Fiscal Year 1999:
"Section 655" Report

Foreign Military Sales  Direct Commercial Sales

The United States administration is required by Congress to prepare an annual report on military assistance, military exports, and military imports known as the "Section 655" report (after the section of the Foreign Assistance Act which requires it).  This report provides the most detailed official accounting available of specific U.S. weapons systems exported or licensed for export to governments or private buyers around the world.  

The Pentagon and the State Department each prepare their own portion of the 655 report.  All sales and grants of military equipment and training administered by the DOD's Defense Security Cooperation Agency are included in the Pentagon's section, including drawdowns, excess defense articles, international military education and training, and foreign military sales (FMS). The State Department is in charge of direct commercial sales (DCS); its section includes only DCS licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries. 

Most of the report for fiscal year 1999 (1 Oct. 1998-30 Sept. 1999) is provided below. (The DCS portion only includes the introduction and information on manufacturing and technical assistance at this point. The full report will be posted by either the ASMP or the State Department in the near future). We are only able to post the report in pdf format; to view, Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded for free by clicking the icon below. The 655 report is now required by law to be posted online (Title XIII, Section 1306(b) of the FY2000 omnibus spending bill), but neither the State nor Defense Departments have done so to date. 


Defense Department

Foreign Military Sales (FMS)New and used weapons, spare parts, and related services purchased directly from the US government by foreign governments. The weapons may be new production, which the Pentagon contracts with the manufacturer for, or from used stocks. 

Data covers actual deliveries of military equipment or services.

State Department 

Direct Commercial Sales (DCS): Transfers negotiated between the manufacturing company and the foreign buyer, and approved by the Department of State through the issuance of an export license.

ASMP analysis of the State Department's portion of the 655 report.

Data covers licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries.  

                     Part I: Defense Articles: Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Anguilla, Antarctica, Antigua, Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Greenland, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Monaco, Montserrat, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadin, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, United Republic of, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks and Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Nations, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, various.


For a general guide to the arms sales process and in-depth descriptions of different types of sales, check out the "Ways and Means" chapter of The Arms Trade Revealed: a Guide for Investigators and Activists.

Last updated 6/01/01
By: Bryan Stewart

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