The Article Citations Below Are Gathered From Published Journals And Newsletters Which Are Held In The BMD TIC Collection. These Materials May Be Protected By Copyright Restrictions.

The views, opinions, and findings contained in this report are those of the authors and should not be construed as an official Department of Defense position, policy, or decision, unless so designated by other official documentation.


Update: 04/09/99


Predator UAV Begins Operation Over Yugoslavia. Aerospace Daily, Apr 05, 1999, p 18

NATO introduced the Predator UAV into operations over Yugoslavia last week and planned to bring in the Hunter UAV this week. UAVs will supplement reconnaissance assets in Kosovo by providing closer looks at small areas.

Descriptors, Keywords: Predator Hunter UAV Yugoslavia

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 01


US Navy Reports $537 Million Cost Growth In TMD Program. Aerospace Daily, Apr 08, 1999, pp 39, 42

Cost of the US Navy's Area Wide (NAW) lower tier TMD program has increased by $537m, due in part to design problems in Raytheon's Standard Missile Block-2 (SM-2) IVA. The Navy's Aegis program also has experienced a cost growth across the FYDP.

Descriptors, Keywords: NAW TMD SM-2 IVA Aegis cost growth

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 02


SBIRS Low Teams Put Finishing Touches On Revised Proposals. Aerospace Daily, Apr 06, 1999, pp 25-26

Teams of Lockheed Martin/Boeing, Spectrum Astro/Northrop Grumman and TRW/Raytheon are competing for SBIRS Low. Since termination of the demonstration programs, the teams have been working on new proposals that may include on-orbit demonstration components.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS Low

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 03


IC Moves To Improve Monitoring Of BMD Matters, Rumsfeld Says. Aerospace Daily, Apr 09, 1999, p 51

The Intelligence Community has taken steps to improve its operations since last year's release of the Rumsfeld Commission report on ballistic missile proliferation. However, former SecDef Donald Rumsfeld says that his commission's assessments have not gotten much attention from other top-level Administration officials.

Descriptors, Keywords: CIA intelligence Rumsfeld

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 04


India, Pakistan Agree On Security, Confidence-Building Measures. Arms Control Today. Diamond, Howard, Jan 01, 1999, p 21

The prime ministers from Pakistan and India met in Lahore, Pakistan, in mid-February to discuss the arms race in South Asia. The Lahore Declaration enunciates steps to prevent a nuclear exchange between the two countries. Both countries will exchange information on their nuclear doctrines and security concepts; provide advance notification for ballistic missile flight tests and prompt notification of any accidental incident regarding nuclear weapons; and strengthen the countries' unilateral moratoria on nuclear testing.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan Lahore Declaration ballistic missile launch moratorium Ghauri Agni Shaheen MOU

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 05


Dereliction Of Duty. Arms Control Today. Keeny, Spurgeon M., Jan 01, 1999, p 2

In this editorial, the Congress (and specifically Sen Jesse Helms) is taken to task for failure to act on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Widely regarded among NPT signatories as a litmus test for nuclear powers, the CTBT must be signed by the US before other nuclear powers (e.g. Russia and China) will sign off on it. Movement must occur before Fall 1999, lest the special conference for the treaty be a mockery and sham.

Descriptors, Keywords: Helms Clinton foreign policy NPT CTBT treaty ABM START II protocol nonproliferation

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 06


US Sanctions Russian Entities For Iranian Dealings. Arms Control Today. Diamond, Howard, Jan 01, 1999, p 25

In spite of worsening US-Russia relations, the US announced sanctions against three Russian entities accused of providing nuclear and missile technology to Iran. While the US recognizes that Russia had taken in the past actions designed to prevent the export of such technologies, State Department spokesman James Rubin maintained that the efforts had steadily deteriorated.

Descriptors, Keywords: US Russia sanction missile nuclear technology transfer Iran Gallucci Rubin Talbott NIKIET satellite launch Tenet Shahab

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 07


CD Progress Slowed By Nuclear Disarmament Issue. Arms Control Today. Boese, Wade, Jan 01, 1999, p 23

Early results of the Conference on Disarmament (CD) are not promising. There have been several attempts to establish ad hoc committees for nuclear disarmament, the appointment of a special coordinator to reach a consensus on nuclear disarmament, and the disarmament of NATO. The US has refused to sign the fissile material cutoff treaty unless verification of fissile material is only for that generated after the signing of the treaty.

