hard.copy Update 12/11/98



Hill Chairmen Warn Clinton Not To Ease Satellite Licensing Controls. Aerospace Daily, Dec 11, 1998, pp 391-392

Three Senate chairmen of the defense, intelligence, and foreign policy areas have accused Pres Clinton of seeking to water down satellite export control provisions in the National Defense Authorization, which transfers licensing from Department of Commerce to the Department of State. The transfer of satellite launch data to China earlier this year could have helped with China's ballistic missile programs.

Descriptors, Keywords: Illegal Technology Transfer Satellite Data Threat Ballistic Missile Launch China Contractor

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 01


Mobile THEL Eyed For Protection Of Troops In S. Korea. Aerospace Daily, Dec 09, 1998, pp 380-381

Senior Army officials have launched an aggressive effort to develop a mobile variant of the THEL for deployment to South Korea to protect US troops there from a short range missile threat. The first THEL, a fixed device, is expected to be deployed to Israel next year.

Descriptors, Keywords: Develop Mobile THEL Deployment South Korea Army Short Range Missile Threat

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 02


SBIRS Acceleration Considered, F-22 Approval Near, Peters Says. Aerospace Daily, Dec 08, 1998, pp 367-368

The Pentagon is debating whether to accelerate the SBIR-High program from 2002 to 2004, according to AF Sec Peters.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS High Accelerated Program AF

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 03


US Army Aims For PAC-3 Seeker Test Next Week. Aerospace Daily, Dec 08, 1998, p 368

The Army and BMDO are conducting final checks on the Patriot PAC-3 system in preparation for a December 14 test flight, according to BG Montgomery. Checks include radar and BMC3.

Descriptors, Keywords: Army PAC-3 Seeker Test Evaluation BMC3 radar

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 04


What's Ahead In Aerospace: Backup Plan. Aerospace Daily, Dec 07, 1998, p 359

The BMDO and the Navy are looking at whether to offer a backup capability for upper tier engagement in case the THAAD program does not work, according to LtGen Lyles.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD BMDO Navy Back-Up Capability

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 05


Budget Cuts Challenge JLENS Radar Effort. Aerospace Daily, Dec 11, 1998, p 398

Congressional cuts in funding for the Joint Land-attack cruise missile defense elevated Netted Sensors (JLENS) program may prevent development of both of the system's radars, according to officials at the US ASMD symposium held in El Paso, TX.

Descriptors, Keywords: JLENS Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Elevated Netted Sensor Radar Funding

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 06


NMD Program Office Plans To Share EKV Data. Aerospace Daily, Dec 07, 1998, pp 361-362

BG Willie B. Nance, Director of the NMD JPO, said the NMD program will share data it gathers from the upcoming development and test phase EKV program.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD JPO Nance Lyles EKV Boeing Raytheon

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 07


Missile Defense Chief Angered By Program Slips, Cost Growth. Aerospace Daily, Dec 07, 1998, p 361

According to LtGen Lyles, in a speech presented at the US Army Symposium on Space And Missile Defense, there is one difference between the status of the Pentagon's ballistic missile defense effort this year and last - all the major programs have fallen behind schedule and increased in cost.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles BMDO schedule overrun cost increase PAC-3 Navy Lower Tier Space Missile Defense

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 08


World News Roundup: Raytheon Has Won The Competition. Aviation Week & Space Technology, Dec 07, 1998, p 24

In another development, the Pentagon is considering budgeting the first procurement money for an NMD system. So Far, it only has funded system development and has resisted congressional pressure to commit to deployment. But top Defense Dept. officials are rethinking their positions because of changing threat perceptions. "The big question for us is: Are we at a point with the Taepo dong launch and everything else, that we put procurement money against the 'three-plus-three' " NMD program, Deputy Defense Secretary John Hamre said. Under that program, the Pentagon would take 3 years to develop a system and, if a production decision is made in 2000, take 3 years to deploy it.

Descriptors, Keywords: 3+3 NMD Procurement Funding John Hamre

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 09


Sea Launch Prepares For Demonstration Mission. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Bruce A. Smith, Nov 30, 1998, pp 56-58

The Sea Launch system is undergoing final testing in preparation for a demonstration launch at the equator with its powerful Zenit booster. Following successful marine integration testing earlier this month, one of the major milestones remaining is a sea trial scheduled for January about 200 naut. mi. off the California coast. It will serve as a dress rehearsal for the first launch, including erecting and fueling a booster on the large launch platform. First launch, which will carry a simulated satellite into orbit, is targeted for Mar. 14 in the Pacific Ocean about 1,400 mi. southeast of Hawaii.

