UPDATE A weekly compilation of articles

Article citations below are gathered from published journals and newsletters which are held in the BMD TIC collection. These materials may be protected by copyright restrictions.

May 28, 1999


Cox Report: Industry Only Partly To Blame. Aerospace Daily, May 26, 1999, p 297, 300-301

Releasing the long-awaited Cox Committee report, congressional lawmakers on May 25 pinned most of the blame for alleged illegal transfer of sensitive technology to China on the US government rather than industry. The 870-page unclassified report represents only about one-third of the entire publication, the rest of which will remain classified. Related article follows: "Cox Committee Recommendations On Satellite Launches"

Descriptors, Keywords: Cox report China espionage technology transfer Los Alamos laboratory

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 01


SASC Outlines Test Milestones For DoD Laser Programs. Aerospace Daily, May 24, 1999, p 286

The Senate Armed Services Committee has directed the Pentagon to include a near-term flight experiment for the SBL program and ensure that a number of technical milestones are met on the ABL effort. Article gives details on the SASC recommendations.

Descriptors, Keywords: SASC SBL ABL laser

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 02


THAAD Test Scrapped Because Of Target Problem. Aerospace Daily, May 26, 1999, pp 297-298

The Army and BMDO scratched a flight test of the THAAD missile on May 25 because of a problem with the target it was intended to intercept. The target, a HERA missile, was fired from a site north of White Sands Missile Range, NM, but encountered an attitude control problem, sources said.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test failure

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 03


Theater Missile Defense Programs In Trouble, Top Pentagon Official Warns. Aerospace Daily. Gildea, Kerry, May 25, 1999, pp 291, 294

Hans Mark, DoD's R&D director, has warned in a letter to incoming BMDO Director LtGen Ronald T. Kadish that the Pentagon's major TBMD systems now in development will not work as planned and some need complete overhauls. Mark is calling for a major redesign of THAAD, warns that PAC-3 may never meet its full requirements, and says there is no military justification for SBL.

Descriptors, Keywords: Mark Kadish THAAD PAC-3 SBL

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 04


Washington Outlook: Zapper. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Asker, James R., May 24, 1999, p 27

The SBL the Air Force wants to develop to target ballistic missiles may be able to destroy the missile launchers as well, a new Defense Science Board (DSB) study says. "At some wavelengths, the SBL may be able to also target low altitude aircraft as well as thin-skinned structures and vehicles on the ground," the board writes. The greatest liability for the SBL, the DSB say, is keeping the satellites stocked with chemicals for the laser.

Descriptors, Keywords: DSB Space Based Laser SBL Mission

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 05


Industry Outlook: Hold Fire. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Proctor, Paul, May 24, 1999, p 19

Flight testing of a PAC-3 missile has been delayed because of US Army concerns that the test could spark a forest fire at drought-stricken White Sands Missile Range, NM. Both the PAC-3 and Hera target missile are ready for testing, the Army said.. The test won't take place until the risk of fire subsides, not expected until July.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 Flight Test Range Fire Delay WSMR

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 06


GAO: BMDO Needs A Process For More Commonality. BMD Monitor, May 28, 1999, pp 6-7

A new GAO Report, "Ballistic Missile Defense: More Common Systems and Components Could Result in Cost Savings," makes the case for using common components when designing systems in order to save money and improve interoperability. Report is numbered NSIAD-99-101.

Descriptors, Keywords: BMDO commonality GAO

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 07


US, RMI Compact Negotiations Start In October. BMD Monitor, May 28, 1999, pp 10-11

Negotiations on the bilateral US-Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) Compact of Free Association are expected to begin Oct 21, two years before the 15-year compact's anniversary. Among other things, the compact ensures continued access to the US Army's Kwajalein Missile Range, a major facility for testing Theater Missile Defense. Article discusses details of compact.

Descriptors, Keywords: Marshall Islands Kwajalein Missile Range compact negotiation

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 08


Lyles Comes Full Circle. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, May 28, 1999, pp 1, 9

Article is an assessment of the challenges and accomplishments of the three-year tenure of departing BMDO director LtGen Lester Lyles.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles resignation

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 09


Clinton: Iraq Remains A Serious Threat. BMD Monitor, May 28, 1999, p 3

Iraq remains a serious threat to international peace and security, according to the reports of three assessment panels--on disarmament, humanitarian and Kuwait-related issues--set up by the UN Security Council in January.

