Fact Sheets

November 2006


One of the highest priorities of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the Department of Homeland Security is to prevent terrorist groups and hostile nations from illegally obtaining U.S. military products and sensitive technology, including weapons of mass destruction components. ICE’s Arms and Strategic Technology Investigations (ASTI) Unit is responsible for investigating such violations. In fiscal year 2006, ICE’s ASTI Unit made 144 arrests, obtained 128 indictments and received 98 convictions.

Through an industry outreach program entitled, “Project Shield America,” ICE’s ASTI Unit is also visiting U.S. manufacturers of arms and sensitive technology to educate them about export laws and to solicit their assistance in preventing illegal foreign acquisition of their products. Since late 2001, ICE agents have conducted more than 13,600 industry outreach presentations, resulting in tips that have led to ICE criminal investigations nationwide and worldwide. Some recent illegal export investigations by ICE include:

  • Arms and Munitions destined to Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam: Beginning in March 2004, ICE undercover agents negotiated with Haji Subandi and his associates to illegally supply restricted military items to Iran, Vietnam, Laos, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka. In April 2006, Subandi began negotiating on behalf of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for the purchase and export of weapons and ammunition. The LTTE is a Department of State designated foreign terrorist organization. ICE undercover agents subsequently received an extensive list of machine guns, handguns, sniper rifles, ammunition, grenades, and night vision equipment requested by the LTTE valued at over $3 million. In August 2006, a Subandi business associate traveled from Singapore to Baltimore to view the weapons requested by the LTTE, on behalf of Subandi. On September 22, 2006, SAC Baltimore undercover agents, posing as international arms brokers, met with Subandi and his business associates in Guam and successfully flashed two night vision goggles and one Eotech gun sight. On September 28, 2006, ICE agents, in conjunction with agents from the FBI, the Defense Criminal Investigative Service, and the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, arrested Subandi and two of his associates pursuant to the undercover negotiations. The following day, three additional co-conspirators were also arrested in Guam. To date, six persons have been indicted in the investigation for charges that included 22 USC 2778, conspiracy to violate the Arms Export Control Act; 18 USC 2339(B), providing material support to a designated foreign terrorist organization; 18 USC 1956, money laundering; 18 USC 371, conspiracy; and 18 USC 2, aiding and abetting. Also, more than $700,000.00 in currency has been seized.

  • U.S. Fighter Jet and Helicopter Components to China- On February 9, 2006, pursuant to an ICE investigation, Ko-Suen Moo and Maurice Serge Voros, a French national currently living in France , were indicted by a federal grand jury in the Southern District of Florida for conspiracy to export defense articles to the People's Republic of China (PRC). Both Moo and Voros were indicted for violation of 18 USC 371: conspiracy; 22 USC 2778: Arms Export Control Act (AECA); 22 CFR 129.2(a): brokering the sale and transfer of defense articles; 18 USC 1956(a): financial transaction involving proceeds of unlawful activity; 18 USC 1956(h): conspiring to commit a money laundering offense; and 18 USC 981 (a)(1)(C) and 982 (a)(1): forfeiture of all real and personal property and proceeds involved in the offense. In March 2004, ICE Fort Lauderdale developed information that Moo and Voros were allegedly seeking to acquire controlled technology for export to the PRC. Pursuant to several undercover meetings, ICE agents determined that Moo and Voros were attempting to acquire F-16 military aircraft engines, Black Hawk helicopter engines, air-to-ground cruise missiles capable of delivering a nuclear warhead, and air-to-air missiles for export from the United States to China without an export license. In November 2005, Moo arrived from Taiwan and ICE undercover agents showed him several F-16 military fighter aircraft engines at Homestead Air Force Base in Homestead , FL. Subsequently, Moo wire transferred approximately $140,000 to an ICE undercover bank account to cover the transportation costs of the engine. Following the wire transfer of funds, ICE arrested Moo. Further, Moo attempted bribe public officials to extricate himself from his legal situation. As a result, Moo caused approximately $200,000 in a bribe payment to be deposited into an ICE undercover bank account. On May 17, 2006, Moo entered a guilty plea in U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida to 18 USC 951: acting as a covert agent of a foreign government (People's Republic of China; 22 USC 2778: Arms Export Control Act (AECA); 18 USC 371: conspiracy; and 18 USC 201 (b)(1)A): bribery of public official and forfeited approximately $344,000. On July 25, 2006, Moo was sentenced to 78 months in prison and fined $1,000,000.00.

