UPDATE A weekly compilation of articles

Article Citations Below Are Gathered From Published Journals and Newsletters Which Are Held In the BMD TIC Collection. These Materials May Be Protected By Copyright Restrictions.

April 16, 1999


Pakistan Seen Ready To Respond To India Missile Test. Aerospace Daily, Apr 13, 1999, pp 63-64

The test firing of India's Agni-II intermediate range ballistic missile this week was not a surprise to US lawmakers who had been kept informed of this development in recent weeks by the intelligence community. The US is now awaiting reaction to the test on the part of Pakistan and China.

Descriptors, Keywords: Pakistan India Agni-II missile test

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 01


BMDO Slips NMD Flight To Allow For More Ground Tests. Aerospace Daily, Apr 15, 1999, p 78

BMDO has slipped the first scheduled intercept test in the NMD program from mid-June until mid-to-late August.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD schedule test

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 02

BMDO Requests PAC-3 Funds To Keep LRIP On Track. Aerospace Daily, Apr 15, 1999, pp 77-78

BMDO has asked Congress to approve a $60m reprogramming request for the PAC-3 missile program to cover unexpected cost growth. While it won't solve all funding problems, it will allow for start of the low rate initial production (LRIP) phase.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 funding LRIP

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 03

Washington Outlook: Mea Culpa, Sorta. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Asker, James R., Apr 12, 1999, p 21

Asked at a Colorado Springs space symposium to grade the administration on missile defense, the National Security Council's Robert G. Bell conceded that the pace of North Korea's missile advances, including a major test last summer, took the White House by surprise. But he added that North Korea is still the only nation that could pose a threat before 2005. He also acknowledged the Administration's downgrading of NMD in 1993 to a technology demonstration program made it much harder in 1996 to get the program back on track and into good graces on Capitol Hill when the White House elevated NMD to deployment readiness status.

Descriptors, Keywords: Bell NMD CONUS Threat

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 04


Space Chief Warns Of Threats To US Commercial Satellites. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Scott, William B., Apr 12, 1999, p 51

A recent NDIA study revealed a relatively naive, short-term philosophy among commercial space entities. They tend to view "space as a peaceful medium - an international sanctuary for generating revenue," said USAF Gen Richard B. Myers, Commander in Chief of USSPACECOM. "Industry sees no threats on the horizon. In other words, they see neither the capability nor the intent to threaten their [space] assets." Industry's goal is to use space for quick profits, and there are no identifiable near-term adversaries - either political or competitive - that would prevent companies from achieving it. "Therefore, given the perceived lack of threat, they see no business case for protection. Indeed, industry assumes the multinational aspect of space provides its own protection - a sort of 'virtual neutrality' [that enhances] the bottom line," Myers told approximately 700 attendees at the US Space Foundation's annual symposium in Colorado Springs last week.

Descriptors, Keywords: Commercial Satellites Threat Space Policy Space Control

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 05

Pentagon Explores Concepts For Attack Operations. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Wall, Robert, Apr 12, 1999, p 31

Since the end of the 1991 Persian Gulf war military services have been trying to develop ways to "Scud hunt," or find, track and attack ballistic missile launchers (TELs) before or immediately after missile launch. Now the BMDO and JTAMDO are trying to bring those efforts together. "It's not just killing TELS," said David Throckmorton, BMDO's manager for attack operations. The focus is on attacking the support infrastructure as well as the launchers, because destroying choke-points such as missile transload equipment or fuel trucks can stifle missile launches. By destroying a single missile loading crane, several mobile launchers are affected, he said.

Descriptors, Keywords: JTAMDO Attack Operations BAT Global Hawk Joint STARS Throckmorton Ford

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 06

ACDA Officially Merged With State Department. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, p 5

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) has officially merged with the State Department as of March 31, and former director John Holum is now serving as senior adviser to Sec of State Madeleine Albright. Holum has been nominated as Under Sec of State for arms control and international affairs, subject to Senate confirmation.

Descriptors, Keywords: ACDA Holum

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 07

New MD Target Makes Milestone. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, p 6

A successful test of the Short Range Air Launched Target (SRALT) last month marks the first time the US has launched and flown a ballistic missile target to an exact point down range after being extracted from a cargo aircraft. Coleman Research Corp. developed and launched the SRALT for the flight.

