hard.copy Update 01/22/99



Raytheon Completes SBIRS Sensors; Testing Underway. Aerospace Daily, Jan 20, 1999, p 95

Raytheon Systems Co. has completed six advanced payload sensors for the USAF's SBIRS-Low Flight Demonstration System (FDS) and has started testing them at the subsystem level, according to SBIRS prime contractor TRW.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS-Low FDS Raytheon test

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 01


DoD Overhauls Ballistic Missile Defense Programs. Aerospace Daily, Jan 21, 1999, pp 97, 100

Pentagon leaders, including BMDO Director LtGen Lester Lyles, have announced sweeping changes in the US BMD program, including a delay in the possible deployment of an NMD system from 2003 to 2005. They said their decision was based more on concerns about technological readiness than on threat. Lyles, pointing to almost never-ending problems in the THAAD program, said the Pentagon "can't afford to fail" on NMD. Other BMD programs are also discussed.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD deployment schedule Lyles briefing

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 02


Lawmakers Question Substance Of Clinton Defense Promises. Aerospace Daily, Jan 21, 1999, p 101

Members of key congressional defense committees applauded Pres Clinton's pledge in Tuesday night's State of the Union speech to increase defense spending. But their skepticism surfaced almost as soon as the speech ended. SASC Chairman John Warner (R-VA) has said he plans to hold intensive hearings to scrutinize defense budget details.

Descriptors, Keywords: Congress Clinton State of the Union defense budget

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 03


11 New ACTD Concepts To Receive Pentagon Funding In FY99. Aerospace Daily, Jan 21, 1999, p 103

DoD will fund 11 new FY99 Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) programs, aimed at fielding new systems within two to four years, it was announced last week. Included among the 11 are Joint Theater Logistics; Theater Air and Missile Defense Interoperability; and Battle Damage Assessment.

Descriptors, Keywords: ACTD

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 04


Beef Up Intelligence Collection Apparatus, NRO Chief Says. Aerospace Daily. Kerry Gildea, Jan 22, 1999, pp 105, 108

The US Intelligence Community is deficient in its ability to monitor multiple global hot spots simultaneously, a problem evidenced last year by India's surprise nuclear weapons tests, National Reconnaissance Office Director Keith Hall said yesterday. He attributed the coverage shortfall in part to personnel downsizing, but also to analysts' tendency to project Western ways of thinking on other countries when making assessments. Future Imagery Architecture (FIA) is discussed.

Descriptors, Keywords: NRO Hall intelligence FIA

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 05


THAAD Test Slips Due To Hera Target Problem. Aerospace Daily, Jan 20, 1999, p 93

The next test of the THAAD missile has slipped from the originally planned date of Feb. 19 to sometime in March, according to a BMDO spokeswoman.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD Hera test

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 06


Arms Control In 1998: Congress Maintains The Status Quo. Arms Control Today. John Isaacs, Oct 01, 1998, pp 16-20

The article assesses Congresses actions with respect to arms control in 1998. Overall the author believes Congress' actions were a wash -- some movement towards arms control (such as not abrogating the ABM Treaty) and others away from arms control commitments (failure to approve the CTBT). Other areas include turning away the Republican led charge for a deployed NMD system, terminating construction of 21 B-2 bombers, failure to decimate Nunn-Lugar provisions, and the addition of billions of dollars to the military budget and ballistic missile defense programs in particular.

Descriptors, Keywords: Congress CTBT NMD B-2 NATO ABM Treaty Nunn-Lugar arms control demarcation line TMD START II Cochran Lott Hollings Akaka Lieberman Inouye Weldon Spratt THAAD Korea

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 07


Iraq's Reconstitution Of Its Nuclear Weapons Program. Arms Control Today. David Albright and Khidhir Hamza, Oct 01, 1998, pp 9-15

Iraq has provided few indications that its quest for nuclear weapons has ended. This article provides a history of Iraq's attempt to build a nuclear weapon (starting with development of a safeguarded fuel cycle) through the bombing of the Osiraq reactor by Israel, to the development of electromagnetic isotope separation, to the chemical enrichment of LEU feedstock. During the Kuwait war, Iraq still lacked an indigenous source of fissile material. The Iraqi leadership ordered the diversion of its safeguarded HEU fuel, planning to enrich a portion of it and build a nuclear weapon within six months. Iraq has denied trying to reconstitute its nuclear weapons program, although Iraqi documents suggest otherwise, especially right after the war. There are no known facilities working on nuclear weapons, although Iraq has taken pains to keep its nuclear weapons teams together. The author believes that Iraq could make a nuclear device within two to 12 months after deciding to do so, assuming it acquired sufficient fissile material, with 2 months being the more probable candidate if HEU is obtained.