  • U.S. Military Aircraft Parts to Indonesia- - In April 2005, ICE Detroit and the Defense Criminal Investigative Service initiated an investigation of an Indonesian-based company, Indodial, that was attempting to identify companies that would sell military aircraft parts for export to Indonesia. On June 23, 2005, undercover ICE agents met in London with Ibrahim Amran of Indodial to discuss the purchase and export of military aircraft parts to Indonesia. Amran subsequently agreed to purchase F-5 and OV-10 military aircraft parts from ICE undercover agents. On December 13, 2005, ICE undercover agents met with Amran and Amran’s business partner, Hadianto Djuliarso, in Detroit to finalize the sale and shipment of the military aircraft parts to Indonesia via Singapore. Djuliarso and Amran agreed to buy and ship the military aircraft parts without an export license to Indonesia. In addition, Amran requested price quotes from the undercover agents for Heckler & Koch MP-5 submachine guns, handguns, and sniper rifles. On April 9, 2006, following an additional undercover meeting to finalize the purchase and export of the military aircraft parts to Indonesia, ICE agents arrested Djuliarso and Amran for violations of 18 USC 371: Conspiracy to Violate the Arms Export Control Act (AECA); and 18 USC 1956: Conspiracy to Launder Money. Plea negotiations are ongoing.

  • U.S. Military Aircraft Parts to Thailand- In October 2004, ICE San Diego agents developed information regarding the possible illegal export of United States Munitions List items by Air Harbor Services of Costa Mesa, California. The owners of Air Harbor Services are Dave and Ali Talebi, who are of Iranian descent. Export records indicated that Air Harbor Services had made several international shipments over the previous year. ICE San Diego agents initiated undercover contact with Air Harbor Services, and negotiated for the sale of military aircraft parts that the Talebi brothers believed were to be exported from the United States to Thailand. Following the negotiations, the Talebi brothers attempted to export the aircraft parts to Thailand without obtaining the requisite Department of State export license. ICE SAC/San Diego agents made five undercover purchases of military aircraft parts from the Talebi brothers. These purchases led to the seizure of 36 military aircraft parts with a total value of approximately $73,000. On February 14, 2006, the Talebi brothers pled guilty in the Southern District of California for violating the 22 USC 2778(c): Arms Export Control Act; 22 CFR, Sections 127.1 (a) (3): conspiracy to export defense articles without a license and 28 USC 2461(c): criminal forfeiture. The Talebi brothers agreed to criminally forfeit $69,800.00 to the Treasury Forfeiture Fund.

  • U.S. Aircraft Parts to Iran- In September 2004, ICE Los Angeles agents obtained information that individuals in Iran were attempting to obtain pressure sensors used in black box data recording devices for aircraft. Agents initiated an undercover sale of the pressure sensors to one of the individuals, identified as Mohammad Fazeli. Fazeli was later observed attempting to export the pressure sensors to Saeed Majed, an Iranian national living in Iran. ICE agents detained the package, and subsequently interviewed Fazeli. FAZELI admitted to the attempt to illegally export the pressure sensors to Majed in Iran. On March 16, 2006, ICE Los Angeles agents arrested Fazeli pursuant to an indictment and arrest warrant from the Central District of California for attempting to illegally export the aircraft parts to Iran in violation of 50 USC 1702: International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA); 18 USC 371: conspiracy to violate IEEPA; and 18 USC 1001: false statements.

  • U.S. Fighter Jet Components to Iran – On July 6, 2005, Iranian businessman Abbas Tavakolian, 58, was sentenced to 57 months incarceration and two years supervised release pursuant to pleading guilty to Arms Export Control Act and money laundering violations. Tavakolian pleaded guilty for his role in a scheme to illegally export F-4 and F-14 fighter jet components to Iran . Beginning in January 2004, Tavakolian and his son-in-law Hossein Vaezi, sought to obtain 100 gunnery systems for the U.S. fighter jets from suppliers in Maryland for export to Iran . Undercover ICE agents later met with Tavakolian in Europe to discuss the transactions. Tavakolian arranged for $20,000 to be wired to undercover ICE agents as a down payment for the arms deal, which totaled approximately $380,000. In December 2004, Tavakolian met undercover ICE agents in the South Pacific to finalize the deal with $100,000 in cash. He was arrested after additional undercover meetings in which he sought to acquire several fully assembled F-14 fighter jet aircraft for future shipment to Iran.

