A weekly compilation of articles

Article Citations Below Are Gathered From Published Journals and Newsletters Which Are Held In the BMD TIC Collection. These Materials May Be Protected By Copyright Restrictions.






ABL Laser Module Exceeds Power Requirement In Test. Aerospace Daily. Gildea, Kerry, Jun 15, 1999, pp 398-399

The flight-weight laser module developed for the ABL program exceeded its peak power requirement by 30%-40% of what's required to shoot down a target missile in a test conducted on June 10. The ABL is envisioned as being able to knock down ballistic missiles in their boost phase, thereby increasing the capability of other missile defense systems, such as THAAD.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABL laser module test

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 01


Germany Slates Ramjet-Powered Anti-Radar Missile Effort. Aerospace Daily, Jun 16, 1999, p 409

The German government is expected to award Bodenseewerk Geraetertechnik (BGT) a contract to initiate technology development of the Armiger high-speed anti-radiation missile. The dual-seeker missile is intended to have greater range and accuracy than the Raytheon HARM anti-radiation missile now used by the German AF.

Descriptors, Keywords: Germany Armiger missile HARM

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 02


PAC-3 Missile Program Cost Overruns Soar To $278 Million. Aerospace Daily, Jun 18, 1999, pp 419, 422

Projected budget overruns for the PAC-3 missile program have soared from $60m to $278m for the current engineering and manufacturing phase, due to prime contractor Lockheed Martin's underestimation of the software development and missile integration effort. Cost of the overrun will be split between BMDO and Lockheed Martin, with DoD footing 70% of the bill.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 cost overrun

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 03


Airborne Laser Team Repeats Performance. Aerospace Daily, Jun 18, 1999, p 420

The Airborne Laser (ABL) team was able to fire the system's laser module above 100% power on June 15 in a repeat performance that surpassed requirements to shoot down a target missile.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABL laser module

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 04


JLENS Team Works To Extend Flight Time In Roving Sands Exercise. Aerospace Daily. Gildea, Kerry, Jun 18, 1999, p 422

The Joint Land-attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System (JLENS) team participating in the US Army's Roving Sands Exercise is conducting tests aimed at extending the system's flight time in poor weather. JLENS consists of an aerostat with radars to provide over-the-horizon surveillance for defense against cruise missiles.

Descriptors, Keywords: JLENS cruise missile

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 05


World News Round Up: Lockheed Martin And The US Army. Aviation Week & Space Technology, Jun 14, 1999, p 56

On June 10th the Hera target missile was launched from the north end of White Sands Missile Range, NM, at 5:07 a.m. MDT. The THAAD was launched from the south end 7 minutes later and completed its intercept 2 minutes after that. "It was a direct hit, exactly where we were aiming," said BG. Daniel Montgomery, the Army's Program Executive Officer of Air and Missile Defense. The target was traveling at an angle of 80 degrees, almost straight down to ensure that debris stayed on the range. Program officials say the missile for the 11th flight test will leave the factory this week and they anticipate another test before Lockheed Martin's July 16 deadline.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD Flight Test 10 Intercept Angle

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 06


Asia Examines Missile Defense. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Wall, Robert, Jun 14, 1999, p 203

The Department of Defense last month issued its findings on TMD architecture options for Japan, Taiwan and South Korea. The report, mandated by Congress, didn't recommend specific missile defense solutions for the countries, but laid out what combination of systems could protect them from ballistic missile attack. All three proposed architectures will require some combination of space and ground based early warning systems that can be used to cue fire control radars of the missile defense system. Japan's missile defense system needs were determined to be the greatest, largely because of the country's size. The Japan analysis looked at ballistic missile threats from North Korea.

Descriptors, Keywords: Japan Taiwan South Korea TMD Architecture Study Threat

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 07


AFRL Develops Flexible Chip For Space Applications. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, pp 8-9

Working with BMDO funding, the Space Vehicles Directorate of the AF Research Lab is developing a revolutionary technology to build ultra-thin, flexible computer chips for space applications. If successful, the chips could result in substantial reductions in weight and bulk for satellite computers.

Descriptors, Keywords: AFRL flexible computer chip satellite design

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 08


HELSTF/DE Get Boosts From Congressional Committees. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, p 9

Both the HASC and the SASC endorsed the president's budget request of $14m for HELSTF, the High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility at White Sands Missile Range. Both also provided additional money for directed energy technology.

