A weekly compilation of articles
Article Citations Below Are Gathered From Published Journals and Newsletters Which Are Held In the BMD TIC Collection. These Materials May Be Protected By Copyright Restrictions.
JASSM Flight Test Schedule Delayed. Aerospace Daily, May 19, 1999, pp 259-260
The Joint Air-to-Surface Missile (JASSM) program will be delayed by one month while Lockheed Martin fixes 10 items on all 11 existing missiles. The next flight of the stealthy cruise missile, originally slated for June, will now take place in late July or August to allow more time for ground testing.
Descriptors, Keywords: JASSM cruise missile
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 01
PAC-3 To Be Foundation Of MEADS, Says Lockheed Martin Exec. Aerospace Daily, May 21, 1999, p 276
Lockheed Martin officials expect the PAC-3 missile to form the basis of the MEADS system. The company won a $300m contract this week to build a MEADS prototype. Article discusses other plans Lockheed Martin has for running the program, a joint effort with Germany and Italy.
Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 MEADS Lockheed Martin
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 02
Space Ops Threatened By Launch Failures. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Scott, William B., May 17, 1999, pp 25-27
The loss of three military satellites to launch failures since August 1998 could have significant repercussions on future US space based operations, although near term capabilities are not in jeopardy. In particular, USSPACECOM's future space control options will be severely constrained until reliable spacelift is assured. Satellites now in orbit can handle current and projected warfighter demands for communications, navigation, missile warning, weather and intelligence support. However, "the three satellites lost were designed to carry their respective constellations into the 21st century. We must ensure that those constellations remain robust," said Gen Richard B. Myers, US Space Command's commander-in-chief (Cincspace). "Because these failures have cost us a great deal, both in financial terms and in future mission capability, we are working hard to identify their causes."
Descriptors, Keywords: Space Control Launch Failure Myers Space Force CND
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 03
Strategic Perils Multiply As Balkan War Lengthens. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Mann, Paul, May 17, 1999, pp 32-33
Russia considers Yugoslavia an ally and NATO an expansionist threat. China fears NATO's intervention in the Balkans prefigures US meddling in a future conflict between China and Taiwan. National security experts say the souring of America's relations with both powers gets worse the longer the Balkan war continues, threatening years of White House efforts to shore up wobbly Russian and Chinese support for curbing the proliferation of WMD and the missiles to launch them. Also, efforts to craft an American-Russian agreement to amend the ABM Treaty and undertake joint development of BMD and efforts to persuade Russia to adopt the START 2 are threatened.
Descriptors, Keywords: NATO Yugoslavia Balkan War National Security Agreements WMD ABM Treaty START 2 Russia China
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 04
GAO: CMD Faces Coordination, Technical Challenges. BMD Monitor, May 14, 1999, pp 8-9
It will be several years before DoD fields cost-effective, interoperable, cruise missile defense (CMD) and more needs to be done to make the coordination process effective, according to a new GAO report. The report, "Cruise Missile Defense: Progress Made, But Significant Challenges Remain" (NSIAD-99-68), was required by Rep Curt Weldon. Article outlines findings and recommendations.
Descriptors, Keywords: GAO cruise missile
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 05
Former BMDO Director Part Of LM Space Sector Review Panel. BMD Monitor, May 14, 1999, p 10
Malcolm R. O'Neill, former BMDO director, will be a member of the review panel studying the program management, engineering, and quality control procedures for Lockheed Martin's space programs. Formation of the panel was prompted by the numerous test failures of the THAAD missile.
Descriptors, Keywords: Lockheed Martin THAAD review panel THAAD O'Neill
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 06
DoD Examines TMD Architecture Options For Japan, South Korea, Taiwan. BMD Monitor, May 14, 1999, pp 6-7
Layered, integrated missile defense systems, similar to those the US is developing, offer South Korea the most comprehensive architecture to protect it from limited threat missiles launched from North Korea, a new DoD report says. The report offers hypothetical TBMD architectures, based on weapon systems such as THAAD, PAC-3 and Navy Upper Tier. Chart of Notional Architectures is included with article.
Descriptors, Keywords: TMD Japan South Korea Taiwan chart
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 07
First HABE Flight Early Next Year. BMD Monitor, May 14, 1999, p 10
The High Altitude Balloon Experiment (HABE) developmental payload flight is set for some time in early 2000, according to Bill Browning, program manager for the BMDO funded project. The HABE will be a test bed for the Space Based Laser (SBL) program.