  • • Night Vision Technology and Electronics Components to China - On May 6, 2004, Zhao Xin Zhu and John Chu were arrested for Conspiring to violate the Arms Export Control Act (AECA): 22 USC 2778 and 18 USC 371. On May 18, 2004, a federal grand jury convened in the District of Massachusetts, during which Sunny Bai, Zhu and Chu were indicted for conspiracy to violate the AECA: 18 USC 371. In May 2003, SAC Boston agents received information that Bai was attempting to obtain U.S. origin Generation III night vision equipment, military grade power converters and traveling wave tubes used in satellite and radar applications for export to the People's Republic of China (PRC). Undercover agents confirmed a contract for $163,000 worth of military grade power converters for export to the PRC with Zhu, Chu and Bai. In mid-February 2004, agents received a wire transfer in the amount of $48,882.00, representing a down payment for the power converters. On September 28, 2005, Zhao Xin Zhu was sentenced to 24 months in prison and three years of supervised release pursuant to his guilty plea to one count of conspiracy, 18 USC 371, on May 6, 2005.

  • U.S. Fighter Jet Components to Jordan – On June 15, 2005, Arif Ali Durrani, a Pakistani national, was arrested at Los Angeles International Airport pursuant to a sealed indictment in the Central District of California charging him with two counts of violating the Arms Export Control Act. The indictment alleged that in 1994, Durrani illegally exported more than 100 compressor blades for the General Electric J-85 military aircraft engine through his now defunct company, Lonestar Aerospace. Durrani has a previous 1987 conviction for illegally exporting HAWK missile components to Iran . It is suspected that after Durrani served his sentence he began living in Mexico . Mexican authorities arrested Durrani on June 12, 2005, for being illegally in Mexico . Durrani was being deported to Pakistan when ICE agents met his connecting flight in Los Angeles and took him into custody. In November of 2004, an additional investigation out of San Diego , California , was initiated into the activities of Durrani for the illegal export of aircraft parts to various countries. On September 26, 2005, as a result of the San Diego investigation, Durrani was arrested via a criminal complaint obtained in the Southern District of California for conspiracy (18 USC 371) to violate the Arms Export Control Act (AECA): 22 USC 2778. On September 26, 2005, the charges from the Central District of California were dismissed. On September 29, 2005, in the Southern District of California, a grand jury returned a true bill indicting Arif Ali Durrani on one count of conspiracy and four counts of AECA. Pursuant to this investigation, one co-conspirator pleaded guilty to a conspiracy violation in August 2005 and was sentenced to five years of probation. Further, on October 18, 2005, a second Durrani co-conspirator pled guilty to three counts of 22 U.S.C. 2778: AECA and was sentenced to 18 months in prison. On March 17, 2006, a federal jury in the Southern District of California convicted Durrani of violating 22 USC 2778: AECA and 18 USC 371: conspiracy. On June 5, 2006, Durrani was sentenced to 150 months in prison.

  • Assault Rifles to Colombian Terrorist Organization – On April 19, 2005, ICE agents arrested Alberto Correa, a Colombian national, in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., on charges of violating the Arms Export Control Act. During several undercover meetings with ICE agents, Correa had negotiated and attempted to purchase 80 AK-47 assault rifles, an M-60 machinegun, and an M-16 machine gun for illegal export to the Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC) in Colombia, a U.S.-designated terrorist organization. On June 8, 2005, Correa pled guilty to violating the Arms Export Control Act. Subsequent investigation resulted in the arrest and subsequent convictions of two co-conspirators for violations of the Arms Export Control Act. Further, a federal grand jury issued a true bill indictment of the two additional co-conspirators. On March 3, 2006, ICE Ft. Lauderdale agents arrested one of the additional co-conspirators, Hector Rodriguez, for his role in the attempt to acquire AK-47 assault rifles. Attempts are being made to secure the arrest of the final fugitive.

