FM 34-37 Strategic, Departmental, and Operational IEW Operations Preliminary Draft
Chapter 9 650TH Military Intelligence Group
The 650th Military Intelligence Group (ACE CI Activity) is a Theater- level
United States Army intelligence organization with unique Counterintelligence (CI)
missions. The 650th MI Group is part of Allied Command Europe (ACE) of the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is dedicated to providing CI0
support to Supreme Allied Headquarters Europe (SHAPE), its subordinate
commands and activities, and the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR).
As 650th MI Group, the unit provides National CI support to the SACEUR and US
personnel and organizations within ACE. As ACE CI Activity, the unit provides
Combined CI support to ACE and other NATO approved organizations.
The Commander 650th MI Group falls directly under the SACEUR for command
and control. However, the SACEUR has delegated this authority to the DSACEUR.
The Commander 650th MI Group coordinates closely with the SHAPE Assistant
Chief of Staff for Intelligence (ACOS- I) for ACE CI Activity issues and coordinates
directly with the DA- DCSINT for US Army issues.
The SACEUR is ultimately responsible for force protection within ACE. CI
within NATO is understood to be a national responsibility however, ACE CI
Activity is in the unique position to have the authority to coordinate and operate
Allied CI efforts in support of ACE objectives. ACE CI Activity complements and
supplements the national CI efforts of6 nations andservices, conducts the
Allied CI mission in a combined bilateral/ multilateral mode and provides centralized
control of ACE CI operations for the SACEUR. All CI activity must conform to
national laws, regulations, and existing treaties and agreements of member nations.
650TH MI Group. Provide direct CI support to SACEUR and designated US5
ACE CI Activity. Conduct combined CI operations, investigations, and
services for ACE and other NATO approved organizations as directed by the
SACEUR in peace, crisis and war.
SACEUR Mission Directives.
ACE Directive 65- 3, CI Policy ACE (CIPACE) (NC), dated January 1997.
US National Guidance and Agreements.
Mission Directive for Allied Command Europe Counterintelligence (ACE CI)
Activity (NU), dated July 1993.
Memorandum of Instruction: 650th MI Group (U), dated September 1988.
AD 70-, ACE Security Directive (NC), dated January 1997.
DoD Instruction 5240.5, dated May 1984.
Tri- Service Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on TSCM Cross- Servicing,
effective April 1996.
AR 381-4, Counterintelligence Technical Surveillance Countermeasures, dated
3 October 1986.
AR 381- 47, US Army CE Activities, dated 30 July 1990.
Core Roles and Functions
Identify and neutralize hostile intelligence threats to ACE.
Develop and maintain strong operational liaison relationships with Allied CI
Services to include Military and Civilian intelligence organizations of the NATO
member nations. Foster a stronger working relationship between the US agencies
and their NATO counterparts.
Provide CI force protection support operations to ACE deployments, both
realworld and exercise.
Conduct combined CI investigations and operations in support of ACE and
Conduct US and combined TSCM missions for key US and ACE personnel,
facilities and operations.
Conduct personnel security investigations of all US personnel assigned to ACE.
Provide CI support to (C2Protect) network/ computer security within ACE.
Coordinate the exchange and reporting of CI related information within ACE.
Coordinate the reporting of counterterrorism related information.
The 650th MI Group has operational locations in six countries within NATO.
The unit is organized into a headquarters element and four subordinate Regional
organizations; Regions I, II, IV, and V. The Group is commanded by an US Army
Colonel. The Regions are commanded by US Army Lieutenant Colonels.
The 650TH MI Group HQ provides Group- level command, control,
administrative, logistical, and information management support. The Group HQ is
co- located with SHAPE HQ in Mons, Belgium, approximately 50 miles south of
NATO HQ in Brussels, Belgium. The Regions are organized and located to support
SHAPE HQ, its major subordinate commands (MSC), and principle support
Region I HQ is located in Naples, Italy and provides CI support to Allied
Forces Southern Europe (AFSOUTH), a NATO MSC. In addition to the
AFSOUTH HQ, Region I supports the following commands in Naples: Allied Air
Forces Southern Europe, Allied Naval Forces Southern Europe, and Naval Striking
and Support Forces Southern Europe. In Turkey, Region I supports Allied Land
Forces Southeastern Europe and the 6th Allied Tactical Air Force. Region I
conducts liaison with Greek, Italian and Turkish CI and security services as well as
with representatives of other US and NATO military and civilian agencies.
Region I's Verona Detachment provides the full range of CI support to Allied
Land Forces Southern Europe and the 5th Allied Tactical Air Force. The Verona
Detachment conducts liaison with the Italian CI and security service as well as with
representatives of other US and NATO military and civilian agencies.
