A weekly compilation of articles

Article Citations Below Are Gathered From Published Journals and Newsletters Which Are Held In the BMD TIC Collection. These Materials May Be Protected By Copyright Restrictions.


September 24, 1999




NIE Reflects Changes In The Way Missile Threats Are Assessed. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1999, pp 448-449

Robert Walpole, CIA national intelligence officer for strategic & nuclear programs, told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee this week that this year's NIE differs from previous years in several significant ways.

Descriptors, Keywords: national intelligence estimate NIE CIA threat assessment Walpole

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 01


Intervac Delivers ABL Camera To Lockheed Martin. Aerospace Daily, Sep 24, 1999, p 473

The camera which will track ballistic missiles at long range for the Airborne Laser (ABL) aircraft was delivered September 21 by Intervac of Santa Clara, CA. The first of seven camera units, it will be used for testing critical interfaces between the ABL's wavefront and fine tracker/ranger sensors and its beam control/fire control processor.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABL camera Intervac

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 02


US, Russia Agree To Share Early Warning Data. Aerospace Daily, Sep 24, 1999, p 473

An agreement was signed last week in Moscow by SecDef Cohen and his Russian counterpart Marshal Igor, establishing a Center for Y2K Strategic Stability at Peterson AFB, CO. The missile warning information will be provided by the US and sets the stage for the Joint Shared Early Warning Center in Moscow, which will use continuous monitoring data from both nations.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia early warning

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 03


ABL Hopes Advances Will Silence Critics. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Wall, Robert, Sep 20, 1999, pp 62-63

"We're roughly 30 percent through this program [and] we feel the technical development is done," said Paul D. Shennum, Boeing's vice president of the Airborne Laser program. With 10 months to go before the system's preliminary design review, the ABL program is continuing to compile test data to validate the system's performance and to counter continued criticism that the system won't be able to destroy missiles. This summer the ABL program has undergone two important series of tests: a flightweight laser module generated 107% of required power in a test series at TRW Capistrano facility and in July, the Air Force began a test series at WSMR, NM, during which a scaled laser situated on North Oscura Peak fired at a target 50 km away on Salinas Peak. The test facility housed a "functional equivalent of the ABL beam control" with scaled mirrors and power to replicate an ABL engagement of a target over a distance of 300-400 km, said Col. Michael Booen, the USAF's ABL program director. The laser was able to put sufficient energy on target even when atmospheric conditions were three times worse that the ABL is expected to operate in, he said.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABL Airborne Laser Coil San Juan Capistrano Facility Testing Beam Control High Energy Laser Domed Window Atmospheric Propagation Exhaust

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 04


Washington Outlook: Bad Omen. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Asker, James, R., Sep 20, 1999, p 27

The Pentagon's plan to demonstrate a Space Based Radar system is likely to die in Congress this year. The House has zeroed funding for the Air Force/DARPA/NRO Discoverer-2 program. "I am not optimistic," said USAF Secretary F. Whitten Peters. House members are concerned the program costs will skyrocket and the program doesn't appear to have enough support in the Senate to ensure it will survive. The Air Force already is looking to its research laboratory for other ideas for ground surveillance from space.

Descriptors, Keywords: Discoverer 2 Funding F. Whitten Peters SBR

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 05


In Search of a New Cold War. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Johnson, Chalmers, Sep 01, 1999, pp 44-51

The author (President of the Japan Policy Research Institute) places the Cox report about possible spying by the PRC in the context of the rise of Sen Joseph McCarthy in the 1950s. Rejecting concerns that the PRC may have achieved a nuclear weapons capacity "on a par" with the US, the author writes that the current reality is that the PRC "has roughly 20 old, liquid-fueled, single-warhead intercontinental-range missiles" as against the much more formidable US strength. The author sees the Cox report as part of an emerging trend in US-PRC relations: "The Cox report is not the only straw in the wind. On May 7, 1999, the United States 'accidentally' bombed the Chinese embassy in Belgrade...." Looking at the PRC, the author writes that on many fronts the news is "promising, or at least not menacing." He closes by reminding readers of the views of 1950s "Soviet specialists such as George Kennan, who warned that many Cold War policies merely fed traditional Russian paranoia about being encircled". (This article is one of several in this issue of the Bulletin on the theme of "Today's China.")

