East Asia / Pacific
Middle East / South Asia
the Arms Sales Monitoring Project's
on U.S. arms exports to find
of U.S. arms transfers to
or region, for
one or more years.
Data on License values for Direct Commercial Sales is only available
beginning in FY 1996.
Data on Foreign Military Sales Agreements is now updated through 2001.
Licenses/Agreements include export licenses for
Direct Commercial Sales (DCS), or contracts between U.S. manufacturers and
foreign entities that are managed by the State Department, and new agreements
for Foreign Military Sales (FMS) or government-to-government transfers that are
managed by the Pentagon. FMS amounts include both weapons systems (including
technology transfers, training, and excess U.S. arms transfers) and construction
contracts (for U.S. design and construction of military buildings and other
License values for Direct Commercial Sales do not represent actual
contracts signed with foreign purchasers. These statistics are not currently
available, but are estimated to be considerably lower than the license figures
because exporters tend to overestimate the value of a potential sale on the
license application to give themselves flexibility when negotiating a contract.
Deliveries include actual shipments of weapons or
services under both
Direct Commercial Sales and Foreign Military Sales.
Delivery values of Direct Commercial Sales are based on data collection by the
State Department that tends to understate the actual amount transferred.
Foreign Military Sales, Foreign Military Construction Sales and Military Assistance
Facts: As of September 30, 2001, published by the Defense
Security Cooperation Agency (Department of Defense), and the FY 1996-2001 Reports to Congress on U.S. Arms Transfers pursuant to Section 655 of the
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, prepared by the State Department's Directorate of Defense Trade Controls
and the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (Department of