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Missile Defense Radar Sites

During the Cold War, both the United States and Russia built elaborate systems of spy satellites, radars, and computer networks to scan the skies for ballistic missiles and their deadly nuclear warheads. The US systems were pointed at the Soviet Union and the Soviet systems watched the Americas.

Many radars no longer operate or suffer power outages. Only three of the nine modern large phased-array radars are in service. Three have been deactivated or never completed, and three are inoperable or barely functional. Seven of the ten older, less capable Hen House radars are outside Russia in former Soviet republics, and some may be shut down for political reasons. The Soviet radar system was being modernized when the country fell apart. One of the new replacement radars, in Latvia, was torn down in May 1995. Russia won a temporary reprieve against closing two older radars in Latvia, but that agreement expired in August 1998 and Latvia announced it would not let Russia renew. The radar was one of those covering the critical northwestern direction. Other radars used by Russia have been left in Ukraine, at Mykolayiv and Mukacheve; in Azerbaijan, at Mingacevir; and Kazakhstan, at Balqash. Some are functioning, but there have been disputes over finances and personnel. Russian authorities hope to complete an unfinished radar in Belarus to compensate for the loss in Latvia, but the prospects are uncertain.

Pechora LPAR

Hen House LPAR

AngarskHen HouseTransbaikal RussiaN 52 34E 103 54196011 radars at 6 locations
Baranovichi (Minsk)Pechora 9Byelorussian ByelorussiaN 53 08E 25 5919863rd in 1986 (NY Post 5 Dec 86)
ChekhovCat HouseMoscow RussiaN 55 23E 36 431974
Kiev [Chernobyl]Steel YardKiev Ukraine 5116'N 3014'E
Komsomolsk-na-AmurSteel YardFar East Russia
Krasnoyarsk/YeniseyskPechora 6Siberian RussiaN 58 08E 92 441983
KubinkaDog HouseMoscow Russia5531'N 3639E
LyakiPechora 5N. Caucasus AzerbaijanN 40 33E 47 2519821987
Michelevka (Irkutsk)Pechora 3Transbaikal RussiaN 52 34E 103 091979?1984incomplete as of 1999
MukachevoPechora 8Carpathian UkraineN 48 27 E 22 4219861991Mothballed (FBIS 22 Aug 90)
NakhodaIrida OTHFar East RussiaN 42 49E 132 52[air defense OTH-B]
NikolaeyevSteel YardOdessa UkraineN 46 58E 32 02China coverage
NikolaeyevHen HouseOdessa UkraineN 46 58E 32 02196011 radars at 6 locations
Nikolaeyev (Lvov)Hen HouseCarpathian UkraineN 49 46 E 24 20 196011 radars at 6 locations
OlenegorskHen HouseLeningrad RussiaN 68 09E 33 18196011 radars at 6 locations
OlenegorskPechora 4Leningrad RussiaN 68 09E 33 1819821987
PechoraPechora 2Ural RussiaN 65 14E 57 1819781983
PushkinoPill BoxMoscow Russia5612'N 3745'E
SevastopolPechora 10Odessa UkraineN E 198819932 new radars reported in Dec 1988
Sary ShaganHen EggCentral Asian KazahkstanN 46 12E 73 48
Sary ShaganHen NestCentral Asian KazahkstanN 46 12E 73 48
Sary ShaganHen RoostCentral Asian KazahkstanN 46 12E 73 48
Sary ShaganHen HouseCentral Asian KazahkstanN 46 12E 73 48196011 radars at 6 locations
Sary ShaganPechora 1Central Asian KazahkstanN 46 12E 73 4819771982
Skrunda (Riga)Hen HouseBaltic LatviaN 56 41E 22 01196011 radars at 6 locations
Skrunda (Riga)Pechora 7Baltic LatviaN 56 41E 22 01198619912nd in 1996 (Wash Times 18 Aug 86)

Russian news reports indicate the presence of a radar facility at Solnechnogorsk [5611'00"N 3659'00"E], which is rather far from any reported radar location.

Sources and Methods

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Updated Friday, October 06, 2000 7:41:49 AM