UPDATE A weekly compilation of articles

Article citations below are gathered from published journals and newsletters which are held in the BMD TIC collection. These materials may be protected by copyright restrictions.

April 30, 1999


Navy Theater Air Defense C2 Module Bolsters Warplanning Process. Aerospace Daily. Gildea, Kerry, Apr 26, 1999, p 135

The Navy has developed a new theater air defense warplanning command and control (C2) module that it says revolutionizes warplanning by putting near real time information directly into the hands of theater commanders in the form of a single picture. Called the Area Air Defense Commander (AADC), the module displays assets in icons that can be understood with only a minimum of training.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy theater air defense C2 command control

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 01


Army Homes On Cause Of THAAD Miss; Plans Cost 'Incentives'. Aerospace Daily. Morring, Frank, Jr., Apr 29, 1999, pp 153-154

BG Daniel Montgomery, the Army's PEO for air & missile defense, has said that there were four failures on THAAD's last intercept attempt -- a maneuvering thruster malfunctioned, the thruster's combustion chamber overheated, the telemetry failed and the missile missed the target. Montgomery said fault tree analysis points to a single cause. He also warned that cost control incentives will be inserted in future missile contracts, requiring contractors to share the cost of overruns.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test failure cost control Montgomery

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 02


NMD Schedule Tight As First Hit-To-Kill Test Approaches. Aerospace Daily. Morring, Frank, Jr., Apr 28, 1999, pp 145-146

Boeing and its NMD teammates will have to meet a challenging schedule to prepare for the program's first hit-to-kill flight test this summer. Article discusses June 2000 Deployment Readiness Review (DRR) and possible sites for NMD system. BG Willie Nance, NMD Program Manager, is quoted extensively.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD schedule test Boeing Nance

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 03


Russia Will Get Early Warning Radar In Belarus. Aerospace Daily, Apr 28, 1999, pp 151-152

Russia expects to get a new early warning radar in Belarus in 2000. The radar, of the new Volga type and sited near Baranovichi, should replace the decommissioned Daryal-UM.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia early warning radar Belarus

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 04


Medium Extended Area Defense System Downselect Due Next Month. Aerospace Daily. Morring, Frank, Jr., Apr 30, 1999, p 164

The multinational MEADS programs plans a downselect next month to a single contractor team, which will embark on a three-year program to build a prototype capable of firing the US-built PAC-3 missile.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS downselect

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 05


Army Will Use Iridium Pagers In Exercise For Missile Warning. Aerospace Daily. Morring, Frank, Jr., Apr 30, 1999, p 166

The Army's Space & Missile Defense Battle Lab plans to use about 40 Iridium satellite pagers in the Roving Sands '99 exercise coming up in late June to help determine if they can alert isolated troops to a ballistic missile attack.

Descriptors, Keywords: Iridium pager missile warning

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 06


In Orbit: Mitsubishi Selected. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Smith, Bruce A., Apr 26, 1999, p 23

Japan has named Mitsubishi Electric to conduct research on a synthetic aperture radar and optical sensor system for the country's first reconnaissance satellite program. Besides the radar and optical sensors, the 9 billion yen contract includes development of a propulsion system for maneuvering. Initial research is to be finished by next March so that satellite development can begin in FY00.

Descriptors, Keywords: Japan Reconnaissance Satellite Contract

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 07


Space Refrigerators Crucial To Missile Detectors. BMD Monitor, Apr 30, 1999, pp 8-9

The Air Force Research Lab's (AFRL) Space Vehicles Directorate is developing the cryocoolers that will allow next generation space-based sensors to function properly in their surveillance role. According to the head of cryocooler development, focal plane arrays for missile detection and space surveillance must be operated at cryogenic temperatures to provide the required mission capability.

Descriptors, Keywords: refrigerator cryocooler cryogenics space sensor surveillance missile detection AFRL focal plane array

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 08


Interoperability A Vital Part Of NATO Defense Capabilities Initiative. BMD Monitor, Apr 30, 1999, p 9

The NATO 50th Anniversary summit in Washington saw the launch of the Defense Capabilities Initiative (DCI) to make sure future multinational operations are effective across the spectrum of missions. A special focus is on interoperability. Common approaches need to be developed and procedures standardized to cope with technological change.

Descriptors, Keywords: NATO interoperability multinational

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 09


Navy Will Improve PMRF For TMD. BMD Monitor, Apr 30, 1999, p 6

The Navy will enhance the Pacific Missile Range Facility's (PMRF) ability to accommodate Navy TBMD and DoD TMD testing, evaluation and training. Article summarizes Federal Register notice of April 23.

Descriptors, Keywords: Pacific Missile Range Facility TMD TBMD

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 10


PfP Simulation Network Promotes Interoperability. BMD Monitor, Apr 30, 1999, pp 4-5

A constant theme during the NATO Summit in Washington was the need for interoperability among partner nations in both military and humanitarian activities. One effort that aims to improve interoperability, called the Simulation Network (SimNet), was demonstrated by member nations of NATO's Partnership for Peace (PfP) at the summit. The PfP SimNet, an unclassified Internet-based system, is discussed in some detail in the article.

