Hard.Copy - 03 October 1997


Outrider UAV Completes Longest Mission. 
Aerospace Daily, Oct 03, 1997, p 21
The Outrider UAV completed its longest mission to date, flying 28 
minutes from its test site at Hondo, Texas.

White Sands Launch Marks Start Of PAC-3 Development Testing. 
Aerospace Daily, Sep 30, 1997, p 484
The Army began developmental testing of the PAC-3 missile with a test 
at White Sands Missile Range, NM. Some of the objectives for the first 
18 development and operational tests were launch verification and 
flight functions.

Washington Outlook: Black Budget Bust. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology, James R. Asker, Sep 29, 1997, p 21
Solid evidence of heavy cuts in "black" budgets may come in this form: 
the USAF is willing to support the Army's proposed ASAT laser 
experiment. Tests with the Mid-Infrared Advanced Chemical Laser could 
lead to an operational anti-satellite capability that would become 
more robust as the [USAF's] black technology is fed into the program," 
a BMDO official said.

First Phase Of DSP-SBIRS Transition Underway. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology, 
William B. Scott, Sep 29, 1997, pp 57-59
Part of the transition to the next generation SBIRS missile warning 
network began recently with groundbreaking for a new ground control 
station at the Buckley Air National Guard Base near Denver. To oversee 
the complex evolution from DSP to SBIRS operations without a break in 
missile warning capability, the 821st Space Group (SG) was activated 
in May 1996 at Buckley.

Boeing Hones Turret Design. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology, Sep 29, 1997, p 56
Initial water tunnel testing has confirmed the proper geometries of a 
suction inlet used to reattach boundary layer air shear. The turbulent 
air could degrade the focus and performance of the laser weapon of the 
planned Airborne Laser (ABL) aircraft. The inlet creates a trailing, 
partial vacuum. The passive flow system is needed when the laser is 
aimed at angles 30-degrees or more for the aircraft's direction of 

Portrait Of A Bad Idea. 
Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists, 
George Lewis & Theodore Postol, Jul 01, 1997, pp 18-25
Proposed changes to the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty to allow the 
development of missile defenses disguised as theater defenses would 
undercut the ABM Treaty and ultimately endanger US security. The 
planned defenses would be too weak to be reliable but could provoke a 
Russian overreaction.

Navy Upper Tier Test Unsuccessful Due To Missile Error. 
Defense Daily, Sep 20, 1997, pp 527-528
The first flight of the Navy Upper Tier, or Theater Wide, ballistic 
missile defense system was declared a "No-Test" after the missile lost 
control and self-destructed on 09/26/97.

Orbital Successfully Launches Missile Defense Target. 
Defense Daily, Oct 01, 1997, p 5
Orbital Sciences Corp. successfully launched a suborbital target on 
9/24/97. The target is being evaluated by the Army for testing theater 
missile defense systems.

Army Wants To Fire Laser Into Space. 
Defense Daily, Bryan Bender, Oct 01, 1997, p 3
The Army wants permission from SecDef Cohen to fire its MIRACL 
ground-based laser into space to assess the vulnerability of the US 
fleet of satellites.

NDP Report Will Focus On Threats, Not Cuts. 
Defense News, Sep 22, 1997, p 3, 60
The NDP, a panel of outside advisers, charged with developing a road 
map for the US military is likely to recommend protecting several 
high-tech projects, but offers no advice on how to cover costs.

Senators Claim Internet Aids Arms Proliferation. 
Defense News, Jeff Erlich, Sep 29, 1997, p 22
Members of the US Senate believe that the internet is becoming an 
avenue for weapons proliferation that has little or no safeguards. 
Information on missile guidance systems and warheads may allow less 
technologically advanced adversaries to design and build weapons that 
may put the US at risk.

UAV Producers See Strong International Demand. 
Defense Week, David Ruppe, Sep 29, 1997, p 7
According to the US producers of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), tight 
defense spending worldwide, the advent of information-age warfare, and 
the lead of American technology have created strong international 
demand for strike and reconnaissance UAVs currently under development. 

