hard.copy Update:07/17/98

ARTICLE CITATIONS GATHERED FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS Lessons Of Space Nuclear Power. Aerospace America. Gary L. Bennett, Jul 01, 1998, pp 32-40 Three spacecraft -- the Galileo, Ulysses, and Cassini -- all use or will use nuclear power for space exploration. Space nuclear technology has also been identified by the National Research Council as one of the six key technologies for the space program in the next century. However, nuclear power encounters erratic funding, lack of public support, and international concern about its application, hindering its expansion. Potential Military Space Activities. Aerospace America. Marc C. Johansen and Theodore R. Simpson, Jul 01, 1998, pp 42-45 Space power consists of several key areas, including space support (operations to transport and sustain military operations in space); force enhancement (warfighting enhancements on land, sea, and air); space control (ability to exploit space while limiting or denying the enemy access); and force application (combat operations in and from space to influence the conflict). These elements are all discussed. Lifting Of India, Pakistan Sanctions Not Imminent: State Department. Aerospace Daily, Jul 14, 1998, p 69 According to a State Department official, lifting sanctions from Pakistan and India is not imminent. The US has laid out a number of non-proliferation objectives for India and Pakistan, including the ratification and signing of the CTBT, no further nuclear tests, and restraint from deploying nuclear or weapon systems. Weldon Agrees With THAAD Plan. Aerospace Daily, Jul 16, 1998, pp 81-82 Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA) approves of the plan to reclassify 40 User Operational Evaluation System (UOES) missiles of the THAAD program in test missiles. The plan also will charge Lockheed Martin for future test failures. Hill Study Finds US In Danger Of Ballistic Missile Attack. Aerospace Daily, Jul 16, 1998, pp 81, 84 According to the findings of the Rumsfeld Commission, the threat of a ballistic missile attack today is broader, more mature and evolving more rapidly than previous reports and studies suggested. The commission also suggested that the US may have little or no warning about an oncoming attack. IAEA Has Trouble Verifying N. Korea Nuclear Compliance: GAO. Aerospace Daily, Jul 14, 1998, p 71 A newly declassified GAO report, discusses the difficulties the IAEA is having verifying North Korea's compliance with all aspects of the 1994 agreement with the US. North Korea agreed to suspend its nuclear-weapons-related programs, for alternate energy from the US. Boeing Gets $10 Million For Hypersonic Missile Work. Aerospace Daily, Jul 14, 1998, p 67 Boeing has won an initial $10m contract from DARPA, to develop two competing hypersonic missile programs. The largest obstacle for the program is to achieve the $200,000 average unit flyaway cost. Japanese Want CEC, But Yen Problems May Prevent Buy. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Jul 16, 1998, p 4 The Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF) wants to buy Raytheon's Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) but the loss in value of the Japanese yen may prevent such a purchase. Stevens Wants To Wait To Bring Up FY99 Defense Spending Bill. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Jul 15, 1998, p 1 Senate Appropriations Committee Chairman Ted Stevens (R-AK) will probably delay consideration of the FY99 Defense Appropriations Bill until just before the August recess in an effort to protect it from becoming a vehicle for controversial amendments that could delay its approval. Panel: US Can't Expect Warning Of Enemy ICBM Developments. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Jul 16, 1998, pp 1-3 A report by the Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the US, which was released yesterday in unclassified form, concludes that the US cannot plan on having perfect knowledge or adequate warning of rogue nations' ballistic missile development efforts. Army Makes Changes To NMD Program's Top Leadership. Defense Daily. Greg Caires, Jul 15, 1998, p 3 The army has made several changes within the senior leadership of its NMD joint program office just as the effort begins to gain momentum in the Pentagon and on capitol Hill. Army Brig Gen Willie Nance has been named to replace current NMD program manager Brig Gen Joseph Cosumano, who has been named the service's assistant deputy chief of staff for operations and plans for force development. Chemical Weapon Destruction Wins Funds. Defense News, Jul 13, 1998, p 2 US Senate has approved $18m to continue research and development for technologies to destroy the US chemical weapon stockpile without incineration. S. Asian Tests Offer Chance To Revive Nuclear Control. Defense News. Aabha Dixit, Jul 13, 1998, p 15 India and Pakistan nuclear tests have posed serious and practical challenges to the international nuclear nonproliferation norm, created and fostered through discriminatory treaties, ad hoc export and control and technology denial regimes. The international debate must move forward, not by exhorting both countries to give up their nuclear capabilities through threats of international sanctions and the preservation of a flawed nonproliferation regime, but by a commitment to creating a new security framework that obliges all countries to embrace the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world. THAAD Contractor Wins Pentagon Nod. Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Jul 13, 1998, p 6 Pentagon officials are determined to give the contractor for the $3.2b Theater High Altitude Area Defense system (THAAD) every chance to make the program work, despite a series of test failures for the missile portion of the system. OSD Forces Navy To Fund Future Penguin Missile Purchases. Inside The Pentagon, Jun 25, 1998, p 9 The DoD hopes to keep Ingalls Shipbuilding in the running for a six-frigate construction deal with the Norwegian government by directing the Navy to purchase Norwegian built Penguin missiles. Since the directive was issued, the topic has been debated heatedly. Strategic Command Chief, Experts Differ Over Russian Launch Time. Inside The Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman, Jun 25, 1998, pp 5-6 Although both Clinton and Yeltsin in 1994 agreed to detarget their nuclear missiles against each other, experts have been concerned about the rapidity with which the land based strategic nuclear missiles could be retargeted. One expert claims that it would take at least 10 minutes for the Russians to retarget, allowing time for red phone contacts between the leaders. Russia Ready To Reshape Nuclear Deterrent. Jane's Defence Weekly. Nikolai Novichkov, Jul 15, 1998, p 4 Ground based and shipborne ballistic missiles will remain the backbone of Russia's intercontinental deterrent in the near future. The central question is what missiles will replace the old ICBMs. Ground based ballistic missiles may be replaced by the Topol-M (RS-12M1, NATO Codename SS-27). The submarine launched ballistic missile replacement Product 3M-91 (NATO codename SS-NX-28), however as fallen behind schedule because of financial problems in the defense sector and the collapse of Russian's procurement system. Moreover, the missile failed in all three tests. Israel Still Pushing Arrow Technology To Help USA's THAAD Project. Jane's Defence Weekly. Damian Kemp, Jul 15, 1998, p 8 With THAAD failures attributed to the rush for an operational capability, Arrow could assist THAAD development, especially since joint Israeli-US funding means that the USA has access to all Arrow technology. One of the key aspects for the US use of the Arrow Weapon System is its mobility and possible modification for deployment by C-130J aircraft but at the moment the Israeli system is described as simply being transportable. NATO Exercises Prop Up TMD Pillars. Jane's International Defense Review. Joris Janssen Lok, Jul 01, 1998, pp 58-59 Germany, the Netherlands, and the US, supported by several other NATO countries, have conducted three major theater missile defense (TMD) exercises in rapid succession over the past three months. They were designed to boost capabilities at combined staff, unit, and operator levels in all four pillars of TMD: passive defense; active defense; conventional counterforce/attack operations; and BM/C4I. India's Agni Missile Evolved From NASA ELV. Military Space. Frank Sietzen, Jul 07, 1998, pp 1-2 The largest of India's nuclear ballistic missiles is based in part on the design of the NASA Expendable Launch Vehicle. And the remaining components of the Indian Agni missile were designed with specific assistance from Russian, France, and the German Space Agency. According to Gary Milhollin, director of the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control, technology transfer from civil space cooperation and civil space programs to national military needs has been a fact of life for nearly all U.S. international space assistance programs. Milhollin gave the details on the Agni's pedigree June 25th in testimony before the House Science committee in Washington. DoD News Briefing: Lieutenant General Lester Lyles, USAF, Briefing On THAAD And Other Programs. News Briefing, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs). Lyles, L., Jul 09, 1998, pp 1-14 "I wanted to take the opportunity, along with Major General Pete Franklin from the Army, to come up here and fill you in on the blanks, if you will; tell you what has been happening with the THAAD program, tell you where we are in resolving the problems, and then obviously opening the floor for any questions that you might have."