The Article Citations Below Are Gathered From Published Journals And Newsletters Which Are Held In The BMD TIC Collection. These Materials May Be Protected By Copyright Restrictions.

Update: 04/02/99


MEADS Partnership Likely To Continue, Lyles Says. Aerospace Daily, Mar 31, 1999, p 471

Prospects look good for continued European participation in the revised MEADS program, BMDO Director LtGen Lyles told reporters. Acquisition chief Jacques Gansler met with the Italian and German MEADS participants earlier this month to discuss the status of the program and its potential for continued joint work.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Lyles Gansler

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 01


THAAD Misses For Sixth Time; No Change Seen For Lockheed Martin. Aerospace Daily, Mar 30, 1999, pp 461,464

The US Army's THAAD missile on March 29 failed for the sixth consecutive time to hit its target, but Pentagon leaders intend to retain Lockheed Martin as prime contractor . Article discusses the failure's impact on the future of the THAAD program and on contractor Lockheed Martin, who could owe the government up to $75m for test failures.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test failure

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 02


U.S. Air Force Defends Position On SBIRS High. Aerospace Daily, Apr 01, 1999, pp 1-2

Acting USAF Sec F. Whitten Peters, in a letter to senators, defended his decision to put $1.4b into a host of modernization programs rather than using it to hold to a 2002 launch date for SBIRS High.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS High Peters SBL

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 03


Congress To Evaluate Revised SBIRS Funding Profiles. Aerospace Daily, Mar 29, 1999, pp 458-459

Deputy SecDef John Hamre, in addressing the SASC's strategic forces panel, said there may be an additional SBIRS cost growth of $240m-$320m beyond the president's FY2000 budget request.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS funding Hamre

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 04


Latest SAR Estimates Show Increases In Missile Defense. Aerospace Daily, Apr 01, 1999, p 5

Details of the latest Selected Acquisition Reports (SAR) from the Pentagon indicate increases in many missile defense programs.

Descriptors, Keywords: SAR missile defense funding

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 05


U.S. Adopts 'Tactical' Space Control Policy. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Scott, William B., Mar 29, 1999, p 35

Responding to congressional demands for a coherent military "space control" policy, the Clinton Administration is pursuing a relatively benign approach to "negation," focusing on nonlethal, reversible effects - such as jamming of data links - rather than destroying satellites in orbit. This "tactical" approach to space control is consistent with existing treaties and space law, but also avoids international confrontation that could be detrimental to U.S. interests, according to senior Pentagon officials. "We fully believe that 'negation' in space - preventing the bad guys from using space against us - is fully authorized under international law," John J. Hamre, deputy defense secretary, said. "But we do want to take steps and actions that don't create instability in the world."

Descriptors, Keywords: Space Control Policy Tactical Jamming

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 06


Congress Rips SBIRS Cutbacks. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Scott, William B., Mar 29, 1999, pp 36-37

The USAF decision to slip the SBIRS missile warning program as a near term money saving measure aggravated by recent cost growth has drawn intense criticism from Congress, prompting a Pentagon reevaluation. During a Senate field hearing on military space issues at Peterson AFB, CO, last week, Sen. Bob Smith (R-NH) grilled Pentagon officials about the SBIRS cutbacks and the apparent relegation of "space" to an undeserved low priority. "The Air Force cut the U.S. Space Command's No. 1 program - the Space Based Infrared System. The program was on schedule and within budget," he said. "There's no escaping the conclusion that, despite a service budget of $1.4 billion in new procurement, the Air Force took a healthy space program and broke it. These cutbacks are not indicative of an organization that' s serious about space power."

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS Budget Cut SBIRS-High SBIRS-low

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 07


Policy Toward North Korea Must Be All Encompassing. BMD Monitor, Apr 02, 1999, pp 11-12

A new US policy toward North Korea must be all inclusive; be conducted in close cooperation with regional US allies; include China; and have options if diplomacy is not effective, says Richard Armitage, former assistant SecDef for international security affairs. This approach is similar to ideas expressed by former SecDef William Perry earlier this month.

Descriptors, Keywords: North Korea Armitage Perry

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 08


AFRL Space Surveillance Chief Outlines New Thrusts. BMD Monitor, Apr 02, 1999, p 5

AFRL's Space Vehicles Directorate has a number of promising new activities underway, according to Kevin Slimak, head of Space Surveillance and Control. Chief among them is the Next Generation Space Computer Program, being run on a cost-sharing contract basis with Honeywell. Slimak said he would like to see AFRL become a one-stop shopping center for BMDO's space technology needs.

