bindings, and 
proofreading of publications must meet the state standards and 
requirements in order to ensure quality of publications. 

    Article 30.   No unit or individual should be allowed to publish 
publications forging or using fake titles of publishing units and 
newspapers and periodicals. 

    Article 31.   The State Council's education administrative department 
shall examine or organize the examination of middle and primary school 
textbooks. Their publishing, printing, and circulating units shall be 
decided through bidding or other open and fair methods sponsored by the 
publications and education administrative departments together with the 
departments in charge of prices under people's government at and above 
the provincial level.   Any other unit or individual is not allowed to 
engaged in publishing, printing, and distributing operations of middle 
and primary school textbooks.   The State Council's publications 
administrative department, education administrative department, and 
department in charge of prices shall work out specific procedures and 
measures for implementation. 

    Chapter IV.   Printing or Reproduction and Distribution of 
Publications [subhead] 

    Article 32.   Units to be engaged in printing or reproducing 
publications should submit application to the local provincial, 
autonomous regional, or municipal people's government's publications 
administrative department; and, after reviewed and approved by the 
department, should complete related formalities with the public security 
agency and the industry and commerce administrative department in 
accordance with the relevant state regulations before they can start 
printing or reproducing publications. 

    Without obtaining approval and completing related formalities, no 
unit is allowed to print newspapers, periodicals, and books; or to 
reproduce audio and video products and electronic products. 

    Article 33.   Publishing units are not allowed to commission units, 
which do not have the permit for printing or reproducing publications, to 
print or reproduce publications. 

    When commissioning printing or reproducing units to print or 
reproduce publications, publishing units should present relevant 
certificates for printing or reproducing publications in accordance with 
the state regulations; and should sign contracts with printing or 
reproducing units in accordance with the law. 

    Printing or reproducing units are not allowed to print newspapers, 
periodicals, and books or reproduce audio and video products and 
electronic products on commission from non-publishing units and 
individuals; nor are they allowed to print and distribute, without 
authorization, newspapers, periodicals, and books, or to reproduce and 
distribute audio and video products and electronic products. 

    Article 34.   With the approval from the local provincial, autonomous 
regional, or municipal people's government's publications administrative 
department, printing or reproduction units can accept businesses of 
printing or reproducing publications from outside the territory.   
However, publications from outside printed or reproduced must all be 
transported out of the territory, and must not be distributed inside the 
territory. 

    Contents of publications commissioned for printing or reproducing 
from outside the territory should be examined by the provincial, 
autonomous regional, or municipal people's government's publications 
administrative department.   Units or individuals who place commissions 
should present a letter of copy authorization and complete registration 
with the copyright administrative and management department. 

    Article 35.   Printing or reproducing units should keep for future 
reference a sample of contracted publications for two years beginning 
from the day the printing or reproduction of contracted publications is 
completed. 

    Article 36.   Units to be engaged in chain operations of newspapers, 
periodicals, and books nationwide should be examined and approved by the 
provincial, autonomous regional, or municipal government's publications 
administrative department, where their headquarters will be located; be 
reported to the State Council's publications administrative department 
for reviewing and approval; and be issued with the business license from 
the industry and commerce administrative department in accordance with 
the law. 

    Distributing units to be engaged in general distribution of 
newspapers, periodicals, and books can begin the business as a general 
distributor of newspapers, periodicals, and books only after they are 
examined and approved by the State Council's publications administrative 
department; and after they are issued with the business license from the 
industry and commerce administrative department in accordance with the 
law. 

    Distributing units to be engaged in wholesales of newspapers, 
periodicals, and books can begin the wholesale business only after they 
are examined and approved by the provincial, autonomous regional, or 
municipal people's government's publications administrative department; 
and after they are issued with the business license from the industry and 
commerce administrative department in accordance with the law. 

    Distribution of newspapers, periodicals, and books by postal units 
shall be handled in accordance with the Postal Law. 

    Article 37.   Units and individuals to be engaged in retail 
businesses of newspapers, periodicals, and books can begin the business 
only after they obtain approval from the publications administrative 
departments of people's governments at the county level and after they 
receive the business license from the industry and commerce 
administrative department. 