Descriptors, Keywords: conference disarmament nuclear disarmament NATO US Grey Holum South Africa India Pakistan Ecuador Pakistan landmines arms control space

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 08


Cochran, Weldon Reintroduce Missile Defense Legislation. Arms Control Today. Cerniello, Craig, Jan 01, 1999, p 24

Both Thad Cochran (R-MS) and Curt Weldon (R-PA) have introduced legislation calling for the deployment of a national missile defense system. Twice last year a similar measure failed to reach a floor vote. The Clinton administration has threatened to veto the Senate version as being based on an unacceptably narrow definition of how a deployment decision would be made.

Descriptors, Keywords: Levin Cochran Weldon missile defense NMD legislation S257 H4 ABM treaty START deployment rogue nation

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 09


Comprehensive Transparency Regime For Warheads And Fissile Materials. Arms Control Today. Fetter, Steve, Jan 01, 1999, pp 3-7

Heretofore, counting launch vehicles served as the means of getting a first order approximation of the number of nuclear warheads a country had. Launch vehicles are large, expensive, and difficult to hide, so it made sense. The author suggests, however, that it is more important to track the number of warheads and the quantity of fissile material in a country since there is functionally no difference between a strategic and a tactical warhead. To improve transparency, he proposes the following four steps: declarations (each country declares the total number of warheads it believes that it has and provides some method of inventory control); inspections (others could spot check the inventory or provide perimeter-portal monitoring); dismantling (ensure that HEU or plutonium is disposed of or made sufficiently "unpalatable" that it is unlikely that it would be recycled into more warheads); and manufacture (most difficult since warheads are constantly in the process of being tweaked and tuned).

Descriptors, Keywords: comprehensive transparency regime warhead fissile material START US Russia

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 10


UN Creates New Panel To Review Iraqi Disarmament. Arms Control Today. Diamond, Howard, Jan 01, 1999, pp 22, 27

The UN has created a new panel to review Iraqi disarmament. The new panel has its genesis because of revelations that the US used UN inspectors to spy on Iraq. The hope is that the new panel would reestablish UN credibility.

Descriptors, Keywords: UN disarmament UNSCOM Iraq disarmament spy IAEA

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 11


China Warns US On East Asian Missile Defense Cooperation. Arms Control Today. Diamond, Howard, Jan 01, 1999, p 27

In response to the North Korean launch of a Taepo-Dong missile in August 1998, the US has been talking with officials from South Korea, Taiwan, and Japan about the development of an East Asia missile defense shield. China has expressed severe reservations about such a plan, arguing that such a shield could be readily translated from a purely protective device to one of offensive capability. China has warned that relations between the two countries will continue to fray unless the US stops its pursuit of Asian TMD capability.

Descriptors, Keywords: China US Korea Taiwan Japan nonproliferation MTCR offensive weapon espionage component technology international relations Albright

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 12


Jump-START: Retaking The Initiative To Reduce Post-Cold War Nuclear Dangers. Arms Control Today, Jan 01, 1999, pp 15-19

The US's and Russia's approaches to nuclear reductions continue to reflect a Cold War mentality in a post-Cold War era. While not gainsaying the benefits afforded by the START I and II treaties and while encouraging both countries to begin negotiating START III (though START II is not signed), the Committee on Nuclear Policy recommends that the countries be more aggressive in their disarmament plans to reflect the new era. After listing a number of incidences of nuclear dangers posed by Russia's faltering economy, the writers propose that both the US and Russia implement deep reductions in their nuclear arsenals; remove the hair trigger alert that both countries are currently on; and more tightly control fissile materials and warheads.

Descriptors, Keywords: START treaty post-Cold War nuclear weapon economic instability Clinton Yeltsin Bush Gorbachev Reagan fissile material warhead

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 13


Helms Sets June Deadline For ABM Agreements. Arms Control Today, Jan 01, 1999, p 28

Jesse Helms (R-NC) has given the Clinton administration until June 1 to submit the September 1997 ABM agreements to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification. The Clinton administration has refused to submit the agreement until after Russia ratifies START II. Helms believes that once the ABM agreement is given to the Senate it will "consigned to the dust of history." The administration maintains that the treaty will remain in effect. Other treaties, including the Kyoto Protocol and CTBT, are pending because of the dispute.