Descriptors, Keywords: AFRL Next Generation Space Computer Slimak Honeywell

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 09


BMDO Issues New Report On Technology Applications. BMD Monitor, Apr 02, 1999, p 13

The 1998 Technology Applications Report showcases how advanced BMDO technologies are returning benefits to the taxpayer. Divided into six sections, the report offers examples of applying innovative technology in communications and networking; energy; health and medical technologies; manufacturing; materials and optical and sensor technologies. Article gives examples in each category and explains how to obtain a copy of the report.

Descriptors, Keywords: BMDO spinoff technology applications

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 10


THAAD System Performs, Missile Misses. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, Apr 02, 1999, pp 1-2

The ninth THAAD intercept flight test failed in its number one objective March 29 -- demonstrating a body to body high endoatmospheric intercept against a unitary target. But the kill vehicle appeared to have come within 10-30 meters of the Hera target, and all the parts of the THAAD system worked well together, BMDO Director LtGen Lyles said. Article discusses good and bad points of the mission. Includes graphic.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test failure

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 11


Pena, Conry: The NMD Debate Should Be About The Mission. BMD Monitor, Apr 02, 1999, p 10

Charles V. Pena, an independent missile defense consultant, and Barbara Conry of the Cato Institute, have written in the March 16 issue of Policy Analysis, a Cato Institute publication, that the current NMD debate is too heavy on rhetoric and too light on substance.

Descriptors, Keywords: Pena Conry NMD Cato Institute

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 12


Cochran, Weldon Agree On Substance Of NMD Bills. BMD Monitor, Apr 02, 1999, p 6

In separate addresses to a national defense seminar in Washington last week, Sen Thad Cochran (R-MS) and Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA) expressed optimism that differences between the Senate and House's NMD bills could be easily reconciled. The two bills will go to conference as soon as Congress returns from recess April 12.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD legislation Cochran Weldon

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 13


Debate Begins Over Which NMD System To Deploy. BMD Monitor, Apr 02, 1999, p 7

Center for Security Policy, in a March 18 decision brief (99-D 37), is supporting a sea-based NMD system, achieved by adapting the Navy Aegis system. The Center bases its opinion on a recent study by the Commission on Missile Defense, which was sponsored by the Heritage Foundation. BMDO Director LtGen Lyles disagrees, however, with the findings of the commission, insisting that a sea-based system would be far more challenging and costly than the commission contends.

Descriptors, Keywords: Center Security Policy sea-based NMD

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 14


Alexander Calls For NMD Deployment. BMD Monitor, Apr 02, 1999, p 8

Former governor of Tennessee and presidential hopeful Lamar Alexander has made strengthening national security one of the cornerstones of his candidacy. As a strong proponent of ballistic missile defense, Alexander supports amending the ABM treaty and implementing a sea-based TBMD to protect US allies.

Descriptors, Keywords: Alexander NMD ABM Treaty sea-based TBMD

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 15


Navy Holds NTW Block I Review. BMD Monitor, Apr 02, 1999, p 9

The Navy held a System Requirements Review (SRR) for NTW Block I on March 17, with a BMDO executive as part of the reviewing panel. The SRR is essential to move the process along from Operational Requirements Document, based on the warfighter's needs, to System Requirements Document, used by engineers to develop the system. A Defense Acquisition Board review is scheduled for April.

Descriptors, Keywords: NTW review SRR

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 16


THAAD Estimated Development Costs Increase. Defense Daily, Apr 01, 1999, p 7

Development costs on the Army's THAAD, built by Lockheed Martin, increased by $1.3b from September to December last year, according to the Selected Acquisition Reports (SARs) released recently. The jump was caused primarily by a 21-month extension of the overall development period of performance.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD development costs

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 17


THAAD Fails Sixth Intercept Attempt. Defense Daily. Keeter, Hunter and Wolfe, Frank, Mar 30, 1999, pp 1-2

In what could be a major setback the THAAD missile failed in a long-awaited sixth intercept attempt on March 29. Lockheed Martin spokesman Jeffery Adams said, "It appears that this is the closest we have come yet for an intercept in the overall THAAD closed-loop system

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD missile intercept flight test

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 18


Pentagon's Overhaul Aims To Fix Cyber Security. Defense News. Seffers, George I., Apr 05, 1999, pp 3, 52

The Department of Defense (DoD) is overhauling its information infrastructure after Congress granted new and far ranging control over information technology acquisitions. Art Money, chief information officer for DoD, is expected to develop new policies and strategies for developing, buying and managing information under the Global Networked Information Enterprise (GNIE) initiative. GNIE is expected to make information security the top priority for DoD command, control, communications and intelligence systems (C3I). Other changes under consideration are integrating the information architectures for the intelligence community with DoD so that both operate on the same standard, giving regional commanders in chief greater authority in deploying C3I systems and licensing software so that software benefiting more than one service will be used by all who need it.