    Article 38.   Publishing units can distribute publications published 
by themselves, but cannot distribute publications published by other 
publishing units. 

    Article 39.   The state permits Sino-foreign joint ventures, 
Sino-foreign cooperative businesses, and solely foreign-owned enterprises 
to be engaged in businesses of distributing books, newspapers, and 
periodicals.   Specific procedures and measures for implementation shall 
be drawn up by the State Council's publications administrative department 
together with the State Council's department in charge of foreign trade 
and economic relations in accordance with the relevant provisions. 

    Article 40.   Printing or reproducing units and distributing units 
are not allowed to print or reproduce and distribute publications, which 
have one of the following circumstances: 

    (1) Have contents prohibited in Articles 26 and 27; 
    (2) Are imported illegally; 
    (3) Forge or use fake titles of publishing units, or newspaper and 
periodical titles; 
    (4) Do not have the title of publishing units; 
    (5) Are middle and primary school textbooks, which have not been 
examined and approved in accordance with the law; and 
    (6) Encroach upon other people's copyright. 

    Chapter V.   Imports of Publications [subhead] 

    Article 41.   Imports of publications are to be handled by import 
managing units, which are established in accordance with these 
regulations; and of these, management of newspaper and periodical imports 
are to be designated by the State Council's publications administrative 
department. 

    Without approval, no unit or individual can be engaged in imports of 
publications; and without designation, no unit or individual can engaged 
in newspaper and periodical imports. 

    Article 42.   The establishment of publications import managing units 
should meet the following conditions: 

    (1) Have the title and charter of publications import managing units; 
    (2) Are solely state-owned enterprises with the sponsor and its 
competent authorities certified by the State Council's publications 
administrative department; 
    (3) Have a definite scope of businesses; 
    (4) Have an organizational structure commensurate with publications 
import businesses, and professional personnel with qualifications meeting 
the state regulations; 
    (5) Have capital suitable for publications import businesses; 
    (6) Have permanent business venues; and 
    (7) Other conditions prescribed by the laws, administrative rules and 
regulations, and state regulations. 

    In addition to meeting the conditions listed in the preceding 
paragraph, approval of applications for establishing publications import 
managing units should also tally with the state plans for the total 
number, structure, and distribution of publications import managing 
units. 

    Article 43.   Units to be engaged in imports of publications shall 
submit application to the State Council's publications administrative 
department; and after examination and approval, be issued with a permit 
for managing publications imports by the department.   With the permit, 
units shall visit the industry and commerce administration to obtain the 
business license in accordance with the law. 

    Units to be engaged in publications imports should complete relevant 
formalities in accordance with the provisions in foreign trade laws and 
administrative rules and regulations. 

    Article 44. Publications imported by publications import managing 
units must not have contents prohibited in Articles 26 and 27 of these 
regulations.   Publications import managing units are responsible for 
examining contents of publications to be imported.   The publications 
administrative departments of people's governments at and above the 
provincial level can directly inspect contents of publications imported 
by publications import managing units.   When publications import 
managing units are unable to ascertain whether their imported 
publications have contents prohibited in Articles 26 and 27, they can 
request the publications administrative departments of people's 
governments at and above the provincial level to examine the contents.   
When the publications administrative departments of people's governments 
at and above the provincial level conduct examination of imported 
publications at the request of publications import managing units, the 
department can collect a fee according to the standard approved by the 
State Council's department in charge of prices. 

    The State Council's publications administrative department can 
prohibit imports of specific publications. 

    Article 45.   Before importing publications, publications import 
managing units should enter the catalog of publications to be imported in 
the records of the publications administrative department of people's 
governments at and above the provincial level.   When the publications 
administrative department of people's governments at and above the 
provincial level discovers publications listed in the catalog, which are 
prohibited from imports or are shelved for imports, the department should 
promptly notify publications import managing unit as well as issue a 
circular among customs offices.   Publications import managing units 
cannot import, and customs offices cannot let go publications, which are 
prohibited from imports or shelved for imports.   The State Council's 
publications administrative department shall draw up specific procedures 
for entering publications to be imported in the records of the 
publications administrative department. 

