UPDATE A weekly compilation of articles

Article citations below are gathered from published journals and newsletters which are held in the BMD TIC collection. These materials may be protected by copyright restrictions.

April 23, 1999



Yeltsin Urged To Stick To Missile Early Warning Cooperation. Aerospace Daily, Apr 22, 1999, p 115

Sen John McCain (R-AZ) urged Russian President Boris Yeltsin to stick with a plan to cooperate with the US on establishment of a joint early-warning missile detection center despite differing views on the Kosovo situation.

Descriptors, Keywords: early warning missile detection Russia McCain

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 01


China Acquired US Reentry Vehicle Designs, Panel Concludes. Aerospace Daily, Apr 23, 1999, p 127

China obtained at least basic design information on several modern US nuclear reentry vehicles, including that of the Lockheed Martin Trident II submarine launched ballistic missile, according to a special investigation team reporting to the Director of Central Intelligence.

Descriptors, Keywords: China espionage reentry vehicle Lockheed Martin

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 02


Murkowski Blasts White House For Cruise Missile Shortage. Aerospace Daily, Apr 22, 1999, p 120

Sen Frank Murkowski (R-AR) blasted the Clinton administration for the current air-launched cruise missile shortage and warned that a shortage of the Navy's ship-launched cruise missile also is looming. Meanwhile, he said, potential adversaries, such as North Korea, are beefing up their own missile capability.

Descriptors, Keywords: cruise missile Murkowski

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 03


Titan IVB/IUS Mission Failure Rocks Military Space Program. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Covault, Craig, Apr 19, 1999, pp 40-41

The USAF investigation into the failure of a Titan IVB Boeing Inertial Upper Stage during launch of a $250m. Defense Support Program missile warning satellite on Apr. 9 will examine IUS second stage control avionics and whether the second stage IUS extendible nozzle deployed properly. The IUS failure left the TRW/Aerojet spacecraft spinning in a useless, highly elliptical orbit instead of its intended geosynchronous orbit. The DSP launch marked the second Titan IV mission failure in a row following the explosion here of a Titan IVA last Aug. 12 carrying a National Reconnaissance Office Mercury signals intelligence satellite.

Descriptors, Keywords: Titan IVB Launch Defense Support Program Missile Warning Satellite

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 04


India Test Fires Agni Missile; Pakistan Responds With Ghauri. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Mecham, Michael, Apr 19, 1999, p 37

The Indian Test of the Agni II IRBM was conducted Apr 11 from the IC-4 pad at Wheeler Island, a new launch site on the Orissa coast, according to Indian press accounts. Splashdown was 2,000 km. (1,250 mi.) down range in the Bay of Bengal. Pakistan responded Apr 14 with a test firing of its Ghauri II missile from the Jhelum region in northeast Pakistan. The vehicle reportedly struck a target in the Baluchistan desert about 1,100 km. away. A day later, Pakistan's Atomic Energy Commission said it tested a single stage IRBM called the Shaheen for the first time. Said to have a range of 750 km., it was fired from Sonmiani, a coastal site near Karachi. Officials said the missile can carry a 1 metric ton payload.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan Agni 2 Ghauri 2 Shaheen Photograph

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 05


Merger Pains Cause Lower Award Fee To Boeing On NMD. Defense Daily. Wolfe, Frank, Apr 22, 1999, p 5

Merger pains caused by Boeing's acquisitions of the defense unit of Rockwell International and McDonnell Douglas have resulted in a lower than expected award fee to Boeing for the NMD system.