  • Missile and Fighter Jet Components to China – On April 12, 2005, Xiuwen “Jennifer” Liang, 34, was sentenced to 30 months imprisonment and fined $6,000 in Los Angeles for conspiring to illegally export parts for the F-14 fighter jet and as well as components for the HAWK, TOW and AIM-9 Sidewinder missile systems to China. ICE agents arrested Liang and her husband, Jinghua Zhuang in February 2003 as a result of a lengthy undercover investigation targeting U.S. companies that illegally sold defense articles over the Internet to foreign buyers. Zhuang was previously sentenced to 30 months imprisonment for his role in the scheme. The couple owned a company in Thousand Oaks , California , called Maytone International.

  • Components with Nuclear Weapons Applications to Pakistan & India – On April 8, 2005, the U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia unsealed an indictment against Humayun Khan, 47, of Pakistan , charging him with illegally exporting oscilloscopes with nuclear weapons applications to Pakistan . Kahn was also charged with plotting to illegally export 66 nuclear detonator devices from the U.S. to Pakistan , via South Africa and the United Arab Emirates . On the same day, prosecutors announced that Asher Karni, 51, an Israeli national who resided in South Africa , pleaded guilty to charges that he worked with Khan to illegally export the oscilloscopes and nuclear triggers to Pakistan . Karni also pleaded guilty to charges that he illegally exported sensitive U.S. electronics to facilities in India that are involved in that nation's nuclear and missile development program. The indictment of Khan and the guilty plea by Karni resulted from an extensive investigation by Commerce Department and ICE agents in Boston , Denver , and South Africa . Khan, who operated Pakland PME Corporation in Pakistan , remains at large. Karni, who owned Top-Cape Technology in South Africa , was recently sentenced to 36 months incarceration. The investigation is ongoing.

  • Iran Embargo Violations – On April 6, 2005, a grand jury in the Northern District of Oklahoma returned an indictment against Gastech Engineering Corporation for evading and avoiding the Iranian Transaction Regulations in connection with a $12 million contract it signed with the National Iranian Gas Company using businesses located in Canada . The President and CEO of Gastech, Parviz Khosrowyar, a U.S. citizen of Iranian descent, was previously indicted on the same charges but failed to appear for trial on March 28, 2005. An Interpol red notice has been issued worldwide for Khosrowyar's arrest. The indictments resulted from an ICE investigation in Oklahoma . On June 9, 2005, a true bill and superceding five-count indictment was returned charging Khosrowyar and Gastech with conspiracy, and violations of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act. Khosrowyar was also indicted for his failure to appear at the aforementioned trial. On January 11, 2006, Gastech Corporation pled guilty to one count of violating the Iranian Transactions Regulations. As part of the plea, Gastech agreed to forfeit $50,000.00 in proceeds and to pay a $33,000.00 civil penalty to the Office of Foreign Assets Control.

  • TOW Missiles to China – On March 25, 2005, ICE Detention & Removal Operations (DRO) officers in New York arrested Qamar Zaman Babar, a citizen of the United Kingdom and a native of Pakistan , on immigration charges. In March 1989, Babar was convicted in the United States of conspiracy to export TOW II missiles to China and later served his sentence. In 2001, Babar was encountered re-entering the United States and was served with a notice to appear in court under the Espionage provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act. After being ordered deported by an Immigration Judge in 2003, Babar appealed. On March 3, 2005, the Bureau of Immigration Appeals affirmed the immigration judge's decision and ordered him removed from the country. ICE DRO officers arrested him for deportation.

  • Military Night Vision Equipment to China – On March 4, 2005, a criminal information was filed against Howard Hsy in Seattle , Washington , for violation of the Arms Export Control Act. ICE agents launched an investigation into Hsy in August 2003 for the illegal export of plastic optical filters suitable for night vision lighting, night vision goggles with helmet mounts for fixed-wing and rotary aircraft, as well as liquid crystal displays that can be integrated into avionics. In August 2003, Hsy was arrested for espionage in Taiwan , where he remains in custody. On October 12, 2005, a U.S. citizen who conspired with Hsy to obtain night vision goggles for illegal export pleaded guilty to one count of violating the Export Administration Act. Hsy returned to the United States on November 16, 2005 and was placed under arrest by ICE and FBI agents. On December 6, 2005, Hsy pled guilty to one count of 18 USC 371, Conspiracy, for his involvement in the scheme to illegally export the controlled items. Hsy's sentencing hearing will be scheduled on a later date.