Descriptors, Keywords: Sea Launch System Large Commercial Satellites Booster Line Drawing

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 10


Washington Outlook: Double Vision. Aviation Week & Space Technology. James R. Asker, Dec 07, 1998, p 27

Radar equipped Discoverer 2 satellites will probably be able to observe missiles and satellites in addition to tracking moving targets on the ground. The Air Force, National Reconnaissance Office, and DARPA are designing the constellation of 24 low Earth orbit satellites to track vehicles and to do detailed mapping of the Earth. But some "back of the envelope" calculations predict the systems also could be cued by SBIRS High satellites to track objects in space. The radar system could augment the SBIRS Low satellites which are to use IR sensors to track ballistic missiles in space after booster burnout.

Descriptors, Keywords: Discoverer 2 Satellites SBIRS High Low Ballistic Missile Tracking

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 11


Passive System Hints At Stealth Detection. Aviation Week & Space Technology. David A. Fulghum, Nov 30, 1998, p 70

Lockheed Martin scientists think they may have a way to convert one or more of those problems - in particular, FM radio broadcast - into a solution. They have developed a new detection system that can track aircraft, helicopters and cruise or ballistic missiles without any signals being produced by a radar on either the target or the surveillance system. Pentagon officials say they have seen enough promise to closely follow its development as a ground based system and begin examining how it could be packaged for installation on aircraft or unmanned aerial vehicles within the next several years. The system, dubbed Silent Sentry, establishes a baseline of commercial FM radio and UHF/VHF television signals in the area to be monitored Official reports say they followed targets smaller than 10 sq. meters at ranges up to 125 mi. using an 8 X 25-ft. antenna. Unofficial reports contend the system is effective to at least 136 mi.

Descriptors, Keywords: Silent Sentry Lockheed Martin Cruise Missile Detection Surveillance System

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 12


Washington Outlook: Knocking Heads. Aviation Week & Space Technology. James R. Asker, Dec 07, 1998, p 27

Adm Harold W. Gehman, Jr., new chief of U.S Atlantic Command, has been deputized by the other U.S. commanders-in-chief around the world to try to make various weapons developed by the different armed services work together. As a first step, the Cincs are demanding that Patriot batteries on the ground and Aegis cruisers offshore, for example, be able to shoot down stealthy missiles they cannot see. Gehman believes it won't be long before these low observable intermediate range ballistic missiles are on the world market. Only sensors looking from far to the side of the impact point would be able to see such enemy missiles. So it's critical that a system be able to track the incoming missile and pass target data to a different system close enough to shoot it down.

Descriptors, Keywords: Gehman BMD Interoperable Patriot Aegis Low Observable Ballistic Missile

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 13


State Dept. Exhorts India, Pakistan: Face Reality Of Nuclear Rivalry. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Paul Mann, Dec 07, 1998, p 77

Although the test moratorium and the willingness of the parties to negotiate a fissile material cutoff treaty were welcome, said Joseph Cirincione of the Carnegie Endowment, the U.S. State Dept. refuses to say whether progress is being made on the most immediate issue, heading off India and Pakistan's weaponization and deployment of their nuclear capability. Most experts believe that both sides have weapons, he said. "They haven't actually deployed them, but they've brought air dropped bombs to air bases or put nuclear warheads on missiles. The bad news is that India and Pakistan haven't said they won't do that, and that's the big thing everybody fears. The deployment issue remains out there and it is linked to missile tests."

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan Nuclear Capability Proliferation Strobe Talbott Joseph Cirincione CTBT Defense Budget

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 14


MIRACL Readies For Timeline Reduction Test. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 423

The Mid Infra-Red Advanced Chemical Laser (MIRACL) is preparing for a timeline reduction test in February, in an effort to reduce the preparation time to start the mega-watt class laser from more than eight hours to four hours.

Descriptors, Keywords: MIRACL Timeline Reduction Chemical Laser Testing Evaluation

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 15


India Holds Massive Military Simulation Exercise. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 417

India is completing this week a military exercise involving nearly 100,000 army and air force personnel, simulating maneuvers against Pakistan. New weapon systems including Prithvi are included, and activities feature a simulated nuclear, chemical and biological environment.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Military Simulation Pakistan Nuclear Chemical Biological WMD Prithvi

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 16


An Angry BMDO Director Wants Deeds, Not Words, In Missile Defense. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, pp 415-416

At the seventh annual Association of the United States Army in El Paso, TX, LtGen Lyles made it clear to military leaders and defense contractors last week that he is angry about threat, angry about robbing money from technology to pay for current problems, and angry about programs slipping. Portions of his speech are included with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: Lyles Association United States Army Missile Defense Threat Program Delays Funding Allocation Protection US Deployed Forces Allies

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 17


LLD Gets Revived Plans Testing. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 419

The Laser Device Demonstrator (LLD), precursor to the MIRACL laser, is described. HELSTF is upgrading the LLD hardware and software to provide more service. HELSTF hopes to demonstrate, through a SBIR contract, significant breakthroughs in the high power laser beam diagnostics.

