The views, opinions, and findings contained in this report are those of the authors and should not be construed as an official Department of Defense position, policy, or decision, unless so designated by other official documentation.


Update: 02/26/99


Weldon Sees IT Increase For DoD; Says Hamre Sees Cyber War 'Now'. Aerospace Daily, Feb 24, 1999, p 282

Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA) quotes Deputy SecDef John Hamre as saying, in a closed session before the HASC, that he is not at all concerned about our ability to develop information technologies, but very concerned about our ability to defend those systems from cyber attacks. He is reportedly considering a "flexibility fund" for protecting information superiority.

Descriptors, Keywords: Information Warfare Cyberwar Weldon Hamre funding

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 01


PAC-3 Weather Woes. Aerospace Daily, Feb 22, 1999, pp 263-264

Next seeker characterization test of the Patriot PAC-3 is slated to take place within the next week, if the weather is favorable at White Sands Missile Range, NM. Last week's scheduled test was called off due to windy conditions.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 Hera WSMR target seeker test

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 02


Committee Assignments Of The 106th Congress. Aerospace Daily, Feb 22, 1999, pp 268-269

Article lists members of defense committees and subcommittees of new Congress.

Descriptors, Keywords: Congress committee member

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 03


HASC Approves Bill Making It U.S. Policy To Deploy NMD. Aerospace Daily, Feb 26, 1999, p 295

The House Armed Services Committee yesterday approved - by an overwhelming majority of 50 to 3 - a bipartisan bill declaring that it is the policy of the US "to deploy a national missile defense." The Clinton administration prefers the HASC bill to the one before the SASC, which mandates NMD deployment "as soon as technologically feasible."

Descriptors, Keywords: HASC NMD legislation

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 04


U.S. Navy Studying Rebaseline Plan For Area Wide Program. Aerospace Daily. Gildea, Kerry, Feb 23, 1999, pp 271-272

The US Navy is reviewing a new baseline for its Navy Area Wide (NAW) lower tier theater missile defense program, which may slip fielding beyond its targeted FY2003 timeframe. Schedule changes are expected to be completed within the next few weeks, according to RADM-select Paul S. Schultz, Navy director of Theater Air Warfare. Article discusses issues surrounding Aegis upgrades, Standard Missile developments, and the NTW-THAAD "shoot-off" competition.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy TBMD NAW NTW Aegis THAAD Schultz baseline fielding schedule

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 05


No Commitment: Russia, U.S. Talk Y2K, Shared Early Warning. Aerospace Daily, Feb 26, 1999, pp 298-299

The US has invited Russian defense officials to Colorado to man a joint early warning center, Edward L. Warner, Assistant SecDef for Strategy & Threat Reduction, said yesterday. Warner has been on a 10-day visit to Russia where he talked with defense officials on the Y2K problem and discussed other shared concerns of the two countries. While Russia has not committed to any US proposals as yet, they have agreed to another meeting next month.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Y2K early warning Warner

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 06


Decision On Leader In Upper Tier Could Come In 60 Days. Aerospace Daily, Feb 26, 1999, pp 297-298

BMDO Director LtGen Lester Lyles and Jacques Gansler, Under SecDef for Acquisition & Technology, in HASC testimony this week, said a decision on which upper tier program - THAAD or NTW - will get the larger funding could come in 60 days. The future of other BMD programs, including the Navy's LEAP, the Russian-American RAMOS, and MEADS, was also discussed.

Descriptors, Keywords: upper tier THAAD NTW Lyles Gansler MEADS LEAP RAMOS

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 07


Lyles Upgrades NMD From 'Extremely High Risk' To 'High Risk'. Aerospace Daily, Feb 25, 1999, p 291

BMDO Director LtGen Lester Lyles, in testimony before the SASC this week, indicated that the change to a "one-plus-five" plan from the original "three-plus-three" plan has changed the outlook for the NMD system from "exceedingly high risk" to "still high risk." Likely deployment date is now 2005.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD Lyles SASC

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 08


Lockheed Martin Is Top Contractor For BMDO, DoD in FY '98.. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 15

Top 15 contractors for BMDO programs are listed along with their contract dollar values.

