JOINT AIR OPERATIONS CENTER (JAOC)
DIVISIONS/ BRANCHES DESCRIPTIONS
The JAOC (Figure II-4) is the joint air operations command and control center that plans, directs, and executes joint air operations in support of the JFC's operation or campaign plan. Dependent on theater and contingency and whether the mission involves war or MOOTW, the composition, organization, and functions of the JAOC may need to be tailored. However, the basic framework still applies. Though the use of the word "combat" is used in the title of some of the divisions and branches, the activities in supporting joint air operations may span the range of military operations. These activities may just as well involve planning to accomplish noncombat objectives in a MOOTW scenario. A brief description of divisions and branches within the JAOC follows.
2. Combat Plans Division (CPD)
The CPD is responsible for planning "future joint air operations." CPD normally develops the joint air operations strategy, air apportionment recommendation, and produces the joint ATO. In support of the joint ATO development process, CPD coordinates with the combat intelligence division on the adversary's current and future force structure, capabilities, and intentions. CPD may be divided into several branches/cells dependent on the AOR/JOA requirements.
Airspace/Command and Control. Develops, coordinates, and publishes plans, concepts of operations, and detailed procedures for the combined interoperability and integration of command and control systems. This includes airspace management, area air defense, air support, and communications support. If the JFACC is not appointed as ACA and/or AADC, this branch provides the JFACC/JFC staff input and coordination to whoever has responsibility for those functions.
- Air Support. Air support planners are responsible for C2 procedures to ground combat forces. These procedures are published in the joint ATO SPINS. Responsibilities normally include:
-- developing procedures for requesting, targeting, and controlling of joint air support.
-- aiding in developing communication plans for air support units.
-- working with combat airspace managers to ensure land forces airspace control needs are met.
-- compile, coordinate, and monitor air frequency allocations, call signs, frequency code assignments, nets.
-- develop procedures for air surveillance and reporting and for aircraft control and flight following.
-- coordinate with other C2 branches to ensure all communications requirements are identified and met, with special attention on integration and interoperability with other components.
- coordinates weapon package elements with duty officers to deconflict simultaneous missions of other weapon systems types.
- confirms tasking of combat support systems.
- plans, coordinates, and tasks specialized combat support missions (e.g., air refueling, electronic warfare, combat search and rescue).
- is responsible for the technical production and distribution of the joint ATO.
- ensures joint ATO distribution is both complete and timely, using the best transmission medium possible..
The COD is responsible for monitoring and executing "current joint air operations." Actions and decisions that apply to the current ATO period are executed through the COD. COD normally assumes responsibility for the joint ATO as soon as it is released.
Weather Support. The weather support branch provides forecasts tailored for the various requirements; reports significant weather with emphasis on target weather, refueling tracks and recovery bases; and inputs weather data in CTAPS (if required).
Operations Support. Support operations may include airlift, air refueling, reconnaissance, and medical evacuation missions. Mission experts track the flow of assets and status of missions dedicated to each operation. Rapid coordination may be required to meet time sensitive demands to support ongoing joint air operations.
Joint Search and Rescue Center (JSRC). The JFC normally designates one of the components' rescue coordination centers to assume the additional responsibility of the JSRC. When the JFACC is designated, the JSRC is normally located within the JAOC to ensure timely integration of rescue operations with the overall joint air effort. The JSRC is staffed by members of all participating components to coordinate joint CSAR The JSRC is responsible for disseminating the JFC's CSAR concept of operation to all components. The JSRC establishes C4I and reporting procedures for component search and rescue centers, operating centers, coordinates component CSAR plans to resolve actual or projected shortfall in assets and capabilities, and monitors all CSAR incidents and missions. Additional information is contained in Joint Pubs 3-50.2, "Doctrine for Joint Combat Search and Rescue," and 3-50.21, "JTTP for Combat Search and Rescue."
The CID is responsible for all intelligence activities in the JAOC. Normally, the CID provides the following cells to work within the Combat Plans and Combat Operations divisions:
Operations Intelligence. Operations intelligence supports the execution of the joint ATO, monitors ongoing missions, and responds to the fluid battlefield situation by providing near-real-time intelligence from all sources. The operations intelligence cell is normally collocated within the COD in the JAOC. The operations intelligence cell provides indications, warning, and situation intelligence to designated users throughout the range of military operations. The operations intelligence cell reviews each preplanned joint ATO target prior to the time-on-target to ensure it is still a valid target.