Descriptors, Keywords: LLD White Sands HELSTF SBIR Laser Beam Diagnostics

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 18


Lyles: Navy Not Starting Its Own MD Program. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 425

LtGen Lyles is quoted as saying that while BMDO and the Navy are exploring backup options for the Upper Tier engagement should THAAD not work, this does not mean that the Navy has gone off on its own in missile defense.

Descriptors, Keywords: Upper Tier Missile Defense Navy THAAD Lyles BMDO

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 19


HELSTF Prepares For The Future. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 420

LtCol Ronald Nelson, Director of the High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility, is interviewed. HELSTF missions are discussed, including the imaging Sea Light Beam Director mission for BMDO that will observe THAAD flight tests.

Descriptors, Keywords: HELSTF Interview Mission SLBD THAAD Flight Test

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 20


Navy Holds MD Tests. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 422

This article reports the results of the Navy's test of the AEGIS Linebacker ships equipped with a new missile defense computer program, the prototype TBMD system.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy Aegis Linebacker Missile Defense Computer Software Prototype TBMD Test Evaluation

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 21


Where's The Billion?. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 425

The article reports that BMDO does not actually have the $1B supplemental funding, because the President must agree to and sign off on the expenditure.

Descriptors, Keywords: FY99 Supplemental Funding Lyles

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 22


PAC-3 Seeker Test This Month. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 425

A PAC-3 seeker test is planned for December 14, but may be pushed back due to incomplete testing of radar, and battle management.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 Seeker Test White Sands Radar Battle Management

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 23


MEADS Funding Decisions Due As DoD Budget Locks In. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 416

Decisions for funding MEADS are expected as the Pentagon locks in the FY00 budget. Funding for a Patriot follow-on and Congressional budget cuts have resulted in a tight DoD budget with many competing priorities.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Funding FY00 Budget Patriot Follow-On

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 24


NMD Meetings And Wargame This Week. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 421

Top officials met this week to discuss how to fund procurement and deployment for NMD, and other NMD issues such as treaty implications. Additionally a battle management wargame involving GBR is reported at Kwajalein Missile Range.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD Funding Procurement Deployment Treaty North Korea Threat Battle Management Wargame GBR Kwajalein Missile Range

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 25


THEL Readies For Tests In January. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, p 418

Live missile testing of the command and control unit of the THEL laser program is scheduled to begin in January. Testing over the next year will include firing of 350 Katyusha rockets to test system components. C3I components are already on site and the laser module and pointer-tracker device will arrive within two months.

Descriptors, Keywords: THEL Test Evaluation Katyusha Rockets C3I Laser Module Capistrano CA TRW

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 26


LASSOS Study Generates Multiple Mission Concept. BMD Monitor, Dec 11, 1998, pp 419-420

Dr Connie Guiliano, Head of the LASSOS program at the AF Research Laboratory's Directed Energy Directorate, is interviewed about the Lasers and Space Optical Systems Study (LASSOS).

Descriptors, Keywords: Guiliano AF Research Laboratory Directed Energy Lasers Space Optical Systems Study LASSOS.

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 27


New HNSC Member Ehrlich Supports Missile Defense. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Dec 11, 1998, pp 3-4

Maryland Rep Robert Ehrlich, one of four new Republicans who will join the HNSC in January, said he supports the need for ballistic missile defense and is interested in helping solve problems with military readiness and retention.

Descriptors, Keywords: HNSC Ehrlich missile defense

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 28


Air Force Validates AMRAAM For Y2K, Builds Issue Into Testing. Defense Daily. David Atkinson, Dec 11, 1998, pp 4-5

The successful test on Wednesday of a Raytheon Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) to validate its Year 2000 (Y2K compliance is a sign that the service is making progress in testing all its systems for the coming century, according to Air Combat Command officials.

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force AMRAAM Y2K testing

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 29


Cohen: Pentagon Wants To Keep 'Three Plus Three' For NMD. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Dec 11, 1998, pp 5-6

The Pentagon wants to maintain its "three plus three" strategy for NMD and to announce its plans in the next 10 days, Sec Def Cohen said yesterday. Cohen's comments came a day after DoD sources said that Cohen, in a meeting with the JCS this week, had decided to delay a deployment decision on NMD until 2001, a year later than envisioned under the "3+3" plan.