    Article 46.   Distributors of imported publications must obtain 
imported publications from legally established publications import 
managing units; and of these, distributors of imported newspapers and 
periodicals must obtain imported newspapers and periodicals from 
publications import managing units designated by the State Council's 
publications administrative department. 

    Article 47.   Publications import managing units must obtain approval 
from the State Council's publications administrative department for 
holding inside the territory exhibitions of publications from outside the 
territory.   Without the approval, no unit or individual shall be allowed 
to hold exhibitions of publications from outside the territory.   Sales 
of publications from outside the territory at the exhibitions, which are 
held in accordance with the provisions in the preceding article, should 
be handled in accordance with procedures prescribed in the relevant state 
regulations. 

    Chapter VI.   Guarantee and Reward [subhead] 

    Article 48.   The state formulates relevant policies to guarantee and 
promote development and prosperity of publishing undertakings. 

    Article 49.   The state supports and encourages the publishing of 
outstanding publications in the following key areas: 

    (1) Which play an important role in expounding and disseminating the 
basic principles laid in the construction; 
    (2) Which have great significance in educating the people in 
patriotism, collectivism, and socialism; and in promoting social mores, 
professional ethics, and family virtues; 
    (3) Which make great contributions to carrying forward outstanding 
national culture and reporting in a timely fashion new scientific and 
cultural achievements at home and abroad; and 
    (4) Which have great ideological, scientific, or cultural and 
artistic values. 

    Article 50.   The state protects publication and distribution of 
textbooks. 

    The state assists publication and distribution of publications of 
ethnic languages and publications in Braille. 

    The state implements preferential policies toward distributions of 
publications in ethnic minority regions, frontier regions, economically 
underdeveloped regions, and rural areas. 

    Article 51.   Postal enterprises, which have contracted distribution 
of newspapers and periodicals, should ensure the distribution of 
publications in time and precisely according to the contracts. 

    Contracted transporting enterprises should facilitate the 
transportation of publications. 

    Article 52.   The state shall reward units and individuals, who make 
important contributions to the development and prosperity of publishing 
undertakings. 

    Article 53.   Publications administrative departments and other 
relevant departments of people's governments at and above the county 
levels should take timely action to stop illegal behavior of interfering 
with, obstructing, and undermining the publishing, printing or 
reproduction, imports, and distribution of publications. 

    Chapter VII.   Legal Responsibilities [subhead] 

    Article 54.   Staff employees of publications administrative 
departments or other relevant departments, who take advantage of their 
positions to accept cash, gifts, or other benefits from others in 
exchange of approving the establishment of publishing, printing or 
reproduction, import, and distribution units, which do not meet legal 
qualifications; or who fail to fulfill supervisory duties or to 
investigate violations of the law, and cause serious consequences; shall 
be affixed with criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions 
in the Criminal Law on bribery, power abuse, dereliction of duty, and 
other crimes.   Where criminal punishment is still not warranted, 
administrative penalty of demotion or dismissal shall be taken. 

    Article 55.   Publishing, printing or reproduction, import, and 
distributing units, which are established without approval; businesses of 
publishing, printing or reproducing, importing, and distributing 
publications without approval; and behavior of using fake titles of 
publishing units or of forging and using fake titles of newspapers and 
periodicals in publishing publications; shall be cracked down by 
publications administrative departments and industry and commerce 
administrative departments pursuant to their legal functions; and shall 
be affixed with criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions 
in the Criminal Law on crimes of illegal business operations.   Where 
criminal punishment is still not warranted, publications, illegal 
incomes, and tools and equipment for engaging in illegal business 
operations shall be confiscated.   Where the volume of illegal business 
operations is over 10,000 yuan, a fine no more than 10 times but no less 
than five times of the volume of illegal business operations shall be 
imposed.   Where the volume of illegal business operations is under 
10,000 yuan, a fine of no more than 50,000 yuan but no less than 10,000 
yuan shall be imposed.   Where the legitimate rights and interests of 
others are encroached, civil liabilities should be undertaken. 

