Andrew, Christopher M. For the PresidentÕs Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995.

Arnold, Paul. Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 38, No. 5, 1995; Vol. 37, No. 5, 1994; Vol. 36, No. 5, 1992. Government Publication.

Aspin-Brown Commission. Preparing for the 21st Century: An Appraisal of U.S Intelligence. March 1, 1996.

Bamford, James A. The Puzzle Palace: A Report on AmericaÕs Most Secret Agency. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992.

Barry, James A. "Covert Action Can Be Just,Ó ORBIS, A Journal of World Affairs. Vol. 37, No. 3, Summer 1993. Greenwich, CT: Foreign Policy Research Institute/JAI Press Inc. 1993.

Blaze, Matt, et al. "Minimal Key Lengths for Symmetric Ciphers to Provide Adequate Commercial Security," Business Software Alliance, January 1996.

Central Intelligence Agency. Ballistic Missiles, Delivery Systems for Weapons of Mass Destruction. Washington, D.C.: CIA, 1995.

The Challenge of Ethnic Conflict to National and International Order in the 1990: Geographic Perspectives. Conference Report No. RTT 95-10039. Washington, D.C.: Geographic Resources Division, CIA, October 1995.

Commission on AmericaÕs National Interests. AmericaÕs National Interests. Cambridge, MA: Center for Science and International Affairs, 1996.

Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the U.S Intelligence Community. Preparing for the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

Concoran, Elizabeth. "Easing of Encryption Technology Curbs Backed," Washington Post, May 31, 1996.

Constantine, G. Ted. Intelligence Support to Humanitarian-Disaster Relief Operations: An Intelligence Monograph. Center for the Study of Intelligence, CIA (December 1995).

A ConsumerÕs Guide to Intelligence. Publication No. PAS 95-00010. Washington, D.C: Public Affairs Staff, CIA, July 1995.

Darling, Arthur Burr. The Central Intelligence Agency: An Instrument of Government, to 1950. University Park, PA: Pennylvania State UP, 1986.

Davis, Zachary. Interviewed by Jeff Siegel, January 2, 1997.

Deutch, John. "The Environment on the Intelligence Agenda," speech at the World Affairs Council, Los Angeles, July 25, 1996.

Dreyfuss, Robert. "Spying on the Environment," Earth Action Network (February, 1995), 28.

Executive Order 12333. "United States Intelligence Activities," Presidential Documents signed December 4, 1981. Federal Register, Vol. 40, No. 235. Washington, D.C: December 8, 1981.

Fialka, John J. "Stealing the Spark: Why Economic Espionage Works in America," Washington Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Fall 1996), 178.

Freedman, Lawrence. US Intelligence and the Soviet Strategic Threat. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1986.

Gertz, Bill, "Russians Spy on U.S. Business Using Listening Post in Cuba, " The Washington Times, October 7, 1996.

-----. "New CIA Rules Said to Hamper Effort to Spy on Terrorist Groups," Washington Times, August 1, 1996.

Gries, David D. "Opening Up Secret Intelligence," ORBIS, A Journal of World Affairs. Vol. 37, No. 3, Summer 1993. Greenwich, CT: Foreign Policy Research Institute/JAI Press Inc, 1993, 365-372.

Grose, Peter. Gentleman Spy: the life of Allen Dulles. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994.

Halperin, Morton H with Priscilla Clapp and Arnold Kanter. Bureaucratic Politics and Foreign Policy. Washington, D.C: The Brookings Institution, 1974.

Hastedt, Glenn P., ed. Controlling Intelligence, Cass Series--Studies in Intelligence. London: F.Cass, 1991.

Hulnick, Arthur S. "Managing Intelligence Analysis: Strategies for Playing the End Game," International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Fall 1988), 321-343.

-----. "Relations Between Intelligence Producers and Policy Consumers: A New Way of Looking at an Old Problem," Intelligence and Intelligence Policy In a Democratic Society, ed. Stephen J. Cimbala. Dobbs Ferry: NY: Transnational Publishers, 1987, 129-144.

Johnson, Loch K. AmericaÕs Secret Power: the CIA in a Democratic Society. New York: Oxford UP, 1989.

-----. A Season of Inquiry: the Senate Intelligence Investigation. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1985.

