hard.copy update: 07/03/98

ARTICLE CITATIONS GATHERED FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS P&W's Chemical Systems Wins NMD Propulsion Contract. Aerospace Daily, Jun 30, 1998, p 503 Pratt & Whitney's Chemical Systems Division has won a propulsion subcontract from Boeing for the NMD program. USAF Looks To SBIRS High To Fill Some Needs Of SBIRS Low. Aerospace Daily, Jul 01, 1998, pp 1,4 According to Col Katherine Roberts, program manager of the SBIRS Low component at SMSC, some capabilities in the SBIRS High could meet some of the requirements for SBIRS Low. The purpose of SBIRS is to warn of missile launches from high and low orbits. Senate Approves DoD Authorization. Aerospace Daily, Jun 29, 1998, p 495 The Senate has approved a $273 billion fiscal 1999 defense authorization, which includes an amendment to double the funds for the Scorpius Low Cost Launch Development Program. The goal of this program is to make US space launches less expensive. Senate Panel Says DoD Should Obligate Line Item Vetoed Funds. Aerospace Daily, Jun 30, 1998, p 502 The Senate Appropriations defense subcommittee expects the Clinton Administration to begin obligating the 1998 funds that were line item vetoed out of the fiscal 1998 defense appropriations act. The line item veto was struck down by the Supreme Court on June 25. Pena To Step Down As Energy Secretary. Arms Control Today, Apr 01, 1998, p 28 Due to personal and family reasons, Secretary of Energy Federico Pena announced on April 6 that he is leaving the Clinton administration at the end of June. Factfile: Update -States-Parties And Signatories To The Chemical Weapons Convention. Arms Control Today. Erik J. Leklem, Apr 01, 1998, pp 29-30 The Chemical Weapons Convention increased its membership from the original 87 parties at entry into force on April 29, 1997, to 108 state-parties, with 60 signatories that have yet to ratify. At One Year, CWC Progress Tempered By Limited Transparency. Arms Control Today. Erik J. Leklem, Apr 01, 1998, pp 27-28 The First Year of formal activity for the Chemical Weapon Convention (CWC) since its entry into force on April 29, 1997, has seen measured progress toward the establishment of a global norm against the possession, production, transfer or use of chemical weapons (CW). Transparency under the CWC has been limited by the large number of delinquent, incomplete or missing data declarations to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). AF Concludes "Atmosphere Not A Problem" For ABL. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, pp 226-227 The Air Force Research Lab has concluded after more than five years of collecting and analyzing atmospheric data that the atmosphere will not prevent the ABL from doing its job. According to this article, in September 2002, the ABL will attempt to destroy a theater ballistic missile. SBL Passes Mirror Milestone. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, p 227 On June 9, the fourth successful test of the Alpha Lamp Integration Experiment completed the evaluation of the Uncooled Deformable Mirror. The Alpha Lamp Integration (ALI) beam was transmitted through the SBL beam control system. GAO Fears MEADS Might Cut Into Priority Missile Programs. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, pp 220-221 If DoD funds the MEADS program without more help from the Army or BMDO, it will hurt higher priority missile defense programs. A recent GAO report examined DoD's agreement with Germany and Italy to acquire MEADS and examined the future of funding for the program. Rempt: Navy TBMD Is On The Brink Of Fielding. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, pp 215-217 According to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy, RADM Rodney Rempt, the Navy has the software and hardware to move the Navy Area and Navy Theaterwide program forward quickly. Navy TBMD focuses on protecting against short and medium range TBM's. The program is currently in the engineering, manufacturing and development phase and is strongly supported by the Navy. Cold War Air Defense Spysat Is Declassified. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998 pp 219-220 The Galactic Radiation and Background (GRAB) satellite was declassified last week. The reconnaissance satellite system was built to gather information on Soviet air defense radars. White Sands Tests Y2K Solution Next Week. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, pp 227-228 The White Sands Missile range plans to test its computers to see if they will work in 2000. The computers are vital to the range for testing of Patriot, THAAD, and Standard missiles for TMD. Northrop Grumman Units To Work On NMD. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, p 228 Three Northrop Grumman units will work on the NMD program that is being led by the Boeing Corp. Northrop Grumman will provide radar systems engineering and hardware expertise as well as test and deployment planning. Senate Passes $270.5 Billion FY99 Defense Authorization Bill. Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Jun 29, 1998, p 3 The Senate passed by a vote of 88 to 4 a $270.5b FY99 Defense Authorization Druyun: Air Force's Airborne Laser Program May Proceed. Defense Daily. Greg Caires, Jun 29, 1998, pp 6-7 The Airborne Laser (ABL) program, one of the Air Force's top modernization priorities, has received "Authority to Proceed #1 (ATP-1)" based on the program's progress to date, and the service may now start finalizing the system's design. Israel Mulls Nuke Stance Amid New Threats. Defense News. Steve Rodan, Jun 29, 1998, pp 3,36 Israel is reviewing its policy of so-called nuclear ambiguity amid fears that a new nuclear arms race in South Asia will spur Middle Eastern countries such as Iraq and Iran to accelerate their nuclear efforts. Decisive Punishment. Defense News, Jun 29, 1998, p 24 If France and Switzerland confirm US Army findings of deadly VX gas on recovered Iraqi warheads dating from the 1991 Persian Gulf war, the United Nations will be compelled to punish Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. NSA Chief Ups Info War Ante: Says Cyber Attack On US Is Weapon Of Mass Destruction. Defense News. George I, Seffers, Jun 28, 1998, pp 1, 36 United States should consider computer attacks on its information infrastructure as weapons of mass destruction. Currently US government and military authorities include nuclear, biological and chemical weapons in this definition. India, Pakistan Sanctions Stop Little US Commerce. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Jun 29, 1998, pp 3, 34 Overlooked in the clamor to roll back US sanctions against India, Pakistan and other nations developing weapons of mass destruction is the relatively negligible impact of the punitive measures on US exports. US Holds Key With Taiwan: Nuclear Motivation Grows If US Support Falters. Defense News. Parris Chang, Jun 29, 1998, p 25 With the recent tit-for-tat nuclear testing between India and Pakistan that has fueled a nuclear arms race in South Asia, it raises a similar debate in Taipei - should Taiwan go nuclear to an unpredictable and belligerent China if US breaks its commitment of security to Taiwan? GPS Revenues To Double By Year 2000. Defense Week. Bill Carey, Jun 29, 1998, p 5 With revenues approaching $4b and expected to double by the year 2000, the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite is recognized as an indispensable navigation and positioning tool with aviation, maritime, mapping, and surveying applications. System developers, administrators, and policymakers met recently near Washington, DC to consider the next dimensions of the satellite industry. Veto Threat Hangs Over Defense Authorization Bill. Defense Week, Jun 29, 1998, p 14 The Senate passed the FY99 defense authorization bill late Thursday which now must be reconciled with the House's version of the spending plan. The Pentagon says the $271b defense bill could invite a presidential veto because the measure makes it difficult for DoD to close or reduce bases. GAO: Budget-Driven QDR Missed Options. Defense Week. Colin Clark, Jun 29, 1998, p 16 GAO has joined the many critics of last year's Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) saying it was budget-driven and didn't go far enough in considering the right mixes of soldiers and weapons. US Not Bound To ABM Treaty, Memo For Heritage Foundation Contends. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 24, 1998, pp 2-4 A memorandum of law, "The Collapse of the Soviet Union and the End of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty," prepared at the request of the Heritage Foundation by Junton & Williams, a law firm involved in constitutional and public process law, declares that the 1972 ABM Treaty no longer binds the US under international or US domestic law because none of the Newly Independent States (NIS), or the group as a whole, is capable of implementing the original treaty obligations of the former Soviet Union. Pentagon Plans $73 Million Sale Of Patriot Missile Equipment To Israel. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 24, 1998, p 4 The Defense Department plans to sell Patriot missile system radars, control engagement systems and logistics support equipment to Israel to help the country upgrade it air defense capabilities. The proposed sales is meant to augment existing Patriot capabilities against the growing threat of medium range ballistic missiles in the region, primarily those emanating out of Iran. CATO Study Recommends Terminating MEADS, THAAD And Airborne Laser. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 24, 1998, p 5-6 As BMDO grapples with the challenge of fielding all the currently planned missile defense programs with a budget that shrinks annually, a new study on TMD by the CATO Institute offers a provocative solution--terminate the THAAD, MEADS, and Airborne Laser programs and save over half the projected total program costs for TMD. Descriptors, Keywords: US CATO study TMD MEADS THAAD Airborne Laser ABL budget Senate Action On THAAD With BMDO's Draft Restructuring Plan. Inside Missile Defense. Elaine M. Grossman, Jun 24, 1998, p 7-9 BMDO is giving consideration to reorganizing the THAAD program following the Lockheed Martin missile's fifth consecutive failure in a recent intercept test. This parallels legislative action by the Senate Appropriations Committee to reduce and transfer funds within the THAAD system.