Descriptors, Keywords: HELSTF directed energy high energy laser funding

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 09


ABL Sim Returns To Roving Sands For '99. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, p 10

The Airborne Laser's simulation team will be at Ft. Bliss, TX, in June to participate in the Army's annual desert exercise based on a hypothetical Mid-East conflict. Maj Steve Smiley, who heads the ABL simulation team, discusses ABL's planned role in the exercise.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABL simulation military exercise wargame Smiley

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 10


Raytheon To Develop First Half Of Navy Future Radar. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, pp 5-6

Raytheon has won the long-awaited Navy contract to develop one of the two future radars for upcoming Navy aircraft carriers and destroyers. The $140m contract is to engineer, manufacture and develop the next-generation X-band Multi-Function Radar (MFR) over a period of 5 years.

Descriptors, Keywords: Raytheon Navy X-band radar MFR

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 11


Senate Passes Defense Appropriations Bill -- BMDO Boosted To $3.8B. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, p 7

Missile defense gains in the FY00 National Defense Appropriations bill passed 93-4 by the Senate on June 8. The measure, which goes to the House next, would add more than $500m to the administration's $3.3b request for BMD RDT&E.

Descriptors, Keywords: FY00 Senate defense appropriations budget funding

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 12


Welch: NMD Still High Risk But Not Rushing To Failure. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, Jun 11, 1999, pp 1, 3

Larry D. Welch, USAF (ret), in speaking to a National Defense University Foundation seminar recently, stated that one year ago a commission he headed characterized the NMD program as "extremely high risk," or virtually impossible. Today, however, following a serious restructuring of the program, he takes a somewhat less dim view of the program. Welch, who previously chaired the Panel on Reducing Risk in BMD Flight Test Programs, is now president of the Institute for Defense Analyses. Article also quotes Welch on the THAAD program.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD THAAD Welch

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 13


US Signs Regional Convention On Weapons. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, p 2

The US signed the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisition on June 7, during a special ceremony of the Organization of American States (OAS) General Assembly meeting in Guatemala.

Descriptors, Keywords: treaty OAS

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 14


Russia Tests Topol M. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, p 2

Russia again successfully tested a Topol M ballistic missile on June 3. The missile is to become the backbone of their nuclear arsenal in the coming century.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Topol M missile

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 15


Perry Asks N.K. To Consider Expanding Relations, Cooperation. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, p 4

During a recent trip to Pyongyang, former SecDef William Perry explored the possibility of expanding our relations with N. Korea regarding missile and nuclear programs. Perry is acting as special advisor to the president on N. Korean policy.

Descriptors, Keywords: Perry North Korea

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 16


Researchers Find Nitrogen A Key To Solar Cell Design. BMD Monitor, Jun 11, 1999, p 11

Researchers at the DoE's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab have found that incorporating small amounts of nitrogen into the semiconductor alloy gallium indium arsenide decreases its band gap dramatically.

Descriptors, Keywords: gallium indium arsenide nitrogen optics solar cell

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 17


Hit Should Not Hasten THAAD Fielding, Officials Say. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Jun 14, 1999, p 7

Despite last week's successful test of THAAD, Pentagon and industry officials want to avoid rushing to field the system because it could result in trading off on performance. THAAD is currently scheduled to have its first unit equipped in 2007.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD fielding test flight Davis

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 18


Not So Fast. Defense Daily, Jun 14, 1999, p 3

Retired AF Gen Larry Welch, president of IDA, says those who argue for dropping the THAAD program because of past failures should realize that THAAD is further along than any other system in development for its mission.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD Welch

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 19


Air Force Comfortable With Airborne Laser Vulnerability. Defense Daily. Atkinson, David, Jun 14, 1999, pp 8-9

While critics of the Air Force's Airborne Laser program have said that the lumbering 747 on which it is based will be vulnerable to advanced surface-to-air missiles and fighters that threaten its ability to carry out its mission, the AF claims the ABL will be no less vulnerable than other support assets such as AWACS or Joint STARS.