Joint Chiefs of Staff. National Military Strategy. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Joint Security Commission. Redefining Security: A Report to the Secretary of Defense and the Director of Central Intelligence. Washington, D.C: February 28, 1994.

Leary, William M. The Central Intelligence Agency: History and Documents. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1992.

Manget, Frederic F. "Intelligence and the Rise of Judicial Intervention," CIA Working Paper. Washington, D.C.: CIA, Winter, 1995, 1-26.

May, Ernest R., ed. Knowing OneÕs Enemies: Intelligence Assessment Before the Two World Wars. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1984.

Murfin, Justin R. "The Roles, Responsibilities and the Authorities of the Director of Central Intelligence," Princeton University, November 9, 1996.

National Security Science and Technology Strategy. Washington, D.C.: Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Committee for National Security of the National Science and Technology Council. 1995.

Patterns of Global Terrorism 1995. Department of State Publication 10321. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Secretary of State/Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, released April 1996.

Porteus, Samuel D. "Looking Out for Economic Interests: An Increased Role for Intelligence," Washington Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Fall 1996), 192.

Powers, Thomas. The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA. New York: Knopf, 1979.

Ranelagh, John. The Agency: the Rise and Decline of the CIA. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1986.

Richelson, Jeffrey T. The U.S. Intelligence Community. New York: Harper Collins, Westview Press, 1995.

Ruffner, Kevin C., ed. CORONA, AmericaÕs First Satellite Program. in CIA Cold War Records. Washington, D.C.: History Staff, Center for the Study of Intelligence, CIA, 1994.

Samore, Gary. Interviewed by Jeff Siegel, January 2, 1997.

Schweizer, Peter. Friendly Spies: How AmericaÕs Allies Are Using Economic Espionage to Steal Our Secrets. New York: The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1993.

Shulsky, Abram N. Silent Warfare: Understanding the World of Intelligence. Washington, D.C: BrasseyÕs, 1993.

Smist, Frank Jr. "Congress and Intelligence, 1985-1989: A Look Back and a Look Ahead," Congress Oversees the United States Intelligence Community, 1947-1989, Ch. 6. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press, 1990.

Snider, Britt. Interviewed by Grace Koo, November 25, 1996.

Sterner, Eric. "Digital Pearl Harbor: National Security in the Information Age," National Security Studies Quarterly, Washington DC, Georgetown School of Foreign Service, Summer 1996.

Steury, Donald P, ed. Sherman Kent and the Board of National Estimates, Collected Essays. Washington, D.C: History Staff, Center for the Study of Intelligence, CIA, 1994.

Treverton, Gregory F. "Estimating and Forecasting," Defense Intelligence Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Fall 1994), 5-45.

The Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on the Future of U.S. Intelligence. In From the Cold. New York: The Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1996.

U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. IC21: Intelligence in the 21st Century. 104th Cong.Washington, D.C: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

U.S. Congress, Conference Report. Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997. 104th Cong., 2nd sess., September 14, 1996.

U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997. 104th Cong., 2nd sess., H.R. 3230, Public Law 104-201, September 23, 1996.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Permanent Committee on Governmental Affairs. Subcommittee on Investigations. Hearings on Computer Security. 104th Cong., June/July 1996.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Promotion of Commerce On-Line in the Digital Era (Pro-CODE) Act of 1996. 104th Cong., S. 1726.

von Hippel, Frank. "Working in the White House on Nuclear Proliferation and Arms Control: A Personal Report," Journal of the Federation of American Scientists, Vol. 48, No. 2 (March/ April 1995), 7-8.

Warner, David. Nightmover: How Aldrich Ames Sold the CIA to the KGB for $4.6 Million. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995.

-----. "International Technology Transfer and Economic Espionage," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Summer 1995), 155.


Council on Foreign Relations. Making Intelligence Smarter.

Hancock, Garth. "U.S. Economic Intelligence Policy and Global Competition," Monterey Review, Vol. XVI (Spring 1996).

Hedley, John. A Checklist for Intelligence:

The National Performance Review of IC:

Perry, Sam. "Economic Espionage: The Corporate Threat."

"PDD-35, Intelligence Requirements," Federation of American Scientists Web site:

Ruffner, Kevin C. "DeclassificationÕs Great Leap Forward: CORONA and the Intelligence Community."

National Science and Technology Strategy - Reform