Office of the Spokesman
October 5, 2001
Fact Sheet: Secretary of State designates Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTO's)The Secretary of State designates Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTO's), in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury. These designations are undertaken pursuant to the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996. FTO designations are valid for two years, after which they must be redesignated or they automatically expire. Redesignation after two years is a positive act and represents a determination by the Secretary of State that the organization has continued to engage in terrorist activity and still meets the criteria specified in law.
Current List of Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations
- In October 1997, former Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright approved the designation of the first 30 groups as Foreign Terrorist Organizations.
- In October 1999, Secretary Albright re-certified 27 of these groups' designations but allowed three organizations to drop from the list because their involvement in terrorist activity had ended and they no longer met the criteria for designation.
- Secretary Albright designated one new FTO in 1999 (al Qa'ida) and another in 2000 (Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan).
- Secretary of State Colin L. Powell has designated two new FTO's (Real IRA and AUC) in 2001.
- In October 2001, Secretary Powell re-certified the designation of 26 of the 28 FTO's whose designation was due to expire, and combined two previously designated groups (Kahane Chai and Kach) into one.
(as of October 5, 2001)
1. Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)Legal Criteria for Designation
2. Abu Sayyaf Group
3. Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
4. Aum Shinrikyo
5. Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA)
6. Gama'a al-Islamiyya (Islamic Group)
7. HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement)
8. Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM)
9. Hizballah (Party of God)
10. Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
11. al-Jihad (Egyptian Islamic Jihad)
12. Kahane Chai (Kach)
13. Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
14. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
15. Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK)
16. National Liberation Army (ELN)
17. Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)
18. Palestine Liberation Front (PLF)
19. Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
20. PFLP-General Command (PFLP-GC)
22. Real IRA
23. Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)
24. Revolutionary Nuclei (formerly ELA)
25. Revolutionary Organization 17 November
26. Revolutionary People's Liberation Army/Front (DHKP/C)
27. Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso, SL)
28. United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)
1.The organization must be foreign.Effects of Designation
2.The organization must engage in terrorist activity as defined in Section 212 (a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. (** - see below)
3.The organization's activities must threaten the security of U.S. nationals or the national security (national defense, foreign relations, or the economic interests) of the United States.
1.It is unlawful for a person in the United States or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to provide funds or other material support to a designated FTO.Other Effects
2.Representatives and certain members of a designated FTO, if they are aliens, can be denied visas or excluded from the United States.
3.U.S. financial institutions must block funds of designated FTO's and their agents and report the blockage to the Office of Foreign Assets Control, U.S. Department of the Treasury.
1.Deters donations or contributions to named organizationsThe Process
2.Heightens public awareness and knowledge of terrorist organizations
3.Signals to other governments our concern about named organizations
4.Stigmatizes and isolates designated terrorist organizations internationally
The Secretary of State makes decisions concerning the designation and redesignation of FTO's following an exhaustive interagency review process in which all evidence of a group's activity, from both classified and open sources, is scrutinized. The State Department, working closely with the Justice and Treasury Departments and the intelligence community, prepares a detailed "administrative record" which documents the terrorist activity of the designated FTO. Seven days before publishing an FTO designation in the Federal Register, the Department of State provides classified notification to Congress. Under the statute, designations are subject to judicial review. In the event of a challenge to a group's FTO designation in federal court, the U.S. government relies upon the administrative record to defend the Secretary's decision. These administrative records contain intelligence information and are therefore classified.
FTO designations expire in two years unless renewed. The law allows groups to be added at any time following a decision by the Secretary, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary may also revoke designations after determining that there are grounds for doing so and notifying Congress.
** The Immigration and Nationality Act defines terrorist activity to mean: any activity which is unlawful under the laws of the place where it is committed (or which, if committed in the United States, would be unlawful under the laws of the United States or any State) and which involves any of the following:
(I) The highjacking or sabotage of any conveyance (including an aircraft, vessel, or vehicle).Released on October 5, 2001
(II) The seizing or detaining, and threatening to kill, injure, or continue to detain, another individual in order to compel a third person (including a governmental organization) to do or abstain from doing any act as an explicit or implicit condition for the release of the individual seized or detained.