Descriptors, Keywords: Helms Clinton ABM treaty CTBT Kyoto Protocol START II ratification NMD

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 14


Cohen Announces NMD Restructuring, Funding Boost. Arms Control Today. Cerniello, Craig, Jan 01, 1999, pp 20,30

In January SecDef Cohen announced a major restructuring of the US NMD and upper tier TMD programs. The announcement was greeted with criticism from China and Russia and skepticism from the Congress. The call for deployment of NMD was based on four critical decisions: the FY05 budget to support deployment; the Rumsfeld commission as to the nature of the threat; potential modifications in scope to the ABM treaty; and a two year delay in the NMD's 3+3 program.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cohen NMD upper tier TMD Rumsfeld Commission budget deployment ABM treaty threat modification 3+3 technology maturity Lyles PAC-3 Navy Area Wide MEADS

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 15


AFRL Characterizing Space Environment. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Nordwall, Bruce D., Apr 05, 1999, p 60

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) is mapping the sky in a number of wavelengths in an effort to help satellites distinguish faint targets against celestial and Earth backgrounds. The Air Force's needs are different from those of astronomers. Some of the areas most studied by star gazers will cause problems for surveillance sensors. Regions with high densities of stars, such as the galactic plane, will cause difficulties. First, they can overload the processor and create regions of outage. Second, the IR signatures may create false targets.

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force Research Laboratory AFRL MSX Infrared Astronomical Satellite Celestial Background

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 16


Space Based Radars Drive Advanced Sensor Technologies. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Covault, Craig, Apr 05, 1999, pp 49-50

Advanced sensor technology development by the USAF is being rapidly shifted toward space to provide USAF with the new "eyes and ears" it needs for additional integrated air and space operations in the future. As recently as 18 months ago, USAF basic technology development for space sensors was virtually nil, but it is growing at 30% of the Air Force Research Laboratory's sensor technology budget. That budget is approaching $300 million per year from all sources. Development of space based radar technologies to shift the AWACS and Joint-STARS surveillance functions to space is a key sensor interest.

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force Research Laboratory AFRL Space Based Radar SBR AWACS Joint STARS MSTAR Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors HBT

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 17


ManTech Space Initiative Targets Revolutionary Change. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Covault, Craig, Apr 05, 1999, pp 46, 48

The objective of USAF's new Manufacturing Technology for Affordable Systems (MASS) program is to spark a revolution in how military, commercial and scientific spacecraft will be built and tested in the early 21st century. The effort could also help control costs in the new NMD program. The MASS project is being headed by the AFRL Materials Directorate at Dayton, OH. In addition to AFRL, the Air Force Space Command, USAF Space and Missile Center, NASA and the BMDO are partnered in the MASS effort. A total of $19 million in contracts is to be awarded, and the winners will also be required to put several million dollars of their own funds into the effort.

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force Research Laboratory ManTech MASS Manufacturing Technology Affordable Systems

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 18


Natural Hazards Threaten Milsats. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Nordwall, Bruce D., Apr 05, 1999, pp 59-60

Air Force Research Laboratory's Space Vehicles Directorate is leading an important first step to better understand and predict the space environment. The first task is to get real-time warning of hazards to spacecraft. The second is to improve the ability to forecast debilitating conditions, but accomplishing that may still be 10 years away. The Space Vehicles Directorate has developed a warning sensor, called the Compact Environmental Anomaly Sensor, or Cease, which could be installed on all future spacecraft. Cease is small (4 X 4 X 3.2 in.) weighs less than 1 kg. (2.2 lbs.) and draws less than 2 watts of power. But it can warn against eight different hazards. That alert could give operators a chance to shut down or change the orientation of the spacecraft to minimize damage, or might even allow the satellite itself to react.

Descriptors, Keywords: Space Environment MILSAT Compact Environmental Anomaly Sensor Cease Ionospheric Hazard

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 19


Advances Enable Space Vehicles, Lasers. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Scott, William B., Apr 05, 1999, pp 50-52

Collaborating with multiple government agencies, industry and several other AFRL directorates, the AFRL Space Vehicles and Directed Energy directorates are working directly on nuts-and-bolts projects that will determine whether or not space based radars and lasers, hyperspectral imagers and spaceplanes are ever deployed operationally . Managers, scientists and engineers also are counting on innovative break-throughs, partnering, and commercial technology to leverage laboratory work in an era when "affordability" has taken precedence over "performance." In fact, the sometimes awkward mix of advanced technology and affordability is dictating the designs of future military space systems.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBR SBL Space Based Radar Space Based Laser ARFL Coil Lightweight Solar Array

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 20


Data Points To Surprising Failure In THAAD Miss. Defense Daily. Wolfe, Frank, Apr 09, 1999, p 7

Preliminary data on last month's sixth failed intercept by the Army's THAAD system points to a failure of the Divert and Attitude Control System (DACS), a previously flawless component, which stabilizes the interceptor in the terminal phase.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD intercept test failure Hera DACS

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 21


Pentagon Backs Criticism Of Airborne Laser. Defense Week. Donnelly, John, Apr 05, 1999, pp 1, 5

In a new report to Congress the Pentagon says for the first time that the Airborne Laser program, an $11b effort to build 747s capable of zapping Scuds, faces "potential operational limitations" that cast doubt on how well the weapon would perform in combat.

