ACCESSION NUMBER:315133 FILE ID:POL401 DATE:12/02/93 TITLE:U.S. WOULD CONSIDER ACCEPTING MORE BOSNIAN REFUGEES (12/02/93) TEXT:*93120201.POL U.S. WOULD CONSIDER ACCEPTING MORE BOSNIAN REFUGEES 1Brunson McKinley outlines U.S. policy) (430) By Wendy Lubetkin USIA European Correspondent Geneva -- If the situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina worsens, the United States would consider increasing the number of refugees it accepts from the former Yugoslavia, says a top U.S. refugee official. "Depending on what happens on the ground, we would be prepared to enlarge our program," Brunson McKinley, State Department deputy assistant secretary, Bureau for Refugee Programs, said at a December 2 news briefing in Geneva. The Bosnian demand for settlement in the United States has thus far been relatively low, he said, noting that most Bosnians have preferred to stay closer to home in the hope of going back when the conflict is over. Some have sought resettlement in European countries -- especially Germany -- where many have relatives and there is already a large community from the former Yugoslavia. "We have been taking in some Bosnians and other former Yugoslavs, but it has been a rather modest program so far," McKinley said. Refugee and other humanitarian issues will increasingly be a major factor to be considered by the State Department and other government agencies as they reorganize in the coming years, McKinley said. Building the capability to deal with humanitarian crises is a key part of the U.S. government's efforts to "retool for the post-Cold War era," he explained. Not only the State Department but also the Department of Defense, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and even the intelligence community are evolving in this direction, he said. Noting the Pentagon's efforts to increase humanitarian efforts, McKinley added, "This may seem paradoxical, but in fact it is something the military, and especially the U.S. military, is well-suited to do." He cited the Defense Department's ability to provide transport in emergency situations and to stockpile and deliver emergency supplies such as food, shelter and blankets.. Even the intelligence community, McKinley said, is looking at improving its ability to give early warning of emerging humanitarian or refugee crises. At least three U.S. government agencies will contribute to the $150-million aid package for Bosnia recently announced by Secretary of State Christopher. As part of that assistance, airlift and airdrop operations in the former Yugoslavia will be doubled, in an effort funded and operated by the Department of Defense. Food relief will be provided by USAID. The Bureau for Refugee Programs will provide $30 million in cash support for the operations of international organizations in the field. NNNN .