Region II headquarters is located in High Wycombe, UK and provides CI
support to Allied Forces Northwestern Europe (AFNW), a NATO MSC and
Headquarters North (Norway). Region II conducts liaison with Norway, Iceland,
United Kingdom, and Canada. Regular contact is also maintained with US and
NATO military and civilian agencies.
Region II's Jatta Detachment provides the full range of CI support to
Headquarters North. The Jatta Detachment conducts liaison with the Norwegian
Police Security Service (NPSS) pursuant to specific projects and Stavanger civil and
military police as well as with representatives of other US and NATO military and
civilian agencies. Region II periodically inspects the NATO Airborne Early
Warning Facility at Orland, Norway. The Orland inspection is conducted
bilaterally with technicians from the security staff at CHOD- Norway.
Region IV HQ is located in Brunssum, The Netherlands and provides CI
support to Allied Forces Central Europe (AFCENT), a NATO MSC and BALTAP,
Denmark. Region IV conducts liaison with Germany, Denmark, the US, and the
Netherlands CI and security services as well as with representatives of other US and
NATO military and civilian agencies.
Region IV's Den Haag Field Office provides the full range of CI support to
NATO Command Coordination and Communications Agency (NC3 Agency), the
science and technology center for NATO. The Den Haag Field Office conducts
liaison with the Dutch CI and security service as well as with representatives of
other US and NATO military and civilian agencies.
Region IV's Geilenkirchen Detachment provides the full range of CI support to
the NATO Airborne Early Warning Force at NATO Air Base, Geilenkirchen, ACE
Rapid Reaction Corps HQ, Rheindahlen, Interim Combined Air Operations Center
#2, and Reaction Force Air Staff. The Geilenkirchen Detachment conducts liaison
with the Germany CI and security service as well as with representatives of other
US and NATO military and civilian agencies.
Region IV's Heidelberg Detachment provides the full range of CI support to the
Allied Land Forces Central Europe (LANDCENT). The Heidelberg Detachment
conducts liaison with the Germany CI and security service as well as with
representatives of other US and NATO military and civilian agencies. The
Ramstein Field Office is subordinate to this detachment and provides support to the
Allied Air Forces Central Europe (AIRCENT). The Ramstein Field Office conducts
liaison with the Germany CI and security service as well as with representatives of
other US and NATO military and civilian agencies.
Region V headquarters is located on SHAPE, Belgium and provides CI support
to Allied Command Europe facilities throughout Belgium, France, Luxembourg,
Portugal, and Spain. Region V conducts liaison with Belgium, France,
Luxembourg, Portugal, and Spain CI and security services as well as with
representatives of other US and NATO military and civilian agencies. Region V is
also in direct support to SHAPE HQ.
The 650th MI Group has not only a peacetime theater/ strategic mission, but a
tactical mission as well. The Group must be prepared to provide CI support to
contingency and peace enforcement operations, defined as Out- of- Area operations
for ACE. The Group is the leader in providing combined tactical CI support to the
Allied warfighter. The 650th MI tactical focus has been in four key areas; personnel
augmentation, secure CI communications support, combined CI doctrine
formulation, and combined CI training. The Group must be prepared to provide
leadership, doctrinal support, oversight, specialized equipment, access to CI training
and other areas of expertise drawn from the US Army's CI capabilities and
resources. These are capabilities and resources commonly not available to most
ACE partner nations.
SHAPE Crisis Reaction Cell (CRC). Group personnel augment the CRC to
provide round- the- clock CI support to the SHAPE staff. Monitoring the CI situation
in the theater of operation and coordinating any related questions with the SHAPE
staff, the SACEUR, Alliance members, ACE, and the theater headquarters are it's
principle function. The SHAPE ACOSI exercises staff supervision over CRC
Counterintelligence Coordinating Authority (CICA). Group personnel will form
the core and leadership of the deployed Theater CICA (known in NATO combined
doctrine as the J2XCI). The CICA is responsible for human intelligence and
counterintelligence source and operations deconfliction; Theater source registration;
is the CI adviser to the NATO Theater Commander; advises and assists the
Combined Intelligence Staff Officer on HUMINT and CI matters; acts as the
Theater sub- control office for the conduct of CE investigations; is the single point of
contact for National level liaison with host nation CI services; and is the focal point
for oversight of operational activity. As an example, during Operation JOINT
ENDEAVOR (OJE)/ JOINT GUARD (JG) the Group performed these functions
through the Implementation Forces (IFOR) and Stabilization Force (SFOR)
Tactical CI staff and operational elements. The Group will augment and support
the deployed CI elements. During OJE/ JG the Group filled key positions in the
first- ever, deployed, multi- national CI battalion. The unit was initially known as the
Allied Counterintelligence Unit (ACIU) and was later designated as the Allied MI
Battalion (AMIB). The unit is composed of approximately60 soldiers from seven
NATO nations. The Group has provided augmentees in positions including the
battalion, company, and detachment commanders, SGM, operations officers,
principle staff officers, and members of the tactical combined CI operational teams.