Descriptors, Keywords: Iraq reconstitution nuclear weapons IAEA UNSCOM weaponization Osiraq reactor Kuwait HEU proliferation Hussein sanction

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 08


US Interests And Priorities At The CD. Arms Control Today, Oct 01, 1998, pp 3-8

In an interview with US Ambassador Robert T. Grey, the ambassador discussed the Conference on Disarmament talks; the standoff between the nuclear weapons states and the nonaligned states; the India-Pakistan nuclear tests; his goals as head of the conference in 1999; issues concerning the fissile material cutoff treaty; fissile material stockpiles; cost estimates for control of fissile materials; verification activities; space based weaponry; and "no first use" provisions.

Descriptors, Keywords: Grey Conference on Disarmament US FMCT fissile material CTBT Pakistan India Egypt China Europe nuclear Canada IAEA arms control militarization space weapon NPT START

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 09


India, Pakistan Commit To Sign CTB Treaty By September 1999. Arms Control Today. Howard Diamond, Oct 01, 1998, p 22

In September, representatives from both India and Pakistan spoke before the United Nations, pledging to sign the CTBT prior to September 1999. While both have declared a moratorium on further testing, the international community has been pressuring them to sign the CTBT. Pakistan stated it would sign the treaty only if there were no restrictions or pressure, including economic sanctions. Of the 44 nations whose ratification is necessary for the treaty to enter into force, only India, Pakistan, and North Korea have failed to sign the treaty.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan CTBT UN economic sanctions arms control nuclear tests ratification North Korea nonproliferation MTCR space nuclear power sector economic development Talbott

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 10


World News Roundup: Boeing Is Developing. Aviation Week & Space Technology, Jan 18, 1999, p 18

Boeing is developing a tactical follow-on to the Airborne Laser to help defend against next generation cruise missile threats. Called the Airborne Tactical Laser (ATL), the self-contained, roll-on roll-off DEW uses a smaller version of the chemical oxygen iodine laser on the ABL. It also employs Boeing's proprietary sealed exhaust system. The aim is to provide protection for friendly forces, high value assets or civilian targets, under cloud layers. ATL will have a tactical range of up to 12 mi. and possibly beyond, Boeing said. ATL validation test is scheduled for this month.

Descriptors, Keywords: Boeing ATL Airborne Tactical Laser Validation Test

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 11


New Radars Peel Veil From Hidden Targets. Aviation Week & Space Technology. David A. Fulghum, Jan 18, 1999, pp 58-60

After years of experimenting, the US has found a potent mix of weapons - radars in multiple bands, massive computing power in small packages and innovative algorithms for sorting through huge amounts of data - to identify and track some of the most hard to find targets. Senior defense officials believe the new blend of technologies should allow US forces to battle the stealthiest threats in the air, be they cruise or ballistic missiles or aircraft. In addition, the systems should make it easier to find the best hidden targets on the ground. While the efforts were academic at first, they have taken on new urgency in recent years. US intelligence officials warn that stealthy cruise and ballistic missiles could be on the market within a few years.

Descriptors, Keywords: Low Frequency Counter Stealth Radar Cobra Gemini AWACS Joint STARS ATR Automatic Target Recognition

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 12


Russia-Iran Link Fuels Nuke/Missile Threat. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Paul Mann, Jan 18, 1999, pp 22-23

The US has lodged trade penalties against three more Russian institutions for allegedly providing sensitive missile and nuclear assistance to Iran. Citing Iran's "aggressive pursuit" of WMD and the missiles to deliver them, the White Hose last week ordered an import/export ban against the Moscow Aviation Institute, Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology and the Scientific Research and Design Institute of Power Technology (NIKIET). The ban applies to them alone, not to the Russian government. U.S. government aid to, or procurement from, the three also is banned. Some U.S. authorities suspect Teheran is pursuing longer-range, larger-payload Shahab 4 and Shahab 5 missiles in a broad program that over a period of years might give Teheran an IRBM, or even an ICBM, capability. Iran is believed severely short of funds to sustain an indigenous program on its own.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Iran Trade Export Import Ban WMD Sensitive Technology Transfer