Descriptors, Keywords: US PRC China Taiwan Cold War McCarthyism Cox Report TMD NMD Nuclear

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 06


Bush Wants New Strategic Vision, Boost In R&D, Procurement. Defense Daily. Robinson, John, Sep 24, 1999, pp 3-4

In his first major defense policy speech, Gov George W. Bush (R-TX), the frontrunner for the Republican nomination for president in 2000, called for a sweeping new strategic vision that will bolster spending in research and development by $20b over six years and sets aside 20 percent of the procurement for targeted programs.

Descriptors, Keywords: Bush defense policy speech

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 07


Navy Prepares For NTW Flight Test Tomorrow. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Sep 22, 1999, pp 4-5

The Navy and its contracting team are making final preparations for the first test flight of the Standard Missile-3 (SM-3) at Barking Sands test range in Hawaii. The flight test will evaluate the SM-3's second and third stage separation as well as the missile's high endo-atmospheric and thermal endurance, according to Jeffery Johnson, deputy program manager for Navy Theater Wide (NTW).

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy NTW SM-3 Standard Missile flight test Theater Wide

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 08


Kadish: Navy Flexibility Key To Layered Missile Defense. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Sep 23, 1999, pp 2-3

LtGen Ronald Kadish, BMDO Director, told a NDIA conference audience that Navy sea-based systems are key to the flexibility of a layered missile defense architecture.

Descriptors, Keywords: Kadish sea-based missile defense Navy

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 09


Truth About Nuclear Testing Would Sink Test Ban Treaty. Defense News. Gaffney, Frank, Sep 27, 1999, pp 23, 27

In this editorial, the author argues that the nuclear test ban, and the CTBT hamper US ability to monitor its nuclear weapons, and to plan for future weapons.

Descriptors, Keywords: CTBT Nuclear testing Nuclear weapons

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 10


Panel Begins Overhaul of U.S. Security Posture. Defense News. Holzer, Robert, Sep 27, 1999, pp 4, 36

The United States Commission on National Security 21st Century has issued an 8 page overview of future threats, entitled "New World Coming". The Commission's next task is to describe how to meet the future threats it has identified. The Commission was appointed by SecDef William Cohen, and is chaired by former Sens Warren Rudman and Gary Hart.

Descriptors, Keywords: Threat US Cohen Rudman Hart Commission on National Security 21st Century

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 11


Info Tech To Propel Rise in Military Electronics. Defense News. Seffers, George I., Sep 27, 1999, p 16

The trade group, Electronic Industry Alliance (EIA) predicts that military spending on information technologies will increase in the coming years. The increase will be driven by the growing view that information technologies are weapons systems critical to the battlefield, the increased need for joint operations, DoD's move towards electronic commerce and paperless offices, and the expected end to Y2K spending.

Descriptors, Keywords: Information technology DoD Information weapons systems EIA

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 12


NATO Targets Theater Missile Defense Study. Defense News. Hill, Luke, Sep 27, 1999, pp 3, 36

NATO allies are expected to formally agree in November to launch a four year feasibility study for a theater missile defense (TMD) system. Awards will be made to two separate study teams which will have two years to work on technical options for a multi-layered system of low and high altitude defenses. There are some possible roadblocks, however, such as the need for European NATO members to resupply after Kosovo, pressure to shoulder more of the costs of NATO, and traditional US reluctance to share crucial technology.

Descriptors, Keywords: NATO TMD European defense theater missile defense Technology transfer

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 13


Success Positions Patriot PAC-3 For Low-Rate Production. Defense Week. Roosevelt, Ann, Sep 22, 1999, p 16

A second successful intercept by the Patriot PAC-3 missile on September 16 over WSMR, NM, means the program is positioned to move into Low-Rate Initial Production (LRIP) with soldiers expected to receive the full upgraded Patriot PAC-3 system, including the missile, in the fourth quarter of 2001.