  • Geiger Counters, Ammunition, and Other Goods to Syria – On March 1, 2005, a federal grand jury in Detroit returned a three-count indictment charging Matt Mihsen, of Dallas, Texas, with attempting to illegally export U.S. currency and numerous goods to Syria, as well as making false statements to federal agents. On February 15, 2005, ICE agents arrested Mihsen, a licensed private investigator, as he attempted to board a flight from Detroit to Damascus , Syria , with $13,000 in U.S. currency and a wide range of goods in his checked luggage, including Geiger counters, 9mm ammunition, bullet proof vests, stun guns, rifle scopes, and pepper spray. Mihsen claimed he was going to the Middle East to hunt down Osama bin Laden in order to collect U.S. reward money. On September 2, 2005, Mihsen pled guilty to 18 USC 922(e), Failure to declare Ammunition to an Air Carrier. On October 21, 2005, Mihsen was sentenced to time served and one year of supervised release.

  • Sensitive U.S. Technology to Iran– On March 1, 2005, a federal grand jury in Chicago returned a two-count indictment charging Juan Sevilla, the sales director of United Calibration Corp, of Huntington Beach , California , with attempting to illegally export sensitive U.S. technology to Iran in violation of the U.S. embargo on Iran . According to the indictment, Sevilla attempted to export a machine that measures the tensile strength of steel and related software technologies from California , through Chicago , to Iran , in violation of the embargo. Neither Sevilla nor United Calibration Corp had government authorization to export the product to Iran . The indictment resulted from an ICE investigation in Chicago with assistance from U.S. Department of Commerce agents. On September 14, 2005, Sevilla pleaded guilty to two counts of violating 50 USC Sections(s) 1702: International Emergency Economic Powers Act; and 1705(b): Iranian Transaction Regulations. Sevilla's sentencing hearing will be held September 2006.

  • Experimental Aircraft and Sensitive Electronics to Iran by Convicted Nuclear Trafficker – On February 25, 2005, a federal indictment charging Ali Asghar Manzarpour, of Brighton , United Kingdom , with five counts of violating the U.S. embargo on Iran was unsealed in U.S. District Court in Washington , D.C. The indictment alleged that Manzarpour attempted to illegally export a Berkut 360 experimental, single-engine aircraft from the U.S. to Iran via the U.K. The aircraft was intercepted in the U.K. Manzarpour also allegedly exported electrical components from the U.S. to Iran via Austria on four occasions between 2000 and 2004. Manzarpour was arrested in Warsaw , Poland , on February 17, 2005, by Polish authorities acting on a U.S. arrest warrant issued after a joint investigation by ICE agents in Chicago, the ICE Attaché in Austria , and Department of Commerce agents. Manzarpour had previously served nine months in British prisons after being convicted in May 1998 for attempting to export U.S.-origin maraging steel from Britain to Iran for nuclear purposes. At the time, British authorities noted that the high-strength steel, which is used to build centrifuges for enriching uranium, was destined for Iran 's nuclear weapons program. British authorities said Manzarpour had been working with the Iranian government for at least a decade. Manzarpour remains in the custody of Polish authorities at this time and additional enforcement actions are anticipated in the near future.

  • Weapons to Colombian Terrorist Group– On February 11, 2005, Carlos Gamarra-Murillo of Bucaramanga , Colombia , pleaded guilty in Tampa , Florida , to charges of providing material support to a foreign terrorist organization and violating the Arms Export Control Act. The plea was the result of an ICE investigation that showed Gamarra-Murillo plotted to provide nearly $4 million worth of arms to Colombia 's Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC). Gamarra-Murillo sought to illegally export roughly 4,000 grenades, 1,800 assault rifles, as well as 60 grenade launchers and 60 machine guns to Colombia via Venezuela . Gamarra-Murrillo allegedly offered to pay undercover ICE agents posing as weapons suppliers 60 percent of the payment in cocaine (2,000 kilograms) and the remainder in U.S. currency upon delivering the weapons shipment to a clandestine airstrip in Venezuela . Gamarra-Murrillo was arrested in April 2004 in Tampa after providing ICE agents with a down payment for the weapons. On August 8, 2005, Gamarra-Murrillo was sentenced to 25 years federal imprisonment.