Descriptors, Keywords: BMDO contractor

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 09


NMD Bill Approved By Senate Panel. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 2

The SASC has approved its version of a bill mandating deployment of an NMD system as soon as technologically feasible. The National Missile Defense Act of 1999 (S. 257) is now ready to be put on the Senate calendar. Bill was introduced Jan 20 by Sens. Thad Cochran (R-MS), Daniel Inouye (D-HI) and Charles Hagel (R-NE).

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD deployment legislation SASC

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 10


Raytheon Gains Patriot Work. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 14

Raytheon will provide Patriot engineering service support under a $59.8m contract from the Army. The company is the prime contractor for the air defense system.

Descriptors, Keywords: Raytheon Patriot

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 11


ABL Aircraft PDR Scheduled At The End Of February. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 8

An Airborne Laser (ABL) aircraft preliminary design review (PDR) is slated for the last week of Feb. Article discusses the program's progress in some detail. Announcement is made of the award to Mercury Computer Systems for the aircraft's digital signal processing system.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABL PDR Mercury Computer Systems signal processing

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 12


China Warns The U.S. Not To Sell Anti-Missile Technology To Taiwan. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 4

A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said putting Taiwan under the TMD umbrella proposed by Washington would threaten Asian security. The spokesman made no comment about any increase in Chinese missiles targeting Taiwan.

Descriptors, Keywords: China Taiwan TMD

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 13


BMDO Wants NMD Test Construction. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 16

BMDO plans to issue an RFP March 8 for work on NMD launch test sites on Meck Island, Army Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands. Proposed project is estimated to cost between $5m and $10m.

Descriptors, Keywords: Kwajalein RFP NMD launch test

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 14


Weldon: Showing What $40 Billion Can Do. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 11

Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA) is preparing for a hearing later this year, in which he intends to make the case for increased funding for missile defense. Besides exhibiting evidence of a real threat and justifying the necessity for an NMD, he plans to demonstrate the value of spin-off technologies from missile defense programs.

Descriptors, Keywords: Weldon missile defense funding justification

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 15


Weldon: Deployment Decision Sends Messages. BMD Monitor. Roosevelt, Ann, Feb 19, 1999, pp 1-2

Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA) discusses his bill mandating deployment of an NMD system as soon as technologically feasible. Weldon predicts passage of the bipartisan bill this year. Article covers both the policy issues and the political issues surrounding the bill.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD deployment legislation Weldon

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 16


Air Force Research Lab Doing Well After First Year. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, pp 6-7

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), formed as a consolidation of four separate research labs, has just completed its first full year in business. Commander AF Maj Gen Richard Paul stresses the AF's new direction towards becoming a "space force," and discusses the lab's recently completed Lasers and Space Optical Systems Study (LASOSS).

Descriptors, Keywords: AFRL Paul LASSOS laser space optics

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 17


Alaska State House Supports NMD Basing. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 10

On a vote of 34-2, the republican-controlled Alaska House voted Feb 11 to urge the federal government to put the proposed NMD system in Alaska. Four sites in Alaska and two in North Dakota are currently under consideration.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD Alaska

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 18


NMD Office Takes Advantage Of Minuteman Launch. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 10

The NMD Joint Program Office was able to rehearse procedures ahead of the first intercept test, scheduled in June, by having personnel participate in a Minuteman III launch from Vandenberg AFB, CA.