Descriptors, Keywords: Patriot PAC-3 LRIP missile lower tier

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 14


CIA: Russia Still Dominant Missile Threat To US: China Program Improved. Inside Missile Defense. Duffy, Thomas, Sep 22, 1999, pp 18-25

The CIA recently issued a ballistic missile national intelligence estimate that says Russian nuclear missiles remain the dominant threat to the US, followed by Chinese and North Korean missiles, with Iran posing a probable threat and Iraq a possible threat. The CIA's NIE for 1999 is reprinted with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: CIA NIE 1999 missile threat US Russia China Iran Iraq North Korea

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 15


BMDO Says Tech Funding Supports Only One-Third Of High-Priority Needs. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Sep 22, 1999, pp 1, 13-14

In the June 1999 report to Congress entitled, "Research and Development Investment," BMDO states that the current level of technology funding within the organization is only sufficient to support one-third of the agency's high-priority advanced technology needs. As a result, BMDO is unable to fund some robust technology programs for its future weapon systems, the document states.

Descriptors, Keywords: funding report technology programs future weapon systems budget research development

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 16


NMD Officials Now Eye Early October For Inaugural NMD Intercept Test. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Sep 22, 1999, p 17

The inaugural intercept attempt of the NMD system, known as integrated flight test-3, is now scheduled for October 2. The replacement of a faulty component on the interceptor booster has caused a three-day delay but the intercept test will still occur in the same flight window that program officials had recently established.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD intercept flight test ITF-3

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 17


Industry Briefed On National Missile Defense Project Requirements. Inside Missile Defense. Sep 22, 1999, p 45

The Army Engineering and Support Center in Huntsville, AL, hosted a briefing on September 21 to acquaint industry with the project requirements for deploying a ground-based missile defense system.

Descriptors, Keywords: briefing industry deployment ground-based missile defense

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 18


Majority Leader Urged To Reject Appeals For Senate To Ratify CTBT. Inside Missile Defense. Costa, Keith J., Sep 22, 1999, pp 39-43

In a September 9 letter to Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-MS) 52 former cabinet officers, DoD officials and lawmakers have urged the rejection of all appeals for the Senate to ratify the CTBT. According to the letter's signatories, the treaty, which President Clinton signed in 1996, is "inconsistent with vital US national interests." The letter is reprinted with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: letter Lott CTBT ratify treaty

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 19


National Security Panel's 1st Report Predicts Increasing Terrorism. Inside Missile Defense. Castelli, Christopher J., Sep 22, 1999, pp 34-39

The US Commission on National Security/21st Century released the first of three reports that says American soil will likely be bloodied by deadly terrorism in the 21st century and the US military will be called upon frequently to deal with security crises. The report is reprinted with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: national security commission terrorism 21st century Hart Rudman report

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 20


Pentagon Revising Strategy For Developing THAAD, Navy Theater Wide. Inside Missile Defense. Dupont, Daniel G., Sep 22, 1999, pp 3-6

The opinion of the new BMDO Director LtGen Ronald Kadish is cited as one of the several factors forcing DoD to revise its strategy for developing its two upper-tier missile defense systems. The Pentagon hopes for a revised plan that develops both the Army's THAAD and the Navy's NTW systems in parallel, as the services wish, while potentially speeding the fielding dates and reducing costs. Copies of Gen Kadish's letter to the Army and Navy and USD(A&T) Jacques Gansler's memo to Gen Kadish are reprinted with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: DoD strategy Army THAAD Navy Theater Wide Kadish Gansler memo letter upper-tier missile defense

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 21


JROC Recommends Army As Lead Service For Land-Based NMD. Inside Missile Defense. Dupont, Daniel G., Sep 22, 1999, pp 1, 26

In a letter to UndSecDef (A&T) Jacques Gansler, the Joint Requirements Oversight Council chairman Gen Joseph Ralston has recommended that the Army be named the lead service for the land-based NMD system now under development. A copy of the Ralston memo is reprinted with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: JROC memo letter Army lead service NMD Gansler Ralston

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 22


Allies Have Important Role In ABM Treaty's Future, White House Says. Inside the Pentagon. Sirak, Michael C., Sep 23, 1999, pp 1, 18

The US is carefully weighing the views of its allies as it moves ahead in discussions with Russia on modifying the 1972 ABM Treaty. Steve Andreasen, director of defense policy and arms control on the National Security Council, reports that the Clinton administration has set up meetings with a "broad range of allies" to coincide with the Russian talks. As yet the Russian negotiations have yielded little progress.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABM Treaty Andreasen

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 23


Gansler, Citing Looming Threats, Calls For Acquisition Revolution. Inside the Pentagon. MacRae, Catherine, Sep 23, 1999, pp 5-6

Immediate global threats to allied information and weapon systems demand a revolution in the acquisition process to reduce testing and evaluation time and costs, according to UndSecDef (A&T) Jacques Gansler, who was speaking at an International T&E Assoc symposium this week. Noting missile launches in N. Korea, terrorists attacks at US embassies, and repeated hacking into DoD information systems, Gansler stressed the need to rapidly develop and test secure information systems combined with highly lethal weapon systems. He has set up a focus group to look at testing by modeling & simulation rather than live fire testing.

