A weekly compilation of articles

Article Citations Below Are Gathered From Published Journals and Newsletters Which Are Held In the BMD TIC Collection. These Materials May Be Protected By Copyright Restrictions.





Boeing NMD Plan Passes Preliminary Design Review. Aerospace Daily, Aug 19, 1999, p 267

Boeing Co., NMD lead system integrator, passed a Preliminary Design Review (PDR) of the system in July which determined that the architecture meets all requirements. The first intercept test for the NMD program is slated for this fall.

Descriptors, Keywords: Boeing NMD architecture PDR

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 01


Objectives Achieved In JASSM Test. Aerospace Daily, Aug 16, 1999, pp 249-250

The Joint Air-To-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) flew about six miles in its first successful unpowered guided flight conducted last week at White Sands Missile Range. JASSM, the next generation air-launched cruise missile, is set to enter service in 2002.

Descriptors, Keywords: JASSM cruise missile

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 02


Boeing Begins Transformation Of 747-400F To ABL. Aerospace Daily, Aug 16, 1999, p 247

Boeing workers have begun assembling the main-deck floor grids of the 747-400F aircraft that will become the carrier of the USAF's first Airborne Laser (ABL).

Descriptors, Keywords: Boeing ABL

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 03


US, Japan Ink Plan To Cooperate On Navy TMD. Aerospace Daily, Aug 17, 1999, pp 251, 254

US and Japanese defense officials have announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to conduct joint research on naval theater missile defense (TMD) technology. Emphasis will be on the Navy's Theater Wide (NTW) system.

Descriptors, Keywords: Japan Navy TMD NTW MOU

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 04


Kazakhstan Test Helps Pave Way For India's Acceptance Of Missile. Aerospace Daily, Aug 20, 1999, p 278

A Vympel R-77 medium range air-to-air missile was test fired by a modified MiG-21 of the Indian Air Force on Aug 5 at the Akhtubinsk test & development center in Kazakhstan. The test is significant in that India's acceptance of the weapon will introduce a new order of capability to the subcontinent.

Descriptors, Keywords: Kazakhstan India missile test Vympel R-77

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 05


THAAD Gets Green Light To Move Into EMD. Aerospace Daily, Aug 20, 1999, pp 275, 278

THAAD's last two successful intercepts are sufficient to move the program into the Engineering & Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase, according to BMDO deputy director Maj Gen Peter Franklin. Franklin told reporters that plans for a third test flight in the current Program Definition & Risk Reduction (PDRR) phase have been canceled.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD EMD Franklin

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 06


JNTF To Take Part In NMD Risk Reduction Flight. BMD Monitor, Aug 20, 1999, p 9

The Joint National Test Facility (JNTF) at Schriever AFB, CO, will be involved in an NMD risk reduction flight demo scheduled for Aug 20 with the Air Force Space Command (AFSC). The risk reduction flight demos are done in conjunction with Minuteman III test launches to reduce costs and take advantage of other test support.

Descriptors, Keywords: JNTF NMD risk reduction

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 07


Authorization Conference Report Briefs. BMD Monitor, Aug 20, 1999, pp 5-7, 18

Article synopsizes Congressional actions and recommendations on subjects related to air & missile defense, including: Patriot Anti-Cruise Missile (PACM) procurement; Korean security issues; allied contributions to major theater wars; threat analysis; DoD/DoE MOU on funding of TBMD; SBL; ABL; SBIRS.

Descriptors, Keywords: defense authorization PACM SBL ABL SBIRS funding

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 08


Authorization Conference Tackles China. BMD Monitor, Aug 20, 1999, pp 4, 7

The conference committee report for the FY-00 Defense Authorization Act takes several actions regarding China-related issues, including advanced military technology, military activities, espionage and political donations. The conferees' recommendations for the establishment of a Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs, the reporting of technology transfer and other suggestions are described in the article.

Descriptors, Keywords: China defense authorization espionage technology transfer

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 09


Space Control Issues Important To Authorization Conference. BMD Monitor, Aug 20, 1999, p 8

The need and use of space for military operations has caught congressional attention this year. The defense authorization conference committee would make $14.8m available to the USAF for space control technology development as described by the DoD Space Control Technology Plan of 1999. Another $10m would be made available for space technology development by the Army's SMDC.

Descriptors, Keywords: space control technology development legislation

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 10


South Korean Spy Chief Says North Ready To Fire Missile. BMD Monitor, Aug 20, 1999, p 3

North Korea is considering whether or not to test fire an upgraded missile, according to the head of South Korea's National Intelligence Service. The US, South Korea and Japan have warned of penalties if North Korea goes ahead with the test.

