ACCESSION NUMBER:305547 FILE ID:POL405 DATE:09/30/93 TITLE:SECURITY COUNCIL CONDEMNS ATTACKS ON U.N. PERSONNEL (09/30/93) TEXT:*93093005.POL SECURITY COUNCIL CONDEMNS ATTACKS ON U.N. PERSONNEL (Resolution seeks to ensure safety of peacekeepers) (710) By Judy Aita USIA United Nations Correspondent United Nations -- The U.N. Security Council has moved to bolster the safety of the more than 100,000 United Nations soldiers and civilians under increasing attack around the world. Unanimously adopting a resolution on "the safety and security" of U.N. personnel September 29, the council said that future U.N. operations will require host governments to ensure personnel safety. The council said that attacks and use of force against U.N. personnel will be considered interference with council mandates and that perpetrators 1ould be punished -- though the resolution did not specify how. If a host country is unable or unwilling to meet its obligations to protect U.N. personnel, the council "will consider what steps should be taken appropriate to the situation," the resolution said. The council also instructed Secretary General Boutros-Ghali to implement suggestions he made on security measures in a report last month. It called attention to what the council will consider when deciding whether to establish or renew the mandate of a peacekeeping mission: host country security arrangements that include all U.N. personnel, a negotiated status of operation agreement with the host country, and a requirement that the host country take steps necessary to ensure the safety of the U.N. mission. New Zealand Foreign Minister Donald McKinnon, whose nation has troops in several peacekeeping missions, said his delegation would urge the General Assembly to enact a new international treaty that would establish criminal responsibility for attacks on U.N. peacekeeping and humanitarian relief personnel. Pakistan has suffered the highest number of fatalities in Somalia and its ambassador, Jamsheed Marker, said the resolution shows that the "council is prepared to take necessary measures" to correct the situation. About 80,000 peacekeepers and thousands of other civilians deliver humanitarian aid and serve as human rights monitors and election observers for the United Nations in 14 operations. While primary responsibility for the safety of U.N. personnel rests with the host government, many are incapable of carrying out that responsibility. Peacekeeping forces are armed and authorized to use their weapons in self-defense, and in the past year the United Nations also has authorized its peacekeepers to use force when necessary -- to disarm violent Somali factions and to protect council-declared safe areas in Bosnia-Herzegovina. But some argue that these well-intended steps have actually increased chances of peacekeepers becoming targets of violence. U.N. operations face a number of other difficulties, including the hijacking of goods and equipment in humanitarian operations. In the past relief personnel were assured protection by virtue of their association with the United Nations. But "this is no longer the case," Boutros-Ghali said in his report to the council. "On the contrary, personnel are more and more often at risk because of such association." "In addition, actions by the United Nations in one part of the globe can generate threats to United Nations personnel in another," he said. Casualties have mounted. In 1992, one staff member was killed on average every month; in 1993, the rate has been about one every two weeks. Military personnel suffered 97 fatalities in the first half of this year -- more than 50 peacekeepers have been killed in Somalia alone. Over the years, 949 have died in various peacekeeping operations. Boutros-Ghali said the United Nations is giving priority to improving communications and training staff in security matters. The new peacekeeping operations center will have security staff on call at all times, and the secretary general asked member states to provide intelligence information about possible threats and risks for U.N. operations. In the long-term, he said, new international laws should be adopted relating to the security and safety of U.N. forces and personnel. A new international agreement also should be drafted to codify and develop customary international laws that would be open for signature by member states. 1n the short-term, he suggested that the General Assembly adopt a declaration drawing attention to the critical importance of the security and safety of U.N. forces and personnel. NNNN .