Descriptors, Keywords: NATO simulation network interoperability

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 11


AFRL Makes Strides On Next Generation Focal Plane Arrays. BMD Monitor, Apr 30, 1999, p 10

The Air Force Research Lab's Space Vehicles Directorate is making progress in developing infrared focal plane arrays for next-generation surveillance systems. Much of the work is being done at BMDO's request.

Descriptors, Keywords: AFRL infrared focal plane array mercury cadmium telluride surveillance sensor

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 12


Experts Agree: Better Missile Defenses Are Needed, Tech Is Available. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, Apr 30, 1999, pp 1, 12

A panel of experts, including Robin Ranger of the UK's Center for Defense & International Security Studies, former SDIO Director Henry Cooper, and Gregory Canavan, chief scientist at Los Alamos Lab, agree that missile defense is necessary and that the required technology is already available. Article discusses in some depth a variety of missile defense technologies which have been around for several years and which, according to the panel, are still viable.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cooper Canavan Ranger panel missile defense technology

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 13


Turkey May Someday Be Defended By Israel's Arrow System. Defense Daily. Muradian, Vago, Apr 28, 1999, p 8

Turkey may someday be protected from ballistic missile attack by the Arrow antimissile system under development jointly by Israel and BMDO, according to Israel's defense minister.

Descriptors, Keywords: Turkey ballistic missile attack Israel Arrow antimissile

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 14


NMD Early Fielding Linked To Decision By FY00. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Apr 28, 1999, p 5

The option for early deployment of the NMD system by FY03 hinges on the government making the critical decision to deploy before the end of August 2000, according to the program manager. Descriptors, Keywords: NMD deployment ABM Treaty decision

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 15


SBIRS Team To Report Soon. Defense Daily. Atkinson, David, Apr 29, 1999, pp 1-2

The Joint Estimate Team (JET) which was established to look into the "substantial differences" in cost estimates from the government and prime contractor Lockheed Martin on the effects of pushing back the launch date from 2002 to 2004 for SBIRS High could be ready to report to senior AF officials as early as April 30.`

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force JET SBIRS cost estimates report

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 16


NMD Success Depends Upon Integration. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Apr 29, 1999, p 7-8

As the NMD program gears up for its first interception August 12, officials are focused on integration as the key to success. The EKV, booster rocket, radar arrays, and space and ground-based sensors and targets must be brought together for the system to reach its goal of shielding all 50 states from a limited ballistic missile attack.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD integration EKV booster rocket sensor target ballistic missile attack

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 17


Air Force Uses Missile Warning Satellites To Beef Up BDA. Defense Daily. Atkinson, David, Apr 29, 1999, pp 4-5

As part of overall space support to the combat operation in the Balkans, the Air Force is using its DSP missile warning satellites to increase the accuracy of its bomb damage assessment, according to service officials.

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force missile warning satellite DSP

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 18


US Readies $1.7 Billion Package for Taiwan. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, May 03, 1999, pp 1,19

The US is considering an arms sale package, consisting of additional Patriot air defense batteries and long range radar, for Taiwan. The deal is not yet finalized. Some within the US government fear such a sale would result in destabilization in the area, as the Chinese might increase their weaponry in the area. The recent Chinese deployment of missiles across the Taiwan Strait influenced the decision for the sale.

Descriptors, Keywords: US China Taiwan Patriot Missile AN/BOND Early Warning Radar

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 19


Weldon: Conferees To Meet Soon On National Missile Defense Legislation. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 29, 1999, pp 13-14

Lawmakers from both sides of Capitol Hill are scheduled soon to hammer out a conference bill calling for the deployment of an NMD system. Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA), chairman of the House Armed Services R&D subcommittee and sponsor of a House NMD bill passed in March, said he expected the conference to begin as early as April 29.

Descriptors, Keywords: Weldon NMD legislation

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 20


USAF Plans Doctrine For Defense Against NBC Attacks In Aerospace Ops. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 29, 1999, pp 16-17

Air Force officials are in the early stages of drafting doctrine that lays out how the service should counter NBC attacks on aerospace operations both overseas and in the US. Article outlines specific issues to be addressed in the new doctrine manual.

Descriptors, Keywords: USAF NBC

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 21


Gilman Wants Long-Range Early Warning Radar Sale To Taiwan Approved. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Apr 29, 1999, pp 3-5

House International Relations Committee Chairman Benjamin Gilman (R-NY) is calling on the Clinton administration to approve the sale of long-range early warning radar to Taiwan, due to the increasing threat to the island from Chinese missiles. Initial reports indicate that the administration has agreed in principle. Complete text of Gilman letter is reprinted at end of article.