Descriptors, Keywords: North Korea missile test

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 11


Illinois Researchers Bring COIL Closer To Market. BMD Monitor, Aug 20, 1999, p 11

Researchers at the Univ of Illinois have improved the performance and lowered the cost of operating the chemical oxygen-iodine laser (COIL), bringing it closer to commercial application. The Air Force Research Lab (AFRL) at Kirtland AFB, NM, developed the COIL laser in the 1970s and is using a COIL for the Airborne Laser (ABL) program.

Descriptors, Keywords: COIL laser Illinois ABL

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 12


Connect The Dots -- To A Better Laser. BMD Monitor, Aug 20, 1999, p 13

Researchers at Sandia National Labs find that if they can control the natural repulsion quantum dots have for each other, they can turn assemblies of the dots into the world's most effective solid state lasers. Details of the work have been published in a recent series of articles in Physical Review Letters.

Descriptors, Keywords: solid state laser dot Sandia

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 13


Authorizers Push DoD Laser Master Plan. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, Aug 20, 1999, p 7

The SecDef would be required to develop a unified plan for DoD to develop laser technology for potential weapons applications, if the conference bill worked out by House & Senate conferees on the FY-00 Defense Authorization Act is passed in Sept. Article describes specific technologies and program elements impacted.

Descriptors, Keywords: laser master plan

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 14


Lockheed Martin May Recoup $15 Million THAAD Penalty. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, Aug 20, 1999, pp 1-2

If the THAAD system achieves a third interception before Feb 2000, prime contractor Lockheed Martin may regain the $15m penalty it incurred for a failed intercept test last March. Article includes a table listing funding allocation for all BMDO programs.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD intercept test funding Lockheed Martin

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 15


Conventional ICBMs, If Approved, Could Quickly Become Reality. Defense Daily. Wolfe, Frank, Aug 19, 1999, pp 4-5

The conversion of surplus or retired ICBMs to conventional weapons capable of striking remote targets from up to 7,000 miles away could be possible in a relatively short time should such a choice be made.

Descriptors, Keywords: ICBM surplus conventional weapons conversion

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 16


BMDO Cancels Next THAAD Flight; System May Enter EMD Early. Defense Daily. Wolfe, Frank, Aug 20, 1999, p 1

BMDO has canceled flight test 12 of the THAAD system and directed the Army to prepare for the engineering and manufacturing development (EMD) phase.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD flight test EMD Franklin briefing

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 17


PAC-3 Launch Aborted Due To Target Failure. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Aug 20, 1999, p 2

An intercept flight scheduled yesterday for the PAC-3 missile defense system was scrubbed after the Hera target missile failed to fire, according to the Army and BMDO.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 launch abort Hera target failure

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 18


Boeing NMD Design Endorsed, Program Progresses. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Aug 20, 1999, pp 4-5

Boeing last month successfully passed a Preliminary Design Review (PDR) for NMD that clears the way for the development of the system according to the company's plan. The plan is to field NMD by 2005.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD design PDR

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 19


Two Tomahawk Test Launches Fail. Defense Daily, Aug 18, 1999, p 6

The test launches of two Tomahawk missiles by the Navy failed on August 14, one due to a telemetry failure and the other still under investigation, according to the PEO for Cruise Missiles and Joint Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.

Descriptors, Keywords: Tomahawk missile launch failure Navy

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 20


Senators Blast DoD Decision On THAAD Radar Deployment. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Aug 19, 1999, p 3

Sen Jon Kyl (R-AZ) and six other Republican senators are criticizing DoD's decision not to deploy the THAAD radar to observe the upcoming test of the North Korean Taepo-Dong 2 missile launch.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD radar deployment DoD Kyl Taepo Dong missile launch

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 21


Spectrum Astro's SBIRS Win Seen As A Big Boost For A Little Company. Defense Daily. Atkinson, D. and Muradian, V., Aug 18, 1999, pp 1-2

Spectrum Astro's victory in the $275m Program Definition and Risk Reduction phase of the Air Force's Space-Based Infrared System-Low (SBIRS-Low) on Monday is a milestone contract award and could define the company as a major player in military space.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS Spectrum Astro contract PDRR

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 22


Raytheon Renews MEADS Protest. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter and Atkinson, David, Aug 19, 1999, p 1

Raytheon will press forward its protest of the selection of rival Lockheed Martin for the three-year @250m MEADS risk reduction contract, possibly slowing the development of the missile defense system.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Raytheon protest

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 23


TRW Conducts Seven High-Power Laser Tests In One Week. Defense Daily, Aug 20, 1999, pp 5-6

TRW yesterday announced the completion of seven high-power laser tests for three different programs Aug 9-15 at its facility in Capistrano. CA. These tests included two for the AF's ABL program, one for the BMDO and AF ALO program, and four for the Army's THEL.

