ACCESSION NUMBER:319755 FILE ID:POL401 DATE:01/06/94 TITLE:GLICKMAN SAYS U.S. INTELLIGENCE EFFORTS NOW BROADER (01/06/94) TEXT:*94010601.POL GLICKMAN SAYS U.S. INTELLIGENCE EFFORTS NOW BROADER (Past focus geared toward Moscow and its satellites) (760) By Wendy S. Ross USIA Congressional Affairs Writer Washington -- During the period 1945-90, U.S. intelligence gathering was largely geared toward Moscow and its satellites, but today the focus is much broader, says Congressman Dan Glickman, chairman of the House Intelligence Committee. Information gathering today is concerned with the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as well as with terrorism, narcotics trafficking and economic spying, he said January 5 at the U.S. Information Agency's Foreign Press Center in Washington. Glickman stressed that the quality of U.S. intelligence gathering, which was the best "in the world" during the Cold War, must remain first rate, despite the budget cutting now underway throughout the federal government. "The amount spent on intelligence is going to fall some because of the 1udget problems and because of the nature of the threat changing. But the quality of intelligence cannot suffer and doesn't need to suffer," he said. "While U.S. intelligence is not perfect and never has been...as a general proposition it tends to be more right than not," he said, but "policymakers often don't listen to it because it doesn't conform to what their policy objectives are." According to Glickman, any alleged failures in policymaking in recent years can be traced to presidents who "don't give the undivided attention that they need to give to the character and texture of intelligence, why something is happening." For instance, Glickman pointed out, U.S. administrations in the 1980's, in their concern about Iran, failed to take full advantage of available intelligence information about Iraq's Saddam Hussein. Modern technology, Glickman also asserted, has lessened the use of human beings in intelligence gathering. He called this trend a "grave mistake....The old fashioned way of getting information is still the best way," adding that all the satellites in the world "cannot get into the mind of the president of North Korea." Each year the U.S. Congress must approve the budgets of the U.S. intelligence community, he pointed out, emphasizing that "the power of the purse" is a "powerful" oversight tool. Glickman's Intelligence Committee in the House, and a similar committee in the Senate, as well as the appropriations committees in both bodies, have jurisdiction over the spending for the intelligence agencies. In the past the intelligence community has been reluctant to be candid with Congress, Glickman said, but in recent years, it has become more "open and honest" in its relations with the legislature. "They don't give us sources and methods," he said, but "they tell us generally what their programs are." Glickman added that one of his goals since he became committee chairman in 1993, is to "open up the process." The total budget of the intelligence community should be made public, he said. On specific topics, Glickman had this to say: -- Syria: "I am somewhat optimistic" about President Asad moving away from support of terrorist groups so as not to be left out of the Middle East peace process. But, "he will not break all ties with these groups overnight," Glickman predicted. Glickman said he and some committee staffers are planning a factfinding visit to Israel, Egypt, Syria and Jordan in about 10 days. -- North Korea: "We have no knowledge to a certainty" about North Korea's ability to develop nuclear weapons, but the intelligence community thinks North Korea has the capability to develop one or two nuclear devices. -- Haiti: The "unfortunate" public leaks about the mental health of President Aristide "jeopardized the administration's ability to act independently" on the Haitian question. He said he would not support any international military action on Haiti. "We have not made the case for a military action and risking the lives of American soldiers," to restore Aristide to power, he said. -- the Balkans: U.S. intelligence has actually been "quite good" in the former Yugoslavia, because "we have spent a lot of dollars on satellites and on other things in order to get the information." That information, he said, has led U.S. policymakers to believe that any direct military involvement of the United States in that region of the world could have the potential of being "catastrophic" in terms of loss of life and injuries. 1- Pollard: Convicted American spy Jonathan Jay Pollard's chances for clemency were hurt by a letter Defense Secretary Aspin sent to President Clinton arguing against clemency. Pollard is in prison in the United States for passing intelligence secrets to Israel. NNNN .