Descriptors, Keywords: Minuteman launch NMD

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 19


Sen Snowe Files PREDICT Act. BMD Monitor, Feb 19, 1999, p 9

Sen Olympia Snowe (R-ME) introduced the Prevention and Deterrence of International Conflict Act of 1999 (PREDICT) (S. 70) on Jan 19. It would establish a federal task force on regional threats to international security. The bill has been referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

Descriptors, Keywords: Snowe Prevention Deterrence International Conflict PREDICT legislation

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 20


Montgomery Pledges THAAD Intercept In Next Test. Defense Daily. Wolfe, Frank, Feb 24, 1999, p 3

Army Brig Gen Montgomery, PEO for Air and Missile Defense pledged an intercept for the THAAD system in a flight test schedule for next month. The Lockheed Martin system has failed to hit the target in five intercept attempts so far, but Montgomery believes the vehicle is ready to fly now.

Descriptors, Keywords: Montgomery THAAD intercept test flight

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 21


SBIRS-High Faces Growing Cost, Gets Special Review Team. Defense Daily. Atkinson, David, Feb 26, 1999, pp 2-3

In testimony before the HASC R&D subcommittee, DoD acquisition chief Jacques Gansler said that the Space-Based Infrared System High (SBIRS-High) program has recently experienced significant cost growth, and that he has set up a special review team to examine why the program has grown more expensive.

Descriptors, Keywords: Gansler testimony HASC SBIRS High review team cost growth

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 22


Levin Asks Senate Leadership To Delay Vote On NMD Bill. Defense Daily. Foote, Sheila, Feb 23, 1999, p 4

SASC ranking member Carl Levin (D-MI) is asking the Senate leadership to refrain from bringing up the NMD bill (S.257) until after the administration has held negotiations with Russia over modifications to the ABM Treaty. A delegation led by Strobe Talbott left for Russia over the weekend and was planning to begin exploratory talks today with Russian officials on modifications the administration may propose to the ABM Treaty within the next six months.

Descriptors, Keywords: Levin S.257 NMD legislation deployment delay Russia ABM Treaty modification

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 23


US Navy Missile Choice Stalls. Defense News. Holzer, Robert, Mar 01, 1999, pp 4,19

Approval of the Navy's choice of the Land Attack Standard Missile (LASM) over the Army's Tactical Missile System (ATACMS), has been delayed by senior Pentagon officials. Dave Oliver, principal deputy undersecretary of defense for acquisition has raised questions about the Navy's decision making process. Navy officials are worried that if approval of LASM is not forthcoming soon, the $11.2 m earmarked for funding will be lost.

Descriptors, Keywords: LASM ATACMS Navy Funding Oliver

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 24


Missile Defense. Defense News. Lyles, Lester, Mar 01, 1999, p 12

This letter from the Director of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) addresses upper tier systems, testing, THAAD, and the Navy Theater Wide system.

Descriptors, Keywords: BMDO NMD THAAD Nay Theater Wide Testing

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 25


PLA Pursues Acupuncture Warfare. Defense News. Opall-Rome, Barbara, Mar 01, 1999, p 4

China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) is developing strategy to combat the US via information warfare, called by some, acupuncture warfare. China has been pursuing information warfare, antisatellite weaponry, ballistic and cruise missiles. The PLA has been simulating computer virus attacks in military exercises for more than a year. The Chinese have built a tracking and control station on Tarawa, 500 miles north of the US Kwajalein Test Range in the Marshall Islands. This station allows the PLA to track US fleet operations from signal intercepts. The station could deploy ground based laser to disable military or communication satellites. The vice chairman of Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council has stated that the PLA is redirecting its strategy away from nuclear deterrence to acupuncture warfare.

Descriptors, Keywords: Information Warfare China Strategy Taiwan Tarawa Kwajalein Nuclear Deterrence PLA

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 26


Kuwait Weighs Russian Buy; Considers Tanks, S-300 Missile Defense System. Defense News. Saradzhyan, Simon, Mar 01, 1999, p 6

Kuwait may be considering purchase of the Russian S-300 missile system, and the T-80U tank. Kuwait's Foreign Minister visited the Russian arms exporting agency during a February visit to Moscow. Observers speculate that Kuwait is more likely to purchase the tank, which is outfitted with a special dust filter, than the missile system, which is seen as incompatible with Kuwait's American and British supplied air defense infrastructure.