Descriptors, Keywords: Iraq threat

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 10


Armed Services Committees 'Cautiously Optimistic' On ABL Program. BMD Monitor, May 28, 1999, p 13

The budget request for $308.6m for the ABL program was matched by both House and Senate Armed Services committees, though both put the program under scrutiny. Two recent reports identifying technical and operational problems with the program prompted the SASC to express "cautious optimism" on the ABL program in their report accompanying the FY00 National Defense Authorization Bill.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABL funding FY00

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 11


THAAD Test Aborted, Contractor Deadline Slips. BMD Monitor, May 28, 1999, p 7

The 10th THAAD intercept flight test was aborted May 25 due to a problem with the Hera target missile at White Sands Missile Range, NM. A new test date has not been set.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test failure

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 12


Armed Services Committees Approve MEADS Request. BMD Monitor, May 28, 1999, p 4

Both the Senate and House Armed Services committees matched the president's request for $48.6m for the MEADS program. Entire MEADS program is expected to cost $250m for three years, with $150m from the US and another $100m from Germany and Italy.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS budget

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 13


BMDO Prepared For Roving Sands '99. BMD Monitor, May 28, 1999, pp 8-9

BMDO plans to spend $1.5m for its part in Roving Sands '99, to be held June 15-27 at Fort Bliss, TX. This is the "preeminent theater air & missile defense exercise that US Atlantic Command holds," according to Maj Roderick Burke, BMDO Army Liaison Officer to USACOM. Descriptors, Keywords: Roving Sands missile defense exercise

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 14


Panel Proposes $3.1 Billion Shift From Defense Spending. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, May 26, 1999, p 1

During the markup by the Senate Appropriations panel of the FY00 Defense Appropriations Bill, Sen Ted Steven (R-AK) proposed reallocating $3.1b of the extra defense monies that Congress appropriated late last year in an omnibus emergency spending bill.

Descriptors, Keywords: Senate defense appropriations FY00 Stevens reallocation funding budget

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 15


No MEADS Contract Until Jan. 1; Time To Hammer Out Agreements. Defense Daily. Muradian, Vago, May 24, 1999, p 4

The contract for MEADS will not be awarded until after January 1 when the European allies, (Germany and Italy), on the effort, budget the funding needed.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS contract funding Germany Italy US

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 16


THAAD Launch Aborted By Failed Test Target. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, May 26, 1999, pp 1-2

The seventh interception test of the Army's THAAD system was aborted on May 25 after the target missile Hera suffered an attitude control malfunction.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD intercept test target missile Hera malfunction

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 17


Seventh THAAD Intercept Test Slated For Today. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, May 25, 1999, p 4

The THAAD missile is scheduled for its seventh intercept test today at the Army's WSMR in New Mexico, marking the 10th of 13 planned flights of the antimissile weapon which has failed on its six previous outings. If the test goes as planned the THAAD interceptor upper stage kill vehicle will hit and destroy the target. BMDO is overseeing development of the THAAD, which someday will help defend deployed troops from ballistic missile attack.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD intercept test WSMR upper stage kill vehicle

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 18


Lyles: Air Force May Remain In Charge Of SBIRS. Defense Daily. Wolfe, Frank, May 27, 1999, pp 3-4

Outgoing BMDO Director LtGen Lyles told reporters that the Air Force's continued management of the SBIRS program is possible as the Pentagon studies the issue in response to direction from the House to transfer SBIRS management from the service to BMDO.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles SBIRS House Air Force transfer management

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 19


Ukraine, Russia Clash Over Marketing Of New Missile. Defense News. Barrie, Douglas; Saradzyhan, Simon, May 31, 1999, p 10

A Ukranian defense company, Artem, intends to export a passive sensor missile, the R-27. It is commonly used on the Su-27 and MiG-29 aircraft. The missile uses a passive guidance system, which homes in on the target's radar, thus making detection by the target very difficult. The missile was produced in a joint venture by a Russian company, Vympel and the Ukranian company. Moscow is trying to prevent export of the missile, which is classified by Russia.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Ukraine Passive Guidance Missile R-27

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 20


Congress Attacks North Korea Deal; US Lawmakers Demand That Pyongyang Kill Its Ballistic Missile Program. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, May 31, 1999, p 3

A bipartisan effort, led by Rep Benjamin Gilman (R-NY), proposes to force North Korea to end its ballistic missile and nuclear weapons program in exchange for additional US aid and continued adherence to the 1994 Framework Agreement with Pyongyang. The legislative proposal, the North Korea Threat Reduction Act of 1999, is contrary to the Clinton administration's North Korea policy. Under the proposed act, the President would have to certify that North Korea was meeting various denuclearization conditions stipulated in the Framework in order to receive aid. Food aid would be permitted only after assurances that it is not being diverted to the North Korean military, and the US embargo would remain in effect until "North Korea terminates its long-range missile program and ceases all efforts to export such missiles."