Descriptors, Keywords: SRALT target Coleman

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 08


Successful Agni II Test, Called Ready For Production. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, p 4

After a successful test Apr 11, Indian Defense Minister George Fernandes says the Agni missile is ready to go into production, though he didn't specify the production or deployment schedule.

Descriptors, Keywords: Agni-II India

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 09


Satellite Costs Could Shrink With Multi-Functional Structures. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, p 10

AFRL's Space Vehicles Directorate is designing lightweight satellites that will significantly change future satellite design, under a program called TECHSAT-21. While not BMDO-funded, the program depends upon work which was done under previously-funded BMDO programs. Alok Das, a Space Vehicles Technical Advisor discusses program details.

Descriptors, Keywords: satellite design AFRL lightweight TECHSAT-21

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 10


Army To Look At DE; SMDC Issues DE Master Plan. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, Apr 16, 1999, pp 1, 18

The Army's Space & Missile Defense Command (SMDC), the lead Army technical agency for directed energy (DE), has released a Directed Energy Master Plan (DEMP) for distribution. SMDC is the executive for the Theater High Energy Laser (THEL) program, and manages the High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility (HELSTF) at White Sands Missile Range, NM. SMDC commander LTG John Costello is quoted extensively in the article.

Descriptors, Keywords: Directed Energy DE master plan SMDC laser THEL Costello

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 11


DoD Sets Up WMD Panel. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, p 7

Virginia Gov James Gilmore will lead a panel formed by DoD to assess the domestic response capabilities for terrorism involving weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Responsibilities of the panel and membership roster are given in article, as well as information number to call.

Descriptors, Keywords: WMD panel

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 12


Rumsfeld Commission Offers Concerns To Intelligence Community. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, p 8

Former SecDef Donald Rumsfeld, in speaking at a National Defense University seminar last month, said he is personally encouraged at the seriousness with which his commission's recommendations have been accepted by the intelligence community. Article recaps some of the concerns expressed by the Rumsfeld commission and their ramifications.

Descriptors, Keywords: Rumsfeld commission intelligence community

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 13


Navy Goes Network Centric To Kill SCUDTELs. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, pp 9-10

A Navy simulation exercise this summer is designed to demonstrate a capability to destroy SCUD Transporter-Erector-Launchers (SCUDTELs) using network centric concepts to link together currently available assets. Of the various technologies and systems to be employed in the simulation, only the Direct Action Munition Affordable Seeker (DAMASK) is still under development. Simulation exercise will be performed at China Lake Naval Air Warfare Center.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy network centric SCUD transporter SCUDTEL DAMASK seeker simulation China Lake

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 14


AFRL Multi-Functional Structures To Aid Satellites And Interceptors. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, p 12

AFRL is developing satellites that can incorporate multi-functional structures and could lead to significant improvements in interceptors, according to AF scientist Alok Das. Program started originally as partnership between BMDO, Phillips Lab, DARPA and Lockheed Martin. Das says his directorate is now in discussion with BMDO about possible uses for the new technology.

Descriptors, Keywords: multifunctional satellite AFRL interceptor

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 15


Update: SMDC Commander On TMD, Interoperability. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, pp 2-3

SMDC commander LTG John Costello is interviewed. Topics of discussion include his plans and priorities for the organization, his views on the four pillars of TMD, working with NATO, and the importance of systems interoperability.

Descriptors, Keywords: SMDC Costello TMD interoperability

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 16


NIST Demonstrates Directional Atom Laser. BMD Monitor, Apr 16, 1999, p 11

Atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate can be manipulated with light to form a highly directional atom laser, physicists at the Commerce Dept's Natl Inst of Standards & Technology (NIST) report. Work was funded in part by Office of Naval Research (ONR) and NASA.

Descriptors, Keywords: atom laser NIST

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 17


Lyles: THAAD Failure To Cost Lockheed Martin $15 Million. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, Apr 15, 1999, pp 1-2

LtGen Lester Lyles testified on April 14 before the Senate Appropriations Committee's defense panel that Lockheed Martin will owe the DoD $15m for the failure of the THAAD system to achieve an intercept in its sixth flight test on March 29.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles THAAD intercept failure test flight Lockheed Martin

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 18


BMDO Preps For August NMD Intercept Test. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter, Apr 15, 1999, p 7

BMDO is preparing for the first intercept test of its NMD system this August, according to BMDO spokesman LtCol Lehner. "This will primarily be a test of the kill vehicle. The plan is to field a limited NMD system for the protection of the US by 2005.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD intercept test kill vehicle Lehner EKV