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force Airborne Laser ABL vulnerability AWACS Joint STARS missile threat

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 20


House Passes $288.8 Billion Defense Authorization Bill. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, Jun 14, 1999, p 4

In a vote of 365 to 58, the House passed the $288.8b FY00 Defense Authorization Bill endorsing increases in authorized funding of $2.6b in procurement and $1.5b in research and development. Now representatives from the House and Senate will have to meet in conference to resolve differences between the two versions of the bill passed in each chamber.

Descriptors, Keywords: House FY00 defense authorization Senate conference

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 21


Political Roadblocks Await Troubled MEADS. Defense News. Seffers, George I., May 31, 1999, pp 4,19

The Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS), a joint US, Italian, and German program to develop a mobile and transportable air and missile defense system, faces political difficulties. Despite the fact of an award to a Lockheed Martin team, questions remain about the technology to be developed. Jacques Gansler has proposed using PAC-3, but the Europeans see that as the US forcing their technology on them, and prefer to develop a new missile instead. Pentagon officials are not happy at the prospect of sharing the sensitive PAC-3 technology, and may find that technology restriction regulations will kill the program.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS United States Germany Italy Gansler PAC-3 Technology Transfer

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 22


Pentagon Moves On Globalization; DoD To Ease Export Regulations. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, Jun 21, 1999, pp 1,60

The Department of Defense is developing a new technology transfer policy which will promote a streamlined review process and will emphasize exception and waivers to current policy. The policy document recommends a review of the US Munitions Control List" to identify items and technologies that should no longer be controlled because they represent low-risk transactions, or because of their widespread availability, and are no longer controllable."

Descriptors, Keywords: Technology Transfer Export Controls Munitions Control

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 23


US Must Resist Chinese Pressure Against Missile Defense. Defense News. Ranger, Robin; Wiencek, David, Jun 21, 1999, p 37

Beijing is likely to pressure the Clinton administration to stop plans for sales and deployment of theater missile defense (TMD) in Taiwan, Korea and Japan. Beijing would also like to stop deployment of national missile defense (NMD), while China is expanding its own nuclear and missile forces, including DF-15/M-9, the M-11 short range ballistic missile and YJ-22 land attack cruise missiles. China argues that US TMD system deployment in Asia will create regional instability and create an arms race in Asia. The authors argue that the US should not be deterred.

Descriptors, Keywords: China US TMD NMD ABM Asia Korea Taiwan Japan

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 24


US Army, TRW Agree on Tactical High Energy Laser Program; Decide To Split Cost Overruns Of US Israel Fixed Price Deal. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, Jun 21, 1999

The Army and TRW, Inc. have agreed to split the cost overruns of the US-Israel Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) program. The program had been threatened by technical difficulties, schedule delays and cost overruns. The new agreement will last until the first successful demonstration of shooting down a Katyusha rocket. After a successful test, either party, the Army or TRW, has the option to cease participation in funding the project.

Descriptors, Keywords: THEL Tactical High Energy Laser Israel TRW US Army

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 25


THAAD Hits, But Lockheed Martin Still 'Not Out Of Woods'. Defense Week. Roosevelt, Ann, Jun 14, 1999, p 13

Although the seventh THAAD intercept flight test achieved its goal, Lockheed Martin must make a second successful intercept by July 16 or face the loss of $20m because of a contract modification with BMDO and the Army calling for cost-sharing.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lockheed Martin THAAD intercept flight test Davis

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 26


Senate Asks For Study Of Two-Site NMD Option Before Deployment Review. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Jun 16, 1999, pp 1, 14-15

According to a provision added to the final version of the Senate defense authorization bill for FY00, the SecDef must provide Congress with an assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of a two-site deployment of the NMD system currently under development.

Descriptors, Keywords: Senate two-site deployment NMD FY00 defense authorization Congress

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 27


Jubilant THAAD Program Officials Set Sights On Next Flight Test Of Missile. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael and Dupont, Daniel, Jun 16, 1999, pp 1, 7-8

While euphoric over the first successful intercept of a target missile by THAAD, both government and industry officials realize that this achievement was just one crucial step in the process of moving forward with the program and are already finalizing preparations for the next THAAD intercept test.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lockheed Martin THAAD intercept flight test

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 28


Winning MEADS Team Needs FY00 Funds For Transition To Risk Reduction Effort. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Jun 16, 1999, pp 1, 9-10