Communications and ADP Support. The Group must be prepared to provide the
necessary communications and ADP equipment to support the deployed combined
CI elements. Each environment will be unique with varying operating conditions
and demands. The Group will customize the equipment packages to meet the
requirements. During OJE/ JG, the Group provided thirteen Theater Rapid
Response Intelligence Package (TRRIP) systems, nine NATO STUIIB/ computer
communications packages, two STUIII/ computer communications packages, and
two INMARSAT communications systems.
Combined/ Joint CI Doctrine
Within ACE, the Group has taken the lead in the development and
implementation of Combined CI doctrine. The Group wrote the Out- of- Area
combined CI operations portion of ACE Directive 65- 3, Counterintelligence Policy
for Allied Command Europe (CIPACE). For OJE/ JG the Group also wrote the
Allied Forces South (AFSOUTH) CI SUPLAN to OPLAN 40105, the IFOR CICA0
SOP's, the ARRC CI architecture, the Allied CI Unit and Allied MI Battalion
SOP's and other related plans.
The Group coordinates and conducts training for Allied personnel serving as members of the deployed CI elements and the J2X/ CI. Training has included specific courses of instruction on multi- disciplined CI analysis and source handling,
as well as more comprehensive training that encompasses communications and ADP9
(TRRIP, NATO, other Allied systems), source operations, the theater political and
military situation, deployed force organization and operations, lessons learned, legal
issues, vehicle safety operations, and weapons qualification. Students represent
nearly the entire Alliance, coming from the United Kingdom, Canada, France,
Belgium, Italy, Germany, Norway, The Netherlands, Denmark, and Spain.
Rear Area Support
Group support for this strategic CI mission does not change during a
deployment for Out- of- Area operations. CE investigations and CI operations will
continue unabated. Renewed emphasis is placed on the conduct of liaison with
national CI and security services of the NATO member nations. The Group will
also act as a coordination link between the US national/ theater intelligence
community and ACE for dissemination of CI information. Priority emphasis is
placed on the reporting of terrorist threat information.
NATO/ ACE/ Partnership for Peace (PfP) Exercise Support
The 650th has learned valuable lessons from its participation in OJE/ JG. One
key lesson learned is that the 650th must be prepared to deploy tactically in a
combined environment. Secondly, ACE CI elements and personnel must be
prepared to support future contingencies with combined CI support. Both lessons
learned are being addressed through support to NATO/ ACE/ PfP exercises. The
650th provides both real world and tactical combined CI support to exercises. The
exercise support provides a key combined intelligence service to ACE and an
outstanding operations and training opportunity for the Group.
Peacetime CI Operational Support
The 650th MI Group provides strategic CI support to ACE in the form of
continuous liaison with the CI and security services supporting ACE. The Group in
its role as ACE CI Activity conducts joint/ combined defensive counterespionage
investigations, and joint/ combined offensive counterintelligence operations with
cooperating CI and security services supporting ACE. The Group conducts TSCM,
PSI and LATHE GAMBIT, the CI support to C2 Protect/ information systems
security (INFOSEC) initiative of 650th MI.
Liaison. To better overcome nationalistic parochialism regarding strategic CI
matters, it is essential for this Group to maintain a vigorous liaison program with the
National Counterintelligence Authorities (NCIA) of the NATO member nations.
The NCIAs are for the most part military intelligence organizations of the respective
NATO ally. The liaison program conducted by each of the four Regional
Headquarters of the 650th MI Group in its role as ACE CI Activity, is the basis for
combined CI. Our basic liaison program is supplemented by our support to
Information Warfare program LATHE GAMBIT (U). This program brings together
various NATO allies, including CI and security, police, and computer system
specialist organizations to share and learn from each other regarding threats to
CE Investigations and Operations. Counterespionage operations and
investigations effecting the security of ACE, the effected NATO ally, and the US
are also conducted as combined counterintelligence. The CE investigations are
normally conducted with one or more of the Allied CI and security services. CE
investigations are conducted on persons or incidents being related to ACE. Most
CE investigations are initiated under the Threat of Espionage, Sabotage and
Subversion Directed at Allied Command Europe (TESSACE) program. The
TESSACE program is modeled after the US Army's Subversion and Espionage
Directed Against the Army (SAEDA) (AR 381-2). If the incident involves a US
Army person, the information is then forwarded to the Department of Army Central
Control Office. If the information surfaced concerns a service member or employee
of another US military branch, the parent service is expeditiously informed.