(III) A violent attack upon an internationally protected person (as defined in section 1116(b)(4) of title 18, United States Code) or upon the liberty of such a person.
(IV) An assassination.
(V) The use of any-
(a) biological agent, chemical agent, or nuclear weapon or device, or
(b) explosive or firearm (other than for mere personal monetary gain), with intent to endanger, directly or indirectly, the safety of one or more individuals or to cause substantial damage to property.
(VI) A threat, attempt, or conspiracy to do any of the foregoing.
(iii) The term "engage in terrorist activity" means to commit, in an individual capacity or as a member of an organization, an act of terrorist activity or an act which the actor knows, or reasonably should know, affords material support to any individual, organization, or government in conducting a terrorist activity at any time, including any of the following acts:
(I) The preparation or planning of a terrorist activity.
(II) The gathering of information on potential targets for terrorist activity.
(III) The providing of any type of material support, including a safe house, transportation, communications, funds, false documentation or identification, weapons, explosives, or training, to any individual the actor knows or has reason to believe has committed or plans to commit a terrorist activity.
(IV) The soliciting of funds or other things of value for terrorist activity or for any terrorist organization.
(V) The solicitation of any individual for membership in a terrorist organization, terrorist government, or to engage in a terrorist activity.
Federal Register: October 5, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 194) Notices Page 51088-51090 ======================================================================= ----------------------------------------------------------------------- DEPARTMENT OF STATE Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism [Public Notice 3795] Redesignation of Foreign Terrorist Organization AGENCY: Department of State. ACTION: Redesignation of foreign terrorist organizations. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Pursuant to Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act ("INA"), as added by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Pub. L. No. 104-132, Sec. 302, 110 Stat. 1214, 1248 (1996), and amended by the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, Pub. L. No. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009 (1996), the Secretary of State hereby redesignates, effective October 5, 2001, the following organizations as foreign terrorist organizations: Abu Nidal Organization Also known as ANO Also known as Black September Also known as the Fatah Revolutionary Council Also known as the Arab Revolutionary Council Also known as the Arab Revolutionary Brigades Also known as the Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims Abu Sayyaf Group Also known as Al Harakat Al Islamiyya Armed Islamic Group Also known as GIA Also known as Groupement Islamique Arme Also known as Al-Jama'ah al-Islamiyah al-Musallah Aum Shinrikyo Also known as Aleph Also known as Aum Supreme Truth Also known as A.I.C. Sogo Kenkyusho Also known as A.I.C. Comprehensive Research Institute Basque Fatherland and Liberty Also known as Euzkadi Ta Askatasuna Also known as ETA Gama'a al-Islamiyya Also known as the Islamic Group Also known as IG Also known as al-Gama'at Also known as Islamic Gama'at Also known as Egyptian al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya Also known as GI Hamas Also known as the Islamic Resistance Movement Also known as Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya Also known as Students of Ayyash Also known as Students of the Engineer Also known as Yahya Ayyash Units Also known as Izz Al-Din Al-Qassim Brigades Also known as Izz Al-Din Al-Qassim Forces Also known as Izz Al-Din Al-Qassim Battalions Also known as Izz al-Din Al Qassam Brigades Also known as Izz al-Din Al Qassam Forces Also known as Izz al-Din Al Qassam Battalions Harakat ul-Mujahideen Also known as HUM Also known as Harakat ul-Ansar Also known as HUA Hizballah Also known as the Party of God Also known as Islamic Jihad Also known as Islamic Jihad Organization Also known as Revolutionary Justice Organization Also known as Organization of the Oppressed on Earth Also known as Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine Also known as Organization of Right Against Wrong Also known as Ansar Allah Also known as Followers of the Prophet Muhammed al-Jihad Also known as Egyptian al-Jihad Also known as New Jihad Also known as Egyptian Islamic Jihad Also known as Jihad Group Kahane Chai Also known as Kach