hard.copy Update 9/25/98

ARTICLE CITATIONS FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS. Actions By Defense Authorization Conferees On Selected '99 Programs. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 460 This is a table showing FY99 defense acquisitions by program. Includes BMD highlights for: MEADS, NMD DEM/VAL, support technologies, Navy TWMD, ABL, THAAD and Minuteman III modifications. Israelis Stress Importance Of US Support For Arrow. Aerospace Daily, Sep 25, 1998, pp 489-490 According to Israeli officials, US support of Israel's Arrow anti-missile program is more important now than ever before due to increased ballistic missile development and testing around the world, particularly in the Middle East. Israeli officials are briefing congressional and Pentagon officials on the successful test last week of Arrow. MEADS Funded At $10M In DoD Bill. Aerospace Daily, Sep 25, 1998, p 491 FY 1999 defense appropriations will barely keep the MEADS program alive, with funding of $10.027M. This compares with the Administration's $24M funding request which was zeroed by the Senate. Extended Range AGM-130 In Test At Eglin AFB. Aerospace Daily, Sep 24, 1998, pp 476-477 Boeing Company has more than doubled the range of the AGM-130 standoff missile by using a smaller warhead and replacing the rocket engine with a turbojet. Conferees To State: 'Timely' Review Of Satellite Licenses Required. Aerospace Daily, Sep 24, 1998, pp 481-482 The FY 1999 defense authorization conference has agreed to timely review of satellite licenses, and tentative support of the establishment of a second source for the THAAD interceptor missile seeker. The conference does not see THAAD and Navy Upper Tier as competing systems and does not support proposals to use upper tier as a substitute for THAAD. Russia, US Test Five ICBMs. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 459 Brief article reports that Russia and the US test fired five ICBMs on September 15 and 18, 1998. Lockheed Martin Finds Glitch In THAAD Seeker. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 460 Lockheed Martin has found a problem with the operational amplifier (OpAmp) inside THAAD missile seeker which could delay the next flight test. START Talking. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 457 Brief article reports that appointment of Russian Prime Minister Yvgeny Primakov may boost Russian ratification of START II. Devil In The Detail. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 457 Brief article reports that Russia and the US plan to work out details of the agreement for early warning data on worldwide missile launches. THAAD Missile Safe For Now, Hamre Tells Hill. Aerospace Daily, Sep 22, 1998, pp 465-466 According to the Deputy SecDef John Hamre, the THAAD missile will not be terminated at this time. Options for overhauling the missile program include killing it entirely, a plan lawmakers are averse to. According to LtGen Lyles, the program should continue, but there may be room for major overhaul if there are problems down the road. US, Japan Move Toward Cooperative Research On Missile Defense. Aerospace Daily, Sep 22, 1998, p 466 Japan and the US have committed to continuing talks about cooperative missile defense programs. These talks have been pushed forward by the August 31 launch of the North Korean Taepo Dong I missile. GBR-P Collects RV Data In First Test Against Live Target. Aerospace Daily, Sep 22, 1998, p 466 The Ground Based Radar prototype (GBR-P), designed for the Pentagon's NMD program successfully acquired and tracked a target outside the atmosphere, according to BMDO. Testing took place at Kwajalein Missile Test Facility, using a dummy warhead launched on a Minuteman III booster from the Vandenberg AFB. Weldon Sees False Promises To Japan On Missile Defense. Aerospace Daily, Sep 25, 1998, p 494 According to Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA), chairman of the HNSC panel on R&D, Clinton is misleading the Japanese into believing that the US can work jointly with them on missile defense when Clinton refuses to adequately fund the US missile defense programs already in the works. Israel Lobbies Hard For Antimissile Defense. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Paul Mann, Sep 21, 1998, pp 28-29 At the first meeting of the American/Israeli Interparliamentary Commission on National Security, a joint caucus of legislators who are ardent missile defense advocates, the Israelis sought to stoke up support for their long-held advocacy of multi-layered BMD deployment. They placed heavy emphasis on boost phase intercepts - striking enemy missiles right after launch so the warheads fall back on the attacker. This is considered essential with the advent of chemical and biological warheads in the possession of regional military powers. Summit Takes Up Japanese TMD. