hard.copy Update: 07/10/98

ARTICLE CITATIONS GATHERED FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS. Russia Will Downsize To 1,500 Nuclear Warheads By 2010. Aerospace Daily, Jul 07, 1998, p 30 Russia's Security Council has approved a plan for strategic nuclear forces until 2010. According to this article this could mean cuts in the nuclear arsenal to a level half that of those by the yet-to-be ratified START-2 Treaty. Pentagon To Announce THAAD Missile Restructure. Aerospace Daily, Jul 08, 1998, pp 33,36 The Pentagon is restructuring the THAAD missile program after five failed intercept tests. The restructure will designate the 40 missiles that should be UOES missiles, will now be called "test asset missiles." Boeing Pushes For Earlier Downselect Of NMD's Kill Vehicle. Aerospace Daily, Jul 06, 1998, p 21 Boeing Co., the lead systems integrator for the NMD system, would like an earlier downselect for the system's exoatmospheric kill vehicle(EKV). Raytheon and Boeing are competing to supply the EKV for NMD. Although Boeing is also the LSI for NMD, BMDO officials believe Boeing is taking a very fair approach to the downselect. Boeing would like the decision made in the November timeframe to allow more time for actual testing of the EKV. >From Russia, A Muted Reaction. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist, Igor Khripunov; Anupam Srivastava, Jul 01, 1998, pp 42-43 Russia's long-standing and complex relationship with India has become more complicated after India's recent nuclear tests. Russia's reaction to the nuclear tests by India was muted, in order to keep an economic and strategic relationship between the two countries in place. According to this article, the Russian position towards India could put them in a strategic dilemma. Senate: Test Ban Prospects Shaken. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist, John Isaacs, Jul 01, 1998, pp 40-41 This article examines ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in the wake of India's five nuclear tests and the fifth failed test of THAAD. Costs For NMD Range From $18.4 Billion To $28.3 Billion. Defense Daily, Jul 09, 1998, pp 3-4 BMDO estimates that the cost of developing and deploying a NMD system in the next few years will range from $18.4b to $28.3b, according to a recent GAO report. It was also concluded that the program's schedule and technology is high-risk. Warhead Turns Standoff Missiles Into Bunker Busters. Defense News, Lisa Burgess, Jul 06, 1998, p 6 US Air Force is preparing to select a warhead for the first standoff missile that can penetrate deeply embedded targets while keeping aircrews and costly aircraft far out of reach of an enemy's air defenses. Israelis Broaden Missile Defense Role For Laser: THEL Is Among Counterforce Options. Defense News, Barbara Opall-Rome, Jul 06, 1998, pp 3, 28 While the Israel-US Arrow antimissile program remains the centerpiece of efforts here to defend against ballistic missile threats, the Israeli government is investing heavily in a range of air attack options to destroy increasingly lethal missiles before the enter Israeli airspace. Highly classified development efforts include convening the US-Israel Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) to handle not only the short-range Katyusha like rockets and artillery rounds for which it was designed, but medium-range Scuds and longer-range missiles. Raytheon To Fill Several AMRAAM Missile Orders. Defense News, Jul 06, 1998, p 16 Raytheon Systems Co. has received its first contracts for AIM-120B and AIM-120C Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles (AMRAAM) in which plans are made to deliver 554 AMRAAMS and provide engineering and logistics services through July 2000 to the US Air Force and Navy under a $168.2m contract with Aeronautical Systems Center. Report: US Nuclear Spending Exceeds Cold War Level. Defense News, David Mulholland, Jul 06, 1998, p 6 The United State spends more each year to maintain nuclear weapons than it did to test, produce and service a larger arsenal during the Cold War. South Asia Nuke Tests Underscore Need For NPT Support. Defense News, Michael Krepon, Jul 06, 1998, p 19 India and Pakistan have tested nuclear weapons during a period of unprecedented progress and problems with proliferation. It is too soon to assess the damage to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) resulting from India's decision to break a 22-month global moratorium on nuclear testing. BMDO, Navy Agree To Hold NTW DAB In December, Approve PDRR Continuation. Inside The Navy, Thomas Duffy, Jul 06, 1998, pp 3-4 Following a joint program definition and risk reduction (PDRR) review on June 25, Navy and BMDO officials have agreed to have the Defense Acquisition Board review the Navy Theater Wide missile defense program no later than December 1. BMDO Report On Navy Theater Wide Program. Inside The Navy, Jul 06, 1998, pp 9-13 This is the text of BMDO's report on the Navy Theater Wide Program, in accordance with the Conference Report accompanying HR 1119, the National Defense Authorization Act For FY 1998. The report discusses cost and technical feasibility of options for a more robust Navy Upper Tier or Navy Theater Wide missile defense. Senators Charge Administration With Delaying Tactics: BMDO Says Congress Was Told Sea-Based NMD Report Would Be Late. Inside The Navy. Thomas Duffy, Jul 06, 1998, p 2 A congressionally mandated report on the feasibility of the sea-based national missile defense system, which