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 13


Pentagon Delays SBIRS Launches. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Robert Wall, Jan 18, 1999, pp 26, 29

The Air Force has told SBIRS-High prime contractor Lockheed Martin that the program is being restructured and the first launch pushed back 2 years until 2004, Pentagon officials said. SBIRS-High will provide much more capability than DSP, which prompted the USSPACECOM to urge the USAF not to slip the program. DSP satellites take 40-50 sec. to discern a missile's launch and direction. SBIRS is designed to detect smaller missiles and provide precise launch and direction information in less than 20 sec. The SBIRS-Low constellation that will track missiles during their midcourse after their motors have burnt out also faces a possible 2-year slip. Air Force officials have said for a long time that launching the first SBIRS-Low satellite in 2004 involves a lot of risk. But now they are realizing that the timeline has gone from being hard to meet to being basically unattainable.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS High SBIRS Low Launch Delay

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 14


Hamre: DoD To Be 100 Percent Y2K Compliant By '00. Defense Daily. Hunter Keeter, Jan 15, 1999, pp 4-5

The Pentagon is confident its planned solutions to the Year 2000 (Y2K) problem will ensure all mission critical systems are operating after the turn of the century according to DepSecDef Hamre.

Descriptors, Keywords: Hamre Y2K Pentagon compliant DoD

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 15


Members Skeptical On Clinton's Defense Spending Increase. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Jan 21, 1999, pp 1-2

In his sixth State of the Union Address, President Clinton said that his administration's budget request for the six years beginning in FY00 would provide a sizable increase in defense spending. Some members of Congress who have been pushing for more funds for defense say President Clinton does not go far enough in his plan to increase defense spending by $110b over six years.

Descriptors, Keywords: Clinton State of the Union address defense spending increase funding budget

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 16


Pentagon Unveils New ACTDs. Defense Daily, Jan 19, 1999, pp 9-10

Pentagon acquisition chief Jacques Gansler announced recently eleven new Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration, ACTD, programs under FY99 funding. The goal of these programs is to field new systems within two to four years. The ACTDs selected for initiation in FY99 are described in this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: Gansler ACTD FY99 funding fielding

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 17


DoD To Spend $150 Million On MEADS Effort. Defense Daily. Vago Muradian, Jan 21, 1999, pp 7-8

During a press conference that included Gen Shelton, chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and LtGen Lyles, director, BMDO, SecDef Cohen said the US plans to devote $150m over the coming three years to explore ways to satisfy requirements the MEADS system was intended to fulfill. Last week, in a letter to his German counterpart, Pentagon acquisition chief Jacques Gansler explained the US has a need for a MEADS-like system, but cannot afford the cost of developing MEADS as planned.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cohen Shelton Lyles MEADS TMD Germany Gansler press conference

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 18


Air Force Continues Pursuit Of Conventional ICBMs. Defense Daily. David Atkinson, Jan 22, 1999, pp 3-5

Researchers at the Ballistic Missile Technology office of the Air Force Research Lab are planning to carry out the fourth of a series of tests to prove their capability to use in intercontinental ballistic missile, ICBM, to carry a conventional penetrator warhead to a deeply buried target anywhere in the world using Global Positioning System guidance. The testing will take place at WSMR.

Descriptors, Keywords: AF ICBM missile warhead GPS WSMR

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 19


Cohen: NMD To Be Fielded In 2005, Navy Theater Wide In 2007. Defense Daily. Hunter Keeter, Jan 21, 1999, pp 2-4

At a Pentagon briefing, SecDef Cohen projected that the NMD system will be deployed in 2005 or earlier, and the fielding of the Navy's Theater Wide system will be accelerated to 2007 instead of 2010.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cohen Shelton Lyles NMD Navy Theater Wide deployment fielding

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 20


China Leads Supercomputer Charge. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Jan 25, 1999, p 8

According to a US Commerce Department report to Congress, China received 191 of 390 US supercomputers exported to high-risk, Tier III countries in the last year. Tier III countries, such as China, Russia, Israel, Pakistan and India, are suspected of diverting imports of US technology from civilian to military use.