Descriptors, Keywords: Pentagon report Congress Airborne Laser

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 22


Boeing, BMDO Break Ground On Prototype NMD Silo And Control Facility. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Apr 07, 1999, pp 1, 18-19

Officials from Boeing and NMD/JPO took part in a groundbreaking ceremony on April 1 at Boeing's Jetplex facility in Huntsville, AL, to mark the beginning of construction on a prototype silo that will be used for NMD weapon system testing and development exercises.

Descriptors, Keywords: groundbreaking Boeing Jetplex prototype silo NMD JPO

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 23


Cochran, Weldon Disagree With Administration Take On NMD Legislation. Inside Missile Defense. Rosenfeld, Stephanie G., Apr 07, 1999, pp 14-15

Sen Thad Cochran (R-MS) contends that the Clinton administration is distorting the meaning of the NMD legislation passed by the Senate in order to avoid a veto override.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cochran deployment NMD Clinton administration legislation Weldon

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 24


US Wrestles With Location, Number Of NMD Sites. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Apr 07, 1999, pp 1, 15-18

Although the debate continues over whether to even deploy a limited NMD system to protect the US from long-range missile threats, the US is currently considering two sites, central Alaska and Grand Forks, North Dakota, for its initial NMD deployment architecture.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD sites Alaska North Dakota deployment ABM Treaty modification

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 25


US-Israeli Arrow, Tactical Laser Projects Enjoy Congressional Support. Inside Missile Defense. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 07, 1999, pp 10-11

Both the Arrow missile defense program and the THEL prototype demonstration effort have received strong congressional support in past years and, sources say, they are likely to benefit from add-ons this year, too, once the appropriations and authorization bills are hammered out.

Descriptors, Keywords: Arrow THEL congress funding US Israel

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 26


BMDO Asks Navy To Brief Acceleration Option For Theater Wide Program. Inside Missile Defense. Skibitski, Peter J., Apr 07, 1999, pp 11-12

In a March 10 letter, LtGen Lyles gave the Navy's PEO for theater surface combatants new guidance in requesting full details on how to get an interim capability to the fleet earlier than the potential first unit equipped date of FY 2007. Lyles' letter to the Navy is included with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy Lyles letter brief Theater Wide

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 27


Analysis Suggests PAC-3 Test A Greater Success Than First Thought. Inside Missile Defense. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 07, 1999, p 5

Following confirmation of the preliminary indications that the recent Patriot PAC-3 test was successful, officials began to step up their praise for the missile and the destruction it wreaked on the Hera target.

Descriptors, Keywords: Patriot PAC-3 intercept analysis test Hera

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 28


THAAD Developmental Costs Increase By 42 Percent, To $8.7 Billion. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Apr 07, 1999, pp 8-9

A summary of the latest DoD selected acquisition report on the system shows that development costs for THAAD have increased from $7.4b to roughly $8.7b as of December 19989, an increase of 18.3% over earlier estimates. A summary of significant selected acquisition reports is included with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD developmental costs selected acquisition report summary

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 29


Commerce Committee To Look At DOE Lab, Bliley Wants GAO Review. Inside Missile Defense. Costa, Keith J., Apr 07, 1999, pp 29-32

House Commerce Committee Chairman Tom Bliley (R-VA) announced that his committee will conduct a "very aggressive, bottom-up review" of security practices at Energy Department labs. He has also asked GAO to investigate the effectiveness of lab security efforts. Bliley's letter to DOE on Lab Security and his letter to GAO on DOE Security are included with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: Bliley DOE GAO lab security report House

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 30


Bell: Recent ABM Treaty Talks Permit US To Elaborate On Need For NMD. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Apr 07, 1999, pp 28-29

Recent talks between the US and Russia on modifying the ABM Treaty provided the US the opportunity to present in more detail its rational for allowing a limited US National Missile Defense under the treaty. Publicly at least, Russia is still reluctant to modify the pact.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABM Treaty US NMD Russia modification negotiations

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 31


ABM Treaty Must Be Amended Before Nation Can Be Defended, Cochran Says. Inside Missile Defense. Rosenfeld, Stephanie G., Apr 07, 1999, pp 20-21

Sen Thad Cochran (R-MS) believes that there are many obstacles and challenges to overcome before a NMD system can be deployed, including the AMB Treaty.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cochran deployment NMD ABM Treaty modification

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 32


Gansler Trip, Steering Panel Meeting Yield Modest Progress On MEADS. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Apr 07, 1999, p 2

Following a series of meetings last month between senior US officials and their German and Italian counterparts, the Army PEO for Air and Missile Defense, BG Daniel Montgomery reported, "We are still working out the details of the first three-year effort and trying to get to a statement of intent by the nations to proceed forward together on this new restructure program."