Descriptors, Keywords: 3+3 strategy Cohen NMD

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 30


DoD THAAD Review Delays Report To Hill. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Dec 11, 1998, p 7

BMDO is to delay until March 15 the submission of a report to Congress on a contingency plan for the Army's THAAD missile defense system, as the agency considers alternatives for the troubled program.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD DoD report Congress

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 31


Pentagon To Delay NMD Deployment Decision. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Dec 10, 1998, p 5

At a meeting this week between the Joint Chiefs of Staff and top defense officials, including SecDef Cohen, the deployment decision for a National Missile Defense (NMD) system was delayed by one year. The revised "3+3" strategy means the Pentagon would now hold a deployment readiness review in 2001, rather than 2000, on the feasibility of deploying NMD. NMD's initial operational capability would be delayed under the new strategy until 2005.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD deployment decision delay3+3 strategy

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 32


ABL Receives New PEO, Review Panel Named. Defense Daily. David Atkinson, Dec 10, 1998, pp 1-2

Joseph Diamond, has been named the new Program Executive Officer (PEO) to head the Airborne Laser Program (ABL) at the same time that the independent review panel ordered by Congress to assess the program has been convened.

Descriptors, Keywords: Congress review panel ABL PEO

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 33


DoD Pleads For Patience On Missile Defense. Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Dec 11, 1998, p 16, 22

Congress has expressed concern that few of the Pentagon's missile defense programs will soon ready for the field in an era when the threat of ballistic missiles is increasing. Despite an increase in overall funding, MEADS was not funded past this year. The Pentagon expects massive reorganization or cancellation of the Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system, if it fails its sixth test in early 1999. The Navy's Theater Wide defense system might get increased funding.

Descriptors, Keywords: BMD THAAD Theater Wide Budget

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 34


White House Plots To Skirt Congress On Exports. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Dec 07, 1998, pp 1, 40

White House and Commerce Department officials plan an executive order which would give Commerce officials the right to appeal State Department decisions on the export of satellites and other items on the Munitions List. Congressional, State Department and Pentagon critics object on the grounds that such a move would gut the intent of the Arms Export Control Act. US aerospace executives are in favor of the move.

Descriptors, Keywords: Munitions List State Commerce Department Export Controls Technology Transfer China Satellites White House Congress

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 35


New DoD Estimates Now Place Cost Of PAC-3 Missile At $4 Million A Piece. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Dec 09, 1998, pp 9-10

Program delays and setbacks have contributed to a substantial increase in the cost of the Army's PAC-3 missile, which will have a significant impact on the number of missiles the service can procure, according to senior Army and BMDO officials.

Descriptors, Keywords: DoD estimate PAC-3 missile procurement

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 36


Key House Democrat Urges Pentagon Leaders To Stay With THAAD Program.

Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont, Dec 09, 1998, p 27-28

Rep John Spratt (D-SC) a leading Democratic advocate of missile defense systems has encouraged DoD to "stay the course" on the development of the THAAD missile as the Pentagon continues to deliberate THAAD's fate.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD DoD Spratt missile defense development deliberation

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 37


New BMDO-Sponsored Laser Array Technologies Reach Research Level. Inside Missile Defense. Adam Hebert, Dec 09, 1998, p 24

The initial results of a lengthy effort by BMDO to spur creation of new technologies usable for missile defense have finished delivery for the testing phase. According to a BMDO white paper, the first technologies capable of transmitting data through fiber-optic lines in a parallel manner instead of sequentially have been provided to testing organizations. This is a key step toward BMDO "solving the problem of acquiring and tracking enemy targets for the warfighter," the paper states.

Descriptors, Keywords: laser array technology white paper missile defense

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 38


Navy Area Defense First Unit Equipped Date Slips to 2003, BMDO Chief Says. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Dec 09, 1998, pp 1, 12-13

Navy officials have felt confidant until recently that they could field the Navy Area theater missile defense system aboard at least one Aegis ship in late 2000. However, setbacks and cost increases have pushed back the date of the first unit equipped to 2003 and will affect the number of missiles that can be procured, according to BMDO's LtGen Lyles.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy TMD Area defense Aegis procurement first unit equipped date

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 39


Despite Internal Debate, PAC-3 Seeker Flight Test Set For Next Week. Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont & Michael C. Sirak, Dec 09, 1998, pp 1, 8-9

After a series of setbacks and some debate over the readiness of the test missile, the Army plans to conduct a seeker characterization flight of the PAC-3 missile within a week. The test may feature an intercept, although the emphasis is on the seeker experimentation and an intercept is not an objective of this flight.

