Each year, the MI Branch assesses almost 400 second lieutenants to active duty. Of these, some sixty percent serve a four-year detail in one of the combat arms branches or in Chemical Branch. They attend the combat arms or chemical officer basic course. After their initial details, these officers attend the MI Officer Transition Course (MIOTC) and the MI Officer Advanced Course (OAC) at Fort Huachuca.
The MI Branch Detail Outreach Program encourages the MI Corps leadership to demonstrate their interest in the professional development and future of our detailed officers. In January 1997, most senior intelligence officers (SIOs) received a list of the detailed MI officers in their areas. We requested that those SIOs coordinate with subordinate G2s and the MI commanders in the area to contact each detailed officer face to face. The intent is to introduce the detailed officers to senior MI leadership, and to provide information and advice on a career in MI. It was our intent that the SIOs help the officers look to their futures as MI professionals and, where possible, include them in MI officer professional development sessions and activities.
We find that the great majority of the detailed officers attending MIOTC have not had prior contact with other MI officers before arriving for their courses at Fort Huachuca. This should not be the case, and the MI Branch Detail Outreach Program can go a long way to enhance the situation.
Each MI officer in the field can be a part of the MI Branch Detail Outreach Program. Our battalion and brigade S2s should identify the detailed officers in their units and provide them information and insight on the MI profession.
Some installations will allow the SIO to begin the MI experience for our detailed officers during their final year before MIOTC. When this is possible, it strengthens the officers' understanding of MI, even though they have not yet received formal MI training.
Additionally, all MI officers in the field can be active recruiters for MI. Many top quality officers in other branches could best serve the Army in MI or in the upcoming Functional Area 34 (Intelligence Officer). Where appropriate, we urge MI officers to encourage outstanding officers from other branches to request Functional Area 34 or to branch transfer to MI.
The Office of the Chief, Military Intelligence (OCMI) stands ready to assist in this endeavor. SIOs who did not receive a printout of the detailed officers in their geographic areas should contact LTC George K. Gramer, Jr., at (520) 533-1173, DSN 821-1173, and E-mail [email protected] chuca-emh1.army.mil.
MI Officer Structure Task Force
During the 1996 MI Functional Review for the Army Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER), MI leadership decided to convene a complete review of MI officer structure. The central problem is that the Army is unable to fill all MI field grade officer requirements. The MI Officer Structure Task Force met from 27 through 31 January 1997. The intent was to examine the entire MI officer structure and align it with current force requirements and those planned for Force XXI.
As the Army drawdown progressed in the early 1990s, the MI officer corps suffered significant reductions. In addition to the elevated importance of joint assignment, mission expansion, the voluntary release programs, the MI Corps struggled to meet requirements with a reduced inventory.
The MI Officer Structure Task Force (TF), consisting of representatives from nearly every major command (MACOM) and agency with MI officers in their structures, examined every MI-coded position using a five-step methodology. This process ensured that the right officer grade and area of concentration applied to each MI officer position in the force.
TF members also helped define the roles and missions of the future Functional Area 34 (Intelligence Officer). The Officer Personnel Management System (OPMS) XXI TF will use the recommendations for the new information operations career field. Implementation of this concept will occur beginning in late 1997.
The field will receive the results of the MI Officer Structure Task Force to provide comments. Recommendations approved by the Commander, U.S. Army Intelligence Center and Fort Huachuca, will go to a general officer steering committee. Questions may be directed to CPT Duane A. Dannewitz, (520) 533-1180, DSN 821-1180, and at E-mail [email protected] ca-emh1.army.mil.
OAC Branch Mix Program
Selected MI officers may now attend other branch OACs. MI sends one officer to each Infantry, Armor, Air Defense, Engineer, Aviation, and Field Artillery Officer Advanced Course. Submit applications through the Captains' Assignments Officer at MI Branch. Potential candidates must have a tactical background and a "strong manner of performance." Assignment officers will make recommendations to the Chief of the MI Corps for final approval. This program is open to both male and female MI officers. The point of contact is Ms. Charlotte I. Borghardt, (520) 533-1188, DSN 821-1188, and E-mail [email protected] ca-emh1.army.mil.
