ASMP Analysis of the 2002 FMTR: Notes

    1 Many of the countries denied other forms of military training because of their abusive or aggressive behavior continued to receive training at the African Center for Strategic Studies, the Marshall Center or the Asia Pacific Center.

    2Expanded IMET, or E-IMET, is a part of the IMET program established in 1990 to educate recipients in the "proper management of their defense resources, improving their systems of military justice in accordance with internationally recognized principles of human rights and fostering a greater respect for, and understanding of, the principle of civilian control of the military." While all IMET programs require that recipients take a certain number of E-IMET courses, countries with especially egregious human rights records are occasionally limited only to E-IMET courses. For more information on the E-IMET program, see the Defense Security and Cooperation Agency's E-IMET page.

    3The seven state sponsors of international terrorism designated by the U.S. State Department are Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Syria, and Sudan.

    4 U.S. Department of State and Department of Defense, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest: Joint Report to Congress, Section III, ONLINE,March 2002, State Department, Available:

    5Lumpe, Lora, "U.S. Foreign Military Training: Global Reach, Global Power, and Oversight Issues," Foreign Policy In Focus, Institute for Policy Studies, May 2002, p. 21.

    6 Ibid., pp. 12-13.

    7 "US military consultants advising Croatians", Agency France Press, 7 August 1995, archived at

    8 See Ken Silverstein, Private Warriors (London: Verso, 2000), pp. 169-175.

    9Evans, Lane, "Evans on International Military Training Transparency & Accountability Act", U.S. House of Representatives, ONLINE, 10 March 1999, Available:

    10Amnesty International, "Philippines: Civilians at risk as armed forces launch massive attack", News Service Nr. 178, 8 September 2000.

    11Amnesty International, "Sri Lanka", in Annual Report 2000, ONLINE, 2000, Available:

    12Only those regimes that received training in combat skills specifically were counted.

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