Index

Department of Defense

DIRECTIVE

NUMBER 3150.5

March 24, 1987

ASD(ISA)

SUBJECT:  DoD Response to Improvised Nuclear Device
(IND) Incidents 

References:  (a)  DoD Directive 3150.5, "DoD Response
to Improvised Nuclear Device Threats," July 19, 1985
(hereby canceled)

(b)  "Joint Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department
of Energy and Department of Defense Agreement for Response
to Improvised Nuclear Device Incidents," February 27,
1980

(c)  "Joint Department of State, Department of Energy
and DoD Memorandum of Understanding for Responding to
Malevolent Nuclear Threats Outside U.S. Territory and
Possessions," January 28, 1982

(d)  DoD Directive 3025.12, "Employment of Military
Resources in the Event of Civil Disturbances," August
19, 1971

(e)  through (i), see enclosure 1

1.  REISSUANCE AND PURPOSE 

This Directive reissues reference (a) to update policies
and procedures for the DoD response to IND incidents,
to implement the DoD technical responsibilities defined
in references (b) and (c), and to amplify the direction
concerning law enforcement and other associated responsibilities
issued in reference (d) and DoD Directive 5100.46 (reference
(e)).

2.  APPLICABILITY AND SCOPE 

This Directive:

2.1.  Applies to the Office of the Secretary of Defense
(OSD), the Military Departments, the Organization of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff (OJCS), the Unified and Specified
Commands, the Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA), and the
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA).   The term "Military
Services," as used herein, refers to the Army, the Navy,
the Air Force, and the Marine Corps.

2.2.  Assigns responsibilities and authorities for the
following:

2.2.1.  Command and control of DoD resources.

2.2.2.  Operational response.

2.2.3.  Requirements for research and development.

2.2.4.  Participating in joint working groups, exercises,
and activities.

2.2.5.  Training of Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)
Forces.

2.3.  Amplifies the DoD law enforcement responsibilities
and authorities associated with an IND incident that
are addressed in DoD Directive 3025.12 (reference (d)).

3.  DEFINITIONS 

Terms used in this Directive are defined in enclosure
2.

4.  POLICY 

It is DoD policy to assist the lead Federal Agency during
an IND incident.   The Federal Bureau of Investigation
(FBI) is the lead Federal Agency for IND incidents in
U.S. territories and possessions.   The Department of
State (DoS) is the lead Agency for acts not under FBI
responsibility.   When the Department of Defense responds
to an IND incident, operational control over DoD assets
is exercised by the DoD senior representative.

5.  RESPONSIBILITIES 

The joint FBI, Department of Energy (DoE), DoD agreement
and the joint DoS, DoE, DoD memorandum (references (b)
and (c)) include procedures and responsibilities to
be followed for IND incidents.   DoD Instruction 5100.52
(reference (f)) provides guidance for accidents involving
radioactive materials.   Reference (d) and Directives
5100.46 and 3025.1 (references (e) and (g)) provide
policy for military assistance to civil disturbances
and foreign disasters.   Consistent with this Directive
and its references, Military Commanders remain responsible
for the safety and security of military personnel and
property.   Nothing contained herein shall restrict
the national security responsibilities of the Department
of Defense.

5.1.  The Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the
Navy, and the Secretary of the Air Force shall:

5.1.1.  In accordance with this Directive, provide resources
to address responsibilities in accordance with references
(b) and (c).

5.1.2.  Implement this Directive.

5.2.  The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International
Security Affairs) (ASD(ISA)) shall:

5.2.1.  Act as DoD Executive Agent for establishing
IND incident response policy and for providing guidance
to the Services and DoD Agencies.

5.2.2.  Coordinate interdepartmental exercises and operations.

5.2.3.  Ensure that sufficient funds are budgeted by
Services for maintaining operational response teams
and for participating in interdepartmental exercises.

5.3.  The Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Atomic
Energy) (ATSD(AE)) shall:

5.3.1.  Provide the DoD representation to the DoE Nuclear
Emergency Search Team (NEST) Executive Planning Board
(NEPB) and the joint working groups.

5.3.2.  Provide guidance on IND response training, equipment,
and research and development.   Coordinate research
and development with the Assistant Secretary of Defense
(Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence)
(ASD(C3I)).

5.3.3.  Approve DoD EOD research and development program
for INDs and coordinate with DNA and DoE on research
and development programs.

5.4.  The Assistant Secretary of Defense (Command, Control,
Communications, and Intelligence) (ASD(C3I)) shall coordinate
and support research and development of IND response
capabilities.

5.5.  The Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs)
(ASD(PA)) shall provide the public affairs interface
with other Government Agencies and shall provide public
affairs guidance to the Services.