Descriptors, Keywords: HABE balloon Browning SBL
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 08
ABL Program Chief Answers Criticisms. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, May 14, 1999, pp 1, 4
Recent criticisms of the Airborne Laser (ABL) program contained in a Congressional Research Service draft report are based on erroneous information according to Col Mike Booen, director of the ABL Systems Program Office at Kirtland AFB. Booen also points out errors (which were later corrected) in the first draft of a GAO report on the ABL program. Article elaborates on numerous criticisms and rebuttals of the ABL program.
Descriptors, Keywords: ABL Booen report
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 09
NMD Will Defeat Countermeasures, General Says. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann; Donnelly, John, May 14, 1999, pp 2-3
Responding to criticism that the NMD program is unprepared to handle potential countermeasures that could fool its interceptors, the officer in charge of the program, Army BG Willie Nance, defended the system's capabilities. Of major concern to critics is the possibility that the NMD could be committed to deployment before testing the interceptors against realistic targets.
Descriptors, Keywords: NMD Nance
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 10
Missile Concerns Discussed By Cohen, Arens. BMD Monitor, May 14, 1999, p 3
Israel is moving toward full support of the US in its efforts to prevent Russia from transferring ballistic missile and nuclear technology to Iran, said Israeli Minister of Defense Moshe Arens at a joint press conference with SecDef William Cohen April 27. Article notes other topics of discussion at the press conference.
Descriptors, Keywords: Israel Cohen Arens
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 11
PACM Clears First Hurdle As SASC Approves $60 Million in FY00. Defense Daily. Wolfe, Frank, May 18, 1999, pp 6-7
When SASC approved the $60m increase for Patriot anti-cruise missile (PACM) production contingent upon two successful flight tests of the missile to be conducted this July, the PACM program cleared its first funding hurdle. PACM must now clear the other defense committees, including the SAC, HASC and HAC and the conferences between the House and Senate for FY00 defense funding.
Descriptors, Keywords: PACM Patriot defense funding SASC FY00
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 12
Lockheed Martin Beats Raytheon To Win MEADS Effort. Defense Daily. Muradian, Vago, May 20, 1999, pp 1-2
The US, Germany and Italy have selected the Lockheed Martin team over the rival Raytheon team as the winner of a contract valued at as much as $250m to develop the technologies needed for the MEADS. BMDO is leading the US portion of the effort to develop a mobile defense against ballistic, cruise and air attack that could be based on the PAC-3 system by Raytheon.
Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Lockheed Martin risk reduction PAC-3 missile
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 13
HASC Mark Contains Additional Money For Tomahawks. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, May 20, 1999, pp 2-3
HASC's mark of the FY00 Defense Authorization Bill contains more than $300m more than requested by the Navy for the Tomahawk cruise missile program.
Descriptors, Keywords: HASC mark FY00 defense authorization Tomahawk cruise missile
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 14
SASC Recommends Added Funds For BMD, Procurement. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, May 17, 1999, pp 3-4
SASC completed marking up a $288.8b FY00 Defense Authorization Bill that recommends adding $509.3b to ballistic missile defense programs, increasing procurement funding by $855m and adding more than $280m to research and development programs.
Descriptors, Keywords: SASC mark Defense Authorization Bill FY00 budget funding ballistic missile defense
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 15
White House To Take On Space Review Role. Defense Daily. Atkinson, David, May 18, 1999, pp 4-5
According to a White House spokesman, President Clinton has asked Dr. Neil Lane, assistant for science and technology, to work closely with DoD and the director of CIA to understand the root causes of the recent string of space launch failures and to recommend corrective action. A number of launches has been placed on "hold" pending review by DoD because of the launch reliability situation.
Descriptors, Keywords: Clinton Lane space launch review DoD CIA
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 16
House Panel Adds $2.6 Billion To Procurement. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, May 21, 1999, pp 1-6
On May 19, HASC completed a FY00 Defense Authorization Bill that recommends $288.8b in budget authority--$8.3b more than requested by the Clinton administration--and adds funds to dozens of weapons programs. This article highlights recommended funding for ballistic missile defense.