Descriptors, Keywords: PAC-3 seeker flight test experimentation intercept missile

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 40


MEADS Downselect On Track Despite US Budget Uncertainty, Says Official. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Dec 09, 1998, pp 1, 10-12

Although the future of MEADS will not be known until DoD decides on its FY00 budget, the current source selection process for the next phase of the program continues unabated and program management officials expect to make a downselect decision in mid-January 1999.

Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS downselect budget FY00 US Germany Italy

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 41


Pentagon Nearing Decision On Funding NMD Deployment In Future Budget. Inside Missile Defense. Elaine Grossman, Dec 09, 1998, pp 15-17

The Clinton administration is preparing to decide soon whether to insert funding into its six-year budget for the deployment of a NMD system, according to government officials.

Descriptors, Keywords: DoD funding NMD deployment future budget debate START II Duma

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 42


USAF, Restructuring ABL After $25 Million Cut, Sees Broad Mission For Laser. Inside Missile Defense. Gigi Whitley, Dec 09, 1998, pp 17-19

At a roundtable discussing ABL last week in Washington, DC, Col Pete Worden, director of battlespace dominance for the Air Force's operations directorate said, "The reason the Air Force is doing the Airborne Laser is because it addresses longstanding core Air Force missions of which missile defense is an important piece."

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force ABL mission laser Worden

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 43


Raytheon Selected For EKV Work As Probe Gets Under Way. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Dec 09, 1998, pp 1-3

Amid debate over the fairness of the competition and an investigation into possible contract improprieties, National Missile Defense lead system integrator Boeing last week selected Raytheon to build Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicles for NMD interceptors, according to government and industry officials.

Descriptors, Keywords: EKV Raytheon NMD LSI Boeing

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 44


Pentagon Reaffirms Support For 1994 Agreed Framework With North Korea. Inside Missile Defense. Keith J. Costa, Dec 09, 1998, pp 26-27

DoD released a report last month that reaffirms the nation's commitment to the 1994 US-North Korean Agreed Framework as an important tool for promoting peace on the Korean Peninsula. US intelligence officials believe Pyongyang has constructed an underground nuclear facility to reconstitute its nuclear program. The US has been unable to gain access to the site for an inspection.

Descriptors, Keywords: DoD North Korea pact compliance Agreed Framework US peace nuclear facility

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 45


Decision Made Several Months Early, Raytheon Tells Staff, Subcontractors It Has Won Kill Vehicle Contest. Inside The Pentagon. Daniel G. Dupont, Dec 03, 1998, pp 1, 6

Raytheon informed employees and subcontractors that its bid to supply kill vehicles for NMD has been approved, although no official announcement has yet been made. This victory will strengthen Raytheon and place it in a better position to compete with Lockheed Martin and Boeing for future missile programs.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD Kill Vehicle Contract Award Raytheon

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 46


No Decisions Reached In DRB On Missile Defense Issues. Inside The Pentagon. Daniel G. Dupont, Dec 03, 1998, p 7

Rep John Spratt (D-SC) has encouraged the DoD to stay the course in development of the THAAD missile as the Pentagon continues to deliberate its fate. In a letter to DoD SecDef Hamre, Spratt wrote that while THAAD's failures to date have been both basic and numerous, the requirements for the system remain sound.

Descriptors, Keywords: Spratt Letter Hamre THAAD Test Evaluation Failure Requirements

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 47


Debate Comes As Duma Nears START II Vote: Pentagon Nears Decision On Funding NMD Deployment In Future Budget. Inside The Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman, Dec 03, 1998, pp 1, 8-10

The Clinton administration is preparing to decide whether to insert funding into its six-year budget for deployment of a NMD system, according to an anonymous White House official. NMD funds may be identified in the 2000 through 2005 budget, in the interest of greater credibility of the 3 Plus 3 policy on deployment.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD Funding 3 Plus 3 Russia Duma START II

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 48


Army Refining Laser's Ability To Tackle Satellite Threats. Inside The Pentagon, Dec 03, 1998, p 11

The Army has continued to refine the nation's most powerful laser during the 13 months since test firing the laser into a dying Air Force satellite. During this time, the Army has moved to keep secret more of its plans and activities involving lasers, and will no longer release information on its laser's potential as an ASAT weapon.

Descriptors, Keywords: Army Laser ASAT Weapon

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 49


Navy Officials Say Tests Show Progress Toward Theater Wide Capability. Inside The Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Dec 03, 1998, p 10

Navy tests in Hawaii on November 20 demonstrated that a modified Aegis radar system can determine the exact size of an incoming ballistic missile. Aegis tests are described.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy Theater Wide Test Evaluation Aegis Radar Size Incoming Ballistic Missile

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 50


Israel Has First Arrow In Its Quiver. Inside The Pentagon, Dec 03, 1998, p 15

This article reports that the Israeli Ministry of Defense took delivery of its first Arrow missile, designed for testing purposes but also available for emergency use.

