Hard.Copy - 12 September 1997


Hill Defense Conferees Facing Pressure From All Sides. 
Aerospace Daily, Sep 12, 1997, pp 389, 392
As congressional defense authorizers and appropriators finish up the 
FY98 bill, lobbyists, think tanks, and other groups are putting in 
their last pitch for their programs. One area that has been a point of 
controversy is BMDO's NMD program.

House Now Inclined To Fund JASSM If Dollars Available: Young. 
Aerospace Daily, Sep 12, 1997, p 390
The chairman of the House Appropriations subcommittee is reappraising 
his position for JASSM and is inclined to fund the program if money is 

Washington Outlook: Zap MSTI For Me. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology. James R. Asker, Sep 08, 1997, p 19
The White House is waiting to hear from SecDef Cohen on a 
controversial proposal to fire the White Sands Missile Range's 
Mid-Infrared Advanced Chemical Laser at MSTI-3, some 230 nautical 
miles high, to burn out its focal planes.

Missile Defense Policy: Republicans Lose Steam On Missile Defense. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology. Paul Mann, Sep 08, 1997, pp 63-64
A Senate showdown is supposed to be in store over setting a deadline 
of 2003 to deploy a limited nationwide defense against ballistic 
missiles. Republican advocates, headed by Senate Majority Leader Trent 
Lott, attach great urgency to early NMD deployment, but the bill has 
lain dormant for months. An aide in the leader's office said last week 
there still was no date for consideration. The busy agenda of 
appropriations bills Congress began tackling when it returned last 
week from summer recess means the NMD debate could be delayed 
indefinitely, even until next year.

ABM Treaty Changes Loom Again; Weldon Critical. 
BMD Monitor, Sep 05, 1997, p 299
In August, the Standing Consultative Commission (SCC) successfully 
completed negotiations on two major issues: demarcation of the 
performance line between ABM and TMD systems and who succeeded the 
Soviet Union in regard to the ABM Treaty. Congress is now focusing on 
the ABM Treaty in light of the agreements. Rep. Weldon (R-PA) was 
critical of the outcome of the SCC negotiations.

BMDO Plans Five Research Awards Under DoD Grants. 
BMD Monitor, Sep 05, 1997, p 303
Five BMDO projects are expected to receive awards from the DoD under 
the FY97 Defense Experimental Program To Stimulate Competitive 
Research. This brief article includes a cursory listing of the five 

BMDO Offers 16 Topics For SBIR Program. 
BMD Monitor, Sep 05, 1997, p 303
BMDO has released its R&D topics for FY98 Small Business Innovation 
Research Program (SBIR). The SBIR solicitation 98.1 opens October 1. 
Further information about the solicitation is available on the web at

Russians Denounce Study ICBMs Unsafe. 
BMD Monitor, Sep 05, 1997, p 297
The Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces has denounced a recent German 
study which said that Russia's aging nuclear weapons could be fired by 
mistake due to problems with early warning systems.

Indian Modernization Includes Missiles. 
BMD Monitor, Sep 05, 1997, p 297
India's Prime Minister said that the government will equip its armed 
forces with the latest weapons, including missiles. Very brief 

New DEW Office Emerges At Phillips. 
BMD Monitor, Sep 05, 1997, pp 295-296
Phillips Lab Laser and Imaging Directorate will merge with the 
Advanced Weapons and Survivability Directorate to form the Directed 
Energy Directorate under Dr. Earl Good on 11/1/97. The new directorate 
will be responsible for all laser, imaging and high powered microwave 
research at the lab.

AFRL Announces Directed Energy Procurements.
BMD Monitor, Sep 05, 1997, p 296
Details of seven planned procurements for the Phillips Site Directed 
Energy Directorate released by the Air Force Research Lab are given in 
this article. The procurements include: Airborne Laser Advanced 
Concepts Testbed Support, Advance Methods for Space Based Imaging, and 
ADT System Integration among others.

