Advanced Threats Drive Arrow's Future. Aviation Week & Space Technology. David A. Fulghum, Oct 12, 1998, pp 56-57
The race is on between the development of an advanced, Israeli-built Arrow BMD weapon and the anticipated fabrication or purchase by hostile regional governments of maneuverable warheads and decoys that can be mounted on offensive ballistic missiles, say Israeli officials. The development of cruise missile arsenals by Middle Eastern countries, which is beginning to worry US planners, is dismissed by Israeli officials. If the cruise missile is non-stealthy, such as "a MiG-17 stuffed with explosives," it can be detected and shot down by conventional air defenses, an Israeli official said. The more worrisome Tomahawk-type or stealthy cruise missile technology is still 20 years away, he said.
Descriptors, Keywords: Israel Arrow Cruise Missile Threat Middle East Palmachim Test Range Syria Libya Iraq Iran
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 01
Lunar Poles May Cover Ice Sheets. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Michael Mecham, Oct 12, 1998, pp 24-25
Defense Dept/NASA Clementine mission electrified the scientific community with bistatic radar imagery that suggested that ice crystals may be trapped in Sun-shaded crater rock at both lunar poles. To confirm the Clementine findings, the 650 lb. Lunar Prospector carried a neutron spectrometer from the Los Alamos National Laboratory when the NASA Ames spacecraft was launched Jan 6. The neutron spectrometer mapped the presence of hydrogen, and hence the presence of water and has raised the possibility that pure water ice, as much as 3 billion metric tons, is trapped in sheets just beneath the surface.
Descriptors, Keywords: Clementine Lunar Prospector Lunar Water Ice Moon
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 02
Missile Guidance: Lofty Goals Spur Technical Advances. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Michael A. Dornheim, Oct 12, 1998, pp 48-49
Missile guidance systems are advancing on several fronts as GPS spreads into old and new systems, automatic target recognition moves toward deployment, and BMD programs improve the state-of-the-art in data fusion and infrared sensors. Article uses the Navy Area Defense anti-ballistic system's SM-2 Blk4A to illustrate the challenge of dome heating versus target intensity.
Descriptors, Keywords: IR Sensor Infrared Sensor Navy Area BMD SM-2 Block 4A Dome Heating Automatic Target Recognition GPS
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 03
Russia Offers New Versions Of Air Defense Missiles. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Nicolay Novichkov, Oct 12, 1998, p 29
Russia is offering for export, the latest versions of SAMs designed for use with its S-300PMU Favorit air defense system. The missiles - the 9M96E and the longer range 9M96E2 - carry a 53 lb. warhead with more powerful high explosives, which are said to offer 2.5 times more lethality than previous warheads. The proximity blast fragmentation warheads are also equipped with a multipoint, initiating capability. The warhead is detonated only in the points closest to the target, thereby increasing the density of fragmentation flow in the direction of the target.
Descriptors, Keywords: Russian SAM Air Defense System S-300PMU Favorit 9M96E 9M96E2 Weight Target Engagement Zone
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 04
Budget Deal Includes $9 Billion Addition For Defense. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Oct 16, 1998, pp 1-2
Congressional Republicans and the administration agreed yesterday on a $20b FY99 omnibus supplemental appropriations bill that includes an extra $9b for defense. Of the $9b, about $700m has been added for a national missile defense (NMD) system. This comes on top of the $950.5m that Congress appropriated for NMD in FY99.
Descriptors, Keywords: budget FY99 omnibus supplemental appropriations defense NMD funding
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 05
Hamre: 'War' On Y2K Has Leadership Attention. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Oct 15, 1998, pp 1-2
The military chiefs of staff and their seconds in command are paying more attention to the Pentagon's massive Year 2000 (Y2K) problem, which involves rewriting computer code to insure 2,965 mission critical DoD systems do not shut down on January 1, 2000.
Descriptors, Keywords: Y2K Hamre DoD computer compliant
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 06
Senior Pentagon Officials Work To Save MEADS. Defense Daily. Vago Muradian, Oct 16, 1998, pp 3-4
Senior DoD officials were to meet yesterday in an attempt to save the multinational MEADS program from cancellation because of a congressional decision to zero MEADS funding in FY99 which began October 1. The Pentagon is trying to save MEADS to preserve both the program and the prospects for future transatlantic cooperation, which Germany and Italy have said would be critically damaged if the antimissile effort were terminated.
Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS funding FY99 budget Congress DoD cancellation FY98
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 07
Book Details Blunders, Aid That Let Israeli Develop Nukes. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Oct 12, 1998, p 46
Repeated US failures to detect, forestall and control Israel's nuclear weapon program in the 1950's and 1960's coupled with advanced arms sales to Israel, indicated Washington's tacit support for Israel's nuclear option, as long as Jerusalem kept it secret and untested, according to a new book. In "Israel and the Bomb" Israeli researcher Avner Cohen reveals for the first time details of covert French and Norwegian assistance to the nascent Israeli nuclear program, the extent of Israeli duplicity in its dealings with Washington and the evolution of US Israel relations to today's policy of nuclear opacity.
Descriptors, Keywords: nuclear book Israel bomb opacity nascent proliferated weapon guides formulation security threat state arms secret
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 08
Chem-Bio Threat Expands Protection, Detection Markets. Defense News. David Mulholland, Oct 12, 1998, p 32
Efforts to counter chemical and biological terrorism are attracting greater interest and more funding in Europe, the United States and Japan, experts note, but more will be needed - with the lack of reliable, easily usable detection technology, a crucial gap in capability.
Descriptors, Keywords: chemical biological capability terrorism Achilles' heel attack public World Trade Center agents energy department
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 09
DoE Bolsters Security To Deter Espionage At Nuke Weapon Labs. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Oct 12, 1998, p 42
In an 6 Oct hearing of the House National Security military procurement subcommittee, US Deputy Energy Secretary Elizabeth Molar conceded there were laxities in the way the department has handled foreign visitors. "We and Congress are in agreement that (the DoE) must have a robust system for tracking foreign visitors and assignees to our weapons laboratories, and for ensuring the security of classified and sensitive information during their visits. We (also agree) that the department has, in the past, done an incomplete job of establishing and implementing effective procedures for handling foreign visitors," she said.
Descriptors, Keywords: DoE nuclear foreign visitors counterintelligence security sensitive weapon labs computer firewalls system
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 10
GOP Demands Faster Response On Missile Defense. Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Oct 12, 1998, p 44
During an Oct 6 hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Chairman Jesse Helms, (R-NC) said that he and fellow committee members are "seething with frustration at the (US) intelligence community's refusal to give us a straight answer on the record" about the threat posed to the United States by ballistic missiles. The subject of the hearing was what Helms said is the Clinton administration's lack of interest in a July report issued by the bipartisan independent Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States.
Descriptors, Keywords: Helms report Rumsfeld ballistic missile attack intercontinental threat classified findings
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 11
MEADS Faces Difficult Fight For Funding In Congress. Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Oct 12, 1998, p 18
The Pentagon's request for $43M to fund MEADS was cut in the 1999 Defense Appropriations bill, passed by the Senate 29 Sep and the House 28 Sep. Congress cut MEADS' 1999 funding because DoD officials refused to include it in their six-year budget plan, known as the Program Objectives Memorandum (POM). When Pentagon failed to list MEADS in the 1999-2004 POM that accompanied the 1999 defense budget request, it signaled to Congress that DoD had no interest in supporting the program in the future.
Descriptors, Keywords: program objectives memorandum POM medium extended air defense system MEADS Pentagon Congress budget DoD leaders NATO
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 12
UK Slow To Grasp Missile Threat. Defense News. Stanley Orman, Oct 12, 1998, pp 55-56
Discussions at the Sep 23-24 conference, sponsored by the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) for Defence Studies, revealed it would probably take at least a missile attack on British or NATO forces to convince European governments that dangers really exist.
Descriptors, Keywords: ballistic missile threat NATO forces chemical biological warheads mass destruction
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 13
US Congress Sets Stage For Renewed Arms To Taiwan: Beijing Protests Pentagon Evaluation As Anti-China Measure. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Oct 12, 1998, p 30
US lawmakers are forcing the Pentagon to conduct an extensive evaluation of Taiwan's ability to defend against an increasingly modern and militarily capable China, with an eye toward renewed major US arms sales in Taipei. Zhu Bangzao, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, decried the congressional action as provocative, hostile and detrimental to the region and was quoted to have said if the provisions become law, "it will create obstacles to the improvement and development of Sino-US relations, and will also be detrimental to the security and stability of Taiwan and the Asia-Pacific region."