Descriptors, Keywords: Israel Arrow

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 51


First Arrow For Israeli Air Force. Jane's Defence Weekly. Tamir Eshel, Dec 09, 1998, p 18

The first Arrow 2 missile for the Arrow ATBM system was formally presented to the Israeli Defense Ministry by the MLM Division of Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) on 29 November. The first Israeli Air Force (IAF) battery to be equipped with the Arrow was activated recently and will begin training this month. The missile and subsequent missiles will be used for test launches that are due soon. However, MLM officials stressed the missile could be used for operational purposes if necessary.

Descriptors, Keywords: Arrow 2 Israeli ATBM System Yizhak Mordechai IBIS

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 52


Interview: Canadian Air Force LT GEN George MacDonald, Deputy Commander-In-Chief Of NORAD. Jane's Defence Weekly. Sharon Hobson, Dec 09, 1998, p 32

Another new area for Canada is ballistic missile defense. "The current concept of operations is that NORAD would assume the role for BMD. Now that, of course, depends on Canada's ultimate decision, and on the degree of participation that we would contribute." The 1994 Canadian Defense White Paper opened the door for Canadian participation in a BMD system by providing for involvement in research and development of BMD. Whether to proceed beyond that phase, however, is a decision Canada must make soon, because the NORAD agreement is due for renewal in 2001. "The reality is that the defense of North America from ballistic missiles, I think, will become a very significant issue for NORAD in future and we will have to come to some understanding before we can really renegotiate the current NORAD agreement."

Descriptors, Keywords: Canada Air Force NORAD U.S. Space Command BMD Canadian Airspace

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 53


Analysis: Iran's Missiles On Parade. Jane's Defence Weekly. Duncan Lennox, Dec 09, 1998, p 23

Generally, the Shehab 3 is similar to a scaled-up version of the Scud B. It is believed to be a single-stage liquid propellant missile. Although Iran is reported to have built the fuel tanks, warhead and body sections, it imported the guidance and motor systems. The Shehab 3, which is in early production , can be expected to be operational in the next few months. At this stage, the similarities between the Iranian Shehab 3, Pakistan's Ghauri, and North Korea's Nodong are unclear. It is believed that the three missiles share a common basic design and that there has been some exchange of data following the limited flight trials. Iran is also thought to be working on a longer range ballistic missile, known as Shehab 4, and a satellite launch vehicle that may be based on the Shehab 4 design.

Descriptors, Keywords: Iran Missile Shebab 3 Ghauri Nodong

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 54


Sensor's Acquisition Strategy Needs Revisiting By Pentagon. National Defense. M. Thomas Davis, Dec 01, 1998, pp 29-31

Information superiority -- through near real time, wide area surveillance -- has been critical in recent conflicts. J-STARS provides such information superiority. Thus it was disturbing and surprising when the 1997 QDR reduced J-STARS procurement from 19 to 13 aircraft, based on the assumption that 6 J-STARS would be purchased by NATO and that significant portions of the J-STARS program could be expeditiously moved to unmanned platforms (such as Global Hawk) or to space. Both assumptions have proved to be overly optimistic.

Descriptors, Keywords: J-STARS Joint STARS sensor acquisition strategy analysis information superiority requirements Global Hawk

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 55


North Korea Missile Program Threatens American Interests. National Defense. Greg Alan Caires, Dec 01, 1998, p 33

This news analysis describes the threat posed by North Korea's development and testing of a ballistic missile in August 1998, and discusses the imminent threat to US bases on Okinawa, Guam, and Alaska from longer range missiles that North Korea is said to be developing.

Descriptors, Keywords: North Korea No Dong-1 Missile Test Threat US Okinawa Guam Alaska ABL Air Force Ballistic Missile

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 56


US, Japan To Consider Benefits Of Missile Defense Cooperation. National Defense, Dec 01, 1998, p 4

Japan has shown strengths in certain technologies that support missile defense. Currently the US and Japan are engaged in deliberations about future cooperation on missile defense issues.

Descriptors, Keywords: US Japan theater missile defense negotiations cooperation TMD PACRIM sensor software research

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 57


After All These Years: Chem-Bio Defense Unequal To Threat. National Defense. Jessica K. Drake, Dec 01, 1998, p 39

In this profile of Beverly Butcher Byron, Byron expresses concern about biological and chemical warfare defense, specifically the inability of the US to prevent, detect, or defend against an attack using chemical or biological weapons.