Warrant Officer Future Focus Workshop
The Warrant Officer Future Focus Workshop met in Washington, D. C., from 19 through 21 November 1996. This group is co-sponsored by the Warrant Officer Career Center and Headquarters Department of the Army (HQDA), Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel. The group consists of senior warrant officers from HQDA, MACOMs, proponent offices, and designated organizations. The purpose of the workshops is to identify and discuss issues of concern to warrant officers as we evolve toward the 21st century.
The key issues facing the warrant officer corps, and the MI Warrant Officer Corps in particular, are recruiting and retention. MI is experiencing significant shortages in our senior warrant officer grades. Possible incentives to retention and examining promotion zones were two of the areas examined to determine their effect on retention. Recruiting potential warrant officer applicants remains an area of concern in several MI MOSs. We have increased our accession goals for MOS 350B (All-Source Intelligence Technician) and MOS 350D (Imagery Intelligence Technician) for the coming year. MOSs 352D (Emitter Location/Identification Technician) and 352H (Morse Intercept Technician) will not access this year because of overstrengths in both. The enlisted feeder MOSs of 98D (Signals Intelligence/ Electronic Warfare (SIGINT/EW) Emitter Locator/Identifier) and 98H (SIGINT/EW Morse Interceptor) will soon consolidate. Once that occurs, the warrant officer MOSs will also consolidate.
The workshop will take place every six months. If you have issues that you believe affect the future of the warrant officer corps, forward them to OCMI. The point of contact is Chief Warrant Officer Five Rex A. Williams, OCMI Warrant Officer Professional Development Manager, (520) 533-1183, DSN 821-1183, and E-mail [email protected] chuca-emh1.army.mil.
1. The FA 34 officers will serve at echelons above corps only. They will have limited but very focused MI training enabling them to perform MI staff functions at that echelon. A concrete definition is being fleshed out by the OPMS XXI TF and the OCMI.
by Lieutenant Colonel James A. Chambers, (U.S. Army, Retired)
1997 MI Corps Hall of Fame
The MI Corps Hall of Fame (HOF) is proud to announce the four most recent inductees. This high honor recognizes the outstanding contributions made by these distinguished Americans to our country, our Army, and our Corps. The 1997 HOF inductees are: James D. Davis, Retired SIES-5; Sergeant First Class Benjamin T. Hodge (Deceased); Master Sergeant Roy H. Matsumoto (Retired); and Major General John F. Stewart, Jr. (U.S. Army, Retired). The 1997 HOF induction ceremony to honor these distinguished individuals takes place at 1000 hours, Friday, 27 June 1997.
During the 1997 HOF activities, the MI Corps and Fort Huachuca will dedicate the sports complex in the new academic area. It will be named the Eifler Sports Plaza in honor of Colonel Carl F. Eifler, (U.S. Army, Retired), a 1988 inductee into the HOF.
James D. Davis, SIES-5 (Retired)
Mr. Davis served as Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence for manpower, U.S. Army, from 1987 to his retirement in 1996. He was responsible for Army intelligence policy, planning, programming, and operational activities throughout the Army and directed intelligence support to the Headquarters, Department of the Army decisionmaking process.
Mr. Davis was a driving force behind many initiatives that have affected civilian intelligence employees not only in the Army, but also in the Air Force and Navy. The U.S. Intelligence Community recognized and used his expertise for the conceptualization and creation of the Civilian Intelligence Personnel Management System (CIPMS) which has significantly improved recruitment, retention, and development of DOD civilians engaged in intelligence activities. Under his direction, CIPMS has become a model alternative Army personnel management system. Mr. Davis was a leader in the creation of the Senior Intelligence Professional and Senior Intelligence Executive Service Programs within CIPMS. The U.S. Congress authorized and the Secretary of Defense approved establishment of this program that, through the creation of senior graded positions, is viewed as a major step to retain the necessary civilian technical and leadership talent in Service intelligence organizations.
Mr. Davis was one of the prime designers of the continued development and use of the Army Intelligence Force Integration Master Planner. This is an advanced state-of-the-art artificial intelligence system that manipulates and displays total Army intelligence requirements and resource data. It supports the Army planning, programming, budgeting and execution systems, and the National Foreign Intelligence Program Capabilities Program and Budget System. Decision analysis aids enable the development of precise costs and benefits of courses of action and real-time analysis of alternatives.