Descriptors, Keywords: DoD Information Security C3I GNIE Interoperability Software Acquisitions

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 19


Study Shows US Must Bolster Computer Security. Defense News. Seffers, George I., Apr 05, 1999, p 22

A recently released study by the National Research Council warns that the Department of Defense must improve information security and interoperability, or DoD will not meet its Joint Vision 2010 goals. The study, entitled Realizing the Potential of C4I: Fundamental Challenges, recommends 19 changes to improve C4I interoperability and security.

Descriptors, Keywords: C4I Joint Vision 2010 Interoperability Information Security

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 20


Laser For Israel Delayed By Chemical Leak. Defense Week. Donnelly, John, Mar 29, 1999, pp 1, 9

According to a draft GAO report that reviews three laser systems for air and missile defense, the laser air-defense weapon which the US is helping Israel build has been set back at least seven months because of technical problems.

Descriptors, Keywords: Laser Israel US GAO report THEL Airborne Laser Space-Based Laser

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 21


White House Computer Cop: Cyber-Threat Is Real. Defense Week. Ruppe, David, Mar 29, 1999, pp 13-15

In this interview Jeffrey Hunker, National Security Council's Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (CIAO) speaks about the plausibility of a devastating attack on US computers. Hunker says China and Russia, among many other nations, terrorists and mobsters, are busy working on ways to attack US computers. He claims the threat is real and the government has not disclosed everything that has transpired.

Descriptors, Keywords: Hunker cyberterrorism threat computer interview

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 22


Bombs Leave Craters In US-Russian Relations. Defense Week. Laurenzo, Ron and Sieff, Martin, Mar 29, 1999, pp 1, 16

After a brief post-Soviet honeymoon, US-Russian relations have been slowly going downhill since the Clinton administration announced plans to expand NATO in 1994. Recent NATO air strikes against Yugoslavia have unleashed fierce rhetoric in Russia.

Descriptors, Keywords: US Russia relations NATO air strikes Yugoslavia

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 23


GOP Presents United Front On Missile Defense. Defense Week. Roosevelt, Ann, Mar 29, 1999, p 5

House and Senate versions of legislation requiring the US to deploy a NMD system can be reconciled without too much difficulty in conference, according to two of the leading sponsors of the measure.

Descriptors, Keywords: GOP legislation NMD deployment ballistic missile attack

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 24


'Star Warriors' Celebrate Heritage. Defense Week. Donnelly, John, Mar 29, 1999, p 7

Last Tuesday, March 23, marked the 16th anniversary of President Reagan's famous speech which inaugurated the "Star Wars" program. To mark the occasion, BMDO, with support from the Vanguard Corp. held a gala dinner to honor the five men who have directed the missile defense agency since it was created.

Descriptors, Keywords: Star Wars Reagan speech gala directors

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 25


'Welch Panel' Reconvening To Assess National Missile Defense Risk. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael, Mar 24, 1999, pp 24-25

Retired AF Gen Larry Welch and his panel who warned Congress last year that the NMD program "was on a rush to failure" will reconvene soon to assess the restructured NMD program. Based in part on the panel's warning, the NMD program has been restructured into a more realistic development and deployment schedule.

Descriptors, Keywords: Welch Panel NMD assessment restructured

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 26


Independent Review Of ABL Supports Senate's Push For Expanded Testing. Inside Missile Defense. Whitley, Gigi, Mar 24, 1999, pp 19-20

Retired Air Force Gen Richard Marsh, head of a seven-member Airborne Laser independent assessment team, told the Senate Armed Services strategic forces subcommittee that he disagrees with the Air Force accusations that the panel damaged a healthy program when it cut $25m in FY99 funds and called for further ground testing.