Descriptors, Keywords: TRW tests ABL ALO THEL

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 24


US MEADS Program Shows Healthy Signs. Defense News. Clark, Colin, Aug 23, 1999, pp 4,19

The US Congress and the German Bundestag are expected to approve funding for the Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS). Italy is waiting to fund its share until the US has approved funding. MEADS, intended to replace the Hawk air defense system, is intended to defend against cruise missiles.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS US Italy Germany Cruise Missiles

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 25


US Army Poised To Grab Lead On NMD Project. Defense News. Mulholland, David; Seffers, George I., Aug 23, 1999, pp 1,19

The Defense Department is expected to decide which military service will head the National Missile Defense (NMD) program. It is expected that the Joint Requirements Oversight Council will favor the Army, and end thirty years of controversy among the services. The expected reason is that Army projects are currently being demonstrated and the other services are behind in developing their systems. Regardless of the decision the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization will retain management and acquisition authority over theater and national missile defense.

Descriptors, Keywords: BMDO NMD Theater Missile Defense TMD Army SBIRS Navy Theater Wide National Guard

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 26


Congress To Navy: Take Trident Conversion Seriously. Defense Week. Abel, David, Aug 16, 1999, p 1, 13

A House-Senate conference committee this month decided the Navy should strongly consider converting four of its Trident ballistic missile subs into conventional platforms packed with cruise missiles and commandos. The issue will be a major post-Cold War decision, with serious implications for future arms-control treaties with Russia and the rate at which the Navy buys future subs.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy Senate House conference report Trident conversion

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 27


IG Finds 'Systematic Problems' At Nuclear Lab. Defense Week. Crawley, Vince, Aug 16, 1999, pp 1, 5

The Energy Department's Inspector General recently released a classified report that says there are "systematic problems" and widespread failures in the handling of the nuclear espionage case at Los Alamos National Lab. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson, who released the findings, called for swift disciplinary actions to be taken against several key officials criticized in the report.

Descriptors, Keywords: Energy Richardson Nuclear Lab LANL IG report

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 28


BMDO: Only Three NMD Tests 'Likely' Before Next Year's NMD Review. Inside the Pentagon. Sirak, Michael C., Aug 19, 1999, p 4

NMD program officials have acknowledged that only three, and not four as planned, intercept attempts will be possible before next June's review to determine whether to deploy the system.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD intercept test deployment

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 29


Authorizers Approve $1.9 Billion Central Counterterrorism Account. Inside the Pentagon. MacRae, Catherine, Aug 19, 1999, p 8

The FY-00 Defense Authorization Act, if approved, would establish a $1.9b central account for DoD counterterrorism efforts that DoD has told Congress it does not want. The provision, which was initiated by the SASC and appealed by the DoD in July, would spell the loss of some $1.5b from DoD components' O&M and procurement accounts.

Descriptors, Keywords: terrorism counterterrorism funding

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 30


New BMDO Director Planning Significant Structural Reorganization. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Aug 19, 1999, pp 4-5

BMDO Director LtGen Ronald Kadish plans to significantly streamline the agency's structure to make BMDO more efficient and improve its ability to field missile defense systems as soon as possible. Gen Kadish has directed subordinates to begin studying a variety of issues related to the organizational structure and chain of command, with a focus on 'corporate processes' and improving BMDO's ability to move programs along faster and with greater success.

Descriptors, Keywords: BMDO Kadish reorganization

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 31


House, Senate Conferees Agree To Fund President's FY-00 CTR Request. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Aug 19, 1999, pp 5-6

House & Senate conferees have agreed to fully fund Pres Clinton's $475.5m FY-00 request for the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) program, with some limitations as described in the article.

Descriptors, Keywords: CTR threat funding

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 32


Raytheon Takes Appeal Of MEADS Award To International Arbitration. Inside the Pentagon. Sirak, Michael C., Aug 19, 1999, pp 1, 18-20

Raytheon, whose original protest was rejected, has now appealed to international arbitration to protest its exclusion from the next phase of the MEADS program. MEADS is being developed by the US, Germany & Italy to provide protection from air & missile threats. The contract for the 3-year risk-reduction phase was awarded to an international joint venture led by Lockheed Martin.