Descriptors, Keywords: lawmakers Taiwan theater missile defense TMD security stability capable effective strategic officials ballistic cruise missiles military
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 14
Vital Sixth THAAD Test Set For Early 1999. Defense News, Oct 12, 1998, p 2
A very short article on the sixth THAAD test scheduled for the first quarter year for 1999.
Descriptors, Keywords: theater high altitude area defense THAAD system program flight seeker
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 15
Clinton Aide Says Senate ABM Treaty Argument Is Not Legally Convincing. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 14, 1998, p 3
According to Robert Bell, special assistant to the president for defense policy and arms control, asserts the central premise of an October 5 GOP letter to President Clinton arguing the 1972 ABM Treaty is null and void and is unsubstantiated by congressional action since the dissolution of the Soviet Union and not convincing from a legal perspective.
Descriptors, Keywords: ABM Treaty Bell Clinton GOP letter
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 16
Defense Threat Agency Director Wants To Assume Chem-Bio Funding. Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont, Oct 14, 1998, pp 12-14
Five days after taking the helm of the new Defense Threat Reduction Agency, director Jay Davis asked SecDef Cohen to consolidate all funds earmarked for the Pentagon's Chemical-Biological Defense Program under his agency's purview. A copy of Davis' letter to Cohen is included in this article.
Descriptors, Keywords: Davis Cohen DTRA funding priorities letter chem-bio threat reduction
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 17
Deployment Readiness Review Tentatively Set For June 2000, Hamre States. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 14, 1998, pp 2-3
In a written statement to SASC while testifying October 2, Deputy Defense Secretary John Hamre stated that a review of the Clinton administration's "3 +3" NMD program that will determine whether the NMD system under development will be deployed by 2003 has been tentatively scheduled for June 2000.
Descriptors, Keywords: Hamre deployment readiness review 3+3 NMD DRR
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 18
DoD Announces THAAD Test Delay: Supporters Study '99 Funding Situation. Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont, Oct 14, 1998, pp 11-12
Last week DoD officially announced its plans to delay the next test flight of THAAD as program supporters continue to wrestle with how FY99 operations will be funded in the wake of severe congressional budget cuts.
Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD FY99 funding test delay
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 19
Iraqi ICBM Possible In A Five-Year Period, Rumsfeld Commission Now Asserts. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 14, 1998, pp 1, 20
Given the ongoing deterioration of the UN inspection regime in Iraq, three members of the Rumsfeld Commission have modified their earlier findings and now consider Iraq, if it so decides, capable of developing within a five-year period an ICBM that could reach the US. Another commission member, Richard Garwin, however, claims that as long as the UN restrictions are maintained Iraq could not develop an ICBM within five years.
Descriptors, Keywords: Rumsfeld Commission members Garwin reassessment Iraq ICBM UNSCOM
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 20
MEADS' Long, Troubled Run May Be Over As Appropriators Vote For Termination. Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont, Oct 14, 1998, p 19
After years of living on the edge, MEADS, lacking funds in DoD's budget plans and killed by congressional appropriators, may finally be headed for termination.
Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS appropriations termination
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 21
Missile Protection Act To Be Brought Up Again At Start of Next Congress. Inside Missile Defense. Thomas Duffy, Oct 14, 1998, pp 1, 30
Sen Cochran (R-MS), who was twice thwarted by Senate Democrats from bringing his American Missile Protection Act to the floor for a vote during the 105th Congress, will try once again to have the Senate vote on whether the US should have an official national missile defense (NMD) policy. Cochran said he will introduce it again on the first day of the next session, if he is able.
Descriptors, Keywords: Cochran American Missile Protection Act vote NMD policy
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 22
Pentagon Leadership Defends Administration's Missile Defense Policy. Inside Missile Defense. Darcia Harris, Oct 14, 1998, pp 14-15
President Clinton's top military leaders defended his administration's NMD program in recent hearings on Capitol Hill as persistent senators reiterated the demand for a new policy that would field a system sooner than DoD's current "3+3" plan.