Descriptors, Keywords: early warning radar Taiwan Gilman

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 22


CIA Official Says Intel Community Assessments Need To Be More Explicit. Inside the Pentagon. Liang, John, Apr 29, 1999, pp 9-10

Robert Walpole, national intelligence officer for strategic and nuclear programs, has said that North Korea's testing of their Taepo-Dong missile last summer might not have been such a surprise had the CIA's National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) been more explicit. He is pushing for declassifying certain portions of the annual NIE in order to publicize the findings more broadly.

Descriptors, Keywords: CIA intelligence assessment missile threat Walpole

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 23


DoD Report To Congress Says Airborne Laser Faces Technical Hurdles. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 29, 1999, pp 21-22

The Air Force's Airborne Laser (ABL) missile defense effort, in the throes of a program restructure, has several technical hurdles to clear that could have a stifling impact on the weapon's effectiveness once it is delivered to the field, according to a DoD report recently sent to Congress. Article outlines potential problems.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABL

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 24


Army Studying Potential Use Of Lasers For The Defense Of South Korea. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 29, 1999, pp 1, 20-21

The Army's Space & Missile Defense Command (SMDC), working under a study agreement with DARPA, has begun to study the potential use of laser weapons for the defense of South Korea. This would be the Army's first-ever tactical directed energy weapon system. It would be functionally similar to the US-Israeli THEL system.

Descriptors, Keywords: laser DARPA SMDC Korea THEL MIRACL

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 25


NATO Agrees To Strategy On Threat From Weapons Of Mass Destruction. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Apr 29, 1999, pp 8-9

NATO leaders have agreed on an initiative to address threats posed by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The alliance's primary means of dealing with such threats will continue to be diplomacy, but the new strategic concept cautions that NATO members must prepare for a possible WMD attack if diplomacy fails. Other details of the agreement are spelled out in the article.

Descriptors, Keywords: NATO WMD agreement

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 26


Agni II IRBM: 'Built To Carry Nuclear Warheads'. Jane's Defence Weekly. Bedi, Rahul, Apr 29, 1999, p 7

India's Agni II intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM) test fired on 11 April was designed to carry a nuclear warhead. Tests of a 45kT Agni-class payload were held during last May's nuclear tests. "Agni II is designed to carry a nuclear warhead if required," said Dr A J P Abdul Kalam, head of the Defense Research and Development Program in a recent interview with India Today. he confirmed that India had already tested an Agni-class payload during the UGTs last year at the Pokhran desert range.

Descriptors, Keywords: Agni 2 IRBM India Nuclear Warhead MTCR Kalam

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 27


Europe's Missing Shield; Briefing, Ballistic Missile Defense. Jane's Defence Weekly. Cook, Nick, Apr 29, 1999, pp 24-27

While the USA edges towards development of NMD and is backing a range of TMD programs, Europe, by comparison, has next to nothing to show in terms of land-based "active" BMD programs. Germany and the Netherlands are supporting a US initiative to develop the Patriot SAM system into the PAC-3. Lockheed Martin and Dasa are collaborating on PAC-3 integration work in Germany. Dasa is also involved, alongside Siemens and Alenia Difesa in project definition studies for the MEADS, a US/German/Italian scheme to develop a medium surface-to-air missile. The problem is that the project, which has been fraught by funding problems and political inertia, may simply never get off the ground. In Europe, this seeming indifference to BMD is not the whole story, since NATO policy has been to rely on four "pillars" or protection.

Descriptors, Keywords: NATO Europe BMD NADGE ACCS SAMP/T International Cooperation

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 28


Joint Mission Acquisition: An Idea Whose Time Has Come. PM (Program Manager). West, RADM Richard D.; Baucom, Dr. Donald, Apr 01, 1999, pp 74-76

The revolutionary increase in the requirement for interoperability has spawned a new approach to acquisition management called Joint Mission Acquisition. This article, co-authored by BMDO Deputy Director RADM West and BMDO Historian Dr. Donald Baucom, stresses that BMDO's role as champion of interoperability is crucial to the future of missile defense.

Descriptors, Keywords: joint mission acquisition interoperability commonality cost reduction battlespace family of systems

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 29


There Are Limits On Sea Based NMD. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings. Pollin, John M., Apr 01, 1999, p 44-47

The argument can be made that by improving the interceptor missile, the kill vehicle atop the interceptor, the BMC3 suite, and radar - and by placing Aegis cruisers and destroyers strategically along an anticipated ballistic missile flight path, the existing Aegis fleet can deliver to the nation a sea-based NMD. Yet, the course to achieve this capability is not quite as simple, quick, or cheap as some would have us think. Limits on sea-based NMD include: programmatics; operational limitations; cost and ABM Treaty implications.

Descriptors, Keywords: Sea Based NMD Navy Theater Wide Aegis NTW AN/SPY-1 Radar

UPDATE: Apr 30, 1999, No. 30