Officials involved with MEADS need to secure the US funding portion for FY99 and finalize a contract for a transition phase, which will allow the winning US-German-Italian contracting team to prepare for the MEADS risk reduction effort due to begin in January 2000, according to senior industry and Army officials.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS FY99 funds transition risk reduction

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 29


Latest Series Of NMD 'Light-Gas Gun' Tests To Study EKV Lethality. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Jun 16, 1999, p 12

The NMD JPO has begun a new series of "light-gas gun" tests that will use scaled models to study the effects of body-on-body impacts of the NMD kill vehicle on targets, according to a JPO statement.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD JPO light gas gun EKV Lethality

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 30


Welch: GBI Is 'Immense Technical Challenge' To National Missile Defense. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Jun 16, 1999, pp 11-12

Retired Air Force Gen Larry Welch stated recently that the greatest technical challenge facing the NMD program is not the system's integration but rather the successful development of the NMD integrator, known as the Ground-Based Interceptor (GBI) and the required hit-to-kill technologies.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD Welch GBI interceptor hit-to-kill technology

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 31


House Waives Initial Testing Requirements On NMD Production. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Jun 16, 1999, pp 1, 13-14

The House has included a provision in the final version of the FY99 defense authorization bill that was proposed by John Hostettler (R-IN) which would allow the Defense Department to proceed with the production of the NMD system regardless of whether initial operational testing and evaluation of the system has been completed.

Descriptors, Keywords: House NMD FY00 defense authorization amendment Hostettler

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 32


Presidential Panel Calls For Revamping Personnel Security For DoE Labs. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Jun 17, 1999, p 1, 14-16

In a report released to the public this week, the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB), chaired by former Sen Warren Rudman, has labeled the DoE a "dysfunctional bureaucracy," with a low regard for security issues. The highly critical report suggests creating a separate, independent Agency for Nuclear Stewardship within the department.

Descriptors, Keywords: DoE lab nuclear national security panel Rudman PFIAB

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 33


Energy Department Told To Look At Staffing Level For Export Requests. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Jun 17, 1999, pp 16-17

DoE should study whether its staffing level is appropriate for the agency's Nuclear Transfer & Supplier Policy (NTSP) division, according to the June 10 congressional testimony of DoE Inspector Gen Gregory Friedman. The NTSP is responsible for reviewing licensing export applications.

Descriptors, Keywords: DoE lab nuclear export Friedman

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 34


DoD's First National Missile Defense Intercept Attempt Delayed Again. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Jun 17, 1999, pp 1, 19

The first intercept test flight of the NMD system has been delayed again. Citing technical problems, the NMD joint program office had announced in late April that the first test, then set for June, would slip to August. Further technical challenges have now pushed the date out to late September.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD intercept test schedule delay

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 35


THAAD Officials Working Toward 'More Stressing' Intercept Test Flight. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Jun 17, 1999, pp 19-20

THAAD program officials are currently planning the next intercept test flight, following the program's first successful test on June 10. The next test, scheduled for early July, is designed to end in an intercept in the exoatmosphere.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD intercept test exoatmosphere

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 36


US And Israeli Governments To Bail Out THEL. Jane's Defence Weekly. Bender, Bryan, Jun 16, 1999, p 6

In recent negotiations, BG Steven Flohr, deputy commander of the US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, and Joanne Maguire, VP of TRW's Space and Laser Programs Division, agreed that the army and Israel's MoD, which are paying for the program on a 50-50 basis, would now be responsible for half of the cost overruns, with TRW responsible for the other half. When the THEL system conducts its first successful intercept of a Katyusha rocket, the government's share of the cost overruns will increase to 75%. The contract mod, to be signed shortly, leaves open the possibility that, following a successful shoot-down, either the US and Israeli governments or TRW can opt out of the program.

Descriptors, Keywords: THEL Cost Overrun Contract Modification TRW

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 37


Senate Bolsters Military With Extra C-17s, F/A-18s. Jane's Defence Weekly. Mann, Paul, Jun 16, 1999, pp 77-78

The Senate has passed a $264.7 billion defense appropriations bill for FY00. Senators augmented defense research and development spending beyond what the White House sought. Pumping extra R&D money into the BMDO, senators recommended an additional: $200m for NMD, $152m for Patriot TMD, $50m for the Navy Theater Wide, $42m for advanced development of BMD support technologies, $25m for BPI in TMD. Elsewhere in R&D accounts, Senate appropriators added: $92m for the SBIRS-High and $50m for SBIRS-Low, $42, for the third Arrow battery and $15m for the THEL.