Descriptors, Keywords: Raytheon MEADS contract award

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 33


USA May Use THAAD Radar In Japan To Track Taepo Dong. Jane's Defence Weekly. Seigle, Greg, Aug 18, 1999, p 3

US DoD exploratory teams were in Japan last week to determine the best locations to position the sophisticated ground based radar, which uses and X-band frequency, said DoD officials. The THAAD radar is considered superior to the SPY-1 radar and Japanese systems, so US officials are eager to test the system in 'real world' conditions, officials said. The radar has received much of the credit for THAAD's recent success. Successful tracking of a Taeop-Dong 2 missile would send a message that Washington is close to deterring missile threats from North Korea or any other 'rogue' nation. It would also indicate that the USA could possibly shoot down any incoming missiles.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD Radar North Korea Taepo Dong 2

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 34


Interview: Robert Bell, Senior Director For Defense Policy And Arms Control, US National Security Council. Jane's Defence Weekly. Bell, Robert; Bender, Bryan, Aug 18, 1999, p 40

The ABM Treaty modifications "are going to be a challenging negotiation by anyone's estimates," Bell said. "But the ABM treaty has been amended before and there is no reason to think it can't be amended again" to allow the US to deploy a limited NMD system if President Bill Clinton favors that option when he addresses the issue next June. A key plank of the US negotiating position on the ABM Treaty modifications, Bell said, is that Russia already has some ABM capabilities and the USA should have the opportunity to field some as well. "It can't be over emphasized that the Russians have an ABM," Bell said. "Somehow this is too often lost in the debate. Not only do they have a deployed ABM which protects their capital city against rouge, blackmail threats - which is essentially what we want to do for this country - but they're in their fourth generation system."

Descriptors, Keywords: Robert Bell ABM Treaty Modification START II START III NMD System

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 35


Exposing North Korea's Secret Nuclear Infrastructure - Part Two. Jane's Intelligence Review. Bermudez, Jr., Joseph S., Aug 01, 1999, pp 41-45

Although information emanating from North Korea must be tempered by the knowledge that some of it could be misinformation or disinformation, much has recently been determined about North Korea's nuclear facilities. Article focuses initially on the Yongbyon nuclear research complex and lists institutes, laboratories and facilities that are now known to be located there. Descriptors, Keywords: North Korea Nuclear Infrastructure Yongbyon Nuclear Research Complex Facility

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 36


South Asian Rivals Keep Test Score Even. Jane's Intelligence Review. Koch, Andrew, Aug 01, 1999, pp 34-37

Article concludes that given the complex web of security perceptions, the ultimate constraint placed on South Asian military developments may be financial. Both sides have paid a hug economic price for flaunting the growing international norm against nuclear testing. Pakistan was particularly hard hit by sanctions imposed after the testing and its economy is now a shambles and near a collapse. India has also felt the economic bite, with direct foreign investment down over 20% from the proceeding year despite the previous trend of rapidly growing foreign investment in the Indian economy. These sanctions were in the process of being relaxed or removed altogether before April's missile developments. However, because one of Washington's primary demands called for restraint on missile developments, sanctions will likely remain in place over the short term. In this context it is hard to imagine that either India or Pakistan can afford, either politically or financially, a full-blown arms race and are therefore more likely to develop their nuclear arsenals at their own pace.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan Agni II Sagarika Ghauri II Shaheen I Hatf IV

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 37


The Divergence of Longstanding Allies. Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies. Fox, Eugene, Orman, Stanley, Jul 01, 1999, pp 131-140

This article examines the possible ramifications on NATO of the probable acquisition of a missile defense by the US. The ending of the Cold War has generated a far less predictable and more unstable world. These changes are likely to put significant strains on international alliances established in the 1950s. US acquisition of a missile defense is an issue that may have greater long term impact than even the recent events in Kosovo.

Descriptors, Keywords: NATO SDI TMD NMD International Policy

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 38


Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Coding. Lincoln Laboratory Journal. Baxter, Robert; Seibert, Michael, Dec 01, 1998, pp 121-158

Many factors govern the design of image coding systems, ranging from the sensor type through storage and transmission limitations to the imagery end use. Image compression performance depends on the cost of storage or transmission bandwidth (in bits per pixel), computational burden (in operations per second), information loss (utility), and artifacts that may change the receiver operating characteristics (probability of detection versus number of false alarms per area). Paper describes how general image coding concepts are specialized for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery, and authors discuss design trade-offs with respect to representation systems, quantizers, and bit allocation. They also discuss criteria and techniques for evaluating the performance of compression systems.

Descriptors, Keywords: Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Coding Quantizers Bit Allocation Compression System Performance

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 39


Theater Missile Defense and Northeast Asian Security. Nonproliferation Review. Yan Xuetong, Jul 01, 1999, pp 65-74

The Director of the Center for Foreign Policy Studies at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations in Beijing presents a RC case against any U.S. theater missile defense (TMD) . His Viewpoint article argues that "TMD threatens to undermine Northeast Asian security cooperation, encourage the development of preemptive strike capabilities, and set off a dangerous arms race in the region. These risks could be minimized if Taiwan were excluded from TMD plans or if US domestic politics lead to the postponement of TMD deployment."

Descriptors, Keywords: TMD Deployment US China PRC Policy Northeast Asia Taiwan Korea Japan Patriot PAC 3 THAAD Scud START

UPDATE: Aug 20, 1999, No. 40