Descriptors, Keywords: Supercomputers Export Control China Technology Transfer

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 21


Legalities Cloud Pentagon's Cyber Defense; Team Will Chart Path Through Gray Areas of Offensive, Defensive Information War. Defense News. George I. Seffers, Jan 25, 1999, pp 3, 26

The Joint Task Force for Computer Network Defense will have a legal team assigned to determine what activities the Task Force may legally perform. Controversy over what is allowed arose recently when the Pentagon counterattacked Mexican Zapatista hackers who attacked a DoD server. The Task Force is prohibited from offensive cyberwarfare. Task Force commander AF MajGen John Campbell defended the action as a defensive measure.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cyberwarfare Information Warfare Campbell

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 22


DoD Considers Paring Rules For Tech Transfer. Defense News. Colin Clark, Jan 11, 1999, pp 1,20

Pentagon leaders are considering changes in the national security system of technology controls as a result of the globalization of the defense industry.

Descriptors, Keywords: Export Controls Defense DoD Technology Transfer

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 23


Warner Leadership of SASC Could Boost Naval, TMD Funds. Defense News. Tom Lankford, Jan 25, 1999, p 19

Senator Strom Thurmond, Chairman of the Armed Service Committee, will be succeeded this month by Senator John Warner. Senator Warner is expected to champion funding increases for defense, increased spending for aircraft carrier and submarine building, additional purchases of F/A-18 E/F aircraft, and to support Theater Missile Defense (TMD).

Descriptors, Keywords: Warner SASC TMD

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 24


Chinese Official Urges Broader, Revised MTCR. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Jan 25, 1999, pp 1, 26

Sha Zukeng, director general of the Department of Arms Control and Disarmament at China's Foreign Ministry says it is time to consider a new global export control mechanism to replace the 1987 Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).

Descriptors, Keywords: MTCR China ABM Export Control

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 25


NMD Cost Estimate Up 30 Percent Since Last Week. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Jan 19, 1999, pp 1, 12

The Pentagon's estimate of the cost to develop and deploy a NMD system has increased 30%--from about $10b to $13b--just since last week. LtCol Richard Lehner, BMDO spokesman, conceded that the agency's previous estimate--$9b to $11b--though cited until today, is no longer accurate.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD cost estimate develop deploy funding increase Lehner

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 26


Patriot PAC-3 Contract 20 Percent Over Target. Defense Week. Tony Capaccio, Jan 19, 1999, p 3

Difficulties in Lockheed Martin's program to build a new generation of Patriot missiles prompted a January 8 meeting between Lockheed Martin Chairman Vance Coffman and BMDO Director LtGen Lyles. The program is more than a year behind schedule and 20 percent over budget.

Descriptors, Keywords: Patriot PAC-3 missile budget meeting Coffman Lyles

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 27


MEADS 'Needs Budget Boost'. Jane's Defence Weekly. Greg Seigle, Jan 20, 1999, p 5

Although DoD appears poised to inject $150m into the fledgling mobile, corps-level surface-to-air missile Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS), German and Italian officials say much more is needed for development to continue. If the DoD budgets $150m for MEADS from 2000 to 2002 as expected, German and Italian officials would consider abandoning the controversial program, which has been the victim of politics since its inception in 1996. MEADS officials say $3b would be needed for the program to reach production by 2007, with the US obligated to a 55% share or about $1.8b. Averaged over seven years, US commitment would be about $260m annually.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Germany Italy Medium Extended Air Defense System Funding

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 28


Turkey Requests US Patriots. Jane's Defence Weekly. Lale Sariibrahimoglu, Jan 20, 1999, p 3

The US Army is to deploy Patriot air defense missile batteries to Turkey following a request from Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit as military confrontation with Iraq continues. The missiles will most likely be deployed at the Incirlik airbase in southern Turkey, where US and UK aircraft are stationed to police the 'no-fly zone' over northern Iraq. "Thus against all possibilities the [Patriot] deployment on Turkish soil is important", he said.

Descriptors, Keywords: Turkey Patriot Deployment Iraq

UPDATE: Jan 22, 1999, No. 29