05 July 2001
Fact Sheet: State Dept. Chronology on Regional Small Arms Activities Africa, the Americas, Europe and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific
The U.S. government supports a range of activities that seek to curtail the illicit trade of small arms and light weapons (SA/LW). This State Department-produced chronology details regional activities in Africa, Central and South America, Europe and Eurasia, and the Asia-Pacific.
Following is the text of the fact sheet, which was issued July 5:
Department of State
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
July 5, 2001
Chronology of U.S. Regional Activities
Activities in Africa
Activities in Central and South America
- November 1997, at a Bamako, Mali Conference, the U.S. assisted in the development of the text of the ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) moratorium (on the import, export and manufacture of light weapons).
- May 1999, the U.S. sponsored a study of African SA/LW laws and legislation dealing with export and border controls, through the Uganda-based United Nations Africa Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFRI) and the Harare-based Southern African Regional Police Chief Co-operation Organization (SARPCCO).
- July 2000, the U.S. agreed with Botswana to establish an International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) for Southern Africa.
- May 2000, the U.S. as part of the U.S.-SADC (Southern African Development Community) Forum, proposed a Joint Declaration addressing adherence to UN sanctions, restraint in the sale of conventional arms, and destruction of excess weapons.
- December 2000, the U.S. and SADC sign the Joint Declaration on Sanctions and Restraint in Sale and Transfers of Conventional Arms to Regions of Conflict in Africa.
- April 1986, the U.S. joined other OAS (Organization of American States) countries in developing The Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission or "CICAD Model Regulations."
- November 1997, U.S. signed (jointly, with Mexico and 30 other OAS) the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials.
- June 1998, the Convention was submitted to the U.S. Senate for its advice and consent to ratification.
Activities in Europe and Eurasia
- July 1998, the U.S. attended the first international conference addressing SA/LW held in Oslo, and played an essential role in drafting the Final Communiqué: "Elements of a Common Understanding."
- October 1998, the U.S participated in the Brussels Conference on Sustainable Development for Sustainable Disarmament and played an essential role in the development of the conference final document: "A Call for Action."
- January 1999, the U.S. participated in the first session of the Ad Hoc Committee in Vienna to begin negotiations on the Firearms Protocol.
- October 1999, the U.S. and Norway agreed to create a Joint Working Group to assist countries in managing stockpiles and destroying SA/LW.
- December 1999, the U.S. signed with the EU (European Union) a Joint Statement of Common Principles and a 10-point Plan of Action.
- November 2000, the U.S. joined consensus on the OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe) Framework Document on SA/LW.
- September 2000, the U.S., Norway, and Germany, signed a memorandum with Albania agreeing to destroy all collected and surplus Albanian SA/LW (over 130,000 units).
- December 2000, the U.S. was active within the Wassenaar Arrangement in securing agreement to impose tighter controls on transfers of MANPADs (man-portable air defense systems).
Activities in the Asia-Pacific Region
- October 2000, the U.S. raises for discussion the problems of SA/LW trafficking in East Asia and Pacific within the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Regional Forum (ARF).