GAO: Delay Outrider Production. 
Defense Week, Colin Clark, Sep 29, 1997, p 5
A recently released GAO report charges that the Outrider drone being 
built by DoD may not meet the military's own needs and will not be 
sufficiently tested before production begins.

Patriot PAC-3 Test Set For Today. 
Defense Week, John Donnelly, Sep 29, 1997, p 3
The Army plans to launch the first of two non-intercept tests at WSMR 
of the new PAC-3 interceptor and attendant radar, communications and 
software upgrades. The flight will be followed by twelve intercepts, 
starting in January.

Closed-Loop Test Marks Transfer Of SBL To Air Force. 
Inside Missile Defense, John Liang, Sep 24, 1997, pp 1, 12-13
The testing of the Alpha-LAMP Integration program is designed to show 
that a high-powered laser beam can be focused to a point where it 
could illuminate and destroy a ballistic missile during the missile's 
boost- and mid-course phases. This test marks the end of BMDO's role 
as executing agent for the program and transfer of that authority to 
the Air Force.

BMDO To Conduct Eight Additional Flight Tests For NMD Program. 
Inside Missile Defense, John Liang, Sep 24, 1997, pp 4-5
As a result of lawmakers adding $474m to BMDO's national missile 
defense (NMD) program, the agency plans to add up to eight additional 
NMD tests between now and fiscal year 2003, NMD Joint Program Office 
Director BrigGen Cosumano announced last week.

Restructuring Of AIT Program May Mean Contract Will Be Re-Competed. 
Inside Missile Defense, Daniel Dupont, Sep 24, 1997, p 2
The restructuring of the Atmospheric Interceptor Technology (AIT) 
program to encompass specific service requirements may mean the 
recompetition of the AIT contract awarded in 1995 to Lockheed Martin. 
In August, BMDO took steps to ensure Army, Navy and Air Force 
requirements for future interceptor technologies were manifested in 
the AIT program.

MEADS May be Terminated After 1999: NATO Envoy: As 'Most Promising' 
Alliance Effort, MEADS Must Be Funded. 
Inside Missile Defense, John Liang, Sep 24, 1997, pp 6-7
The United States' NATO Ambassador Robert Hunter said if the US wants 
its allies to share future weapon system development costs, it must 
first demonstrate greater commitment to the most important ongoing 
international effort, the Medium Extended Air Defense System, MEADS.

Continuing THAAD Probe, GAO Advocates More Testing, Better Targets. 
Inside Missile Defense, Daniel Dupont, Sep 24, 1997, p 8
Continuing its close scrutiny of THAAD, the General Accounting Office, 
GAO, has urged DoD to delay production of the missile system until 
after significant testing is conducted, and to include in the future 
years defense plan enough funding to develop an adequate target for 
that testing. The GAO report on THAAD Acquisition Plan is included 
with this article.

BMDO Dollars Needed For Air Force Smart Weapon Technology Demo. 
Inside Missile Defense, Gigi Whitley, Sep 24, 1997, pp 13-14
Low Cost Autonomous Attack System developers are hoping a successful 
series of tests will persuade the BMDO and other potential sponsors to 
come up with about $20m for a complete demonstration.

Navy Adopts 'Evolutionary Deployment' Strategy 
To Expedite TMD Programs. 
Inside Missile Defense, John Liang, Sep 24, 1997, pp 1, 14
The Navy has mapped out an "evolutionary deployment approach" for 
accelerating its Area and Theater-Wide missile defense programs and 
wants to attain initial operating capability for both systems as soon 
as possible.

GAO Report Says Turbulence May Be Too Much For Airborne Laser To 
Handle. Inside Missile Defense, Gigi Whitley, Pamela Hess, John Liang, 
Sep 24, 1997, pp 1, 16-17
A recent draft GAO report states that the Air Force's multi-billion 
dollar Airborne Laser may not be able to shoot down theater ballistic 
missiles as designed because the amount of turbulence it encounters 
may be too great to overcome.

Facing Pressure From OSD, Army And BMDO To Scrub THAAD Program, Costs. 
Inside Missile Defense, Daniel Dupont, Sep 24, 1997, p 7
Facing increased pressure from OSD because of cost growth and program 
delays, the Army and BMDO have embarked on a top-to-bottom review of 
the THAAD system to determine if it is still affordable according to 
program officials.