Technical Problems Force BMDO To Delay THAAD Test. 
Defense Daily, Aug 27, 1997, p 335
Problems with the Internal Measurement Unit (IMU) has postponed the 
next flight test of the Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) 
system. A final date for the test has not yet been determined.

Appropriators Faced With Difference In Defense Spending Levels. 
Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Sep 04, 1997, pp 373-375
The House and Senate must resolve a $1.1b difference on the FY98 
Defense Appropriations Bill. The Senate version provides $247b for 
defense, while the House provides $248.1b.

Norway Demonstrates Hellfire Shore Defense System. 
Defense Daily, Sep 08, 1997, p 393
According to Boeing officials, Norway successfully demonstrated the 
Hellfire missile shore defense system last week.

Army Seeking Information On Displays For MLRS. 
Defense Daily, Sep 05, 1997, p 386
The Army is seeking information on commercial digital display panels 
for the Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS), according to an 8/28/97 
CBD announcement.

Navy Unveils Plans For 'Tactical' Tomahawk Missile. 
Defense Daily. Bryan Bender, Sep 03, 1997, pp 365-366
The Navy revealed plans on 09/02/97 for a tactical version of its 
Tomahawk land attack missile that would cost considerably less than 
the conventional weapons and provide commanders with added flexibility 

AMRAAM Conducts Successful Test Of Improved Motor. 
Defense Daily, Sep 03, 1997, p 368
Brief article announcing that the recent first flight of the Advanced 
Medium-Range Air-to-Air missile (AMRAAM) with rocket motor enhancement 
was a success.

Darkstar Spy Drone Undergoes Flight Readiness Review. 
Defense Daily. Bryan Bender, Sep 05, 1997, pp 383-384
The Darkstar UAV underwent a flight readiness review about two weeks 
ago. The review highlighted improvements in the program since it was 
canceled in April 1996. The vehicle's landing gear still needs some 

Lockheed Martin Unit, Israel's Rafael Team On S. Korea Missile Bid. 
Defense News. Steve Rodan, Sep 08, 1997, p 30
Lockheed Martin and Israel's Rafael have joined to compete for a $100m 
contract to provide air-to-ground missiles for South Korea's Air 
Force. The major competitor for this contract will be Rockwell 
Tactical Systems Division with the AGM-130.

Acquisition, Manufacturing Ideas Cut New Tomahawk Cost.
Defense News. Robert Holzer, Sep 08, 1997, p 14
A Navy plan to build a cheaper version of the Tomahawk cruise missile 
depends on an acquisition approach which will require production 
commitments from the service and a price guarantee from the 
manufacturer. The plan will take the existing Tomahawk and enhance it 
with tactical capabilities at a lower cost.

BMDO Boosts AIT Budget, Steps Up Program Stature. 
Inside Missile Defense. Thomas Duffy, Sep 10, 1997, pp 1, 13
Because of the strong support shown by Congress, BMDO will spend more 
money than previously planned, in excess of $5m each year, for the 
Atmospheric Interceptor Technology (AIT) program between FY99 and 

GAO Finds BMDO Could Cut THAAD, NMD Funding Requests By $125 Million. 
Inside Missile Defense. John Liang, Sep 10, 1997, pp 2-3
BMDO's FY98 budget request for THAAD and NMD programs could be reduced 
by $125m, according to an August 25 GAO study. The reduction were part 
of the $772m that GAO found could be taken out of the DoD's FY98 
budget request. For THAAD, GAO found BMDO's funding requests were 
"overstated" because after four attempts the system has yet to 
successfully shoot down a target.

Aerostat, Once Key To Cruise Missile Defense Plans, 
May Die From Slow Leaks. 
Inside Missile Defense. Daniel Dupont, Sep 10, 1997, pp 1, 15-16
Waning support for the Aerostat program, once DoD's best near-term 
hope for an airborne sensor platform to aid in cruise missile defense, 
was made clear this summer when OSD did not place it on a list of 
final ACTD candidates. The near-term threat to Aerostat lies with 
Congress. The House Appropriations Committee eliminated funding the 
Aerostat program in its mark of the FY98 defense spending bill. If 
sustained in conference, the cut would terminate the program.