Descriptors, Keywords: Byron chem-bio defense biological warfare chemical warfare detection telemedicine

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 58


Acuity, Endurance Extended By Joint STARS Rehabilitation. National Defense. Joshua A. Kutner, Dec 01, 1998, pp 29-30

Recently Northrop Grumman completed an extensive remanufacture and modification on the E-8C Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (J-STARS) platform. J-STARS ran into difficulty during the QDR when NATO did not accept the platform. The main purpose of J-STARS is to provide long range air-to-ground surveillance by locating, classifying, and tracking ground targets in all weather conditions.

Descriptors, Keywords: J-STARS Joint STARS rehabilitation preparation radar command control surveillance classifying tracking ground target

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 59


From Existential To Minimum Deterrence: Explaining India's Decision To Test. Nonproliferation Review. G. Kampani, Oct 01, 1998, pp 12-24

India's decision to conduct nuclear tests and formally declare itself a nuclear weapon state marks an important historical transition. This article seeks to clarify what has actually changed in Indian policy, then to explain the decision to make this change. The policy change is not best understood as a simple decision to "go nuclear." Rather the author argues that to a substantial extent, India had already become nuclear before the tests. Instead the tests reflect a strategic change from existential to minimum deterrence, and a political effort to become accepted as a member of the nuclear club. First, India's tests have ended a regime of existential deterrence in South Asia, which had prevailed for much of this decade. Its central features were covert weaponization involving a small number of fission devices, informal articulation of a no first use doctrine, and the presence of only rudimentary organizational mechanisms to deal with nuclear war planning.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan NPT existential deterrence minimum deterrence nuclear test South Asia geopolitics

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 60


Nuclear- And Missile-Related Trade And Developments For Selected Countries, March-June 1998. Nonproliferation Review. Michael Barletta, Clay Bowen, Gaurav Kampani, Tamara Robinson, Oct 01, 1998, pp 148-173

The material in this overview are drawn from selected abstracts that appear in the Center for Nonproliferation Studies' nuclear and missile databases. Transactions of nuclear and missile technologies, parts, and materials are listed according to the recipient country. Other developments are listed according to the country where the event or development took place.

Descriptors, Keywords: Australia China missile nuclear trade development India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan North Korea KEDO Pakistan

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 61


Verifying A Fissile Material Production Cut-Off Treaty. Nonproliferation Review. Victor Bragin, John Carlson, John Hill, Oct 01, 1998, pp 97-107

This essay discusses factors that would affect the scope of verification under an FMCT (Fissile Material Control Treaty) and makes recommendations based on the negotiability, credibility, and cost effectiveness of alternative options. Verification has the potential to be a major stumbling block in the negotiations. Under the NPT, nonnuclear weapon state (NNWS) parties already accept full scope safeguards on their fissile materials, but the five NWS and three threshold states do not have comparable obligations. An attempt to use an FMCT to bring the latter states under identical arrangements to the NNWS would probably lead them to reject such a treaty and would impose unnecessarily high resource demands even if accepted. The goal of this essay is therefore to propose an effective verification regime that would be both realistically negotiable and financially feasible.

Descriptors, Keywords: editorial verification fissile production cutoff treaty FMCT NPT CTBT nuclear disarmament nonproliferation

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 62


Nearing A Fork In the Road: Proliferation Or Nuclear Reversal. Nonproliferation Review. Thomas Graham and Douglas B. Shaw, Oct 01, 1998, pp 70-76

The authors assert that the world community is going to have to decide soon whether or not to continue with existing policies regarding nuclear weapons or whether to move decisively toward the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons. The situation has been exacerbated by the situation in South Asia. They state that nuclear weapons continue to be seen as having high political value and that the consequences of indecision are becoming more and more obvious.

Descriptors, Keywords: editorial nonproliferation nuclear weapons reversal WMD mass destruction global consequences India Pakistan NWS

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 63


Domestic-International Linkages: India And The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Nonproliferation Review. D. Mistry, Oct 01, 1998, pp 25-38

This article examines India's approach to the CTBT in 1994-1996, exploring why it reversed its initial support for the treaty by 1996. This article will demonstrate that neither domestic or international "levels of analysis" by itself is adequate to explain Indian policy. India's CTBT policy between 1994 and 1996 was influenced not solely by domestic factors nor solely by external factors, but rather by a combination of both. The author uses ideas about how domestic and international factors interact to help understand a region (South Asia) and topic (proliferation) that are not typically explained from this perspective.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan NPT CTBT domestic issue international issue nuclear test proliferation Nehru foreign policy

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 64


Iran's Threat Perceptions And Arms Control Policies. Nonproliferation Review. P. Jones, Oct 01, 1998, pp 39-55

This article outlines Iran's arms control and security policies, both globally and regionally, and shows how they relate to Iran's larger security goals and threat perceptions. The article argues that Iran's arms control policies have been remarkably consistent and represent a rational response (as seen through Iranian eyes) to the security situation in which that country finds itself. This does not necessarily mean that these policies are what most Western nationals would like, or even that Iran's actions are always consistent with its freely entered into obligations concerning various nonpoliferation regimes. There is indeed credible evidence that Iran is in contravention of at least the spirit of its nonproliferation commitments with respect to the possible acquisition of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The goal here is to put these policies in context.