Normally a joint investigation is then conducted by the 650th MI Group and the
respective US military service. Should the incident involve a military member or
civilian employee of a non US allied nation, that country will be expeditiously
informed. The greatest difficulty conducting combined CI investigations are that the
investigation must conform to ACE Directive, US laws and directives, NCIA laws
and directives, and host country laws and directives.
Offensive Counterintelligence Operations (OFCO). OFCO conducted by the
650th MI Group are conducted IAW with AR 381- 47 US Army CE Activities (S),
dated 30 July990. ACE sanctioned OFCO activities are covered in ACE Directive
65- 3. In accordance with our mission as a combined CI organization, all OFCO are
conducted with a NATO ally. The level of Allied cooperation for OFCO is
dependent on the NCIA capability to undertake OFCO.
Technical Support Countermeasures (TSCM). TSCM are the techniques used to
prevent, or to detect and neutralize hostile intelligence efforts to obtain classified or
sensitive information through the introduction of a clandestine monitoring device, or
the exploitation of weaknesses in sensitive work areas. The 650th MI Group TSCM
program is unique in that it supports a multinational alliance and has the authority to
conduct Combined TSCM operations with partner nations both in garrison and in
out of sector missions. Additionally, the 650 th MI Group has integrated tactical
TSCM into all deployments as an important part of force protection. This is the
result of lessons learned from OJE/ JG. The 650th MI Group TSCM program
supports ACE through the conduct of TSCM investigations and TSCM services.
TSCM Investigation of an Area. This is defined as a thorough physical,
electronic, and visual examination of an area by TSCM personnel to detect technical
monitoring devices and technical security vulnerabilities. Areas for TSCM
investigation include, but are not limited to, technically secure areas (accredited
secure areas) and command suites.
TSCM Investigation of an Event. This is defined as an investigation that is
limited in scope and designed to augment other security measures during sensitive,
time specific events occurring either on or off ACE owned facilities. Sensitive
events include, but are not limited to: conferences/ briefings; military
exercises/ deployments; and VIP travel support. TSCM trained soldiers from the
650th are included as part of the SACEURs personal security team.
TSCM Services. These are preventive activities in support of the command's
security program. The primary objective is to assist the security officer to "harden"
a facility to preclude the installation of clandestine listening devices, and to exclude
equipment prone to stand- off exploitation by hostile intelligence services. A facility
is hardened by adopting strict physical and technical security measures. TSCM
services include, advice and assistance, countersurreptitious entry service, and
technical threat briefings.
C2 Protect/ INFOSEC Support. ACE CI Activity initiated the network/ computer
security program LATHE GAMBIT in992, as a means to foster international
cooperation, education, and training relative to the threat directed at NATO
computers and networks. ACE CI Activity hosts two network security seminars
annually for representatives from NATO intelligence, criminal investigative, and
research and development agencies. Currently representatives from both the
military and civilian communities of5 nations are participating in the program.
Each of the four regions within ACE CI Activity have dedicated LATHE GAMBIT
representatives who coordinate with the host nations within their areas of
responsibility for providing investigative support, as needed, between host nation
agencies and US agencies concerning network intrusions. Additional regional C2W
support involves coordination of roundtable discussions, during the months between
the two major seminars, to address current technological advances/ threats specific
to their areas. The LATHE GAMBIT program is a combined effort by the regions
and headquarters of ACE CI Activity which fosters a more interactive, trusting, and
sharing environment within ACE. LATHE GAMBIT supports ACE through
numerous ACE CI activities to include liaison programs, security education
programs, collection and report requests, and training opportunities in computer
investigative methodology, forensics and systems. As a result of the international
cooperation, ACE has been able to better identify threats to its computer networks
which include not only hostile intelligence services, but, terrorist organizations,
industrial espionage, independent information brokers and entrepreneurs as well.
Personnel Security Investigations (PSI). The 650th MI Group provides CI
support to personnel security throughout the NATO/ SHAPE area of responsibility,
covering seven countries. This includes any investigation required for the purpose
of determining the eligibility of any DoD active duty military or civilian personnel,
regardless of service affiliation, and including contractor employees, consultants,
and others associated with the DoD, to grant or deny them access to classified
information, acceptance or retention in the armed services, or assignment to
sensitive duties or positions within such areas as the Office of the SACEUR;
International Military Staff; and NATO. PSI's are also conducted on personnel in
non- DoD US federal agencies when they work, or have worked, in our area of
responsibility. The Group conducts training at various sites within the command to
enhance the capabilities of trained PSI personnel and to introduce PSI skills to those
CI agents. DIS is the DoD agency responsible for the PSI mission, with the military
services executing the mission OCONUS.