    Article 56.   Whoever commits one of the acts listed in the following 
paragraph in violation of criminal laws shall be affixed with criminal 
responsibility in accordance with the relevant provisions in the Criminal 
Law.   Where criminal punishment is not warranted, the publications 
administrative department shall order suspension of operations for 
consolidation within a time limit and shall have publications and illegal 
incomes confiscated.   Where the volume of illegal business operations is 
over 10,000 yuan, a fine of no more than 10 times but no less than five 
times of the volume of illegal business operations shall be imposed.   
Where the volume of illegal business operations is under 10,000 yuan, a 
fine of no more than 50,000 yuan but no less than 10,000 yuan shall be 
imposed.   Where circumstances are serious, the permit shall be revoked 
by the agency, which issued the certificate previously. 

    (1) Publishing and importing publications with contents prohibited in 
Articles 26 and 27; 
    (2) Knowingly printing or reproducing and distributing publications 
with contents prohibited in Articles 26 and 27; 
    (3) Knowingly selling, or transferring in another form, titles, book 
titles, periodical titles, typeface, and format layout of one's own 
publishing unit, or leasing titles and periodical titles of one's own 
unit, to publications published by others with contents prohibited in 
Articles 26 and 27. 

    Article 57.   Whoever commits one of the acts listed in the following 
paragraph, shall be ordered by the publications administrative department 
to stop the illegal activities, and have the publications and illegal 
incomes confiscated.   Where the volume of illegal business operations is 
over 10,000 yuan, a fine of no more than 10 times but no less than five 
times of the volume of illegal business operations shall be imposed.   
Where the volume of illegal business operations is under 10,000 yuan, a 
fine of no more than 50,000 yuan but no less than 10,000 yuan shall be 
imposed.   Where circumstances are serious, an order to suspend 
operations for consolidation within a time limit shall be issued, or the 
permit shall be revoked by the agency, which issued the certificate 
previously. 

    (1) Importing, printing or reproducing, and distributing publications 
prohibited to import by the State Council's publications administrative 
department; 
    (2) Printing or reproducing publications smuggled from outside the 
territory; and 
    (3) Distributing imported publications from unauthorized publications 
import managing units. 

    Article 58.   Smuggling of publications shall be affixed with 
criminal responsibilities in accordance with the provisions in the 
Criminal Law on smuggling.   Where criminal punishment is not warranted, 
the customs office shall mete out administrative penalty in accordance 
with the provisions in the Customs Law. 

    Article 59.   Whoever commits one of the acts listed in the following 
paragraph shall have the publications and illegal incomes confiscated by 
the publications administrative department.   Where the volume of illegal 
business operations is over 10,000 yuan, a fine of no more than 10 times 
but no less than five times of the volume of illegal business operations 
shall be imposed.   Where the volume of illegal business operations is 
under 10,000 yuan, a fine of no more than 50,000 yuan but no less than 
10,000 yuan shall be imposed.   Where circumstances are serious, an order 
to suspend operations for consolidation within a time limit shall be 
issued, or the permit shall be revoked by the agency, which issued the 
certificate previously. 

    (1) Where a printing or reproduction unit prints or reproduces 
publications without the printing or reproducing permit; 
    (2) Where a printing or reproduction unit accepts commissions from 
non-publishing units and individuals to print or reproduce publications; 
    (3) Where a printing or reproduction unit fails to complete legal 
formalities before printing or reproducing publications from outside the 
territory, or to transport all printed or reproduced publications out of 
the territory; 
    (4) Where a printing or reproduction unit, distributing unit, and an 
individual distributes publications, which do not have the title of 
publishing units; and 
    (5) Where a publishing, printing, or distributing unit publishes, 
prints, or distributes middle and primary school textbooks, which are not 
examined and approved legally; where the businesses of publishing, 
printing, and distributing middle and primary school textbooks are 
handled by units, which are not designated to handle the textbooks in 
accordance with the provisions in these regulations. 

