Update: 06/19/98
ARTICLE CITATIONS GATHERED FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS. NSC Official Backs China Policy As 'Non-Proliferation Tool'. Aerospace Daily, Jun 19, 1998, pp 449-450 Gary Samore, NSC senior director, says that the 10 year old US policy of allowing US satellite makers to launch their spacecraft on Chinese rockets has been an effective tool in encouraging China to follow international guidelines on the proliferation of ballistic missile technology. The China-launch encourages "openness" between the US and China, and discourages the export of Chinese missiles by offering an alternative source of revenue and the threat of sanctions. Industry Groups Oppose China Launch Legislation. Aerospace Daily, Jun 09, 1998, pp 383, 386 Officials of the Aerospace Industries Association and the Satellite Industry Association said their memberships want the Senate to reject the House language, which grew out of charges China gained access to data useful in ballistic missile targeting from US experts helping it investigate the 1996 failure of a Long March 2C launch vehicle. The industry organization wants senators to await the outcome of a Senate Intelligence Committee probe into the charges headed by the panel chairman, Sen Richard Shelby (R-AL). Indigenous SAM Upgrades Worry USAF, Hawley Says. Aerospace Daily, Jun 09, 1998, p 388 According to Gen Richard Hawley, wide proliferation of older SAMs is a problem because modifications are being made indigenously, rather than by the original SAM manufacturers; this tends to make the SAM country-unique and difficult to keep up with. Senate Panel Examines Satellite Licensing; House Gears Up Probe. Aerospace Daily, Jun 11, 1998, pp 399, 403 The Senate Intelligence Committee opened hearings on the effects of US national security of satellite technology exports to China with GAO testimony. According to witness, Katherine V. Schinasi, technical information may not be clearly controlled under the Commerce system because unlike the Dept of State, the Dept of Commerce does not require a company to obtain an export license to market a satellite. Chairman Richard Shelby said China Aerospace builds civilian space launch vehicles and also intercontinental ballistic missiles targeted on the US and other countries. What's Ahead In Aerospace: Pecking Order. Aerospace Daily, Jun 15, 1998, pp 415-416 According to Air Force officials, ABL is being designed to establish a pecking order to attack higher threat systems first. ABL may forego earlier, less lethal targets, to deal with high threat first. DARPA Picks Boeing For Hypersonic Missile Development. Aerospace Daily, Jun 15, 1998, p 416 DARPA has selected BOEING to pursue development of the hypersonic Advanced Rapid Response Missile Demonstrator (ARRMD). ARRMD is intended to be a low cost hypersonic missile approach to engage time critical targets at ranges in excess of 400 nautical miles. Operational capability is projected for 2010. Service Disputes Set Back JROC Review Of SBIRS-Low. Aerospace Daily, Jun 15, 1998, p 417 The Pentagon has pushed back a high-level review of the SBIRS-Low system until July 1998, due to inter-service disputes over requirements. The Navy and BMDO rejected the Air Force's position on some SBIRS-Low requirements. Team ABL Conduces 'First Light' Test For Airborne Laser Program. Aerospace Daily, Jun 15, 1998, p 420 Team ABL, composed of Boeing, TRW and Lockheed Martin has conducted the fist test of the flight weighted laser module (FLM), a multi-hundred-kilowatt-class chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL), at TRW's Capistrano Test Site. FLM is the fundamental building block for HEL, and this test is the latest of a series of successful risk reduction activities by Team ABL which has kept the ABL program on cost and on schedule. Boeing Taps Three Northrop Grumman Units For NMD Team. Aerospace Daily, Jun 15, 1998, p 420 Three units of Northrop Grumman Corp will participate in Boeing's NMD team. These are Logicon, the Electronic Sensors and Systems Division, and Marine Systems, with a total value of $70m over the first three years of the program. ATACMS Penetrator Development Slips From 2001 Until 2005. Aerospace Daily, Jun 12, 1998, pp 413-414 The US Army has delayed development of a penetrator variant of the ATACMS until 2005 due to lack of funding. ATACMS Block 3 is being considered jointly by the Army and Navy. The missile is expected to weigh about 3000 lbs. CNO Wants Rapid Deployment of Aegis Based TMD. Aerospace Daily, Jun 11, 1998, p 401 CNO Adm Jay Johnson wants to equip the US Navy's Aegis ships with TMD systems as soon as possible. The first two Aegis cruisers will be equipped with the Lower Tier system in Hawaii in 1999. Predator UAV Problems Detailed. Aerospace Daily, Jun 16, 1998, p 428 The Army has retained rated pilots to fly the Predator UAV, which is difficult to handle and not yet achieving some advertised performance characteristics. The system is underpowered for some environments and tends to lose altitude in clouds or rain. It also is vulnerable to unintentional jamming, and is difficult to land in twilight conditions. Lockheed Martin's THAAD Cure May Not Be The Answer, Kern Says. Aerospace Daily, Jun 15, 1998, p 420 Lockheed