Descriptors, Keywords: Boeing NMD merger award fee

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 06


Members Seek To Restart Production Of Cruise Missiles. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, Apr 19, 1999, pp 4-5

Concerned about rapidly dwindling inventories of cruise missiles that have been used in operations in Kosovo and Iraq, 19 members of Congress are urging SecDef Cohen to restart production immediately of Tomahawks and Conventional Air Launched Cruise Missiles.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cohen Congress cruise missile Tomahawk Conventional Air Launched Cruise Missiles CALCM

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 07


Senators Worried About Lack Of S&T Dollars. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, Apr 21, 1999, pp 3-4

At a hearing of SASC on Emerging Threats and Capabilities on April 20, senators expressed concern that the DoD is not providing adequate funding for science and technology (S&T) programs

Descriptors, Keywords: Senate SASC hearing Gansler DoD science technology S&T funding

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 08


Allies Rap US Export Rules. Defense News. de Selding, Peter B., Apr 26, 1999, pp 1, 20

US allies Britain, France, Germany, and Italy are protesting new US technology export rules. They complain that the rules will have an adverse effect on European space companies, especially the Arianespace joint venture. They also charge that the rules are undermining NATO. A written protest was sent to Gary Samore, special assistant to the president for nonproliferation and export controls in the National Security Council.

Descriptors, Keywords: US Great Britain Germany France Italy Technology Transfer Nonproliferation Samore NATO

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 09


Agni Test Undercuts US, Angers China: Pakistanis Respond, But Claim No Desire For a Missile Race. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, Apr 26, 1999, p 17

India's latest Agni II ballistic missile test has annoyed the US, angered China, and prompted more tests by Pakistan. China has accused India of sparking a new arms race, and Pakistan claims it does not want an arms race.

Descriptors, Keywords: India China Pakistan Arms Race Ballistic Missiles

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 10


Sale Of ATACMS To Bahrain Poses Quandary for US. Defense News. de Selding, Peter B., Apr 26, 1999, p 1, 20

The US is considering the sale of the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) to Bahrain. The possible sale is very controversial, as concerns are raised about possible violations of the Missile Technology Control Regime.

Descriptors, Keywords: US Bahrain Technology Transfer Nonproliferation ATACMS MTCR

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 11


India Moves May Spur China Nukes Buildup. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, Apr 26, 1999, pp 3,19

A new study to be published soon by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace suggests that China's reaction to India's nuclear bomb may result in an arms race.

Descriptors, Keywords: India China Arms Race Nuclear Weapons

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 12


Support Mounts In Taiwan For Ballistic Missiles; Offensive Deterrent Views As More Effective Than TMD. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, Apr 26, 1999, pp 3,19

Taiwan politicians believe that developing and deploying medium range ballistic missiles will provide better protection from China than unproven Theater missile defense (TMD).

Descriptors, Keywords: China Taiwan Ballistic Missiles TMD

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 13


Foreign Relations Committee Opens Hearings On Viability Of ABM Treaty. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Apr 21, 1999, pp 28-29

The Senate Foreign Relations Committee last week held the first in a series of seven hearings on the ABM Treaty and the ballistic missile threat to the US. Sen Jesse Helms (R-NC) plans to bring a set of proposed treaty amendments to a vote around June 1 in an effort to tell the Clinton administration that the majority of senators regard the ABM Treaty as dead and no longer binding on the US.

Descriptors, Keywords: Senate hearings ABM Treaty Helms amendments Clinton

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 14


Lyles Says BMDO Is Taking Steps To Better Control PAC-3 Missile Costs. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Apr 21, 1999, pp 1, 16

BMDO director LtGen Lyles told a Senate subcommittee last week that his agency will be introducing a series of steps shortly in an effort to stem the tide of rising costs on the PAC-3 missile program.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles Senate testimony PAC-3 costs Appropriations

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 15


Army: 'Most Experts' Think THAAD Seeker Was Working, But Data Still Hard To Come By. Inside Missile Defense. Dupont, Daniel, Apr 21, 1999, pp 1, 13-14

Most government and industry experts who have analyzed the results of the recent test of the THAAD system believe the interceptor's seeker was actively tracking the target late in the flight. This would satisfy a key pre-test goal.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test flight seeker target interceptor

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 16


BMDO: 'Chop' Shop Helps Create Robust Missile Defenses. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Apr 21, 1999, pp 1, 8-12

A small building at Kirtland AFB is home to the Countermeasures Hands-On Program (CHOP) a BMDO-funded and operated effort managed by Kirtland's Phillips AF Research Lab. There, a group of about 20 civilian and military engineers, management and support staff perform highly classified work that is vital to US efforts to develop robust missile defenses.

