The purpose of air defense at AAMDC level is to support force protection operations in the theater of operations. The AAMDC commanding general is responsible for the Army air defense units which provide the theater's ground air defense portion of the TMD and defensive counterair operation.
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AAMDC ORGANIZATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EXTERNAL SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AAMDC
TACTICAL OPERATIONS CENTER OPERATIONS . . . . . . .
One AAMDC is allocated to a theater of operations. The objective force requires three AAMDCs. In joint operations, the AAMDC commander usually exercises command less operational control of the EAC ADA brigades. Component commanders will normally retain OPCON of their forces; however, the JFC may allocate component capabilities and forces to the JFACC and/or AADC to support theater and/or JOA-wide counterair missions.
The AAMDC, when fully staffed, provides the following capabilities:
· Provides command, control, and staff planning and supervision of assigned and attached units.
· Provides deployment control of all EAC ADA units and systems.
· Air defense liaison with the airspace management element of the theater operations center.
The AAMDCs staff plans to provide air defense force projection in all war operations or SASO. This projection must be provided without interruption throughout the eight stages of force projection.
A-2 AAMDC ORGANIZATION
The organizational structure of an AAMDC is shown in Figure A-1. The AAMDC detailed organizational chart illustrates the HHB, and all subordinate staff sections. the ADA brigades will follow the organizational structure in the brigade organization (see FM 44-71). The AAMDC organization will be tailored to a contingency theater based on METT-T. Figure A-2 depicts the organization of the Theater Army Air Defense Element.
The following sections describe the responsibilities of the AAMDC commander and the staff sections. The descriptions align with the organization shown in the AAMDC organizational structure at figure A-1.
a. AAMDC Commander
The AAMDC commander commands all assigned CONUS/OCONUS based EAC ADA units (AC & RC). Interfaces with higher headquarters on ADA force allocations based on specific theater wartime requirements. Acts as the Army Services Component Commander's (ASCC) AD officer. Directs the deputy commander in assigned duties. The AAMDC commander monitors missions assigned to subordinate forces, task organizes the command, and coordinates the AD efforts of subordinate units by task. The commander has responsibility for the following actions:
· Commands and controls each TAADE deployed in support of force projection operations.
· Planning for operations and training of EAC ADA units (AC and RC)
· Coordinating with theater commander to set priorities of defended assets.
· Integrating host nation ground air defense support.
· Recommending assignment of ADA personnel for reconstitution of units.
· Directing the location and distribution of missiles to ADA units and ammunition storage points (ASPs).
b. Theater Army Air Defense Element
The purpose of the TAADE is to support force projection operations in a theater. A TAADE will deploy to a theater of operations to coordinate, plan, integrate and support air defense and TMD operations.
The TAADE provides a highly mobile ADA unit that can be echeloned into a theater and expanded to meet evolving tactical requirements. A TAADE is required to support a major regional conflict (MRC). The organizational composition of the TAADE is depicted in Figure A-2, Theater Army Air Defense Element organization. The TAADE is comprised of both active component (AC) and reserve component (RC) personnel.
(1) Command element. The command element provides the leadership necessary to conduct AD and TMD operations during force projection. The deputy commander provides the supported theater commander with a senior Army ADA officer possessing expert knowledge of all strategic, operational and tactical operations concerning ADA units in joint and multinational operations. He advises the TACOM on all ADA capabilities, employment considerations and recommends prioritization of assets requiring protection. He coordinates directly with the CONUS-based AAMDC commander on any and all matters concerning ADA operations and sustainment during all eight stages of a force projection.
(2) Administration/logistics section. This section is key for support and sustainment of ADA units in force projection operations. It coordinates, plans, and implements all the logistic functions of: manning, fixing, fueling, arming, transporting and sustaining soldiers and their systems.
This is accomplished by having an extremely powerful section of experts in both logistics and ADA system technical capabilities. This section expedites accomplishment of all five logistic functions to ensure ADA operations are successful. This section also provides the deputy AAMDC commander a single point of contact for all required logistics functions.
(3) Operations and intelligence sections. This section is responsible for ongoing intelligence analysis and planning for all wartime force projection operations in which the forward deployed TAADE will conduct ADA operations. It has primary coordinating staff responsibility for the following areas: production of intelligence, counterintelligence, and intelligence training. It also prepares the order of battle and synchronizes it to the ground order of battle.
(4) Communication electronics section. The communication electronics (CE) section provides the TAADE commander communication and communications security throughout the TAADE and externally to the CONUS-based AAMDC and the ADA brigades controlled by the AAMDC. It ensures communications security (COMSEC) equipment is used where required and that control and authentication procedures are implemented throughout the TAADE.
(5) Joint force commander team (main). The JFC team (main) provides coordination and liaison and ADA expertise to the JFC. It coordinates war plans tailored to major regional conflicts (MRC) or lesser regional conflicts (LRC) scenarios.
(6) Joint force commander team (tactical). The JFC team (tactical) provides coordination and liaison to the JFC. It provides expertise concerning ADA operations during a force projection. It advises the JFC on system capabilities and deployment requirements to ensure decisive victory.
(7) Land component commander team. The land component commander team provides coordination and liaison with the LCC to ensure plans and operations are successfully accomplished. It provides a connection between ADA forces and other Army forces conducting force projection operations in theater.
(8) Battlefield coordination detachment. The battlefield coordination detachment (BCD) is the ASCC or LCC representative to the USAF air operations center (AOC). It provides input to the air campaign planning process. ADA units will have representatives working in the BCD to provide a conduit for ADA concerns. Formally referred to as the TACC.