Mr. Davis also structured and directed Army analysis in support of Vice President Gore's National Performance Review Reinvention Lab for Intelligence Support to Land Warfare, the intelligence components of the Commission on Roles and Missions, and the development of Intelligence XXI, the vision of where Army intelligence must be in 2010 to support Force XXI. Mr. Davis was a strong advocate for the marriage of Army scientific and technical enterprise with academia at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. The sharing of university expertise enhances the Army scientific and technical mission, and the opportunity to focus on real issues enriches the experiences of the university academics. He regularly represented ground component intelligence elements in defense, industrial, and academic analyses and studies. Mr. Davis was also a guest lecturer at the Army Management Staff College and in Harvard University's Program on Information Resources Policy.
Mr. Davis' career serves as the ultimate professional role model for Federal employees. From an intelligence electronic warfare cryptomaintenance specialist to Senior Intelligence Executive Service and Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence for Manpower at Department of Army, he has blazed a trail of excellence. In the wake of his efforts, the intelligence integration initiatives, and CIPMS in particular, have left their indelible marks on the future of Army intelligence.
Sergeant First Class Benjamin T. Hodge (Deceased)
Sergeant First Class Hodge entered active service in 1979 and served in Berlin, Germany. On his return from Germany, he attended the Defense Language Institute at the Presidio of Monterey, California, for basic Arabic language training, and then the Tactical Interrogation Course at Fort Huachuca. He later served with the 519th MI Battalion, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from 1981 to 1992. His other positions included interrogator, team sergeant, platoon sergeant, and battalion S2.
During this time he served with great distinction as an interrogator during Operation URGENT FURY, Grenada, assisting in the establishment of the joint enemy prisoner of war facility. His efforts were instrumental in the collection and analysis of data to determine the size, location, and resources of the Cuban force, and also the identification of the 10 individuals involved in the assassination of Maurice Bishop.
In 1989, he deployed with the 519th MI Battalion to Panama for Operation JUST CAUSE. While in Panama, SFC Hodge served as an interrogator and also established an automated database for identifying prisoners and documents for the Joint Interrogation Facility. In 1990, he again deployed with the 519th MI Battalion to Saudi Arabia for Operation DESERT SHIELD, during which time he served as the Battalion S2 and Liaison Officer with the local community. During Operation DESERT<%-4> STORM, he served as Shift NCOIC and Senior Interrogator for the XVIII Airborne Corps Confinement Facility that interrogated and processed more than 8,000 prisoners.
SFC Hodge then volunteered for service in Operation PROVIDE COMFORT in Bosnia. He deployed 5 April 1994 to join Combined Task Force PROVIDE COMFORT as an Arabic translator. On 15 April 1994, he met his untimely death in a helicopter crash while flying on a mission in support of the Task Force.
Master Sergeant Roy H. Matsumoto (Retired)
Roy H. Matsumoto entered the Army 12 November 1942. He attended the MI Service Language School at Camp Savage, Minnesota. He went through basic training with the 442d Regimental Combat Team in Camp Shelby, Mississippi, graduating in August 1943.
Later that year, he became a member of a 14-man language team assigned to the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), better known as "Merrill's Marauders". He was assigned to the 2d Battalion, consisting of the Blue and Green Combat Teams. In early March 1944, Japanese forces surrounded the Blue Combat team while establishing a road block in the vicinity of Walawbum, in northern Burma. On 5 March 1944, after 38 hours of combat, Sergeant Matsumoto located a Japanese telephone line nearby. Borrowing a field phone, he tapped the line and, in the course of listening, learned the coordinates of a hidden ammunition dump. He relayed the information to his headquarters, and the ammunition dump was destroyed. In another intercept the same day, Sergeant Matsumoto identified the movement of a large Japanese force toward the road block. Forewarned, the 2d Battalion evacuated in time to avoid confrontation with a nominally superior enemy force. For these two intelligence accomplishments, then Staff Sergeant Matsumoto received the Legion of Merit from General Frank Merrill, Commanding General of Merrill's Marauders.