Descriptors, Keywords: Fiscal Year 2000 Defense Appropriations Bill NMD TMD Funding

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 38


USN Preparing To Test Area Missile Defense System. Jane's Defence Weekly. Seigle, Greg, Jun 16, 1999, p 9

The US Navy (USN) is preparing its Navy Area air defense System for initial flight test to be conducted as early as next month, with fly-by trials planned for early next year. Under the USN schedule, intercept tests for the Navy Area system are due to begin in late 2000. Initial tests will be in New Mexico. Navy Area incorporates an infrared tracking device, a new fuze and an improved warhead into its Standard Block IVA missile. Destroyers equipped with the Navy Area are intended to carry 32 missiles and utilize a variety of high tech products, including the JTAGS, JTIDS - Link 16 and the SPY radar tracking system.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy Area Air Defense System Testing

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 39


Could Israel's Arrow End Up In India? Jane's Intelligence Review. Kumaraswamy, P.R., Jun 01, 1999, pp 21-22

In May 1996, the head of the Arrow project, Uzi Rubin, disclosed that Israel and the USA had signed an agreement arranging the 'division of rights' concerning the Arrow project. This agreement sought to define and delineate mutual rights and privileges. The agreement itself can be seen as an indication of Israel's desire to commercially exploit if not export its Arrow expertise. In spite of this, the USA has reportedly accused Israel of transferring radar technology to India, while Israel claims that the radar was developed before any US involvement in the project. Partly to alleviate growing US concern in Sept. 1998 the head of Israel Aircraft Industries, which is developing the Arrow, declared that the "missile or systems" would be sold "only to countries friendly" to both Israel and the USA. Unlike other potential customers, India is not a close ally of the USA and this would impeded any transfer of Arrow missiles or technologies to India.

Descriptors, Keywords: Arrow India Technology Transfer

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 40


US Plans On National Missile Defense (NMD) and Theater Missile Defense (TMD): A Chinese Perspective. The Monitor: Nonproliferation, Demilitarization, and Arms Control. Zhu, Mingquan, Jan 01, 1999, pp 21-23

This article is the Chinese response to SecDef Cohen's announcement in January that DoD planned to allocate additional funds to the NMD and TMD programs. While the author does not question the technical feasibility of developing these systems, he does express strong criticism of the US's decision to set a near-term date for possible deployment. He feels that the US has exaggerated the danger of missile attack and has made a decision that goes against the trend of the times, which calls for a more global spirit with international cooperation. Includes bibliography.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD TMD China analysis

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 41


The Russian-Iranian Conundrum and Proliferation Concerns. The Monitor: Nonproliferation, Demilitarization, and Arms Control. Moskvin, Vladimir, Jan 01, 1999, pp 8-13

Iran is an important geopolitical ally of Russia and, according to the author (a senior staff member at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Iran represents a powerful trump card in Moscow's relations with the West. Article discusses Russia's economic collapse, and the danger of Russian weapons technology falling into the wrong hands.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Iran WMD proliferation international relations analysis

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 42


The Future Of Nuclear Weapons In Russia. The Monitor: Nonproliferation, Demilitarization, and Arms Control. Dvorkin, Vladimir Z., Jan 01, 1999, pp 13-15

Article discusses the vulnerability of the much-weakened Russian state in the face of international weapons development and easily accessible missile technologies. The difficulties faced in decommissioning and dismantling nuclear weapon systems, and the diplomatic intricacies of treaty ratifications are discussed from the Russian standpoint.

Descriptors, Keywords: nuclear weapon deterrence Russia

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 43


Russia At The Crossroads Of Arms Control. The Monitor: Nonproliferation, Demilitarization, and Arms Control. Khripunov, Igor, Jan 01, 1999, pp 15-18

Article offers analysis of the issues facing Russia's arms control policy, including 1) threat perception; 2) national security; 3) national economy and armed forces; 4) domestic environment; and 5) political stability. Author is professor of political science at Univ of Georgia.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia arms control

UPDATE: Jun 18, 1999, No. 44