Descriptors, Keywords: Kuwait Russian Air Defense S-300 Missile Defense System

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 27


Cost Of Naval NMD Could Hit $19 Billion, Pentagon Says. Defense Week. Donnelly, John, Feb 22, 1999, pp 1, 7

According to a report SecDef William Cohen will send to Congress, deploying a NMD system on Navy ships could cost nearly 75% more than officials say a ground-based option would cost and nine times the estimate cited by advocates of the sea-based approach.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cohen Navy NMD report deployment ABM Treaty

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 28


Dealing With The Bomb In South Asia. Foreign Affairs. Talbott, Strobe, Mar 01, 1999, pp 110-122

The detonation of nuclear weapons by India and Pakistan last summer has spurred global condemnation. However both countries argue that it is imperative that they conduct the tests. Some Indian and Pakistani political theorists maintain that the nuclear weapons will result in the stability that existed between the US and USSR during the Cold War, failing to consider geopolitical and economic consequences on the two nations. The tests came at a time when the Clinton administration was attempting to restore and revitalize relations between the US and India and Pakistan. Talbott urges that India and Pakistan take the following 5 steps to reduce tensions on the subcontinent and bolster nonproliferation: agree to a test ban; become involved in the fissile material cutoff treaty; restrain development and deployment of missiles and aircraft capable of carrying WMD; tighten export controls on technologies used to develop WMD; and engage in India-Pakistan dialogue.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan US USSR Russia China bomb nuclear weapon mass destruction export control strategic restraint fissile material control test ban nonproliferation Cold War NPT international relations Vajpayee credible deterrence sanction

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 29


Democratic Senator Launches New Campaign Against Mandated NMD Deployment. Inside Missile Defense. Sirak, Michael C., Feb 24, 1999, pp 1, 13-16

In a letter to Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-MS), Sen Carl Levin (D-MI) has urged him not to bring to the floor bill S.257, a Republican sponsored bill that would mandate US deployment of a NMD system as soon as the technology allows, while a US delegation is commencing talks with Russia on the ABM Treaty. Levin's letter to Lott on the National Missile Defense Act of 1999 is included with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: Levin Lott Cochran S.257 deployment NMD Act 1999 ABM Treaty talks Russia US letter

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 30


Clinton Nominates Air Force Maj. Gen. Michael Hayden For Top Job At NSA. Inside the Pentagon. Dupont, Daniel G., Feb 25, 1999, p 2

Pres Clinton has nominated AF Maj Gen Michael Hayden for the position of National Security Agency (NSA) director. If approved, he will replace the retiring LtGen Kenneth Minihan.

Descriptors, Keywords: NSA Hayden Minihan

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 31


US Commits Funds To Continue Russian-American Early Warning Program. Inside the Pentagon. Sirak, Michael C., Feb 25, 1999, pp 1, 12-14

Recognizing the importance of cooperating with the Russians on missile early warning capabilities, the Clinton administration has committed to continue funding a US-Russian program whose future had previously been in doubt due to DoD budgetary constraints. Program is known as the Russian-American Observational Satellite (RAMOS). Letter from Under SecDef for Acquisition & Technology Jacques Gansler to SASC Chairman Sen John Warner (R-VA) is included with article.

Descriptors, Keywords: RAMOS Gansler Warner Russia early warning funding

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 32


Senate NMD Bill Backers Say It Would Spur Russia To ABM Treaty Talks. Inside the Pentagon. Duffy, Thomas, Feb 25, 1999, pp 19-20

If the Senate approves a bill that would make fielding an NMD system official US policy, Russia may be moved to negotiate changes to the 1971 ABM Treaty, according members of the SASC. The bill was approved by the committee on Feb 9, and in a letter to SASC Chairman John Warner on Feb 12, the committee said that an NMD deployment decision should not be held off until after treaty negotiations have been completed.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD legislation ABM Treaty

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 33


Pentagon To Form Reservist 'Cell' To Enforce Web Security Policy. Inside the Pentagon. Grossman, Elaine M., Feb 25, 1999, pp 1, 6-7

Seeking to capitalize on the computer skills reserve personnel bring with them from the private sector, Deputy SecDef John Hamre has formed a team of reservists to review DoD websites to ensure nothing is posted to the Internet which could entail a security risk. New team will be dubbed the Reserve Component Joint Web Risk Assessment Cell (JWRAC), and will debut in March.