One month later in April 1944, while assigned to the Green Combat Team, SSG Matsumoto volunteered for another intelligence mission that saved his unit from possible annihilation. For 10 days, a superior Japanese force surrounded the battalion on a hilltop near the village of Nhpum Ga, Burma. With casualties at 40 percent, their supplies cut off, and no prospect of rescue, the Marauders faced dire straits. At this juncture, SSG Matsumoto volunteered to infiltrate enemy lines to obtain information. Moving under the cover of darkness, armed only with grenades, he sneaked into enemy territory far enough to learn of the enemy's plan to attack the U.S. position early the next morning. Again forewarned by the information SSG Matsumoto obtained, the Green Combat Team booby trapped and vacated their foxholes and moved into new positions. When the Japanese attacked the following morning, they received heavy fire from the waiting Green Combat Team. During the heat of the battle, SSG Matsumoto, stripped to the waist and waving a carbine, stood up in his foxhole and imitating a Japanese officer, called out the order to charge. Many did so and were met by the Marauders' bullets. Later on the morning of 7 April, a body count revealed 54 enemy killed, including two officers. There were no friendly casualties.
On 19 July 1993, MSG Matsumoto received recognition for his outstanding contribution during the siege at Nhpum Ga. He was inducted into the Ranger Hall of Fame at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
Major General John F. Stewart, Jr. (Retired)
From 1983 to 1985, General Stewart commanded the 525th MI Brigade, XVIII Airborne Corps. He led the brigade in its successful intelligence operations during Operation URGENT FURY in Grenada, accomplishing all of the brigade's primary missions within 48 hours. As Director, Intelligence, U.S. Southern Command from 1985 to 1989, General Stewart directed all intelligence operations in the region. He directed the planning phases for what would be Operation JUST CAUSE in Panama.
He planned and executed successful joint intelligence operations against drug traffickers. These operations helped reduce the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S. Through his efforts, a communications and intelligence architecture between the U.S. military and U.S. embassies was established. As Commander, Army Intelligence Agency, and Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, he reoriented Army intelligence so its priority became the needs of combat commanders. For the rest of his career, he continued to stress the importance of making intelligence products responsive to the needs of all warfighters.
During Operations DESERT SHIELD and DESERT STORM in 1990 and 1991, General Stewart was the G2, U.S. Army Central Command and 3d Army. Once again, he was almost solely responsible for the close and continuous intelligence ties the U.S. Army had with its sister Services and the U.S. allies. These ties were instrumental in acquiring the vital intelligence necessary for the overwhelming victory achieved by coalition forces.
In 1991, General Stewart directed the Army DCSINT's MI Relook Task Force. He made a comprehensive study of the emerging Army intelligence direction, structure modernization, and budget from the Grenada and Panama operations and the Gulf War. Based on the conclusions of this study, he made six major recommendations accepted by the Army Staff. From his recommendations emerged Army intelligence of the 21st century. He later used these same recommendations as the foundation for new systems and organizations, developing doctrine and instruction, as commander of the USAIC&FH. As the principal intelligence advisor to the Commander in Chief, U.S. Army Europe, for all threat assessments, force structure, operations, training, budgets, and relations with allies from 1991 to 1993, he directed intelligence operations to focus on current areas of interest in southern Europe, Africa, and the Levant States. He was the driving force behind the modernization agencies.
General Stewart was Commander, U.S. Army Intelligence Center and Fort Huachuca from 1993 to 1994. During his tenure, he developed integrated training simulations for all aspects of intelligence. This was the first training that integrated all intelligence military occupational specialties and ranks taught at Fort Huachuca. General Stewart saw an urgent need to bring intelligence doctrine into the 1990s and beyond. He directed that doctrine be updated to reflect Army intelligence's current and future missions. The intelligence force structure was revamped to reflect its new missions, new equipment, and reduced personnel assets. One priority was to develop doctrine for joint operations. He pioneered efforts to integrate all Army intelligence-related software. General Stewart determined the total Army intelligence needs and directed software development to meet the current and projected needs, making intelligence more responsive to the user. He also advocated the increased use of automation, not only in training but also in units.
General Stewart's significant contributions to military intelligence have spanned the entire spectrum of intelligence operations. His contributions to intelligence and his vision of what intelligence can and should be will last for many years to come.