Navy's Aegis Destroyers Will Be First To Get 
New Anti-Ship Missile Decoy. 
Inside Missile Defense. John Liang, Sep 10, 1997, pp 1, 16
The Navy's Aegis destroyers will be the first ships to receive the new 
Nulka anti-ship missile decoy because the DDG-51s do not have advanced 
electronic countermeasures systems to provide active jamming against 
enemy missiles, according to a senior service official.

BMDO Sees Potential In Using UAVs For Boost Phase Intercept Mission. 
Inside Missile Defense. Pamela Hess, Sep 10, 1997, pp 1, 17
While the Air Force continues work on its Airborne Laser (ABL), the 
BMDO has completed a study on using a modified Global Hawk unmanned 
aerial vehicle (UAV) to carry out the boost-phase intercept mission, 
which the Israeli military is already performing with its IBIS 

BMDO Satellite May Help Air Force Develop Sensor To Search Space. 
Inside Missile Defense. Gigi Whitley, Sep 10, 1997, p 14
The sensor used on the satellite known as the MSX, launched by BMDO to 
learn more about tracking intercontinental ballistic missiles during 
their mid-course phase of flight, may be one the Air Force wants to 
use on other satellites, according to Col Pete Worden, deputy director 
of battlespace dominance for the Air Force's operational requirements 

BMDO And Australia Test New Over-The-Horizon Missile Defense Radar. 
Inside Missile Defense. Gigi Whitley, Sep 10, 1997, pp 6-7
BMDO is conducting boost-phase intercept exercises this month with 
Australia's Defense Science and Technology Organization. Dubbed 
Project DUNDEE, the exercise involves BMDO modifying a Terrier missile 
to make its cross-section resemble a Scud, while Australia is using 
its new over-the-horizon Jindalee radar to detect theater ballistic 
missiles in their boost phase. BMDO is supporting this development 
effort as part of its cooperative BMD effort with Australia.

BMDO Approves National Missile Defense BMC3 Element Test Strategy. 
Inside Missile Defense. John Liang, Sep 10, 1997, p 4
The battle management, command, control, and communications system, 
BMC3, intended to be the brains of the NMD architecture, will give 
commanders at BMDO's NMD command facility, the Cheyenne Mountain, CO, 
North American Air Defense Complex, the ability to receive, process 
and display missile launch and tracking data in order to mount a 
defensive response. On September 5, the NMD BMC3 program manager 
approved the third draft of a document that maps out how the agency 
will test the system.

Joint Theater Defense Office Aims To Channel Service Funds This Fall. 
Inside Missile Defense. Elaine Grossman, Sep 10, 1997, pp 9-10
The Joint Theater Air and Missile Defense Organization, JTAMDO, is 
gearing up to finish a near-final draft of its "master plan" this 
fall, with an eye toward channeling service investments toward the 
development of key sensor and interceptor systems, and the 
connectivity between them.

Airborne Laser Breaks Through The Barriers. 
Jane's Defence Weekly. Barbara Starr, Sep 10, 1997, pp 53-54
Although ranges and mission profiles remain classified, Col Michael 
Booen, ABL system program director, said that the plan generally is to 
have the aircraft flying at 40,000 ft. so it can see targets as they 
clear the cloud deck and a line-of-sight can be established. A target 
missile is calculated to take 42 seconds to break the clouds. 
Nominally the laser must attack the target within another 40 seconds 
based on a nominal burnout of a 90km range missile at 80 seconds.

Arrow-2 'Still On Target' Despite First Failed Test. 
Jane's Defence Weekly. Ed Blanche, Sep 10, 1997, p 28
Israel's MoD says that the Arrow-2 anti-ballistic missile program 
remains on schedule despite its first failed launch on 20 August. Yair 
Ramati, the Arrow project chief at the state-run Israel Aircraft 
Industries, the main contractor in the project, has said from the 
outset that it was to be expected that as many as half the test 
launches would fail.