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Paul Mann, Sep 21, 1998, pp 29-30 President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi are slated to discuss Japan's role in Theater Missile Defense at a New York-area summit this week. US officials do not expect the two leaders' first meeting to produce a major security declaration. Japan's recession is a drag on defense cooperations, slowing its pace, but the 1996 US/Japanese joint security declaration is keeping the TMD initiative on track, and the military-to-military relationship is strong, said Michael Green, a specialist on Japanese affairs with the Council on Foreign Relations. North Korean Space Attempt Verified. Aviation Week & Space Technology. David A. Fulghum, Sep 21, 1998, pp 30-31 Pentagon and State Dept. have concluded the North Koreans tried to launch a satellite with what US officials now say was a three-stage Taepo Dong 1 booster. They won't say precisely how they reached that belated conclusion, but clues abound. The USAF is sticking by its analysis that nothing the North Koreans launched went into orbit. The "really fuzzy data" could have been interpreted either way, said one official. The decision to confirm the launch attempt was made at the Pentagon in joint-agency level meeting. Senior officials say the information that swung the greatest weight was from the NSA and the CIA. The information involved communications intercepts from the launch complex and, likely, human intelligence from international sources. Good: DoD Paying More Attention To DEW. BMD Monitor, Sep 18, 1998, pp 309-310 Earl Good, Head of the AFRL Directed Energy Directorate, reports that the Lab is doing about 90% of the total DEW work in DoD. This is partially due to the ABL successful testing. Budget information for DEW FY 99 programs is included. Power Output Exceeds Design For First ABL Laser Module. BMD Monitor, Sep 18, 1998, p 311 The AF ABL flight weight laser module (FLM) exceeded power requirements when its first laser demonstration produced 110% of the design output power during testing in August 1998. US Concludes North Korea Tried To Launch A Satellite. BMD Monitor, Sep 18, 1998, p 306 The US has concluded that North Korea tried to launch a small satellite which failed on August 31. Successful Test Paves Way For Arrow Intercept Flight Test. BMD Monitor, Sep 18, 1998, pp 305-306 The US Israeli Arrow-2 missile successfully intercepted a simulated target in Israel on September 15. This was the first test of system radar, fire control and early warning components together, and paves the way for an intercept flight test with an actual target in the near future. Iraq Readies To End All Cooperation With UN Inspectors. BMD Monitor, Sep 18, 1998, p 308 Reports that Iraqi Parliament is expected to endorse a non-binding resolution ending cooperation with the UN Inspectors, unless the UN restores regular reviews of trade sanctions imposed in 1990. CBO Offers Preliminary Analysis On Improving Russian EW. BMD Monitor, Sep 18, 1998, p 307 The Congressional Budget Office has released a preliminary analysis of the security and budget implications of improving Russia's access to early warning data as part of a larger study of non-traditional cooperative arms control measures that might improve nuclear security between the US and Russia. CBO examines five options for improving Russian confidence by providing global awareness of missile launches by lending technical assistance. Part Problems May Delay Next THAAD Test. Defense Daily. George Cahlink, Sep 21, 1998, pp 5-6 The Army's beleaguered THAAD may have to delay a flight test scheduled for the end of the year because of faulty components, according to BMDO. Test Launch Of Minuteman III ICBM Successful. Defense Daily, Sep 22, 1998, p 5 The Air Force successfully launched an unarmed Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile on September 18, from Vandenberg AFB as part of the missile's guidance replacement program. US-Israeli Panel Seeks More Cooperation On Missile Defenses. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Sep 21, 1998, p 6 A new US-Israeli interparliamentary commission on national security has agreed that the two nations should expand cooperation on missile defense. In particular, the two countries should work harder to develop the ability to intercept ballistic missiles in the boost phase, or the beginning of their trajectory, the commission stated. Authorizers Boost CEC To Solve Problems. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Sep 24, 1998, p 7 Congressional authorizers have agreed to add $61m to the Navy's budget request for the Raytheon Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) in FY99, in part to resolve interoperability problems with the system. House, Senate Agree On FY99 Defense Authorization Bill. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Sep 21, 1998, pp 2-5 The House and Senate concluded conference on September 17 on a $270.5b FY99 Defense Authorization Bill, having reached compromises on controversial language related to Chinese rocket launches, tritium production, and gender integrated training. This article includes a list of highlights from HR 3616, the Conference Agreement for the FY99 Defense Authorization Bill. Saying THAAD A High Priority, Conferees Fund Second Source. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Sep 24, 1998, p 1 Despite continued bad news from Lockheed Martin's development program for the THAAD system, House and Senate defense authorization conferees say they support the program and urge the DoD to make every effort to field the wide area missile interceptor system as soon as possible. US Navy May Gain THAAD Program Funds. Defense News, Sep 21, 1998, p 2 A short article on how the Pentagon could move funds to the Navy Theater Wide missile defense program as part of an effort to restructure the Army's THAAD system. Chem-Bio Achille's Heel. Defense News, Sep 21, 1998, p 22 "The United States is acutely vulnerable to covert (nuclear, biological or chemical) attack," concludes a new book, "America's Achilles' Heel," published by Harvard University Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Russian Fissile Control Programs Offer US Best Protection. Defense News. Todd Perry, Sep 21, 1998, p 23 Nothing could be more central to US security than cooperating with Russian nuclear facility scientists and managers to prevent the essential ingredients of nuclear weapons from being stolen and falling into hostile hands. Resources devoted to nuclear material protection and related partnerships will hold their nonproliferation value over the long term, no matter who occupies the Kremlin or the White House. US Anticipates Approval From Tokyo On Joint TMD. Defense News. Bob Holzer, Barbara Opall-Rome, Sep 21, 1998, pp 1, 34 US defense officials are awaiting approval from Japan to begin joint research and development of a sea-based missile defense system to counter North Korean ballistic missiles and other regional threats. ABL Chemical Laser Exceeds Specifications. Defense News, Sep 21, 1998, p 2 The chemical laser for the USAF's Airborne Laser (ABL) program produced 110 percent of its design output in a recent test conducted by TRW Inc.'s Space & Electronics Group, according to spokesman Brooks McKinney. Put North Korea On Notice: Pyongyang Flouts Pact, White House Weakness. Defense News. Rep. Ben Gilman, Sep 21, 1998, p 23 In light of the Taepo Dong missile test and the discovery of a suspected underground nuclear facility, the White House needs to scrub its policies toward North Korea because it is evident that engaging the North Koreans to reduce military tensions is not working. The administration needs to hold North Korea responsible for its dangerous actions. Responding with promises of even more assistance smacks of appeasement, and underscores Pyongyang's belief that brinkmanship leads to US concessions. Iraq May Be Hiding Long-Range Missile Work. Defense News. Philip Finnegan, Sep 21, 1998, pp 1, 36 Inspectors of the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) on Iraq fear Baghdad may be using its short-range missile programs, which are permitted by the United Nations, to cover illegal efforts in long-range missile development. Reporters' Notebook: Primakov Is Primo. Defense Week, Sep 21, 1998, p 4 The new communist-approved Russian government, headed by PM Primakov could be a positive development for America's nuclear arms-reduction initiatives, according to Robert Bell, senior director of defense policy at the National Security Council. Mr. Primakov is "most impassioned about START II ratification." Ritter: Iraq Has Potential 37 Scuds. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Sep 21, 1998, pp 1, 8 According to Scott Ritter, former member of UNSCOM, the UN team charged with monitoring Iraq's weapons programs, Saddam Hussein has "seven to twelve" Scuds on hand in disassembled form and has "the potential for another 25." Ritter's revelation is the highest estimate to date of Iraq's potential Scud inventory. Problems Cause Delay In Next THAAD Test. Defense Week, Sep 21, 1998, p 3 BMDO and the Army were advised by Lockheed Martin last week of a component problem involving the missile seeker that could affect the timing of the next flight test (FT-09) of the THAAD system. White House Backs Pentagon Budget Boost. Defense Week. David Ruppe, Sep 21, 1998, pp 1, 12 One day after President Clinton met with top military commanders to discuss their budget troubles, National Security Council senior director for defense policy, Robert Bell, said that Clinton plans to work with the Pentagon on getting more funding from Congress to improve readiness, soldier quality-of-life, and