Descriptors, Keywords: Gansler threat acquisition reform test evaluation modeling simulation

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 24


China Opens Telemetry Center For Inspection. Jane's Defence Weekly. Karniol, Robert, Sep 15, 1999, p 34

Responding to local concerns, Chinese officials have opened their space telemetry tracking and command station on Tarawa atoll in Kiribati to inspection. Established several years ago with the official purpose of tracking Chinese rockets, the station in recent months aroused local suspicion that it may really be intended to monitor the major US missile range at Kwajalein in the adjacent Marshall Islands. The inspection party included towns-people from Belio, the Kiribati seat of government, and the local members of parliament. The team reportedly entered all the buildings on the site and later said that the visit had cleared up any concerns.

Descriptors, Keywords: China Space Telemetry Tracking Station Tarawa Atoll Kiribati

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 25


CIA Warns On 'Rogue' Nations' Missiles Moves. Jane's Defence Weekly. Seigle, Greg, Sep 15, 1999, p 4

North Korea, Iran, Iraq and other 'rogue' nations could test ICBMs "in the next few years," and their scientists are likely to be adding effective decoys that make the missiles harder to intercept, according to top CIA officials. The disclosure that new missile threats could be accompanied by penetration aids that make them even more difficult to defend against, was included in the unclassified version of a National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) the CIA released last week. Reliable countermeasures could range from simple balloon decoys to sophisticated multiple warhead rocket vehicles.

Descriptors, Keywords: NIE National Intelligence Estimate Threat Countermeasures ICBM

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 26


Interview: William Cohen, US Secretary of Defense. Jane's Defence Weekly. Cohen, William; Bender, Bryan, Sep 22, 1999, p 40

"As I anticipated, the discussion about ABM was not enthusiastically embraced," Cohen said. "The Russians believe ABM is an important stability factor. They are concerned any [NMD] system might undercut their strategic system. I assured them we have a limited one in mind under the umbrella of ABM." Cohen says he argued that modifications to the ABM treaty are also in Moscow's interest given the rise of terrorism in Russia, which could result in limited missile threats to Russian territory in the future. "Terrorism is coming to Russia as well. The capability is there with [rogue] intercontinental ballistic missiles that they will have to face."

Descriptors, Keywords: William Cohen ABM Treaty NMD START III Terrorism NATO Expansion

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 27


Details Emerge Of Taepo Dong 1. Jane's Defence Weekly. Karniol, R., Sep 22, 1999, p 19

TV images of the Taepo Dong 1 were released by Pyongyang following its first flight a year ago. But the rocket exhaust obscured clear views of the engine. The new pictures confirm that the Taepo Dong 1 first stage has a single engine exhaust. It was originally though to have a cluster of four smaller motors, using Scud B/C variant motors. It is expected that the first stage is an adapted No Dong 2 missile. The single exhaust also lends support to allegations that Pyongyang may have helped Pakistan develop its Ghauri missile and Iran its Shahab 3, and that both are similar to the No Dong 2.

Descriptors, Keywords: North Korea Taepo Dong 1 Engine

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 28


US Army Continues To Purse High Energy Laser Weapons. Jane's International Defense Review. Sep 01, 1999, p 7

US Army SMDC has requested information from industry to help it define concepts for a Mobile Tactical High Energy Laser (MTHEL). The initial MTHEL-I implementation, to be deployed by 2005, would be a mobile derivative of the system developed under the joint US-Israeli THEL advanced concept technology demonstration. MTHEL-I would consist of multiple fire units deployed along Israel's northern border to defend against terrorist attacks by mobile rocket launchers.

Descriptors, Keywords: MTHEL-I MTHEL-K Mobile Tactical High Energy Laser Enhanced Counter Air Capability ECAC

UPDATE: Sep 24, 1999, No. 29