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 19


DoD Asks Congress For Reprogramming Of PAC-3 Funds. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, Apr 15, 1999, pp 3-4

In an effort to find a short-term solution to cost overruns in the PAC-3 TMD program, the DoD has submitted a request to Congress to reprogram $60m in FY99 program funds, BMDO chief LtGen Lyles said yesterday.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles Congress PAC-3 funds FY99

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 20


Officials: DSP No Substitute For SBIRS In Missile Defense. Defense Daily. Atkinson, David, Apr 13, 1999, pp 4-5

Some space officials say that DoD officials have oversold the value of TRW's Defense Support Program (DSP) missile-warning satellites in national and theater missile defense. They assert that DSP is an older system and cannot do all the things SBIRS is intended to do. Pentagon acquisition chief Gansler testified before HASC that the performance of the DSPs was "within a couple of percent" of the SBIRS system, and the performance of DSP was one reason why the SBIRS program was slipped two years.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS DSP missile warning satellite NMD TMD Gansler testimony

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 21


Revisions Loom For Trinational MEADS Program. Defense News. Clark, Colin, Apr 19, 1999, pp 1, 28

US partners Germany and Italy have tentatively agreed to use the US Patriot Advance Capability-3 missile for the Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS). Initial resistance was overcome by Patriot performance data. A MEADS-unique seeker will be developed. Currently, the three nations are negotiating over proposed changes in the funding formula.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Germany Italy US Technology Transfer PAC-3

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 22


Navy, Pentagon Pin Down Costs Of TMD Program. Defense News. Holzer, Robert, Apr 19, 1999, pp 4, 26

The Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) and the Navy are close to agreement on a plan which details the funding responsibilities for the Navy's theater missile defense (TMD) programs.

Descriptors, Keywords: BMDO Navy Costs Navy Area Wide TMD THAAD

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 23


NATO Agrees On What Missile Defense System Should Look Like. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 15, 1999, p 6

NATO has agreed to adopt a missile defense architecture made up of lower-tier interceptor systems that several countries are buying, a space-based early warning system the US will furnish, and a ground-based early warning system to be provided by NATO and European countries which are now developing national capabilities for ground-based surveillance radars.

Descriptors, Keywords: NATO missile defense architecture

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 24


National Security Study Group Mulls Technologies For The 21st Century. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Apr 15, 1999, pp 1,11-19

Members of the National Security Study Group, co-chaired by former Sens Gary Hart and Warren Rudman, have prepared a set of working papers outlining the global security environment. One of the papers forecasts technological developments in the next century and their impact on national security. Phase One report from the study group is due out in August and will present the emerging threat environment facing the US. Article includes entire text of working paper on future technology.

Descriptors, Keywords: Hart national security commission technology

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 25


War Reserve Stocks Of NBC Protection Equipment Hurt By Money Problems. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 15, 1999, pp 21-23

While DoD is making great strides in identifying and developing nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) detection and protection devices, funding for NBC war reserve items is a significant problem that is drawing the attention of senior service and Pentagon officials, according to DoD's annual NBC report to Congress. A chart from the annual report showing NBC logistics risk assessments is reprinted with article.

Descriptors, Keywords: NBC annual report

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 26


Los Alamos Scientists Develop Plasma Device To Combat Chem/Bio Agents. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Apr 15, 1999, pp 20-21

Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM, are touting a new method of neutralizing deadly chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents. Method uses a device called an Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet (APPJ). Article explains how device can decontaminate areas tainted by CBW, including sensitive electronic components.

Descriptors, Keywords: Los Alamos chemical biological warfare CBW

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 27


Air Force's Kadish, Army's Franklin Tapped For Top BMDO Positions. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 15, 1999, p 3

DoD has announced the selection of AF LtGen Ronald Kadish as the new BMDO director, while the Army issued an internal announcement of MG Peter Franklin's selection for the BMDO deputy director's position.

Descriptors, Keywords: Kadish Franklin BMDO director

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 28


Joint Staff's Intelligence Chief Nominated For DIA Director's Position. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 15, 1999, p 11

RADM Thomas Wilson, director of intelligence on the Joint Staff, has been nominated as head of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). Another top intelligence position, director of the National Security Agency (NSA) has also recently changed hands. AF LtGen Michael Hayden, formerly deputy chief of staff of US Forces Korea, took over the NSA post in late March.