Descriptors, Keywords: CHOP Phillips Lab Kirtland AFB missile defenses

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 17


Major Laser Weapon Programs All Face Serious Technical Challenges. Inside Missile Defense. Lardner, Richard, Apr 21, 1999, pp 6-7

In a March 31 study, "Defense Acquisitions: DoD Efforts to Develop Laser Weapons for Theater Defense," the General Accounting Office (GAO) says that the three major laser weapons currently in development -- the Airborne Laser, Space-Based Laser, and Tactical High-Energy Laser -- all face significant technical challenges, and it is not now possible to conclude whether any of these programs will "evolve into viable defense systems."

Descriptors, Keywords: GAO study report laser weapon ABL SBL THEL

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 18


Lyles: BMDO Will Reprogram R&D Funding To Fill NMD Milcon Shortfall. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Apr 21, 1999, p 17

With no NMD milcon money programmed in the president's FY00 budget request, BMDO Director LtGen Lyles told the Senate Appropriations defense subcommittee his agency intends to reprogram funding from NMD R&D accounts to provide the estimated $15.7m needed for NMD military construction in FY00.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles testimony Senate Appropriations NMD R&D funding milcon shortfall

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 19


Army Wants To Be Lead Service For Land-Based National Missile Defense. Inside Missile Defense. Dupont, Daniel, Apr 21, 1999, pp 17-18

The Army plans to take a proposal to the JROC next month that would make the service the lead on the "land-based" portion of the NMD system.

Descriptors, Keywords: Army land-based NMD lead service JROC

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 20


National Security Group Forecasts A Unified Korea Early Next Century. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Apr 22, 1999, pp 11-16

North Korea, ravaged by economic decay, could abandon totalitarianism and reunite peacefully with South Korea early in the next century, according to a working paper prepared by the National Security Study Group. The commission, headed by former Sen Gary Hart and former Sen Warren Rudman, has set up an Internet site at and is actively soliciting input from the public on questions of future national security policy. Paper on North Korea and other East Asian countries is reprinted in its entirety at end of article.

Descriptors, Keywords: National Security Study Group commission Hart Rudman Korea

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 21


New Navy Chief Engineer Paige Will Focus First On Making CEC-Aegis Work. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 22, 1999, p 21

RADM Kathleen Paige, second in command in the Navy's theater surface combatant office, has been tapped for a new position in which she will attempt to tie together the service's Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) and Aegis weapon systems, a feat that has hamstrung Navy surface warfare officials and delayed the fielding of a sea-based missile defense capability.

Descriptors, Keywords: Paige Aegis CEC sea based missile defense

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 22


Most Experts Think THAAD Seeker Was Working, But Data Still Elusive. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 22, 1999, pp 2-3

Failure analysis of the most recent THAAD test flight indicates that seeker performance remains one of the few questions still unanswered. Of 29 pre-flight test objectives related to the interceptor as well as the radar and C2 components, only one--a successful body-to-body intercept--is labeled a failure. Article discusses possible causes.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD seeker failure analysis

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 23


Army, Lockheed Martin THAAD Program Managers Retiring. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 22, 1999, p 3

Top management of the beleaguered THAAD program has undergone a dramatic shakeup as Army and industry managers have announced their retirements. Article names those who are leaving and their replacements.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD program manager

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 24


Russia Finally Faces Up To Its CW Legacy. Jane's Intelligence Review. Perera, Judith, Apr 01, 1999, pp 23-27