Descriptors, Keywords: House H.R. 1401 FY00 defense authorization ballistic missile defense
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 17
Senate Panel Recommends $509 Million Add To Missile Defense. Defense Daily, May 17, 1999, p 5
SASC's mark of the FY00 Defense Authorization Bill includes a $509.3m increase for ballistic missile defense (BMD) programs. The Clinton administration had requested $3.3b for BMD programs.
Descriptors, Keywords: SASC mark Defense Authorization Bill FY00 budget funding ballistic missile defense
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 18
Angry China Officials Consider Missile Tests; Beijing Suspends Security Ties, Flies New Launch Vehicle. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, May 24, 1999, pp 2, 26
The Chinese response to the NATO bombing of their embassy may lead to ballistic and cruise missile tests, live fire military exercises in the Taiwan Straits and other shows of force.
Descriptors, Keywords: China Taiwan Straits Embassy Bombing NATO
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 19
US Army Officials Reject PACM Anticruise Missile. Defense News. Mulholland, David, May 24, 1999, p 12
US Army officials oppose fielding the Patriot Anti-Cruise Missile (PACM) in spite of a favorable report on its performance. Critics of PACM say it is not needed because the Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) will counter both ballistic and cruise missiles, and fielding two separate cruise missile killers would drive up costs. The PACM producer, Raytheon, is lobbying for an additional $60m to produce 200 missiles.
Descriptors, Keywords: PACM PAC-3 Anti-cruise Missile Anti-Ballistic Missile Army Raytheon
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 20
NMD Chief Warns of Possible Additional Schedule Delays. Defense News. Mulholland, David, May 24, 1999, p 12
BG William Nance says that delays may occur in the schedule for the National Missile Defense (NMD) program due to very tight test flight requirements. Thirteen flights are scheduled, with only three months in between. The budget for this year is $1.6b, and $837m has been funded by Congress for 2000. BG Nance points out that the program will be able to meet deadlines only if every test goes perfectly. Correcting failures and design flaws is a time consuming but necessary process.
Descriptors, Keywords: Nance NMD National Missile Defense
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 21
In the Matter of the Laboratory At Los Alamos. Defense Week. King, Llewellyn, May 17, 1999, pp 1-2
A commentary on security at the national labs.
Descriptors, Keywords: National Laboratory DOE Lawrence Livermore Los Alamos Sandia
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 22
Senate Panel Add Extra $8.3 Billion For Pentagon. Defense Week. Donnelly, John, May 17, 1999, pp 1, 13
SASC approved $8.3b more than President Clinton requested for the Pentagon in the FY00 defense authorization bill.
Descriptors, Keywords: defense funding SASC FY00 budget Senate
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 23
Senate Panel Wants To Create Space National Security Commission. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 20, 1999, p 2
The Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC) wants to establish a commission dedicated to studying national security issues in space. Among the questions to be addressed are: the establishment of an independent military service with a national security space mission; a corps within the AF dedicated to the space mission; a position of assistant SecDef for space.
Descriptors, Keywords: SASC space national security commission
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 24
Army, BMDO Delay First PAC-3 Intercept Test Because Of Range Fire Risks. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., May 13, 1999, p 3
The Army and the BMDO were scheduled to conduct the first official intercept test of the PAC-3 program on May 13, but have postponed the test because of weather-related concerns and other minor problems. The test has been delayed "indefinitely," according to a BMDO spokesperson.
Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 interceptor test
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 25
Gilman: Allies Should Build An Early Warning Radar System In Asia. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., May 13, 1999, pp 3-4
House International Relations Committee Chairman Benjamin Gilman (R-NY) is calling for the US, Japan and South Korea to establish a joint early warning radar system to guard against ballistic missile attack, primarily from North Korea. Gilman presented his recommendations to Japanese Prime Minister Obuchi on May 4.
Descriptors, Keywords: Gilman early warning radar Japan South Korea
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 26
OSD Product Team To Take Up New THAAD Acquisition Strategy This Week. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., May 13, 1999, p 5
The Army and the BMDO will brief an overarching integrated product team this week on the restructured THAAD system, hoping to gain approval for the plan and a revised acquisition program baseline.
Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD acquisition
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 27
House Intel Committee Recommends BMDO Share Responsibility For SBIRS. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 13, 1999, pp 7-8
The House Intelligence Committee is recommending that the BMDO assume some of the program and budget responsibility for SBIRS-High. The panel has approved $328.7m for the program, placing half of the money in the Air Force's SBIRS-High account and half in a new BMDO account. A similar arrangement is under discussion for SBIRS-Low.
Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS budget
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 28
Senate Calls For Reappraisal Of Launching US Satellites In China. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., May 13, 1999, p 18
The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, in a report released last week, is calling for a reappraisal of the policy that allows the export of US commercial satellites to China for launch. The report concludes that because of shortfalls in intelligence gathering by US officials, sensitive technical information was transferred to China when US satellites were launched there in 1995 and 1996.
Descriptors, Keywords: China satellite technology transfer
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 29
Senate Committee Rejects Upper-Tier Strategy As 'Nominal Competition'. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 20, 1999, pp 3-4
While the Pentagon has encouraged competition between the two upper tier systems (THAAD and NTW) and has proposed combining the two programs into one Program Element next year, the Senate has rejected that idea. Language in the Senate's FY00 authorization bill instructs the Pentagon to keep both programs on separate development tracks with distinct budget accounts.
Descriptors, Keywords: SASC upper tier funding THAAD NTW Navy TheaterWide authorization
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 30
Senate Authorizers Boost PAC-3, Navy Theater Wide Spending. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., May 20, 1999, p 4
The Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC) has voted to add $212m to the FY00 budget for the completion of PAC-3 R&D and the beginning of production. NTW also received a $120m boost from the SASC, and the AF won additional funds for both the SBL and the SBIRS-High programs.
Descriptors, Keywords: SASC PAC-3 NTW SBL SBIRS funding
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 31
US Approves Transportation Plan For MOX Fuel Shipment To Japan. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., May 20, 1999, pp 9-10
The US has given approval to a transportation plan for the shipment of nuclear fuel from Europe to Japan by sea. The shipment, which may take place this summer, will be composed of plutonium from nuclear reactors blended with uranium to make mixed oxide (MOX) fuel.
Descriptors, Keywords: Japan mixed oxide MOX nuclear fuel plutonium uranium
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 32
Proposed House Bill Would Block Sale of Cray Supercomputer To China. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, May 20, 1999, p 26
Rep John Sweeney (D-NY) has introduced a bill that would prohibit the US from proceeding with a proposed sale of a Cray SVI supercomputer to China. Major concern is that the system could fall into the wrong hands, seriously undermining our national security. DoD, DoE and other executive departments also object to the sale.
Descriptors, Keywords: China supercomputer technology transfer Sweeney
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 33
Senate Prepared To Prohibit US Funds For Russian MOX Nuclear Plant. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., May 13, 1999, p 13
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Jesse Helms (R-NC) is seeking to prohibit the use of funds to establish a mixed oxide (MOX) nuclear fuel fabrication plant in Russia unless Russian officials agree to abide by certain nonproliferation constraints. MOX fuel is made by blending plutonium with uranium, which can then be used as fuel in civilian nuclear power plants.
Descriptors, Keywords: Russia mixed oxide MOX nuclear fuel plutonium uranium Helms
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 34
Special Report: House Authorizers Settle On $289 Billion Defense Spending Bill For FY00. Inside the Pentagon, May 21, 1999, pp 1-14
This special report is a summary of major house authorization committee actions, in particular, for ballistic missile defense.
Descriptors, Keywords: House H.R. 1401 FY00 defense authorization ballistic missile defense
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 35
Special Report: Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC) Completes Markup Of National Defense Authorization Bill For FY00. Inside the Pentagon, May 17, 1999, pp 1-6
This is a reprint of a committee release detailing the panel's FY00 mark.
Descriptors, Keywords: Senate SASC national defense authorization ballistic missile defense FY00 budget funding
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 36
North Korea Aid Bill Would Allow Lawmakers To Review Reactor Deal. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., May 20, 1999, pp 1, 20-21
House International Relations Committee Chairman Benjamin Gilman (R-NY) has introduced legislation that sets strict conditions on the release of FY00 funds for humanitarian aid to North Korea and affords Congress the opportunity to review any nuclear cooperation deal struck with Pyongyang. Gilman's bill is called the "North Korean Threat Reduction Act of 1999."