Martin proposed that the Army share some test costs if THAAD fails again in future tests, and additionally will restructure its management team. LTG Paul Kern, the Army's top acquisitions officer, noted that THAAD problems have been quality issues rather than technical hurdles, but the THAAD problems remain a working issue. Simulation May Replace Starstreak Stinger, Shoot-Off. Aerospace Daily, Jun 11, 1998, p 405 A lack of funds may restrict possibilities for a side by side comparison of the Shorts Starstreak laser guided missile and the air-to-air Stinger, despite congressional interest. New Mirror Performs Well In High-Energy Laser Test. Aerospace Daily, Jun 12, 1998, p 408 On June 9, BMDO conducted the fourth high energy laser test of the uncooled deformable mirror (UDM) for the ALPHA Large Advanced Mirror Program (LAMP). The test ran for five seconds with 4.5 seconds of closed-loop wavefront and jitter control accomplished. Stinger Follow-On Choices Seen Wide Open. Aerospace Daily, Jun 11, 1998, pp 401-402 The US Army plans to keep Stinger missile viable until 2015 or later, while the Army tries to define a follow-on to the surface to air and air to air Stinger missile. Helms: White House Shielded Loral, Hughes From China Sanctions. Aerospace Daily, Jun 12, 1998, pp 407-408 Senate Foreign Relations Chairman Jesse Helms (R-NC) charged the Clinton Administration with shielding US satellite manufacturers and China from US sanction, but other committee members question the effectiveness and wisdom of sanctions. The House Rules Committee has put off until next week consideration of a House Republican leadership resolution creating a special committee to investigate alleged transfer of launch technology to China. North Korea Says It Won't Stop Selling Missiles Overseas. Aerospace Daily, Jun 17, 1998, p 432 North Korea has admitted for the first time that its selling missiles abroad, and plans to continue developing, testing and selling the missiles. US has evidence that North Korea has sold Scud missiles to Iran and Syria but efforts to halt the transfers have failed. Raytheon Builds Test Center For IR Sensor Satellite Payloads. Aerospace Daily, Jun 17, 1998, p 437 Raytheon is preparing a test center to test the infrared sensor payloads it is providing for the US AF SBIRS-Low flight demonstrations program competition. Russian Nuclear Cruise Missile Development Slower Than Expected. Aerospace Daily, Jun 17, 1998, p 435 Russian development of a future air launched nuclear cruise missile is proceeding slower than expected. Hamre Warns Lawmakers Of Cyber Attack Vulnerabilities. Aerospace Daily, Jun 12, 1998, p 409 DepSecDef Hamre described Pentagon vulnerability to cyber attacks in a closed door session with the HNSC. Rep Weldon (R-PA) urged other members to request a classified briefing. In open prepared testimony Hamre described examples of how digital technology failures have unanticipated and widespread repercussions. In related GAO testimony, the Director of Defense Acquisition told HNSC that DoD has initiated a project to develop standard methodology and management to identify vulnerabilities in systems and networks. GAO: China Could Use US, EU Systems To Improve Military. Aerospace Daily, Jun 19, 1998, pp 452-453 According to a new GAO report, (GAO/NSIAD-98-176), China could use limited military deliveries from the US and EU to improve its military capabilities. Since June 1989 the US has allowed wavers for delivery of military items valued at $36.3m, and licensing of commercial military exports of $313m. An accounting of military items delivered to China from the US and EU is included. Payload Options Emerge For Global Hawk. Aerospace Daily, Jun 16, 1998, p 427 A wide variety of payloads are being considered for the Global Hawk UAV, including signals intelligence (SIGINT), a package to fire missiles for BPI, or a payload with capability to replace a GPS satellite. House Establishes Special Panel To Investigate China Tech Transfer. Aerospace Daily, Jun 19, 1998, p 448 The US House voted 409 to 10 to pass a resolution creating a panel to investigate allegations that Loral Space and Communications transferred sensitive technology to China. The main focus of the group is to determine if national security was compromised Rep Christopher Cox (R-CA) asked the House Rules Committee to give his panel primacy over 8 other house committees with jurisdiction for a six-month investigation, to determine if national security was compromised. NRO added two senior Pentagon officials to its staff. MajGen Robert S. Dickman, became director of plans and analysis with NRO. Gil Klinger will be the NRO's new policy director. AFRL Works To Improve Tech For BMDO. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, pp 200-201 Air Force Research Laboratory is working in several areas to determine which technologies and programs will help BMDO programs. AFRL Works Closely With BMDO. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, pp 199-200 The consolidation of Air Force labs into the Air Force Research Lab has resulted in improved communication with BMDO. BMDO Tech Links To Business. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, p 209 This article discusses how BMDO as well as other advanced technology companies are making necessary preparations towards the millennium. Senate Panel Gives And Takes. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, pp 204-205 This article focuses on briefs that detail the funding the Senate Appropriations Committee's defense subcommittee recommended from specific BMD programs. The full committee has yet to complete action on the FY 1999 National Defense Appropriations bill. Schafer Provides THAAD Tech Support. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, p 210 Under A $540,000 contract, Schafer Corp. will provide technical support and assistance for the THAAD Integrated Product Development Implementation and Integration. Senate Subcommittee Pushes PAC-3 ADSAM/ADAAN Tests. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, p 206 Senate Appropriations defense subcommittee wants DoD to research using a sensor on an aircraft to do targeting and fire control for missiles launched from the ground or another aircraft. Senate Panel Pares BMDO R&D $442,000. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, pp 205-206 The Senate Appropriations defense subcommittee barely touched BMDO's Fiscal Year 1999 research request, shaving only $442,000 from the $3.178b request. BMDO Interested In Navy Module After Successful Exercise. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, pp 207-208 The Area Air Defense Commander module - a prototype of a new joint theater air and missile defense planning and coordination capability - was used for the first time in the Fleet Battle experiment (FBE) Charlie on May 1-5 during the Joint Task Force Exercise 98-2, in the western Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. BMDO and JTAMDO are interested in the prototype and will be getting briefings about it next month. Sanders Demos Missile Warning/Jamming Systems. BMD Monitor, Jun 12, 1998, p 210 Sanders demonstrated the first fully integrated development model of the tri-service AN/AAR 57 Common Missile Warning System (CMWS) and the AN/ALQ-212 Advanced Threat Infrared Countermeasures/Common Missile Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS) before more then 100 DoD officials and contractors earlier this spring. HAC Approves Defense Spending Bill. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Jun 18, 1998, pp 7-8 The House Appropriations Committee yesterday approved the work of its defense panel on a $250.5b FY99 defense spending bill that represents a $621m net increase over the administration's budget request for procurement. Israel May Get More Patriot Equipment. Defense Daily, Jun 15, 1998, p 5 Israel may purchase three more support units for Patriot surface-to-air missiles from Raytheon worth $73m under a proposed foreign military sale. Senate May Add $37 Million For Arrow, Other Israel Defense Programs. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Jun 08, 1998, p 4 US Senate appropriators are proposing that the DoD spend at least an additional $37m on Israel-related programs in their 1999 Pentagon spending bill which $12m went towards the US-Israel Arrow program, $10m for the US BMDO Boost Phase Intercept and $15m for THEL. THAAD Failure May Cost Contractor $15 Million. Defense News, Jun 15, 1998, p 2 Lockheed Martin Corp. has offered to reimburse the Defense Department $15m in the event its next five Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) missile intercept attempts fail, a congressional source said. Failures Cost THAAD In Congress. Defense News. Philip Finnegan, Jun 08, 1998, pp 4, 58 Unless the US Department of Defense comes up with an acceptable way to restructure the Army's Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) program, it faces severe delays and financial setbacks from Congress. India May Boost 1998 Budget. Defense News. Vivek Raghuvanshi, Jun 08, 1998, p 56 Not only has the new Indian government bolstered defense, space and nuclear budgets, but officials here also promise to consider midterm increases in 1998 defense spending. Space-Based Tracking Debate Follows Israeli Arrow Decision. Defense News. Steve Rodan, Jun 08, 1998, p 8 Israel's defense establishment is quietly debating whether the country's next step in missile defense should be a space-based tracking system. The debate comes on the heels of the Defense Ministry's approval of a $1b plan to deploy the Arrow antimissile system, now know as Homa (for Great Wall). Under the plan, the Homa system will be operated under what officials termed emergency deployment in late 1999 The first two batteries of the Arrow 2 will be deployed in 2000, and a third the following year. Britain, US To Join On Chemical Defense. Defense News, Jun 08, 1998, p 2 The UK and US jointly will develop chemical and biological weapon protection. Converted Minuteman To Launch Satellite. Defense News, Jun 15, 1998, p 2 The first Minuteman missile converted for small satellite launches will lift off in late 1999 from the planned commercial spaceport at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. Japanese Interest Rises In TMD. Defense News. Naoaki Usui, Jun 15, 1998, p 10 The eruption of a new nuclear arms race in South Asia has spurred the Japan Defense Agency (JDA) to bolster its hitherto modest research on possible US collaboration in theater missile defense (TMD). Israel Plans New Launch Of Arrow Interceptor. Defense News, Jun 15, 1998, p 2 Israeli officials, confident they have eliminated the glitches that resulted in an Aug. 20 test failure, plan to launch another Arrow antimissile interceptor in the next two weeks. Albright Urges Flexibility For Nuke Sanctions. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Jun 15, 1998, pp 4, 28 US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright has joined the chorus of influential voices clamoring for legislative relief form sanctions imposed on India and Pakistan after last month's nuclear tests by the South Asian rivals. Shake Up Missile Defense: THAAD Failures Underscore Deployment Rush. Defense News. Gene Fox, Stanley Orman, Jun 15, 1998, p 19 Repercussions from the latest test failure of the Theater High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system may extend beyond a single troubled program, and shake up the organization that spawned THAAD and their approach to missile defense. DoE May Consolidate Nuke Weapon Production Contracts. Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Jun 15, 1998, p 12 The US Department of Energy is considering consolidating as many as six contracts at its nuclear weapon production facilities into a single contract worth as much as $1b, a top. US To Share Year 2000 Missile Glitch Plans. Defense News, Jun 08, 1998, p 2 This summer, the United States will present to Russia and other countries a plan for sharing early-warning and missile-launch information if computers running nuclear missile systems go haywire Jan. 1, 2000, as a result of the so-called year 2000 problem. N. Korea Speeds New Missile: Possible Pakistan Aid May Allow Pyongyang To Skip Test Phase. Defense News. Barbara Opall-Rome, Jun 15, 1998, pp 4, 27 As US and South Korea leaders consider easing sanctions against North Korea, intelligence analysts are warning of Pyongyang's plan to deploy its new Taepo-dong 1 missile without the testing that would provide Western militaries with early warning. Pending Chemical Weapons Legislation Could Weaken Treaty. Defense Week, Jun 15, 1998, p 15 Legislation passed by both houses of Congress would seriously undermine the international treaty, Chemical Weapons Convention, that seeks to ban chemical weapons production, stockpiling and use, arms control advocates say. The bill contains a number of exemptions for the US that encourages other governments to adopt their own particular exceptions to the treaty. Albright Calls For Increased Arms Export Control. Defense Week. David Ruppe, Jun 15, 1998, p 7 At a June 10 Stimson Center conference on the security crisis in South Asia, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright praised the European Union's decision to adopt a Code of Conduct restricting arms transfers and said more attention should be paid to controlling conventional arms exports. Lockheed Martin Won't Lose US Missile Job, Top Aide Says. Defense Week, Jun 15, 1998, p 13 Lockheed Martin will not be fired as prime contractor on THAAD, the Pentagon's top anti-missile system for protecting soldiers, even though five straight tests have been failures. THAAD is to be a mobile system of missile batteries and ground radars specifically designed to destroy short-range ballistic missiles, such as the Iraqi Scuds used against US troops in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Pentagon: Alaska Best Site For National Missile Defense. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Jun 15, 1998, pp 1, 8 The Pentagon has determined that interceptor rockets for an initial, limited NMD system would best be located in central Alaska, even though deploying them anywhere but Grand Forks, ND is not allowed by the 1972 ABM Treaty. Onsite Inspection. Inside the Pentagon, Jun 18, 1998, p 1 Air Force Gen Eugene Habiger, the outgoing commander of the US Strategic Command, told reporters June 16 that after making a number of visits recently to Russian nuclear command and control sites and weapons storage facilities, he has fairly high confidence in the safety and security of the Russian arsenal. In fact, he said, he believes his view on the matter is better informed than that of the US intelligence sector. THAAD Failures, Reviews Begin to Affect Other TMD Programs. Inside the Pentagon, Jun 18, 1998, pp 8-9 The string of failures that has plagued the Theater High Altitude Area Defense system and sparked debate over the adequacy of theater missile defense testing has begun to affect other TMD programs including Patriot PAC-3, industry sources tell Inside the Army. THADD has filed to intercept target missiles in five consecutive tests, sparking intense scrutiny along the way. During Upcoming Trip: Clinton To Press China To Join Missile Technology Control Regime. Inside the Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Jun 18, 1998, pp 1-2 President Clinton will once again urge Chinese officials to join the Missile Technology Control Regime during his upcoming trip to China, an administration source told Inside the Pentagon on June 16. Such a move is bound to stir controversy among those who criticize the White House for resisting the use of sanctions against China for its export of missile technology to