The ongoing economic problems in the former Soviet Union have resulted in serious problems in meeting its CWC commitment to destroy the first 400 tones of its 44,000 tons chemical weapon stockpile. To date, no facilities for the destruction of the stockpile, the largest in the word, have been built. The situation is exacerbated by deteriorating and unstable chemical stocks. The government is looking for financing from abroad; however financing has been significantly less than expected. The article discusses the development of the chemical weapon stockpiles, the environmental effects of the weapons, key CW locations, and pitfalls already encountered in their attempts to develop disposal methods.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Soviet Union chemical weapon ecology environment CWC disposal destruction economic crisis storage site incineration burial underwater dumping pollution risk safety procedure arsenic Lewisite dioxin

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 25


Russians Market HE-Armed Shkval In Abu Dhabi. Jane's Intelligence Review, Apr 01, 1999, p 2

Russia has begun marketing a conventionally armed version of the Shkval high-speed underwater rocket called the Shkval-E at the IDEX 99 exhibition in Abu Dhabi.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Abu Dhabi Shkval submarine underwater rocket Navy

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 26


Uniting Russia's Nuclear Forces. Jane's Intelligence Review. Galeotti, Mark, Apr 01, 1999, pp 8-9

Russia has maintained intact the Soviet model for its nuclear forces. Strategic nuclear weapons are held by three services. However planners and modelers believe it would be more efficient to have a single entity to handle all nuclear force issues. While the need for this military reform is understood, the real problem lies with resistance caused by political and budgetary concerns.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Soviet Union nuclear force RVSN Sergeyev budget politics Maslyukov revolt Topol-M Primakov defense spending

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 27


China Eyes NATO's Nuclear Doctrine. Jane's Intelligence Review. Ahrari, Ehsan, Apr 01, 1999, pp 38-39

China is paying particular attention to two specific areas going on in NATO. The first is the debate, led by Canada and Germany, over the use of nuclear weapons. The second involves the ramifications of the START discusses between the US and Russia. While the US has historically not ascribed to a policy of "no first use," in large part because of the size superiority of the former Soviet Union, this policy is being challenged in the aftermath of the Cold War by the US's allies.

Descriptors, Keywords: NFU START NATO China nuclear doctrine Cold War nuclear chemical biological weapon Germany Canada limited deterrence

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 28


Cruising For Missiles. Jane's Intelligence Review, Apr 01, 1999, p 6

China has obtained two cruise missiles that the US launched again Osmana bin Laden which failed to detonate. The missiles arrived in Pakistan and were sold to the highest bidder.

Descriptors, Keywords: China US Pakistan Afghanistan weapon technology bin-Laden

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 29


Back-Door BMs: The Proliferation Threat Posed By Converted SAMs. Jane's Intelligence Review. Zaloga, Steven J., Apr 01, 1999, pp 51-53

While many SAMs are unfit to be used for tactical ballistic missiles, high altitude SAMS, such as the S-200, can be readily converted, providing a possible cheap avenue for rogue nations to develop ballistic missile capability. The S-200, in particular, is being retired by former Soviet Union nations and sold for export. They have already been sold to North Korea, Syria, and Iran. The concept of converting SAMS to tactical missiles has been around for some time. Typical modifications include changing the safety and arming device and lack of inertial guidance systems. The article discusses the cost of the conversion and ways to ameliorate some of the problems associated with the conversion.

Descriptors, Keywords: SAM TBM high altitude S-200 Russia North Korea Iran Syria Nike-Hercules tactical nuclear weapons China Goblet Gecko South Korea Libya

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 30


The Residual Iraqi 'Scud' Force. Jane's Intelligence Review. Isby, David C., Mar 01, 1995, pp 115-117

The Gulf War of 1990-1991 demonstrated the potential significance of the Soviet-designed Scud missile. The possible existence of an Iraqi residual force of Scuds means that the threat remains.