Descriptors, Keywords: Iran threat arms control WMD security policy threat perception nonproliferation disarmament NPT CWC BTWC Nonaligned

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 65


Soft Technology And Technology Transfer: Lessons From British Missile Development. Nonproliferation Review. B. Cole, Oct 01, 1998, pp 40-69

This case study focuses in particular on the role and importance of what Aaron Karp calls the "soft technology" of missile development. Soft technology refers to the range of managerial and technical skills necessary to master new hardware. According to Karp, "Although it is easily overshadowed by the more concrete aspects of missile hardware, the soft technology is unquestionably the most important. Without sound policy choices, good organization, skilled personnel, and adequate financing, no amount of even the very best equipment can be sufficient to create long-range ballistic missiles."

Descriptors, Keywords: Great Britain soft technology transfer missile development Russia Ukraine China MTCR Blue Streak design development

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 66


Nonproliferation Prospects After The South Asian Nuclear Tests. Nonproliferation Review. Wade Huntley, Oct 01, 1998, pp 85-96

The essay first highlights the important links between the South Asian nuclear tests and proliferation problems in Asia more generally. The reason for India's and Pakistan's decisions to test nuclear weapons are numerous. This viewpoint focuses on the links between the tests and circumstances elsewhere in the region to draw attention to the expanding number of reinforcing relationships among proliferation aspirants. In particular, an exploration of these links reveals that the South Asian nuclear tests were more a symptom than a cause of the now visibly weakening nonproliferation regime. These links also show that the task of curbing the spread of weapons of mass destruction has become more complicated, demanding new strategies on the parts of those governments and organizations working to achieve nonproliferation goals.

Descriptors, Keywords: editorial India Pakistan nonproliferation South Asia nuclear test mass destruction security NGO comprehensive

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 67


India's Deterrence Doctrine: A Nehruvian Critique. Nonproliferation Review. T.T. Poulose, Oct 01, 1998, pp 77-84

Although India is claiming the status of a nuclear weapon state by virtue of its nuclear tests, in terms of its stockpiles, India, like Pakistan, will have the dubious distinction of having only a "virtual nuclear arsenal" until its weaponization is complete. Yet the weaponization process has the potential to bankrupt India and leave it less secure against more advanced nuclear adversaries.

Descriptors, Keywords: editorial India deterrence doctrine political science Nehru scientist nuclearization Gowda Pokhran I Pokhran II

Update: Dec 11, 1998, No. 68


Systemic Bases Of India's Challenge To The Global Nuclear Order. Nonproliferation Review. T.V. Paul, Oct 01, 1998, pp 1-11

The author looks at the nuclear behavior of India and argues that, although domestic factors may be associated with the timing of the 1998 tests, the tests are primarily the culmination of long term systemic and subsystemic processes that began in the 1960s. In other words, the overarching cause of India's nuclear behavior is located in the larger global and regional nature of the nuclear dilemma facing the country. India often couches its challenge to the nonproliferation regime in normative and idealistic terms, such as the sovereign equality of states and the need for global disarmament. However these rationales mask the real Indian concern: namely the nonproliferation regime privileges of the five declared nuclear weapon states and perpetuates their dominance while keeping India as an underdog in the global power hierarchy. The argument is that the tests should be seen in the larger context of global power politics involving the great powers and India, especially the fact that the former remain unwilling to accept the latter's aspirations to join their club.

Descriptors, Keywords: India Pakistan NPT global nuclear power systemic base nuclear order cause nonproliferation region power shift

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 69


Missile Tracking Debate Could Stall SBIRS. Space News. Warren Ferster, Dec 07, 1998, p 6

The Air Force had planned to award the Space Based Infrared System (SBIRS) Low study contracts in November. Now two design contracts for a US constellation of missile tracking satellites likely will not be awarded before mid-January, as Pentagon officials continue debating a proposal to delay the program by two years.

Descriptors, Keywords: SBIRS missile tracking debate Air Force satellite

UPDATE: Dec 11, 1998, No. 70