5.6.  The Director, Defense intelligence Agency (DIA),
shall collect and report intelligence information on
foreign IND incidents.

5.7.  The Director, Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA), shall:

5.7.1.  Maintain an active relationship with and assist
the Services, DoE, and other Agencies involved in IND
countermeasures and response actions.

5.7.2.  Participate in IND contingency planning meetings,
joint working groups, DoE NEPB, Service, and other Federal
Agency activities.

5.7.3.  Provide response resource and capability information
through the Joint Nuclear Accident Coordinating Center
(JNACC).

5.7.4.  When requested by a Service or Commander in
Chief (CINC), provide the DoD Senior Representative
for Continental United States (CONUS) incidents as well
as other required DNA assets to support the response
to the IND incident

5.7.5.  Participate in the planning of IND exercises
and training by facilitating DoD participation.   Observe
IND exercises and training to monitor interdepartmental
and inter-Service coordination.

5.8.  The Secretary of the Army shall:

5.8.1.  Provide a trained response team of EOD personnel
and other required support for responding to IND incidents
on Army installations in the CONUS, the CONUS land mass
(except for those installations specifically assigned
as a responsibility of the Navy, Air Force, or Marine
Corps), and other areas as directed by the National
Command Authority (NCA) through the Joint Chiefs of
Staff (JCS).

5.8.2.  Submit IND countermeasures technology and training
requirements to the Executive Manager for DoD Explosive
Ordnance Disposal Technology and Training (EODT&T) in
accordance with DoD 5160.62 (reference (h)).

5.8.3.  Fund Army IND response team training, exercises,
and operations.

5.8.4.  Participate in joint working groups, NEST technical
working groups, and interdepartmental exercises.

5.9.  The Secretary of the Navy shall:

5.9.1.  Provide a trained response team of EOD personnel
and other required support for responding to IND incidents
on Navy and Marine Corps CONUS installations, IND incidents
involving underwater threats, and other areas as directed
by the NCA through the JCS.

5.9.2.  Submit IND countermeasures technology and training
requirements to the Executive Manager for EODT&T in
accordance with reference (h).

5.9.3.  Fund Navy IND response team training, exercise,
and operations.

5.9.4.  Participate in joint working groups, NEST technical
working groups, and interdepartmental exercises.

5.9.5.  Fund and perform research and development program
for IND countermeasures, concentrating on access and
disablement, which meets the requirements of all DoD
Components and is approved by the ATSD(AE).

5.9.6.  Establish and fund a Joint Service DoD Technical
Response Group (DTRG) to provide specialized equipment
and technical assistance to the response team.

5.9.7.  Establish and fund joint Service IND countermeasures
training and exercises based upon inputs from DoD Components.

5.9.8.  Provide technical program support to the DoD
NEPB representative and coordinate the DoD research
and development (R&D) program with the DoE R&D program,
joint working groups, and NEST technical working groups.

5.10.  The Secretary of the Air Force shall:

5.10.1.  Provide a trained response team of EOD personnel
and other required support for responding to IND incidents
on Air Force CONUS installations and other areas as
directed by the NCA through the JCS.

5.10.2.  Submit IND countermeasures technology and training
requirements to the Executive Manager for EODT&T in
accordance with reference (h).

5.10.3.  Fund the Air Force IND response team training,
exercises, and operations.

5.10.4.  Participate in joint working groups, NEST technical
working group, and interdepartmental exercises.

5.11.  The Commanders of Unified Commands Outside Continental
U.S. (OCONUS) shall:

5.11.1.  Support Service-component trained response
teams of EOD personnel when they are deployed to an
OCONUS unified theater and provide other required support
in response to IND incidents on installations and areas
under their authority.

5.11.2.  Submit IND countermeasures technology and training
requirements to the Executive Manager for EODT&T.

5.11.3.  Evaluate response team performance in exercises
and operations.

5.12.  The Military Airlift Command (MAC) shall plan
for and provide Special Assignment Air Mission (SAAM)
support for deployment of DoD and interdepartmental
IND response teams.

5.13.  The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), shall:

5.13.1.  In coordination with Services and appropriate
Defense Agencies, be responsible for implementing the
military response to an IND incident.

5.13.2.  Notify the National Security Council (NSC),
lead Federal Agency, DoE, and the Service or CINC Command
Center of IND incidents.

5.13.3.  Keep the Secretary of Defense and OSD staff
informed of the IND incident.

6.  PROCEDURES 

6.1.  When the National Military Command Center (NMCC)
is notified of an IND incident, the Operations Team
shall notify the lead Federal Agency, the appropriate
Service or CINC, and other appropriate Agencies.

6.2.  The Operations Team within the NMCC shall interface
with non DoD organizations and shall facilitate inter-Service
support required for such operations.   When the U.S.
Government responds to an IND incident in a foreign
country, the U.S. Ambassador shall coordinate U.S. response
operations with the host government.