Descriptors, Keywords: Iraq scud soviet missile frog-7 transporter erector launcher TEL

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 31


The Targeting Of Former Soviet Ballistic Missiles. Jane's Intelligence Review. Isby, David C., Nov 01, 1993, pp 496-498

During the Cold War, it was accepted that the strategic ballistic missiles of all the major powers, including the Soviet Union, were targeted from silos or submarine launch tubes toward their ultimate destination. Inertial guidance systems were already programmed to strike their targets. As US and Soviet strategic forces started to reduce their alert status in 1991, the rationale for constant targeting -- the ability to respond instantly -- was seen as no longer valid. The fact that the practice continues is a matter of concern to the world community.

Descriptors, Keywords: soviet ballistic missile targeting ICBM SLBM

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 32


Front Lines Move In Hacking Circles. Jane's Intelligence Review. Valeri, Lorenzo, Apr 01, 1999, p 4

The Legion of Underground, a hacking group, announced last fall its intent to hack into Chinese and Iraqi networks for the countries' violations of essential human rights. The Internet Hacking Alliance immediately denounced the plan, arguing that it would only provide incentive for countries to engage in information warfare when hacking should be about protection of freedom of speech. The alliance believes that their assertions are underscored by the attacks on Connect-Ireland which houses East Timor's domain name. Connect-Ireland has been subject to denial of service and buffer overflow attacks.

Descriptors, Keywords: hacker information warfare Ireland China Iran Iraq Internet Hacking Alliance Legion of Underground Connect-Ireland Indonesia East Timor

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 33


Teams Take First Steps Towards Joint STARS In Space. Jane's International Defense Review, Apr 01, 1999, p 2

The USAF, DARPA, and NRO have jointly selected three contractor teams for the $60m Phase One of the Discoverer II space based radar technology demonstration program. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Spectrum Astro, and the Defense Systems Division of TRW Space and Electronics Group are each due to receive an initial contract worth approximately $10m. for concept definition, trade-off studies and preliminary system design. However, a protest by Northrop Grumman, one of the losing contenders, has delayed the awards. The Discoverer II satellites will function as a spaceborne equivalent of the current aircraft based Joint STARS.

Descriptors, Keywords: Joint STARS Discoverer 2 Space Based Radar Technology Demonstration Program

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 34


Airborne Battlefield Surveillance Platforms. Military Technology. Isby, David C., Nov 01, 1994, pp 38-48

Today's airborne battlefield surveillance platforms are more than airborne radars or electro-optical/infrared sensors. They are vital elements in gathering the accurate and time-relevant data that is essential in both combat and in operations other than war. Article discusses in-depth details of new surveillance techniques.

Descriptors, Keywords: airborne battlefield surveillance horizon joint stars super puma

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 35


Post-Soviet Nuclear Forces And The Risk Of Accidental Or Unauthorized Limited Nuclear Strikes. Strategic Review. Isby, David C.; Johnson, Thomas H., Sep 01, 1993, pp 7-21

The Missile Defense Act of 1991 explicitly cited the threat of Accidental or Unauthorized Limited Strikes (AULS) from the Soviet Union as among the reasons for the need for national ballistic missile defenses. Although the nuclear threat posed by the former Soviet Union has significantly decreased since then, it should not be assumed that the risks posed by AULS have also decreased. Article discusses necessity of continuing to insure against such risk.

Descriptors, Keywords: soviet nuclear accidental unauthorized limited strike AULS Missile Defense Act 1991

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 36


The Phantom Works. X-Planes: An "Air Forces Monthly" Special. Isby, David C., Jan 01, 1998, pp 53-57

Like the Skunk Works, McDonnell Douglas's Phantom Works has gone from the 'black' RDT&E of the 1960s to the 'white' of the 1990s. Now a unit of Boeing rather than McDonnell, much of its work is unclassified, and it covers a much larger set of problems than originally. The Phantom Works' most visible project today is the X-36 research vehicle.

Descriptors, Keywords: phantom works McDonnell Boeing classified research development X-36

UPDATE: Apr 23, 1999, No. 37