  • Sensitive Night Vision Technology to Iran – On July 19, 2005, Erik Kyriacou was sentenced to 5 years probation, 4 months house arrest and ordered to pay $8,000 in restitution pursuant to an ICE investigation. On February 7, 2005, Kyriacou, a former NBC cameraman and resident of Long Island, NY, pled guilty in Philadelphia to a four-count indictment charging him with attempting to illegally export sensitive Astroscope night vision lenses to Iran. The lenses had been stolen from NBC News in New York. According to court documents, Kyriacou was attempting to sell the lenses on the Internet via e-bay to undercover ICE agents posing as international arms brokers. Undercover agents informed Kyriacou that the lenses would be going to Iran in violation of the Iranian embargo and other export laws. Kyriacou agreed to the sale and illegally exported the devices to undercover ICE agents believing that they were destined for Iran. On April 12, 2004, ICE agents arrested Kyriacou in Newark, NJ.

  • Controlled Items to Iranian Ballistic Missile Facility - – On February 2, 2005, the U.S. Attorney for the District of Connecticut announced a four-count superseding indictment charging Mohammed Farahbakhsh, Hamid Fathololoomy, as well as their U.A.E.-based companies Diamond Technology, and Akeed Trading Company, with conspiring to illegally export goods to Iran via the U.A.E. The indictment alleges that the defendants shipped computer goods from a Texas company to an entity in Iran affiliated with that nation’s ballistic missile program. In addition, the indictment alleges that they illegally exported a satellite communication system and other goods to Iran. Originally, Farahbakhsh was charged with illegally exporting pressure sensors from a Connecticut company to Iran. Department of Commerce, ICE, and the Defense Criminal Investigative Service agents conducted the investigation. Agents arrested Farahbakhsh, an Iranian national and naturalized U.S. citizen, in Los Angeles on October 20, 2004. In April 2005, Farahbakhsh pleaded guilty to criminal charges. On September 22, 2005, Farahbakhsh was sentenced to time served.

  • Military Laser Sights to Foreign Locations – On April 27, 2005, Sotaro Inami, a Japanese national, was sentenced to 15 months incarceration for conspiracy to export U.S. Munitions List articles to Japan. On January 28, 2005, Inami pled guilty in federal court in Philadelphia to one count of conspiracy to violate the Arms Export Control Act. Inami, and a co-conspirator Takashi Matsubara had been charged in July 2004 as a result of an undercover ICE and Defense Criminal Investigative Service investigation. According to the indictment, the defendants conspired to purchase and illegally export military laser sights for M-16 and M-5 rifles to locations outside the United States. Inami was arrested at the Los Angeles airport on February 17, 2004 after he arrived to attend a weapons show in Las Vegas. Matsubara remains a fugitive, but there are no plans to seek extradition. On May 25, 2005, Inami was subsequently deported from the United States.

  • Oil Burner Nozzles to Iran – On January 20, 2005, a New Jersey company called Nozzle Manufacturing Company, or Monarch Nozzle, pleaded guilty to a one-count information for violating the International Emergency Economic Powers Act in connection with an effort to export oil burner nozzles to Germany, knowing that the devices would subsequently be illegally diverted to Iran. The case was investigated by agents from ICE and the Department of Commerce and began after border inspectors seized several burning nozzles being shipped to Germany in 1999. Subsequent investigation showed that the German recipient was shipping the nozzles to Iran. Pursuant to the guilty plea, Nozzle Manufacturing was ordered to pay a $10,000 criminal fine, and pay civil penalties in the amount of $10,000 to the Department of Commerce and Department of Treasury, Office of Foreign Asset Control, respectively.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) was established in March 2003 as the largest investigative arm of the Department of Homeland Security. ICE is comprised of five integrated divisions that form a 21st century law enforcement agency with broad responsibilities for a number of key homeland security priorities.

  Last Modified: Wednesday, January 3, 2007