Descriptors, Keywords: Internet security Information Warfare Hamre JWRAC

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 34


German, US Giants Join On PAC-3 Assembly. Jane's Defence Weekly. Foss, Christopher F., Feb 24, 1999, p 14

Lockheed Martin Vought Systems of the USA and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (Dasa) of Germany have established a joint venture company for production of the PAC-3. The new Gesellschaft fur Luftverteidigungssysteme GmbH (GLVS, Air Defense Systems Company) is expected to be the focus for offset production of PAC-3 missile equipment as well as final missile integration, test and logistic support for PAC-3 missile procurement for the German Air Force. The Royal Netherlands Air Force is also expected to procure the PAC-3 SAM.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 Production Germany DaimlerChrysler Aerospace

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 35


China Prepares To Field New Missile. Jane's Defence Weekly. Beaver, Paul, Feb 24, 1999, p 3

The two-stage DF-21X is one of four missile programs resulting from a Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) requirement for improved capability, especially mobile launch, to be available by 2000. According to the Japanese Defense Agency (JDA), it features improved accuracy through GPS and can be fitted with a "radio-frequency explosive warhead," believed to refer to an electro-magnetic pulse warhead in a new nose cone. Most of the missile is identical to the DF-21, which entered service 10 years ago, but DF-21X has more fuel - extending the range by 1,200km to 3,000km. According to the JDA, the DF-21 has just completed production.

Descriptors, Keywords: China DF-15 DF-21 DF-21X DF-31 Radar Absorbing Material Stealth Membrane

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 36


US Navy Studies Theater Ballistic Missile Defense Command Assistance. Jane's International Defense Review, Feb 01, 1999, p 7

US Naval Sea Systems Command plans to award up to four six-month contracts during the second quarter of FY99, totaling a maximum of $4m, for concept studies for force planning and tactical operations facilities to support the Area Air Defense Commander (AADC). The AADC will plan and direct operations for air defense, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance assets at sea, ashore and in the air. These will include the planned Area and Navy Theater Wide TBMD systems, together with joint warfare programs. The AADC will use currently available display technology and software to provide the improved real-time battle management necessary to optimize weapon system performance and operator decision making.

Descriptors, Keywords: Area Air Defense Commander AADC Naval TBMD

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 37


SCARLET's Less Expensive Space Surveillance. Jane's International Defense Review, Feb 01, 1999, p 21

The US BMDO hopes that successful testing of its Solar Concentrator Arrays with Refractive Linear Element Technology (SCARLET-II) payload, which forms part of NASA's Deep Space 1 (DS1) spacecraft launched in October 1998, will reduce the cost of future space based surveillance systems to detect and track ballistic missiles. SCARLET-II provides 2.5kW of electrical power, with a power-to-weight ratio of nearly 50W/kg. AEC Able Engineering Company built the array with funding from BMDO.

Descriptors, Keywords: SCARLET 2 Solar Concentrator Arrays with Refractive Linear Element Technology Deep Space 1 DS1

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 38


Star Wars: The Sequel. Time Magazine. Waller, Douglas; Meier, Andrew, Feb 22, 1999

Prompted by the president's recent budget request for $6.6b for NMD development, this article offers sardonic commentary on what the authors call the "transformation" of Pres Clinton from arms control enthusiast to missile defense supporter.

Descriptors, Keywords: Star Wars arms control NMD ABM Treaty Clinton

UPDATE: Feb 26, 1999, No. 39