Descriptors, Keywords: Gilman North Korea United States Congress Aid Ballistic Missiles North Korea Threat Reduction Act

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 21


Cruise Missile Threat Rises; US Navy, Army Lag in Defense Preparations. Defense News. Gormley, Dennis, May 31, 1999, p 15

This opinion piece calls for a swift and well coordinated technology development program for defense against advanced cruise missile attack. The author points out that cruise missile development could result in highly sophisticated weapons in a short period of time, and that the Air Force has made more progress than the Army or Navy in anti-cruise missile defense.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cruise Missile Defense JTAMDO

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 22


US Legislators Line Up Behind Missile Defense. Defense News. Finnegan, Philip, May 31, 1999, pp 4,19

The US Congress is supportive of the 2000 defense budget, but there are disagreements over how much to give to various programs. Missile defense is supported by both houses. Negotiations will determine the final outcome.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy Gansler ALAM LASM Land Attack Standard Missile Advanced Land Attack Missile Army Tactical Missile System DDG-51

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 23


US Navy To Contest Missile Directives. Defense News. Holzer, Robert, May 31, 1999, pp 3,19

US Navy officials plan to contest guidance from Jacques Ganlser, Undersecretary for Acquisition and Technology, on the allocation of funds for two missile systems. The missiles are the Land Attack Standard Missile (LASM) and the new Advanced Land Attack Missile (ALAM). Gansler has directed that 75 percent of funding for ALAM for the next two years ($75m) be spent on modifying the "Army Tactical Missile System to be fired from DDG-51 tubes".

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy Gansler ALAM LASM Land Attack Standard Missile Advanced Land Attack Missile Army Tactical Missile System DDG-51

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 24


House Panel Matches Senators' Boost For Pentagon. Defense Week. Abel, David, May 24, 1999, pp 1, 15

This article highlights the major decisions the House made in the FY00 defense authorization bill. This is the fifth straight year Congress has increased the Pentagon's budget above the president's request.

Descriptors, Keywords: House HASC DoD defense budget authorization FY00 funding

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 25


Iran Has Makings Of North Korea's Taepo Dong. Defense Week. Donnelly, John, May 24, 1999, pp 1, 14

Iran may soon have a missile capable of striking Europe according to a top US intelligence official, David Osias. Currently, Iran has the makings of North Korea's Taepo-Dong-1 missile which has a range of 2,000km.

Descriptors, Keywords: Iran North Korea ballistic missile Osias

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 26


Senators Urge Restructure Of Airborne Laser Program. Defense Week. Donnelly, John, May 24, 1999, p 2

In its report accompanying the FY00 defense authorization bill SASC urged SecDef Cohen to restructure the Airborne Laser program. The Senate panel wants Cohen to condition key acquisition milestones on successful completion of testing that shows some of the questions raised by critics in Congress and the Pentagon about the ABL program have been answered.

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force ABL Senate SASC FY00 defense authorization

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 27


House Intel Committee Recommends BMDO Share Responsibility For SBIRS. Inside Missile Defense. Duffy, Thomas, May 19, 1999, pp 23-24

Citing poor management by the Air Force, the House intelligence committee has recommended the BMDO step in and share responsibility for a space-based detection system that will play a big role in both national and theater missile defense systems.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD TMD House intelligence SBIRS

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 28


GAO Wants DoD To Establish Interim Goals For Cruise Missile Defense. Inside Missile Defense. Dupont, Daniel, May 19, 1999, p 11

A recent GAO report requested by Curt Weldon (R-PA), "Cruise Missile Defense: Progress Made but Significant Challenges Remain," states that DoD's goal of a cost-effective and interoperable cruise missile defense capability remains "several years away" and could be better achieved through the establishment of interim goals and by overcoming coordination and technical challenges.