BMDO Liberalizes Use Of Boosters In NMD Integration Bids. 
Inside the Pentagon, Elaine M. Grossman, Oct 02, 1997, pp 3-4
BMDO has revised its industry solicitation for NMD to include 
refurbished Minuteman ICBM boosters in their interceptor missile 
concepts without having to take into account the sunk cost.

Bowing To Pressure From Sens. Lott, Smith: 
Air Force Pledges To Hike FY99 Space. 
Inside The Pentagon, Douglas Berenson, Oct 02, 1997, p 3
The USAF will seek additional funding for the SBL program in FY99 in 
response to demands of two senators, who hope that additional research 
would make the SBL program a cohesive element in a future NMD program. 

Experts Say QDR Fails To Address Budget Problems, Tomorrow's Wars. 
Inside the Pentagon, Elaine M. Grossman, Oct 02, 1997, pp 13-14
A panel of experts criticized the Defense Department's QDR, saying it 
ignores shortfalls in the future budget, wishes away bookkeeping 
problems and fails to prepare for future warfare, when enemy nations 
or groups find weak points in the United States' high-technology 

Air Force Plan To Become Space Power Called Premature 
By Pentagon Official. 
National Defense, Sandra I. Meadows, Oct 01, 1997, pp 18-21
While the Air Force wants to be known as the "air and space force," 
its desire is at best premature. Gen. Robert Dickman stated that 
space-based assets affect all the services, not simply the Air Force. 
Presently the US has not committed itself to prepare for combat in 
space and until it does a space force is not a viable option.

Congressman Denounces Administration's Space Program 
As Vehicle For Foreign Aid. 
National Defense, Sandra I. Meadows, Oct 01, 1997, pp 20-21
Rep. James Sensenbrenner, Jr. (R-WI) believes that hundreds of 
millions of dollars spent on joint US-Russian cooperative space 
ventures are really foreign aid in disguise. Rep. Sensenbrenner 
alleges that NASA is combining scientific goals with a political 
agenda of not embarrassing its international partners. Other partners 
in the ISS (International Space Station) include Canada, Japan, 
Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, 
Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.

Second Thoughts: Antipathetic Lawmakers, Pressure To Cut Overhead 
Costs Presage Bleak Outlook For Defense Budget. 
National Defense, Sandra I. Meadows, Oct 01, 1997, p 4
Pentagon leaders are growing increasingly worried that in the next 
several years it may encounter even greater opposition to stable 
spending levels. Changing demographics, the impetus toward balanced 
budgets, and overall congressional and constituent apathy threaten to 
undermine the Defense Department's allies.

Launchers Pose Problem. 
Space News,  Warren Ferster, Sep 29, 1997, pp 4,19
The US should do more to discourage current and prospective members of 
the international Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) from 
developing space launchers. The MTCR is a voluntary regime designed to 
stop the spread of missile related technology.

Appropriators Still Fear Conflict In SBIRS Role. 
Space News, Sep 29, 1997, p 2
Congressional appropriators are concerned that Lockheed Martin's role 
as overall integrator of the Air Force's space-based missile warning 
and tracking architecture may give the company an unfair advantage in 
the competition to build the low-Earth-orbiting satellites for the 

Critics Say Gore Left Moscow Empty-Handed. 
Space News, Steve Rodan and Pyotr Yudin, Sep 29, 1997, pp 4,19
Russian PM Chernomyrdin made no promises to curb Russian technology 
transfer with Iran during his recent meetings with VP Gore. Israel is 
upset over this issue because Russia is helping Iran develop 
technology that could be used to build ballistic missiles and other 
nuclear weapons.

Ship Killers From Low Earth Orbit. 
US Naval Institute Proceedings, Kenneth Roy, Oct 01, 1997, pp 40-43
Weapons in low earth orbit pose a potential threat to surface forces, 
including carriers. With the advent of launch technologies and its 
rapid evolution, Navy carriers are particularly vulnerable to surprise