Descriptors, Keywords: DoD NMD hearings policy NMD 3+3 Cohen SASC
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 23
Senate Declares ABM Treaty Null And Void: Blasts White House Position. Inside Missile Defense. Keith Costa, Oct 14, 1998, pp 4-6
Senior members of the Senate sent a letter to President Clinton last week declaring the 1972 ABM Treaty null and void. In addition, they said the treaty cannot be revived without Senate consent, disputing claims by the president that the treaty remains a viable policy instrument, with or without the approval of Congress. This article includes a copy of the letter from Republican senators on the ABM Treaty.
Descriptors, Keywords: Senate letter Clinton ABM Treaty null void
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 24
Senator: Preliminary Talks On Possible ABM Treaty Changes Should Begin. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 14, 1998, pp 6-8
Sen Carl Levin (D-MI) stated recently that in order to prevent a breakdown in US-Russian relations and avoid disruptions to the potential deployment schedule for the NMD program, the US should engage Russia in preliminary discussions on what changes may need to be made to the ABM Treaty to maintain its viability and still accommodate US NMD needs.
Descriptors, Keywords: Levin ABM Treaty changes talks NMD 3+3 policy Russia US
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 25
Termination Of Allied MEADS Program Likely, BMDO Official Says. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 14, 1998, p 1, 18-19
BMDO Deputy for Strategic Relations J. David Martin said that unless BMDO is granted a higher budget topline that would enable it to commit funding to the program over the next six years, MEADS could be canceled. Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Martin funding cancellation Weldon budget
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 26
Unclassified Report To Congress On Sea-Based NMD Role Is In The Works. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 14, 1998, pp 9-10
BMDO is in the process of putting together an unclassified version of a secret report delivered to Congress in late June on the feasibility of the Navy Theater Wide system serving in a national missile defense role, according to LtCol Rick Lehner, NMD Joint Program Office spokesman.
Descriptors, Keywords: sea-based NMD Navy Theater Wide Lehner report unclassified NMD JPO
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 27
United States, Germany Form Air Defense Task Force For NATO TMD Efforts. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 14, 1998, pp 1, 28
BMDO Deputy for Strategic Relations J. David Martin told reporters that as an important step in the evolution toward an integrated, layered theater missile defense capability for NATO, US and German officials are in the process of standing up a joint task force to help coordinate US-German TMD operations within the alliance.
Descriptors, Keywords: US Germany NATO TMD air defense task force
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 28
Administration Is 'Ignoring ICBM Threat'. Jane's Defence Weekly. Greg Seigle, Oct 14, 1998, p 9
The Rumsfeld Commission released their report in July. Since then, President Clinton, Cohen and other high-level administration officials have declined briefings by the commission, Rumsfeld said. According to P. J. Crowley, spokesman for the National Security Council at the White House, President Clinton has read the report and does not plan to meet with Rumsfeld. "We agree with some of its conclusions, but not with all of them," Crowley said.
Descriptors, Keywords: Clinton Administration Rumsfeld Commission ICBM Threat
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 29
US Work To Fix THAAD Problems Enters Overdrive. Jane's Defence Weekly. Greg Seigle, Oct 14, 1998, p 4
The US DoD is still committed to the troubled THAAD missile program and is rushing to correct its flaws and deploy the system, officials told the US Senate Armed Services Committee. "This is as close as the Department of Defense can get to a Manhattan Project," Deputy Secretary of Defense John Hamre testified 2 Oct.. "We are moving as fast as possible," he said. DoD officials apparently plan to wait until after the next live-fire test early next year to determine if they should abandon the current test program and establish other options.
Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD Live Fire Testing John Hamre
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 30
USA May Withdraw From Joint MEADS Program. Jane's Defence Weekly. Scott Gourley, Bryan Bender, Oct 14, 1998, p 8
The US is likely to end its participation in the trinational Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS) project. The action is the most likely result of the US Congressional decision to withdraw MEADS funding from the $250.5b FY99 defense budget report submitted to the White House. If the US leaves the MEADS project, it will still have to fulfil its requirement for a mobile SAM system to protect forward deployed forces. In feasibility studies earlier this year, BMDO concluded that there are other ways to meet the MEADS requirement.
Descriptors, Keywords: MEADS Modified Patriot Airborne Fire Control Radar ADSAM ADAAM
UPDATE: Oct 16, 1998, No. 31