Descriptors, Keywords: GAO report Weldon cruise missile defense interoperability

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 29


DoD Evaluates Missile Defense Options For Japan, South Korea, Taiwan. Inside Missile Defense. Dupont, Daniel, May 19, 1999, pp 10-11

A report mandated by the FY99 National Defense Authorization Act which analyzes various options for the defense of US allies in the Asia Pacific region looks at systems "similar to" THAAD, Patriot PAC-3, Navy Area and Navy Theater Wide and concludes that a viable theater missile defense of Japan, South Korea and Taiwan is possible.

Descriptors, Keywords: report missile defense Japan South Korea Taiwan FY99 defense authorization

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 30


Senators Call For A National Coordinator For Nonproliferation Efforts. Inside Missile Defense. Costa, Keith, May 19, 1999, pp 32-33

Republican Senators Domenici (NM) and Lugar (IN) are once again calling on the Clinton administration to create a national coordinator for nonproliferation matters position within the executive office of the president to coordinate and oversee US efforts combating the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).

Descriptors, Keywords: WMD nonproliferation coordinate Domenici Lugar

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 31


BMDO: NMD 'C3' Architecture Could Feature Up To Nine X-Band Radars. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, May 19, 1999, pp 13-14

According to a briefing chart from the BMDO's NMD/JPO, preliminary plans outlining the growth potential for the NMD system include the possibility of fielding up to nine X-band radars to provide the system with more precise and robust ground-based tracking, discrimination and kill assessment capabilities.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD JPO architecture briefing chart X-Band radar

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 32


Threat, Cost, Arms Control Are Still Factors In Decision To Field NMD. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, May 19, 1999, pp 14-15

The Clinton administration will consider four factors: the nature and scope of the threat; the cost of the system; the technological maturity of the system as demonstrated in the upcoming intercept attempts; and the impact of deployment on arms control, and not simply the technological readiness of the system, as relevant to a deployment decision, should the president sign a Cochran-like NMD bill.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD Cochran deployment technological readiness threat cost arms control

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 33


DoD, Industry: NMD Countermeasures Getting Attention. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., May 19, 1999, pp 1, 17-19

In order to ensure that the proposed multi-billion NMD system is not compromised by inexpensive countermeasures developed by the very rogue states the NMD network is intended to defeat, Pentagon officials stress that a multifaceted, concerted effort is under way to deal with countermeasures. This effort includes good intelligence, the monitoring of foreign missile tests, red teaming activities, the use of multiple sensors and tiered defenses, as well as evolvable systems that can incorporate improvements readily.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD countermeasures DoD rogue state

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 34


Improved ABL Could Offer Precise Directing Of TMD Systems To Targets. Inside Missile Defense. Whitely, Gigi, May 19, 1999, p 9

A classified BMDO-funded study shows the Air Force's ABL holds promise for providing upper tier theater defense systems a more precise track on an incoming ballistic missile.

Descriptors, Keywords: study Air Force ABL laser upper tier theater defense TMD

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 35


NMD Supporters And Opponents Square Off On Missile Defense Technology. Inside Missile Defense. Costa, Keith, May 19, 1999, pp 16-17

NMD opponents and proponents squared off at a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing earlier this month on whether the timing is right and the technology mature enough to deploy such a system.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD hearing missile technology

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 36


BMDO Official Recommends Phased Deployment of Space-Based Laser. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., May 19, 1999, pp 1, 33-34

Charles Infosino, director for research and engineering in BMDO's technology deputate, proposes a notional, three-stage phased deployment for SBL. Instead of trying to give the system its full capability in the initial architecture, Infosino prefers concentrating SBL development initially to meet NMD requirements for protection against rogue states and then adding TMD and other missions to the system requirements incrementally at later points.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBL Infosino laser NMD phased deployment rogue state threat

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 37


Senate Committee Demands A Second Look At Cooperative Threat Reduction. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., May 27, 1999, pp 17-18

In the wake of reports that Russia is seeking to revitalize its tactical nuclear forces and increase its defense budget, the SASC is calling on the president to recertify that Russia remains eligible for Cooperative Threat Reduction program funds.