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Gansler Montgomery Germany Italy US restructure

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 33


As Deployment Debate Rages, US Wrestles With NMD Site Issues. Inside the Pentagon. Sirak, Michael C., Apr 08, 1999, p 12-15

While the debate rages over whether to deploy a limited NMD to protect the US from long-range missile threats, the question of where to physically locate the NMD system is a discussion beset by treaty considerations, technical constraints, and domestic political pressures. In-depth article discusses issues, principals involved, and pros and cons of various sites.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD deployment site

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 34


GAO: Tactical Laser Problems Will Make Lessons Learned Hard To Come By. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 08, 1999, pp 15-16

The US-Israeli Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) program may be the closest to deployment of the three missile defense laser systems, but GAO believes the Army will have great difficulty translating "lessons learned" from THEL into a meaningful US program. Report is entitled "DoD Efforts To Develop Laser Weapons for Theater Defense." Article discusses main points of report, including a review of other laser systems such as ABL and SBL.

Descriptors, Keywords: GAO THEL laser Israel ABL SBL

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 35


DoD Sets Up Panel To Assess Domestic Preparedness For WMD Attacks. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Apr 08, 1999, p 24

SecDef William Cohen has announced the establishment of an advisory panel to assess domestic capabilities in responding to a terrorist attack using weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Virginia Gov James Gilmore (R) has been tapped to lead the group, called the WMD Advisory Panel.

Descriptors, Keywords: WMD Cohen Gilmore advisory panel

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 36


Hunter UAV, Used For First Time In Kosovo, Shot Down By Serb Forces. Inside the Pentagon. Winograd, Erin Q., Apr 08, 1999, pp 1, 17

A Hunter UAV was shot down by Serb forces last week after several days of successful flights for Operation Allied Force. However, officials emphasized, the loss of an aerial vehicle in combat is not a strike against the system's utility.

Descriptors, Keywords: Hunter UAV Kosovo

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 37


THAAD Officials Have Found A Possible Reason Why Missile Missed Again. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 08, 1999, pp 1, 11-12

While no definitive root cause has been found for the failure of the THAAD interceptor to hit its target in a recent test, sources say the malfunction of the fourth of six attitude control valves in the kill vehicle's Divert and Attitude Control System may have caused the problem.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test failure analysis attitude control

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 38


SM-2 Tests Being Reworked Based On Welch Panel's Recommendations. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 08, 1999, p 2

Early last year, an independent review group headed by former AF chief of staff Gen Larry Welch released a report, with recommendations, on the Pentagon's missile defense programs. Following the release of the report, Navy officials asked the Welch panel to conduct a similar review of the Navy's Area missile defense program. Recommendations from this second report are now being implemented by the Navy, according to air defense director Capt Paul Schultz, causing a bit of growth in the program's schedule.

Descriptors, Keywords: SM-2 test Welch panel Schultz

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 39


Navy, BMDO To Sign Cost-Sharing Agreement On Navy Area Defense System. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 08, 1999, pp 2-3

BMDO and Navy officials are on the verge of signing a precedent-setting agreement that will apportion the cost of developing and fielding a Navy missile defense system between the two organizations. This should relieve the pressure the Navy is feeling from a $420m program cost overrun, according to air defense director Capt Paul Schultz.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy BMDO cost agreement NAW Aegis SM-2 Schultz

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 40


Cohen Picks Former Sen Hart To Co-Chair National Security Study Group. Inside the Pentagon. Costa, Keith J., Apr 08, 1999, pp 4-5

SecDef William Cohen announced last week he has selected former Sen Gary Hart (D-CO) to serve as co-chair of a commission that will examine 21st-century threats and recommend ways to revamp the US national security apparatus. Hart replaces the outgoing co-chair former Sen David Boren (D-OK), who was appointed by Cohen last year to head the commission along with former Sen Warren Rudman (R-NH).

Descriptors, Keywords: Cohen Hart national security commission

UPDATE: Apr 09, 1999, No. 41