Pakistan, Iran and others. Appropriations Panel Slices $50m From EELV Program. Inside the Pentagon, Jun 18, 1998, p 7 The House Appropriations national security subcommittee has cut $50m from the Air Force's $280.3m request for engineering and manufacturing development of the family of Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicles. Interview; Philip Coyle, Director Operational Test And Evaluation, US DoD. Jane's Defence Weekly. Bryan Bender, Jun 10, 1998, p 32 An example of a program that has fallen victim to programmatic, budget and schedule pressures is the US Army's THAAD. Coyle contends that the THAAD test program has been rushed, thus encountering problems that could have been avoided had the Army and Lockheed Martin opted for a more deliberate and incremental testing regime. The director believes that if other programs are not careful they could have similar experiences as THAAD. One missile defense effort in particular that concerns Coyle is the US Air Force's Boeing-developed Airborne Laser (ABL). "It's quite a challenging program," he said. "It's very early in its development and my first concern would be, since it is a missile defense program, that it does not fall into what has happened to THAAD." Pakistan Ready To Arm Ghauri With Warheads. Jane's Defence Weekly. Umer Farooq, Jun 03, 1998, p 4 Senior Pakistani officials have said that Pakistan's nuclear warheads have undergone shock and vibration tests and are ready to be mounted on the Ghuari intermediate range ballistic missile. Gen Dostam Restructures Without 'Scud' Capability. Jane's Defence Weekly. Anthony Davis, Jun 17, 1998, p 15 Uzbek warlord Gen Abdul Rashid Dostam lost his "Scud' surface-to-surface missile capability during the recent upheavals in northern Afghanistan, according to local military sources. Three MAZ-543 transporter erector launcher (TEL) vehicles and more than 20 Scud B missiles based close to the northern town of Sheberghan were inherited by Gen Dostam's rival, Gen Abdul Malik, when he assumed control 13 months ago. However, after a four-month exile in Turkey, Gen Dostam came back, forcing Gen Malik out last November. Before fleeing to Iran, Gen Malik ordered the TEL vehicles to be moved south to Maymenah, capital of his home province of Faryab, which was later destroyed. Some missiles are understood to remain in Sheberghan. Israel Approves 10-Year Plan For Missile-Shield. Jane's Defence Weekly. Tamir Eshel, Jun 03, 1998, p 3 Israel's Defense Minister Itzhak Mordechai has approved a 10 year funding plan for the development and deployment of anti-missile defense systems to protect the main population centers in Israel against ballistic missile attack. At the heart of the "Homa" program is the Arrow-2 ATBM. A simulated demonstration of the entire Arrow-2 system is planned soon. Aerodynamic Performance Of Supersonic Missile Body-and Wing Tip-Mounted Lateral Jets. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. B. Srivastava, May 01, 1998, pp 278-286 Forward, missile body-mounted lateral jet thrusters in a windward orientation yield amplification factors that are well below unity. This deamplification is caused by the intense interaction between the oncoming freestream and the jet flow, causing massive loss of the factorable pressure on the windward wings. Additionally, the jet flow creates a blockage effect that extends to the windward rear tail panels causing reduced tail control for the missile orientation. A means to enhance the amplification factor and regain control of tail panels is addressed by studying several alternate locations of the lateral jet thruster with a fixed body/wing/tail missile geometry. Experimental Investigation Of Super-And Hypersonic Jet Interaction On Missile Configurations. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. Julius Brandeis and Jacob Gill, May 01, 1998, pp 296-302 An experimental investigation of jet interaction on configurations with lifting surfaces is presented. The experiments were carried out at supersonic Mach numbers 2, 3, 3, and 4.5 and at the hypersonic Mach number of 8. The test model was an ogive-cylinder body with interchangeable lifting surfaces that can be mounted at various locations along the body. Several body-surface combinations were tested representing wing, rail, wing plus tail, and strake configurations. In some cases, the presence of the surfaces resulted in large force and/or moment amplification due to the interaction of the jet-induced flowfield with the planar surfaces. Optimal External Configuration Design Of Unguided Missiles. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. Omer Tanrikulu and Veysi Ercan, May 01, 1998, p 312-316 A simple optimal external configuration design method is proposed that can be used in conceptual and preliminary design stages of an unguided missile development project. Cost and constraint functions are derived from the results of linear time-invariant aeroballistic theory. Converted Missile Will Launch Satellite In '99. Space News, Jun 15, 1998, p 2 The launch of the first Minuteman missile converted for small satellite launches in late 1999 also will mark another milestone: The first launch from the planned commercial spaceport facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.