    Article 60.   Publishing units, which sell or transfer in any other 
form their titles, book titles, periodical titles, typeface, and format 
layout, or which lease their titles and periodical titles, shall be 
ordered by the publications administrative department to suspend the 
illegal activities, be given a warning, and have the illegal publications 
and incomes confiscated.   Where the volume of illegal business 
operations is over 10,000 yuan, a fine of no more than 10 times but no 
less than five times of the volume of illegal business operations shall 
be imposed.   Where the volume of illegal business operations is under 
10,000 yuan, a fine of no more than 50,000 yuan but no less than 10,000 
yuan shall be imposed.   Where circumstances are serious, an order to 
suspend operations for consolidation within a time limit shall be issued, 
or the permit shall be revoked by the agency, which issued the 
certificate previously. 

    Article 61.   Whoever commits one of the acts listed in the following 
paragraph shall be ordered by the publications administrative department 
to make correction and be given a warning.   Where circumstances are 
serious, an order to suspend operations for consolidation within a time 
limit shall be issued, or the permit shall be revoked by the agency, 
which issued the certificate previously. 

    (1) Where a publishing unit fails to comply with the provisions in 
these regulation in visiting the publications administrative department 
to apply for approval and to complete the registration with regard to 
changes of their title, sponsor or its competent authorities, scope of 
businesses; merger with or separation from other publishing units; new 
newspapers and periodicals published; changes of newspaper and periodical 
titles and interval between publications, or other items related to the 
publishing units; 
    (2) Where a publishing unit fails to submit for the record its annual 
publication plans and major projects involving national security and 
social stability; 
    (3) Where a publishing unit fails to submit samples of publications 
in accordance with the provisions in these regulations; 
    (4) Where a printing or reproduction unit fails to keep materials for 
future reference in accordance with provisions in these regulations; and 
    (5) Where a publication import managing unit fails to submit for the 
record a catalog of imported publications in accordance with the 
provisions in these regulations. 

    Article 62.   Whoever holds exhibitions of publications from outside 
the territory without approval shall be ordered by the publications 
administrative department to stop the illegal activities, and have 
publications and illegal incomes confiscated.   Where circumstances are 
serious, an order to suspend operations for consolidation within a time 
limit shall be issued, or the permit shall be revoked by the agency, 
which issued the certificate previously. 

    Article 63.   Whoever prints or reproduces, wholesales, retails, or 
leases publications with contents prohibited in Articles 26 and 27 or 
other illegal publications, but explains and identifies the source of 
publications, proven to be true after verification, shall have the 
publications and illegal incomes confiscated, but shall receive reduced 
or be exempted from punishment. 

    Article 64.   Units, which are given the administrative penalty of 
having the permit revoked, should visit the industry and commerce 
administrative department to complete the procedures of alteration or 
termination of registration in accordance with the relevant state 
regulations.   Whoever fails to do so shall have the business license 
revoked by the industry and commerce administrative department. 

    Article 65.   The legal representative or chief executive officer of 
units, whose permit is revoked under administrative penalty, are not 
allowed to become legal representative or chief executive officer of any 
publishing, printing or reproduction, import, or distributing unit within 
10 years after the day the permit is revoked. 

    Article 66.   In imposing a fine as administrative penalty in 
accordance with the provisions in these regulations, it is necessary to 
separate the decision on the fine from the collection of the fine in 
accordance with the relevant laws and administrative rules and 
regulations.   All fines collected must be turned over to the state 
treasury. 

    Chapter VIII.   Supplementary Rules [subhead] 

    Article 67.   Administrative rules and regulations, which have 
separate provisions for the publishing, reproduction, import, and 
distribution of audio and video products, are applicable. 

    The administrative procedures for accepting publications sent as 
gifts by institutions or individuals from outside the territory, the 
procedures for subscribing to publications from outside the territory, 
and the administrative procedures, the administrative procedures for 
Internet publications, and the administrative procedures for publishing 
electronic publications shall be drawn up separately by the State 
Council's publications administrative department based on the principles 
in these regulations. 

    Article 68.   These regulations shall be implemented from 1 February 
2002.   The "Regulations on Management of Publications" promulgated by 
the State Council on 2 January 1997 shall be abolished simultaneously. 

[Description of Source: Beijing Xinhua Domestic Service in Chinese -- 
China's official news service (New China News Agency)]