Hard.Copy - 17 October 1997


Clinton Line-Item Veto Knocks Out 13 Projects, $144M In DoD Bill.
Aerospace Daily, Oct 15, 1997, pp 71-72
President Clinton used the line-item veto in a relatively restrained
manner to eliminate 13 projects in the defense appropriations bill.
According to Clinton none of the cuts would undercut national security. 

South Korea Picks Mistral Air Defense Missile. 
Aerospace Daily, Oct 15, 1997, p 75
The South Korean government has chosen the Matra-Bae Dynamics Mistral
short-range portable air defense missile for its armed forces. 

Heed Israeli Warning Of Russian Assistance To Iran: Wolfowitz. 
Aerospace Daily, Oct 15, 1997, p 78
Paul Wolfowitz, Dean of John Hopkins University's Paul H. Nitze School
of Advanced International Studies, suggests the US should not ignore
warnings from Israel that Russia is helping Iran develop ballistic
missiles and weapons of mass destruction. 

Russia Conducts Large-Scale Nuclear Warfare Exercise. 
Aerospace Daily, Oct 16, 1997, p 83
Russia's armed forces conducted a nuclear warfare exercise that
culminated in launches of strategic missiles. 

Support Of MEADS By Germany, Italy Seen Growing. 
Aerospace Daily, Oct 17, 1997, pp 94-95
Support from the international partners working with the US on the MEADS
program has grown despite the potential for funding drops on the US

Army Hopes To Give Laser Test Another Shot. 
Defense Daily. Bryan Bender, Oct 10, 1997, pp 4-5
The Army is planning to attempt another test shot of the Mid-Range
Infrared Chemical Laser (MIRACL) before October 23. 

Middle East Growing C4I Market, EIA Says. 
Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Oct 14, 1997, p 4
According to a recent study by the Electronics Industries Association,
the market for command and control, communications, computers and
intelligence (C4I) is growing in the Middle East. 

Clinton Uses Line-Item Veto On Space-Based Missile Projects. 
Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Oct 15, 1997, pp 1-2
President Clinton vetoed 13 projects worth $144m from the FY98 Defense
Appropriations Act. The Clementine II program and the Anti-Satellite
Technology program were included in the list of canceled projects. 

Indian 5-Year Defense Procurement Plan Gains Support. 
Defense News. Vivek Raghuvanshi, Oct 13, 1997, p 72
India's defense spending plan slates a total of 1.5 trillion rupees
between 1997-2002. The plan allots 254.13 billion rupees for new
equipment and upgrades. Of this 40.85 billion rupees are being set aside
for indigenously produced missiles. India also plans to purchase about
30 Prithvi surface-to-air missiles under the proposed defense
procurement plan. 

On Balance, CTBT Works: Treaty Is Not Perfect, But Advances Security.
Defense News. Vincent Dupont; Richard Sokolsky, Oct 13, 1997, p 62
This commentary discusses the benefits and possible drawbacks of the
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). It suggests that three things
limit CTBT's benefits: the five official nuclear weapons states largely
completed their nuclear modernization plans, the remaining
nuclear-capable states, except India, are already banned from possessing
nuclear weapons and states have demonstrated tests are not needed to
develop first-generation nuclear weapons. On the other hand, the treaty
will be effectively verifiable because the US will be able to deter a
few states from masking and to detect nuclear explosions with high

Future Challenges To Ballistic Missile Defense. 
IEEE Spectrum. George N. Lewis, Theodore A. Postol, Sep 01, 1997, pp 60-68
The United States is trying to build and deploy a wide range of
ballistic missile defense systems. Proponents of the systems argue that
they will be effective against a host of current and potential threats
from ballistic missiles. In reality, success or failure will depend not
only on the technology used in defenses, but also on the tactics and
technologies used in missile attacks. The ability of a defense to adapt
to and deal with countermeasures is the ultimate test of its combat

Airborne Laser. 
IEEE Spectrum. Geoffrey E. Forden, Sep 01, 1997, pp 40-49
The Airborne Laser (ABL), a megawatt laser that pinpoints a ballistic
missile launching, is an alternative to terminal defenses. The utility
of the ABL in future regional conflicts and the consequent policy
options the United States can exercise, will be highly dependent on its
range. The ABL's range in turn is determined by the accuracy with which
the primary laser beam can be pointed, the power density it can deliver,
and the structural design of the missile being attacked. This overview
of the ABL is based on information found in open literature and the
author's own analyses. 

Grand Plans. 
IEEE Spectrum. David E. Mosher, Sep 01, 1997, pp 28-39
This article gives a broad overview of US plans for ballistic missile
defenses. Included are descriptions of Navy Theater Wide, Navy Area
lower tier and Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD). A sidebar on
the Anti-ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty is also included. 

NDP's Proposed 'Transformation Strategy' Could Cost $10 Billion. 
Inside the Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman, Oct 16, 1997, pp 1, 14-16
The chairman of the NDP, Philip Odeen, said the "transformation
strategy" his review group will propose in an upcoming report could cost
about $10 billion. The report will call for an experimental approach to
speeding changes in the warfighting strategy and force structure the
group sees as necessary by the 2015 to 2020 time frame. 

Headline News: Test Delayed. 
Jane's Defence Weekly, Oct 15, 1997, p 4
The planned test of the MIRACL laser against an air force satellite
failed to occur when the laser experienced software problems. Once that
problem was fixed, the test was further delayed by heavy cloud cover.
The laser needs line-of-sight to illuminate the satellite. Pentagon
officials say they must conduct the test in the next few days or the
satellite will move out of position for the test to occur. 

Wargames Highlight US Vulnerability In Space. 
Jane's Defence Weekly. Barbara Starr, Oct 08, 1997, p 17
US wargames have shown that by the year 2025 US space systems "could be
easily knocked out," according to Keith Hall, director of the National
Reconnaissance Office (NRO). However, the wargames "seem to make the
assumption that the US would not take the necessary steps to protect
systems as threats begin to emerge. I doubt this would be the case,"
Hall said. 

Time Of Consolidation For Russia's Military. 
Jane's Intelligence Review. Andrew Duncan, Oct 01, 1997, pp 453-456
Few changes have been made in the Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces since
January 1996, but the changes made since July 1991, are significant with
reductions in all types of ICBMs except for mobile missile, SLBMs and
strategic bombers. The article table details the strategic weapon
systems deployed on Russian territory in 1991, 1996 and 1997. In
addition there are a number of non-deployed mobile ICBMs and their

Collaborative Approach To Launch Vehicle Design. Journal Of Spacecraft
And Rockets. R.D. Braun, A.A. Moore, I.M. Kroo, Jul 01, 1997, pp 478-486
Collaborative optimization is a new design architecture specifically
created for large-scale distributed-analysis applications. In this
approach, a problem is decomposed into a user-defined number of subspace
optimization problems that are driven toward interdisciplinary
compatibility and the appropriate solution by a system-level
coordination process. 

DoD's Time Running Out On Laser Test. 
Space News. Warren Ferster, Oct 13, 1997, pp 4,18
The Army has until October 23 to test fire its Mid-Infrared Advance
Chemical Laser at the Air Force's MSTI-3 satellite. On October 23,
MSTI-3 will enter its eclipse orbital phase. MSTI-3 will emerge from the
eclipse in January 1998.