Colonel Carl F. Eifler (Retired)
Colonel Eifler is a 1988 Hall of Fame inductee. During the 1997 HOF activities, Fort Huachuca will dedicate the sports complex in the new academic area in honor of Colonel Eifler. He is a legendary hero of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). He enlisted in the Reserves as a private in 1928 and received a commission after completing his officer training through correspondence courses.
Introduced to intelligence while working undercover as a customs agent in Mexico, Mr. Eifler uncovered a Japanese spy ring that was attempting to sway Mexico over to the Axis powers. His customs superiors ignored this information, so he reported it to his Reserve unit advisor, Lieutenant Colonel (later general) Joseph S. Stilwell. This initial contact began a lifelong friendship between the two.
In early 1941, Captain Eifler received a call to active duty and took command of Kilo Company, 35th Infantry Regiment. Then in 1942 he was suddenly assigned to the Office of the Coordinator of Information (COI) (later renamed the OSS) in Washington, D.C. General William J. Donovan, the COI, wanted to establish a paramilitary unit in the China-Burma-India (CBI) Theater, but Theater Commander General Stilwell opposed this. Because of his long acquaintance with General Stilwell, General Donovan chose Eifler to train and command a group of saboteurs being sent to the CBI Theater.
Captain Eifler hand-picked the first 21 members of Detachment 101. He took the detachment through both American and British secret operations schools. He overcame Colonel Stilwell's opposition and began operations behind enemy lines in Burma. Detachment 101, known as the "Kachin Raiders," established radio bases and befriended local natives, recruiting, training, and employing many of them as agents. He established schools where the natives could be taught all aspects of espionage and sabotage.
During World War II, Detachment 101 and its native agents were extremely effective behind the lines in Burma. The original detachment grew from Eifler's hand-picked 21 to more than 700 agents. Their operations involved direct action against the enemy. Besides providing intelligence, these agents rescued more than 200 downed airmen from capture, sabotaged the railway system, and cleared the enemy from a 10,000-square-mile area. They are credited with 5,428 known Japanese dead and some 10,000 wounded, while the detachment had only 22 Americans and 184 natives killed.
Colonel Eifler's personal courage is renowned in MI. He was awarded the Air Medal for his piloting of small unarmed aircraft over Japanese occupied, uncharted jungle. He often flew to remote airstrips behind enemy lines to contact his agents. He also flew out the first captured Japanese pilot from enemy territory. In November 1943, a B-24 bomber crashed in the Bay of Bengal, leaving nine survivors afloat. Disregarding his personal safety, Colonel Eifler rescued the crew in a small, untested, and unarmed vessel through 450 miles of Japanese controlled waters. For this act of bravery, Colonel Eifler received the Legion of Merit.
In December 1943, Colonel Eifler was again assigned to Washington, D.C. This time, Eifler was asked if it was possible to kidnap the head scientist working on the atomic bomb in Germany. Although this was considered impossible, Colonel Eifler said he could do it. Again, he hand-picked a team and began training. The plan was well into training and reconnaissance when the mission ended because of the successful testing of our own atomic bomb.
Colonel Eifler's next assignment was to penetrate mainland Japan by way of Korea. He recruited Korean agents from prisoner of war camps and trained them in secret operations. His agents were ready to infiltrate Japan in two-man submarines when the United States dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Eight days later Japan surrendered.
Colonel Eifler retired from the Army in 1947 having sustained serious head injuries from combat operations. However, the intelligence community did not forget him. In 1951, the newly formed Central Intelligence Agency asked Eifler if he would be interested in smuggling arms into French Indochina. He refused, saying he would do anything that would help his country, but not as an unprotected civilian. Later, the CIA asked him to go behind enemy lines in Korea with his own unit. He accepted, but CIA physicians refused to allow it, simply stating └ └this man has had enough.└└ Colonel Eifler devoted his life to government service and, specifically, to intelligence. From his work as an undercover agent in Mexico, through his command of the Kachin Raiders, OSS Detachment 101, to the many appeals of CIA and the U.S. Government, Colonel Eifler remains a legend and a hero in military intelligence.
Mr. Chambers is the Deputy Chief in the Office of the Chief of MI. Readers can contact him via E-mail at cham [email protected] and by telephone at (520) 533-1178 and DSN 821-1178.