Descriptors, Keywords: Marsh ABL Senate AF FY99 funds ground testing

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 27


BMDO Chief Worried Technology Funding May Never Hit 10 Percent Goal. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Mar 24, 1999, p 25

BMDO Director LtGen Lester Lyles told Congress recently that he doubts, under the current budget numbers, that BMDO will be able to meet the 10% goal he has set for missile defense technology funding as a percentage of BMDO's total budget.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles technology funding budget missile defense

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 28


DoD Asks Congress For Okay To Move PAC-3 Money, Avert Work Stoppage. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 01, 1999, pp 3-4

BMDO, in a memo directed to Pentagon Comptroller William Lynn, has asked for approval to reprogram $60m in FY1999-2001 procurement defense-wide funds from the PAC-3 procurement line to FY1999-2000 RDT&E defense-wide PAC-3 EMD. This realignment is required to support cost overruns in PAC-3 RDT&E and to prevent work stoppage on the PAC-3 system.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 funding reprogram

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 29


US-Israeli Arrow, Tactical Laser Projects Enjoy Congressional Support. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 01, 1999, pp 20-21

Two missile defense projects under development by the US and Israel -- Arrow and Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) -- stand to receive congressional support this year despite the administration's decision to leave them unfunded in the 2000 budget request. A third cooperative effort, the UAV-based boost-phase intercept (BPI) program, is also on the priority list of some in Congress who hope to bolster military ties between the two countries.

Descriptors, Keywords: Arrow THEL UAV BPI Israel

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 30


Arms Control Agency's Absorption Into State Becomes Official Today. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Apr 01, 1999, pp 2-3

The Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, originally formed in 1961, ceased to exist on April 1. The verification and compliance role once handled by ACDA will be given to a special adviser to the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs.

Descriptors, Keywords: Arms Control Disarmament Agency

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 31


THAAD Costs Rise 42 Percent; Development Now Pegged At $8.8 Billion. Inside the Pentagon, Apr 01, 1999, pp 13-16

Article includes a 3-page summary of the latest cost, schedule and technical status of major defense acquisition programs, taken from the Pentagon's Selected Acquisition Reports (SAR). Included are THAAD, ABL, SBIRS, Navy Area TBMD, and NMD. Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD funding SAR

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 32


THAAD Missile Got 'In The Basket' Before Failing To Intercept Target. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas; Sirak, Michael C., Apr 01, 1999, pp 1,12-13

While Army and Pentagon officials are lamenting the sixth consecutive test failure for the THAAD missile, they are at least pleased that the THAAD interceptor got to the "end game," the last stage before intercept. The unexplained loss of key telemetry data, however, is making failure analysis difficult. BMDO Director LtGen Lyles and the Army's PEO for air and missile defense, BG Daniel Montgomery, are quoted extensively in this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test failure telemetry data end game Lyles Montgomery

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 33


Anti-Satellite Missile Program Likely To Receive Congressional Boost. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Apr 01, 1999, pp 1,18-20

The Kinetic Energy Anti-Satellite missile is likely to receive support this year from lawmakers who want the US to have an ASAT option in its space control arsenal. Proponents laud the Pentagon for what they say is a greater willingness, only recently displayed, to pursue space control technologies. However, there are some in Congress who remain steadfastly opposed to the development of ASAT weapons. Extensive article discusses both sides of issue.

Descriptors, Keywords: Kinetic Energy Anti-Satellite missile KE ASAT funding

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 34


Pakistan Parades Missiles. Jane's Defence Weekly. Farooq, Umer; Lennox, Duncan, Mar 31, 1999, p 15

Pakistan displayed the Ghauri (Haft 5), Shaheen (Hatf 4) and the Hatf 3 ballistic missiles in this year's annual Republic Day Parade on 23 March. There are reports that an improved version of the Ghauri is in development, for possible use as a satellite launch vehicle as well as a longer-range ballistic missile.

Descriptors, Keywords: Pakistan Ballistic Missiles Ghauri Hatf 4 Shaneen

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 35


Countering Dual-Use Facilities: Lessons From Iraq And Sudan. Jane's Intelligence Review. Koblenz, Gregory, Mar 01, 1999, pp 48-53

The technologies and skills to produce civilian technologies, such as vaccines and insecticides, can also be used for biological and chemical warfare products -- and at a fraction of the cost to develop a nuclear program. Dual-use facilities pose an dilemma for negotiators attempting to halt the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons. The article discusses Iraq, Libya, and Iraq's dual-use facilities which are strongly suspected of being able to provide chemical and biological warfare agent precursors.