Zero-Lift Drag Characteristics Of Afterbodies With A Square Base. 
Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. P. R. Viswanath, S. R. Patil, May 
01, 1997, pp 290-293
This article presents the results of zero-lift drag characteristics of 
afterbodies with a square base relevant to missile and projectile 
applications at several transonic Mach numbers.

Solid Rocket Motor Exhaust Model For Alumina Particles In The 
Stratosphere. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. Edward J. Beiting, 
May 01, 1997, p 303-310
This article presents a unified model for the particle size 
distribution, particle density, and geometrical dispersion for the 
alumina particles in the exhaust of solid rocket motor plumes in the 

Fluid Dynamics Of Hypersonic Forward-Facing Cavity Flow. Journal Of 
Spacecraft And Rockets. W. A. Engblom, D. B. Goldstein, D. Ladoon, S. 
P. Schneider, Jul 01, 1997, pp 437-444
This article discusses studies on the hypersonic flow over the nose of 
a blunt body with a forward-facing cylindrical cavity. It is shown 
that freestream noise is the mechanism that drives resonant pressure 
oscillations within relatively shallow cavities.

Pressure Distribution On Sabots In Hypervelocity Flight. Journal Of 
Spacecraft And Rockets. Martin J. Guillot, Jason N. Dick, William G. 
Reinecke, May 01, 1997, pp 279-284
The US Army is interested in developing kinetic energy penetrators, 
which are normally sabot launched. The sabot provides structural 
support during launch, and then it must be discarded as quickly as 
possible to allow low-drag flight of the projectile to the target. 
Experimental and computational investigations of the pressure 
distribution on sabots in hypervelocity flight are performed to 
investigate the accuracy of a computational model previously developed 
for predicting sabot discard trajectories.

Predicted Optical Characteristics Of Solid Rocket Motor Exhaust In The 
Stratosphere. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. Edward J. Beiting, 
May 01, 1997, pp 311-817
Optical characteristics of large solid rocket motor exhaust in the 
stratosphere are predicted for portions of the near-ultraviolet, 
visible and near-infrared spectral regions.

Red Tigress III: A Successful US/UK Effort To Provide Data On 
Rest-Of-The-World, Threat-Representative Targets. Missile Defense Data 
Center Bits-n-Bytes; Volume 5, Number 2, Apr 01, 1997, pp 4-5
On October 16, 1996, the Red Tigress program successfully launched a 
sounding rocket experiment from the Wallops Flight Facility, VA. The 
flight test deployed 17 experimental payloads, creating a target 
environment from which a comprehensive set of sensor systems collected 
phenomenology measurement data needed by the BMDO to support 
resolution of key national and theater missile defense technology 

Two BMDO Programs Conduct Successful Launches: Willow Dune & Theater 
Defense Critical Measurements Program. Missile Defense Data Center 
Bits-n-Bytes; Volume 5, Number 2, Apr 01, 1997, p 3
The Willow Dune program successfully launched a Scud ballistic target 
from the Kwajalein Missile Range on February 8 and again on March 20, 
1997. In both missions, the targets were successfully engaged by an 
improved Patriot missile defense system. The TCMP recently completed 
two successful experimental test flights over the Pacific Ocean. Each 
mission involved the launch of a suborbital rocket from Wake Island 
into the Kwajalein Missile Range. The objective of the Feb. 21 and 28 
flights was to provide radar and optical data on a variety of possible 
tactical defense interceptor and sensor systems.

NRO Studies Relay Satellites. 
Space News. Warren Ferster, Sep 02, 1997, pp 1,19
The US National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is studying the 
feasibility of a constellation of communication satellites that would 
relay data to and from military, intelligence and civil spacecraft by 
the next decade.

Pentagon Reviews Options To Bolster Communications. 
Space News. Warren Ferster, Sep 08, 1997, pp 1,19
The Pentagon may buy three new DSCS Defense Satellite 
Communications System satellites to offset a growing shortage 
in military satellite communication capacity.