Descriptors, Keywords: Gilman North Korea legislation aid nuclear threat reduction
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 37
Senate Authorizers Still Committed To Space Control, ASAT Technologies. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., May 20, 1999, pp 2-3
The Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC) remains committed to the pursuit of military anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons even though the Clinton administration continues to believe the threat does not yet warrant their development. The committee has set aside $41m to continue work on the Army's Kinetic Energy ASAT missile, and $20m for the Air Force's "space control development" initiatives.
Descriptors, Keywords: SASC ASAT anti-satellite kinetic energy weapon
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 38
MEADS Officials Meet To Choose A Prime Contractor. Jane's Defence Weekly. Seigle, Greg, May 19, 1999, p 6
German, Italian and US officials involved in the MEADS are meeting in Rome to choose a prime contractor for the mobile, lower-tier system. Groups headed by Raytheon and Lockheed Martin have been vying for the $260m contract, which would carry the program to 2003, when it is expected to be ready for development. Sources said another $3b would be needed for MEADS to reach its planned deployment in 2010.
Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Prime Contractor Funding RRE Risk Reduction Effort
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 39
Managing ASATs: The Threat To US Space. Jane's Intelligence Review. Mateski, Mark, May 01, 1999, pp 50-54
Article reports on the vulnerability of low Earth orbit satellites and looks at the future of ASATs. "Even if a regional power or developing state were to build a working ASAT, would it use it? The answer depends largely upon the context of the engagement. In one case, a country may not wish to jeopardize its own access to commercial satellite data. In another, it may have more to gain by leveling the playing field with a high altitude nuclear burst. A February 1999 wargame sponsored by the US Army Space and Missile Defense Command struggled with this issue, which is certain to become more significant as commercial satellites become more intertwined with various ground based services and infrastructures."
Descriptors, Keywords: ASAT LEO Mission Kill Debris Cloud DAASAT THAAD Rouge Nations DSP Space Policy
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 40
Regional Rivalries Are Replayed As India And Pakistan Renew Ballistic Missile Tests. Jane's International Defense Review. Sheppard, Ben, May 01, 1999, pp 57-59
Article lists India and Pakistan's missile inventory including range, payload mass and rocket fuel. Article concludes: "India's new government needs to be aware of the destabilizing actions the Vajpayee government took during its 13-month term of office. Unfortunately the voices of caution and reason are far outweighed by the coalition of hawkish scientists and politicians bent upon further augmenting India's strategic capability. Political turmoil in India and economic stagnation in both countries provides small comfort that either India or Pakistan will stem their SSM developments for the foreseeable future."
Descriptors, Keywords: Pakistan India Strategic Security Agni 2Half IV Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV Range Map Storage Site Prithvi Payload Rocket
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 41
US, Germany And Netherlands Join For Integrated TMD Exercise. Jane's International Defense Review, May 01, 1999, p 4
The US Army, German Air Force and Royal Netherlands Air Force have further developed their combined extended air defense/theater missile defense capabilities during exercise 'Joint Project Optic Windmill-4' (JPOW-4). Held last March at De Peel Air Base, the Netherlands, this fourth JPOW exercise featured the most realistic integrated virtual/live TMD battlefield so far. JPOW-4 emphasized the intelligence aspects of TMD. It included day and night live conventional counterforce operations sorties. For active defense operations, JPOW-4 involved live and simulated Patriot units from Germany, the Netherlands and the US; simulated US Aegis and Dutch LCF-type air defense ships; and the US Airborne Laser systems engineering model.
Descriptors, Keywords: TMD Extended Air Defense JPOW-4 Simulation Model
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 42
US Forces Put Theater Missile Defense On Test. Jane's International Defense Review, May 01, 1999, p 3
The US Atlantic Command has conducted a major TMD demonstration which involved over 160 simulated 'Scud' TBM launches and focused on the integration of sea based TMD forces within the overall BMD of land-based high-value sites. Called Theater Missile Defense Initiative (TMDI) 98-3, the demonstration was an overlay on the US Navy sponsored Joint Task Force Exercise 99-1, held last February off the US East Coast. The initiative was to address and demonstrate the joint (inter-service) theater air missile defense C4I architecture as well as the processes and procedures of TMD at the operational level of war.
Descriptors, Keywords: Sea Based TMD TMDI 98-3 Theater Missile Defense Initiative Joint Task Force Exercise 99-1 TAMD C4I
UPDATE: May 21, 1999, No. 43