Descriptors, Keywords: Biological chemical warfare dual-use facility Iraq Sudan export el-Shifa

terrorism Desert Fox

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 36


Charting Reactions To The Islamic Bomb. Jane's Intelligence Review. Romero, Juan, Mar 01, 1999, pp 32-37

Pakistan's detonation of a nuclear device last spring may provide encouragement to other Islamic nations to acquire nuclear weapons. Obvious candidates are Iran and Iraq, both of which may be reluctant to allow international inspectors in to evaluate possible nuclear sites. The situation is further compounded by Algeria's acquisition of uranium enrichment technology. There is no Islamic hegemony to date on the goals, uses, and benefits of a nuclear device. Pakistan is uncomfortable with Iran's Shehab missile, fearing a surge in fundamentalism and a destabilizing effect on the country. What little unity exists is in antipathy toward Israel. Even this has provided no coherent plan of action, as evidenced by the recent alliance between Turkey and Israel. While there may be nuclear proliferation in the Middle East, there is no guarantee that there would be Islamic cooperation.

Descriptors, Keywords: Islamic bomb Pakistan Iran Shehab India Iraq Saudi Arabia Israel Turkey ICBM preemptive strike Likud Syria rapprochement

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 37


CIA Re-Assesses Missile Threat. Jane's Intelligence Review. Sheppard, Ben, Mar 01, 1999, p 7

In testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee, CIA director George Tenet revised CIA estimates about how soon rogue countries would have missiles capable of striking US and European targets. His estimates are more nearly in line with Donald Rumfeld's report from last year. Part of the CIA's reassessment was a direct result of the August North Korean launch of the Taepo-dong missile. In February of this year, Iran announced that its country had started work on ICBM-capable rockets, ostensibly for satellite missions.

Descriptors, Keywords: CIA missile threat reassessment Rumsfeld Report North Korea DPRK Iran Shehab Taepo-Dong ICBM capability

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 38


Biological Warfare: The Poor Man's Atomic Bomb. Jane's Intelligence Review. Venter, Al J., Mar 01, 1999, pp 42-47

The UN's inability to fully investigate chemical and biological warfare facilities in Iraq points to the difficulty that intrusive detections have in determining the nature of a biological warfare threat. The article discusses instances within the past century when biological warfare agents have been used (or strongly suspected of being used) and the results of the attack. The author includes a listing of countries believed to be actively engaged in BW agent development. He provides a table of common agents, effective dosages, and symptoms.

Descriptors, Keywords: biological warfare Iraq botulinum anthrax aflatoxin Trichothecene mycotoxin bioterrorism Q fever Ebola ricin agent dosage symptom toxin virus rickettsia bacteria

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 39


Turf Wars Muddy The Waters Of Indian Intel. Jane's Intelligence Review. Bedi, Rahul, Mar 01, 1999, pp 38-41

Various intelligence agencies within India are not cooperating with each other and, in some cases, are actually running operations that are counter to other organizational goals and missions. There is widespread distrust among the various intelligence agencies and conflicting goals and missions. All this is at a time when India, facing a number of internal and external stressors, needs greater cooperation.

Descriptors, Keywords: India intelligence RAW Burma Myanmar China Navy defense strategy mission goal Assam Nagaland Tripura Manipur Operation Poorab Operation Leech politics

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 40


US Caught In Nuclear Policy Conundrum: Administration Failing To Develop Coherent Strategy For The Future. National Defense. Stanton, John J., Apr 01, 1999, pp 32-33

With the end of the Cold War, both liberals and conservative pundits criticize the administration's policy (or lack of one) regarding nuclear weapons. Liberal critics charge that in the early days of the Clinton administration, the US and Russia both had the opportunity to substantially reduce the numbers of nuclear weapons on hand. With souring relations, that opportunity appears to be slipping away. Conservative critics charge that the US is attempting to use its nuclear prowess to achieve unrealistic policy objectives. Others maintain that the US has not changed it policy pertaining to first-use in spite of the changes that NATO has undergone. Other elements of concern include the US position with respect to nuclear weaponry and various treaty agreements.

Descriptors, Keywords: nuclear policy first-use START treaty ABM NATO foreign relations test ban CTBT Cohen Reis Keeny warhead stockpile LLNL Cold War

UPDATE: Apr 02, 1999, No. 41