Also known as Kahane Lives Also known as the Kfar Tapuah Fund Also known as The Judean Voice Also known as The Judean Legion Also known as The Way of the Torah Also known as The Yeshiva of the Jewish Idea Also known as the Repression of Traitors Also known as Dikuy Bogdim Also known as DOV Also known as the State of Judea Also known as the Committee for the Safety of the Roads Also known as the Sword of David Also known as Judea Police Also known as Forefront of the Idea Also known as The Qomemiyut Movement and Also known as KOACH Kurdistan Workers' Party Also known as the PKK Also known as Partiya Karkeran Kurdistan Also known as the People's Defense Force Also known as Halu Mesru Savunma Kuvveti (HSK) Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Also known as LTTE Also known as Tamil Tigers Also known as Ellalan Force Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization Also known as MEK Also known as MKO Also known as Mujahedin-e Khalq Also known as People's Mujahedin Organization of Iran Also known as PMOI Also known as Organization of the People's Holy Warriors of Iran Also known as Sazeman-e Mujahedin-e Khalq-e Iran Also known as National Council of Resistance Also known as NCR Also known as National Council of Resistance of Iran Also known as NCRI Also known as the National Liberation Army of Iran Also known as NLA National Liberation Army Also known as the ELN, Also known as Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional Palestine Islamic Jihad-Shaqaqi Faction Also known as PIJ-Shaqaqi Faction Also known as PIJ-Shallah Faction Also known as Palestinian Islamic Jihad Also known as PIJ Also known as Islamic Jihad of Palestine Also known as Islamic Jihad in Palestine Also known as Abu Ghunaym Squad of the Hizballah Bayt Al-Maqdis Also known as the Al-Quds Squads Also known as the Al-Quds Brigades Also known as Saraya Al-Quds Also known as Al-Awdah Brigades Palestine Liberation Front-Abu Abbas Faction Also known as the Palestine Liberation Front Also known as the PLF Also known as PLF-Abu Abbas Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Also known as the PFLP Also known as the Red Eagles Also known as the Red Eagle Group Also known as the Red Eagle Gang Also known as the Halhul Gang Also known as the Halhul Squad Also known as Palestinian Popular Resistance Forces Also known as PPRF Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command Also known as PFLP-GC al Qa'ida Also known as al Qaeda Also known as "the Base" Also known as the Islamic Army Also known as the World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders Also known as the Islamic Army for the Liberation of the Holy Places Also known as the Usama Bin Laden Network Also known as the Usama Bin Laden Organization Also known as Islamic Salvation Foundation Also known as The Group for the Preservation of the Holy Sites Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia Also known as FARC Also known as Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia Revolutionary Nuclei Also known as the Revolutionary People's Struggle Also known as Epanastatikos Laikos Agonas Also known as ELA Also known as Revolutionary Popular Struggle Also known as Popular Revolutionary Struggle Also known as June 78 Also known as Organization of Revolutionary Internationalist Solidarity Also known as Revolutionary Cells Also known as Liberation Struggle Revolutionary Organization 17 November Also known as 17 November Also known as Epanastatiki Organosi 17 Noemvri Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front Also known as Devrimci Halk Kurtulus Partisi-Cephesi Also known as the DHKP/C Also known as Devrimci Sol Also known as Revolutionary Left Also known as Dev Sol Also known as Dev Sol Silahli Devrimci Birlikleri Also known as Dev Sol SDB Also known as Dev Sol Armed Revolutionary Units Shining Path Also known in Spanish as Sendero Luminoso Also known as SL Also known as Partido Comunista del Peru en el Sendero Luminoso de Jose Carlos Mariategui Also known as Communist Party of Peru on the Shining Path of Jose Carlos Mariategui Also known as Partido Comunista del Peru Also known as Communist Party of Peru Also known as PCP Also known as Socorro Popular del Peru Also known as People's Aid of Peru Also known as SPP Also known as Ejercito Guerrillero Popular Also known as People's Guerrilla Army Also known as EGP Also known as Ejercito Popular de Liberacion Also known as People's Liberation Army Also known as the EPL. Dated: September 28, 2001. Francis X. Taylor, Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Department of State. [FR Doc. 01-24911 Filed 10-4-01; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4910-10-P