Descriptors, Keywords: cooperative threat reduction Russia

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 38


Lyles: New Patriot PAC-3 Baseline May Lead To Lower-Cost Missile. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 27, 1999, p 6

BMDO plans to negotiate with PAC-3 prime contractor Lockheed Martin to bring the price of the missile, currently over $2m, down to about $1.5m.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 baseline cost

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 39


Senate Appropriators Pass $264.7 Billion DoD Bill, Put Brakes On THAAD. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 27, 1999, pp 18-19

The Senate Appropriations Committee has approved a $264.7b defense bill for FY00 that delays the THAAD program from moving into the engineering & manufacturing development (EMD) phase "due to test failures and delays." Article includes highlights from defense appropriations bill.

Descriptors, Keywords: defense budget THAAD

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 40


HERA Target Failure Again Leads To An Aborted Missile Defense Test. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel J., May 27, 1999, pp 4-5

Officials at White Sands Missile Range, NM, scrapped the test of a THAAD interceptor this week when the Hera target missile it was expected to hit began to tumble out of control. It is expected to take several weeks to figure out the cause of the problem.

Descriptors, Keywords: HERA target THAAD test failure

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 41


Senate Moves To Extend The Life Of Counterproliferation Committee. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., May 27, 1999, p 16

The Senate Armed Services Committee has decided to extend the life of a review committee created by Congress six years ago to help coordinate federal programs that combat WMD proliferation. Termination date for the Counterproliferation Program Review Committee is now Sept 30, 2004.

Descriptors, Keywords: WMD proliferation counterproliferation committee

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 42


BMDO's Spending Plan Funds One Upper-Tier Program For FY-07 Deployment. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 27, 1999, pp 5-6

The BMDO is staying with its earlier plan to combine funding for THAAD and NTW into one program element and to promote a sort of competition between the two, despite Congressional objections to this arrangement. A major budget debate on the issue is expected.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD NTW funding

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 43


Technical Problems, Range Dates Squeezing NMD Testing Schedule. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 27, 1999, p 7

The third integrated flight test for NMD was to have taken place next month, but a problem with the kill vehicle has pushed the test date back to August. In addition to technical problems, BMDO is also wrestling with an arrangement between the US and the Marshall Islands that limits use of the Kwajalein test range, where NMD test flights are to take place.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD schedule delay

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 44


TRW Abandoning Tactical High Energy Laser Effort, DoD Officials Say. Inside the Pentagon. Sirak, Michael C., May 27, 1999, pp 1, 19-20

TRW has decided to abandon a high-profile effort to develop a laser system to protect Israel from short-range artillery threats. Known as the Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL), the program has been beset with cost overruns and schedule delays, although the company's decision to abandon it took the DoD by surprise.

Descriptors, Keywords: TRW THEL laser Israel

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 45


Cox Report: Lax Export Controls Helping To Modernize China's Military. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., May 27, 1999, pp 2-4

Chinese organizations working on their country's next-generation missiles and C3 equipment have taken advantage of lax US export controls to obtain US-made high-performance computers, according to a report released this week by the bipartisan Cox Committee. Lengthy article discusses main points of report.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cox report China espionage technology transfer

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 46


BMDO, Navy Reach Agreement On Sharing Costs For Area Program. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 27, 1999, p 6

BMDO and Navy officials have negotiated a cost-sharing agreement to help bring down the costs of the Navy Area Wide program, which had grown by nearly 50% recently.

Descriptors, Keywords: NAW cost sharing

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 47


GAO Says BMDO 'Commonality' Efforts Lack Funding, Strategic Planning. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., May 27, 1999, p 7

A recent GAO report (NSIAD-99-101), criticizes BMDO for providing insufficient funding and not developing an effective process for identifying promising common technologies. Increased use of common items could reduce both production costs and total life-cycle costs of BMDO systems, the report notes.

Descriptors, Keywords: GAO BMDO commonality

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 48


European Companies Set For Major MEADS Participation. Jane's Defence Weekly. Seigle, Greg, May 26, 1999, p 3

German and Italian companies are destined to perform a "significant amount" of the technological work need to design and develop the MEADS, according to Lockheed Martin officials. Officials from Dasa and Alenia have expressed a strong desire to perform some of the sophisticated research and design need to build a lightweight air defense system with 360 degree tracking and firing capabilities. By 2010, the USA, Germany and Italy plan to deploy MEADS to protect forward deployed troops, airfields and other vital assets.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS International Participation Proposal

Personnel Requirements

UPDATE: May 28, 1999, No. 49