6.3.  In U.S. territories and possessions, the FBI Senior
Agent in Charge (SAC) shall be the senior U.S. Government
official and shall coordinate and communicate with local
authorities.

6.4.  The DoD response team shall be prepared for deploying
within 4 hours of notification of an IND incident. 
 The DoD response team shall be under the command and
control of the DoD senior representative, provided by
the responsible Service or CINC, who shall establish
coordination with the lead Federal Agency.   In accordance
with the joint agreement (reference (b)), the lead Federal
Agency shall be responsible for establishing coordination
with non-DoD response Agencies.   The DoD response team
shall establish secure communications, when possible,
with the NMCC or the respective CINC and Service Command
Center.   The DoD Technical Response Group (DTRG) shall
deploy at the discretion of the DoD senior representative
or the NMCC.

6.5.  The Services and CINCs shall fund incurred costs
of operational deployments under this Directive and
the joint agreement and joint memorandum (references
(b) and (c)).   Subsequent reimbursements shall be in
accordance with DoD Directive 5100.46 (reference (e))
and 31 U.S.C. 1535 (reference (i)).

7.  EFFECTIVE DATE AND IMPLEMENTATION 

This Directive is effective immediately.   Forward one
copy of the implementing document to the Assistant Secretary
of Defense (International Security Affairs) within 120
days.

Enclosures - 2 

E1.  References, continued

E2.  Definitions

E1.  ENCLOSURE 1

REFERENCES, continued

(e)  DoD Directive 5100.46, "Foreign Disaster Relief,"
December 4, 1975

(f)  DoD Instruction 5100.52, "Radiological Assistance
in the Event of an Accident Involving Radioactive Materials,"
March 10, 1981

(g)  DoD Directive 3025.1, "Use of Military Resources
during Peacetime Civil Emergencies within the United
States, its Territories and Possessions," May 23, 1980

(h)  DoD Directive 5160.62, "Single Manager Assignment
for Military Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technology
and Training (EODT&T)," November 24, 1971

(i)  Section 1535 of title 31, United States Code

E2.  ENCLOSURE 2

DEFINITIONS

E2.1.1.  DoD Response Team.   A DoD organization, trained,
exercised, and equipped to assist the lead Federal Agency
in response to IND incidents.

E2.1.2.  DoD Senior Representative.   The DoD official,
provided by the responsible Service or CINC, who directs
the DoD response team at the scene of an IND incident,
advises the lead Federal Agency, coordinates operations
with the DoE on-site technical teams, and has the authority
to request additional DoD resources.

E2.1.3.  DoD Technical Response Group (DTRG).   A trained
joint Service EOD advisory group consisting of scientific
and technical personnel trained and equipped for supporting
and assisting the operational response teams.

E2.1.4.  Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD).   The detection,
identification, field evaluation, rendering-safe, recovery,
neutralization, and final disposal of unexploded explosive
ordnance (UXO) including nuclear, chemical, biological,
and improvised explosive ordnance.

E2.1.5.  Explosive Ordnance Disposal Program Board (EODPB).
  The organization that acts in an advisory capacity
to the Executive Manager, EOD Technology and Training
(EODT&T), comprising a representative from each of the
Military Departments.

E2.1.6.  Improvised Nuclear Device (IND).   A device
incorporating radioactive materials designed to result
in the dispersal of radioactive material or in the formation
of a nuclear-yield reaction.   Such devices may be fabricated
in a completely improvised manner or may be an improvised
modification to a U.S. or foreign nuclear weapon.

E2.1.7.  Joint Nuclear Accident Coordinating Center
(JNACC).   A combined DNA and DoE centralized Agency
for exchanging and maintaining information concerned
with radiological assistance capabilities and coordinating
assistance activities.

E2.1.8.  Lead Federal Agency.   In CONUS and in U.S.
territories and possessions, the lead Federal Agency
is the FBI.   In areas not under FBI jurisdiction, the
DoS is the lead Federal Agency.

E2.1.9.  National Military Command Center (NMCC).  
Centralized controlling and notifying point for activating
and coordinating DoD activities.

E2.1.10.  Nuclear Emergency Search Team (NEST).   A
DoE chartered group of scientists, engineers, and technicians
with specialized equipment and procedures for providing
technical assistance at the scene of a IND incident.

E2.1.11.  Nuclear Emergency Search Team Executive Planning
Board (NEPB).   The organization reporting to the DoE
manager of the Nevada Operations Office comprising top
executives from each of the contributing laboratories,
Agencies, and contractors that supports NEST activities.
  The NEPB's primary objective is to establish criteria
and provide recommendations for the DoE NEST program.