Descriptors, Keywords: DIA NSA director Wilson Hayden

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 29


Army Wants To Be Lead Service For Land-Based National Missile Defense. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 15, 1999, pp 2-3

As BMDO prepares for the first intercept flight test of the NMD program, now scheduled for Aug 12, the Army is planning to take a proposal to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council that would make their service the lead on the land-based portion of the NMD system.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD land-based Army

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 30


THAAD Misses The Target Again. Jane's Defence Weekly. Seigle, Greg, Apr 07, 1999, p 6

THAAD failed to intercept a HERA target missile simulating an incoming 'Scud' during a test firing on 29 March in WSMR, NM. Although US military officials last week were not sure why THAAD missed, they insisted that the test shot went well, coming within 10 to 30 meters of an intercept by using the new indium antimonide seeker. The failure cost Lockheed Martin $15m. The penalty for failing to intercept HERA missiles by June will increase to $20m, according to LtGen Lyles, director, BMDO. The next scheduled test firing of THAAD is late May, with two more tests planned for June.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD HERA Intercept Failure

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 31


Vietnam Stocking Up 'Scuds'. Jane's Defence Weekly. Karniol, Robert, Apr 14, 1999, p 17

Vietnam has obtained a quantity of surface-to-surface missiles (SSMs) from North Korea to supplement its inventory of Russian made SS-1 'Scud B' SSMs, Asian-based intelligence sources have revealed. The new SSMs are described as "modified Scuds" but neither the specific designation nor the quantity is know. The phrasing suggest they may be of the 'Scud C' variant, which North Korea began to develop in 1984. North Korea is believed to have exported 'Scud B' and 'Scud C' SSMs to Cuba, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Libya and Syria. Vietnam is a new entrant to the list.

Descriptors, Keywords: North Korea Proliferation Scud B Scud C Surface-to-Surface Missile

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 32


'Northern Edge' Boasts Firsts In TMD. Jane's Defence Weekly. Farmer, M., Apr 14, 1999, pp 29-30

The annual US Exercise 'Northern Edge '99', held in Alaska from late February to early March, combined an operational "flyaway" TMD cell with the USS Port Royal (CG 73) Aegis cruiser. The cell, part of the BMDO, was deployed from the US Army Space and Missile Defense Command Battle Lab in Huntsville, AL. Manned by fewer than six officers, the cell consisted of several portable and laptop computers, secure communications gear and displays. 'Northern Edge '99' marked the first time a "flyaway" cell, has been deployed within US Pacific Command and was Alaskan Command's first joint air-defense evolution. Key to the operation of the cell is the Joint Planning Network, known as the COMPASS. This linked all warning, command and response inputs and outputs as well as simulated launch information and response effectiveness.

Descriptors, Keywords: Northern Edge 99 TMD Cell Joint Planning Network Command Operations Modeling Planning Simulation Strategy COMPASS

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 33


Legislation Aims To Boost US Arms Sales To Taiwan. Jane's Defence Weekly. Bender, Bryan, Apr 14, 1999, p 5

Proposed legislation in Washington would dramatically increase US arms sales to Taiwan, which mainland China vehemently opposes. The Taiwan Security Enhancement Act, proposed by Senator Jesse Helms and Senator Robert Torricelli, authorize to Taipei the sale of: TMD equipment and related systems; satellite early warning data; AIM-120 missiles and related air defense items; diesel submarines, anti-submarine warfare systems and naval anti-missiles systems, including the Aegis destroyers. The bill also calls for the establishment of a direct communications link between the US Pacific Command and Taiwan's military headquarters.

Descriptors, Keywords: Taiwan Security Enhancement Act Jesse Helms TMD Military Sale

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 34


Israeli High Energy Laser Project May Face More Delays. Jane's Defence Weekly. Lennox, Duncan; Eshel, David, Apr 07, 1999, p 21

The deployment of Israel's Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) project may be delayed again, according to a report in The Jerusalem Post last week. Faulty valves in the control system caused chemical leaks inside the laser, the newspaper said. Testing of the prototype THEL against target rockets is not expected to being until mid-year because of several technical difficulties that have been encountered during initial installation tests.

Descriptors, Keywords: Israel THEL Tactical High Energy Laser Delay

UPDATE: Apr 16, 1999, No. 35