was to be delivered to Congress on February 15, was the subject of accusations against the Clinton administration during debate of the Senate's FY99 defense authorization bill. BMDO claims that it maintained contact with congressional staffers about the need to delay the report; the Clinton administration is accused by Republican Senators of withholding the report for political reasons. Due to the technical nature of the report, BMDO plans to deliver the report in a classified format. Congress was expecting an unclassified report. BMDO Says Fielding Theater Wide Before 2005 Too Risky, Costly. Inside The Navy. Thomas Duffy, Jul 06, 1998, pp 1, 8-9 BMDO told Congress that Navy Theater Wide missile defense might be ready by 2005 with the infusion of an additional $1.5B, but doing so would also mean considerable financial and technical risks. The Navy's approach to a sea based Theater Wide system is still unproven, and according to BMDO, early deployment is neither prudent nor affordable prior to demonstrating that the technology is mature. Senate Calls for Report On Employment of Former Soviet Weapons Experts. Inside The Pentagon, Keith J. Costa, Jul 09, 1998, p 2 In an effort to further US nonproliferation efforts, the Senate late last month passed an amendment to the FY99 defense authorization bill that calls on the DoD to produce a report on the employment of experts in ballistic missile technology and weapons of mass destruction from the former Soviet Union. BMDO: Fielding Theater Wide Before 2005 Too Risky, Costly. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 09, 1998, p 7 If the Defense Department and Congress pumped $1.5b into the Navy's Theater Wide missile defense program, on top of the $1.5b now budgeted between FYs 1999 and 2005, the Navy might be able to get an initial version of the Theater Wide system to sea by 2005, a year earlier than the current plan, the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization told Congress recently. Pentagon Says House Funding Cut Would Kill WMD Response Effort. Inside The Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman, Jul 09, 1998, p 3 The Pentagon is appealing House action on the FY99 defense authorization bill that would deny DoD over half the funds it is seeking for a new effort to prepare US forces to respond to domestic attacks involving weapons of mass destruction. Navy Stands Up Steering Group for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 09, 1998, p 8 The Navy Department is standing up an executive steering group to chart a consolidated plan to develop requirements and concepts for Navy and Marine Corps unmanned aerial vehicles, reports Inside the Navy. Questions About Line-Item Veto Prompt Impoundment Act Worries. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 09, 1998, p 8 The Supreme Court's recent decision overturning the line-item veto is causing a great deal of confusion in the Pentagon. It's too late for the SR-71 spy aircraft , however, as the program continues to be dismantled despite the legal conundrum, reports Inside the Air Force. To Counteract House Amendment Senate Measure Tells DOE To Select Tritium-Making Method By Year's End. Inside The Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Jul 02, 1998, pp 1-4 An amendment was added by the Senate last week to the FY99 defense authorization bill that directs the energy secretary to select a technology to produce tritium for military use by Dec. 31. Tritium is a radioactive gas used to boost the yield of nuclear explosions, but is also used for commercial purposes, such as in illuminating exit signs and wristwatches. The US stopped producing tritium for military use in 1988. Cohen and Pena letters included. Despite POM Termination, Army Buying Chief Says TOW Follow-On Is Not Dead. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 09, 1998, p 8 The Follow-On-To-TOW program, terminated by the Army in its FY 2000 through 2005 program objective memorandum, may not be dead yet, according to Lt. Gen Paul Kern, military deputy to the assistant secretary of the Army for Research, development and acquisition. Navy Admiral Says Theater Wide Fielding Possible Within 40 Months. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 02, 1998, pp 10-11 Last week, RADM Rodney Rempt, the newly appointed deputy assistant secretary of the Navy for theater combat systems, met with the head of the Pentagon's ballistic missile defense program and the Navy's top acquisition official to review the Theater Wide missile defense system, Inside the Navy reports. The review is a precursor to a Defense Acquisition Board look at the program later this summer. Navy To Solicit Radar Development For Theater Wide Block II System. Inside The Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Jul 02, 1998, pp 1-4 The Navy is on the verge of releasing a broad agency announcement the service expects will draw the attention of several companies interested in developing the radar discrimination need for the Block II version of its Theater Wide missile defense system, RADM George Huchting told Inside the Pentagon on June 29. The Senate FY99 defense authorization bill recommends a $50m increase to the Navy Theater Wide request for an advanced radar for the Navy Theater Wide effort. Dodd Offers Bill Giving President Flexibility To Terminate Sanctions. Inside The Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Jul 09, 1998, pp 1-6 Sen Christopher Dodd (D-CT) late last month introduced a bill that would give the president the flexibility to delay, suspended or terminate any existing sanctions law, as long as the president deems such action in the national interest. "In our zeal to punish foreign governments for offensive behavior, we have managed to cut ourselves off from 20 percent of the world's export markets," Dodd said. Army Ponders Its Tactical UAV Needs, With Competition Likely. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 02, 1998, p 10 The Army's search for a tactical unmanned aerial vehicle may be reopened to competition in the near future as the Outrider UAV completes a military utility assessment and Army officials prepare for a high-level August meeting at which Outrider's future will be decided, Inside the Army reports. Kyl Measure Calls On Pentagon To Study Missile Defense In Asia-Pacific. Inside The Pentagon, Darcia R. Harris, Jul 02, 1998, p 3 The Senate passed a missile defense proponent to the 1999 defense authorization bill last week that requires the SecDef to study the deployment of theater missile defense systems in the Asia-Pacific region. The amendment was co-authored by Sen Jon Kyl (R-AZ) and Sen Frank Murkowski (R-AK). Defense Committees Send Mixed Signals On Need For GPS Improvements. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 02, 1998, p 12 The four congressional defense committees are sending the Air Force mixed signals on their commitment to the next series of Global Positioning System satellites, Inside the Air Force reports. Senate authorizers and appropriators consider development of an enhanced GPS system an urgent national security priority and have added research and development funds to pursue this goal. Selected DoD Appeals to FY99 Defense Authorization Conference. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 09, 1998, pp 11-21 Selected DOD Appeals to FY99 Defense Authorization Conference include: Bosnia Cost Cap; Readiness Reporting System; Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD); Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations; Biological Warfare Defense; Chemical Demilitarization Program Funding; Chemical Demilitarization Program Transfer; Darkstar UAV Termination; MEADS; RDT&E, Defense Wide. Pentagon Objects To Readiness Report Requirement Imposed By House. Inside the Pentagon. Keith J. Kosta, Jul 09, 1998, p 24 The Defense Department is urging the elimination of a provision in the House version of the FY99 defense authorization bill that directs the defense secretary to create a more complete and accurate reporting system on readiness by July 1, 1999. Lockheed Martin May Agree To Pay Additional Costs Of THAAD Program. Inside The Pentagon, Jul 09, 1998, pp 8-9 Negotiations between Lockheed Martin and the US government over the company's proposed changes to the beleaguered Theater High Altitude Area Defense program could end soon with the announcement of an agreement increasing Lockheed's penalties for continued THAAD delays and test failures, reports Inside the Army. Selected Excerpts Of House Defense Appropriations Bill. Inside The Pentagon: Special Report, Jul 02, 1998, pp 1-24 On June 24, the House passed its version of the FY99 defense appropriations bill. Portions of the bill covering research, development, test and evaluation programs, revolving and management funds, and dissenting views are reprinted in a July 2 Special Report. Ground Zero. Jane's Intelligence Review. Harold Hough, Jul 01, 1998, p 21 Article contains images of both the Indian and Pakistani test sites and a description of the site, as well as why US intelligence sources may have missed the preparations. Indian Blasts Surprise The World, But Leave Fresh Doubts. Jane's Intelligence Review. T.S. Gopi Rethinaraj, Jul 01, 1998, pp 19-20,22 After 24 years of having nuclear capability, India conducted three nuclear tests. The article discusses the claims and counterclaims as to the strength of the detonation and the probable economic and political consequences of the detonations. Pakistan Puts Its Nuclear Cards On The Table. Jane's Intelligence Review. W.P.S. Sidhu, Jul 01, 1998, pp 26-27 While India views its nuclear weapons as a means of achieving stability, the author views Pakistan's nuclear weaponry as instruments of first or last resort. The author discusses Pakistan's arsenal, potential delivery systems, and doctrines of use. India Sees Safety In Nuclear Triad And Second Strike Potential. Jane's Intelligence Review. W.P.S. Sidhu, Jul 01, 1998, p 23-25 The author argues that India's detonation of nuclear devices in may is part of a wider desire to have a full complement of weaponry. The article discusses India's potential nuclear arsenal's size, the delivery systems which may be deployed, and India's intention to declare a "no first use" policy. High Price Exacted For Pakistan's One-Upsmanship. Jane's Intelligence Review. W.P.S. Sidhu, Jul 01, 1998, pp 28-29 The Pakistani tests were designed to demonstrate to India that Pakistan's heretofore covert nuclear program had produced serious nuclear weaponry with which to counter the Indian threat. Because of the size of the yields and the estimated numbers of weapons in the stockpile before and after the tests, ironically, Pakistan may have put itself in a strategically weaker position than before the testing. Nuclear Devices Tested By India And Pakistan Perplex Scientists And Shake Prospects Of CTBT. Physics Today. Irwin Goodwin, Jul 01, 1998, pp 45-46 This provides a discussion of the Pakistani and Indian nuclear tests.