weapons modernization. Against Nuclear Apartheid. Foreign Affairs. Jaswant Singh, Sep 01, 1998, pp 41-52 Since independence, India's nuclear policy has been to seek either global disarmament or equal security for all. The old nonproliferation regime was discriminatory, ratifying the possession of nuclear weapons for the permanent five members of the UN Security Council while preaching to the nuclear have-nots about the virtues of disarmament. India was left sandwiched between two nuclear weapons powers, Pakistan and a rising China. The end of the Cold War has not ushered in an era where globalization and trade trump old-fashioned security woes. If nuclear deterrence works in the West, why won't it work in India? Special Report: House, Senate Conferees Deliver $270 Billion Defense Authorization Bill. Inside Missile Defense, Sep 28, 1998, pp 1-16 This report contains major excerpts from press releases prepared by the HNSC and SASC. The releases, made available on Friday, September 18, detail the highlights of the FY99 Defense Authorization Conference Report. Arrow 2's Virtual Target Hit Paves Way For Live Tests. Jane's Defence Weekly. Greg Seigle, Sep 23, 1998, p 3 Following an Arrow 2 missile test that successfully intercepted a computer-simulated target over the Mediterranean Sea, Israel plans to fire the anti-ballistic missile system against a live target early next year. The 14 September Arrow 2 test, a $1.6b project jointly funded by the USA and Israel, was the first time its three main components - the missile, the Green Pine fire control radar designed to track incoming missiles and the Citron Tree fire control system - had been tested together. A real target missile test is due early next year. Utilizing Waveform Features For Adaptive Beamforming And Direction Finding With Narrowband Signals. MIT Lincoln Laboratory Journal. Keith W. Forsythe, Jun 01, 1998, pp 99-126 Extensive research has been done on the use of antenna arrays for direction finding and beamforming; this research focuses on the detailed behavior of specific techniques rather than on signal processing applications. In most applications, there is a fundamental signal feature that provides essential leverage for an effective processing approach. This article, which is structured around such features, presents a comprehensive framework for selecting an appropriate adaptive approach for processing cochannel narrowband signals. Automatic Target-Recognition System In SAIP. MIT Lincoln Laboratory Journal. Leslie M. Novak, Gregory J. Owirka, William S. Brower, Allison L. Weaver, Jun 01, 1998, pp 187-202 Lincoln Laboratory has development a new automatic target recognition (ATR) system that provides significantly improved target-recognition performance compared with ATR systems that use conventional synthetic aperture radar image processing techniques. They achieved significant improvement in target-recognition performance by using a new superresolution image processing technique that enhances SAR image resolution and image quality prior to performing target recognition. Superresolution Source Location With Planar Arrays. MIT Lincoln Laboratory Journal. Gary F. Hatke, Jun 01, 1998, pp 127-146 This article discusses the results of a study on the proper way to design an adaptive planar array with a constrained antenna aperture. The authors consider the segmentation of the antenna aperture, the polarization of the antenna segments, and the algorithms used to process the signals received from the antenna. In particular, they concentrate on the interference that is within one Rayleigh beamwidth of the source. The interference can be highly localized in space, as a single direct-path interferer or diffuse in space. Airborne Signal Intercept For Wide-Area Battlefield Surveillance. MIT Lincoln Laboratory Journal. Larry L. Horowitz, Jun 01, 1997, pp 87-98 This article discusses the wide-area monitoring of enemy battlefield communications by a standoff aircraft. The purpose of this activity is to detect enemy emitters, determine their directions, and, when possible, copy their signals. Difficulties arise, however, because in typical battlefield scenarios many simultaneous communication emitters use channels in the low VHF band. At this frequency band, the conventional antenna aperture available to the monitoring aircraft platform is only a few wavelengths long, leading to a broad receiving beamwidth and heavy cochannel interference. The authors discuss superresolution techniques that overcome the cochannel interference to improve the direction finding and copying of signals of interest. They also discuss improvements that can be obtained by knowing about the classes of signals being transmitted or by enhancing the antenna-array calibration of the airborne antenna. These techniques can be used to upgrade current signal intercept systems.