(9) Army service component commander team. This team provides coordination and liaison to the ASCC to ensure ADA is integrated and considered in the ASCC plans and operations.
(10) Allied headquarters team. The allied headquarters team provides coordination and liaison to allied nations for ADA forces operating in multinational operations. It expedites integration of US ADA units and that of allied AD and other allied forces in theater.
(11) Host nation. Provides coordination and liaison to host nation for ADA forces operating in multinational operations. It expedites integration of US ADA units and that of host nations where ADA units will conduct force projection operations.
c. Chief of Staff
The Chief of Staff formulates policy for the AAMDC. Supervises and ensures coordination of the work of the staff. Ensures that the commander and the staff are informed on matters affecting the command. Ensures that required liaison is established at required echelons. Exercises direct supervision of the main command post and its operations. Integrates the assigned RC personnel into the appropriate staff activities.
d. G1 Section
The G1 section is responsible for all human resource matters. In peacetime, must plan for the deployment (and mobilization in the case of RC units) of subordinate brigades. Assesses and monitors soldier personnel readiness and personnel administration and management issues. Develops personnel estimates by assessing strength data, both current and projected, and soldier readiness posture to maintain strength. He is also responsible for personnel service support, unit strength maintenance, discipline, law and order, safety and accident prevention, and headquarters management. Integrates RC personnel into the G1 section activities.
e. G2 Section
The G2 section is responsible for ongoing intelligence analysis and planning for all wartime contingency scenarios. The G2 has primary coordinating staff responsibility for the following areas: production of intelligence, counterintelligence, and intelligence training. The G2 also prepares the air order of battle and synchronizes it to the ground order of battle. Integrates RC personnel into the G2 section activities.
F. G3 Section
The G3 section develops and constantly updates operational and training plans for worldwide wartime contingency operations. Attends and conducts command post exercises. The G3 has primary coordinating staff responsibility for the following areas: force operations, organizing, and training. Integrates the RC personnel into the G3 section activities.
g. G4 Section
The G4 is the principal staff officer for matters of supply, maintenance, transportation, and services. Develops logistics plans for worldwide deployment, support, and sustainment of assigned ADA units. Coordinates with readiness section on logistics concerns affecting brigades, battalions, or TFs. Integrates the RC into the G4 section activities.
h. G5 Section
A G5 section does not exists in the AAMDC organization. However, this function is completed by the theater organization the AAMDC is supporting. The supporting force G5 is the principal staff officer for matters concerning civil affairs and special action training to support U.S. and foreign government coordination. The G5 also identifies resources available from the host nation.
i. G6 Section
The G6 section plans and coordinates communications support for the AAMDC HQ and subordinate EAC ADA brigades. Also provides the AAMDC HQ with automation expertise and integrates Army ADA units into and through theater networks and host nations. Integrates the RC personnel into the G6 section activities.
j. Chemical Section
The chemical section develops plans and SOPs for wartime chemical defense operations within the AAMDC. Prepares the NBC portion of plans and orders. Planning operations and radiological aspects of nuclear weapons employment with other combat support and CSS operations. Integrates the RC personnel into chemical section activities.
k. Public Affairs Section
The public affairs section prepares information for hometown news releases for unit personnel and facilitates work of journalists assigned. Prepares public affairs portions of operations plans, orders, and SOPs. Integrates the RC personnel into public affairs office (PAO) section activities.
l. Staff Judge Advocate Section
The Staff Judge Advocate (SJA) section advises commander on military justice, legal assistance, administrative law, international law/law of war, and claims support. Provides legal advice to the commander and staff, and subordinate commanders, and service members on matters involving military law (DoD directives, Department of the Army (DA) regulations, and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), domestic law (U.S. statutes, federal regulations, and state and local law), foreign law, Status Of Forces Agreements (SOFA), international law, and the law of armed conflict. Integrates RC personnel into the SJA section activities, with emphasis on the National Guard Bureau (NGB) regulations and policies.
m. Inspector General Section
The Inspector General (IG) is the eyes and ears of the commander. The IG represents both the commander and the soldier in areas dealing with readiness, discipline, efficiency, economy, and quality of life. The IG conducts inspections, investigations, surveys, and studies as directed by the commander. These activities are prescribed by US law and Army regulations. These activities are applicable to AC and RC.
n. Headquarters Battery
The headquarters battery is organized to provide the following support to the headquarters:
· Transportation · Mess
· Administrative · Communications (hot loop)
· Supply · Training (common subjects)
· Motor maintenance
A-3 EXTERNAL SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AAMDC
The AAMDC is not a self-sustaining major subordinate command. The AAMDC is dependent upon other unit organizations to support its ADA mission. Specifically, the following support is required by the AAMDC:
· Appropriate elements of the theater Army command for finance, health services, personnel and administrative services, and aviation support. This required support includes resupply of critical parts for assigned missile units and support for transportation.
· External organizations for supplemental area security and ground defense.
· Theater Army signal organizations for high frequency external radio communications and multi-channelcommunications from the AAMDC headquarters to the brigade headquarters and to each ADA battalion.
A-4 TACTICAL OPERATIONS CENTER ORGANIZATION
The Force Projections Tactical Operations Center (FPTOC) is organized to support the JFLCC TMD requirements. The system will be capable of collecting, storing, processing, displaying and disseminating air, space, ground and sea situational awareness data and battle command information (i.e. maps, maneuver graphics, C2 information, logistical information, personnel information and other information necessary to plan and synchronize combat operations) among Army AMD units and released joint and combined forces.
The TOC is active across the four operational elements, Active Defense, Passive Defense, BM/C4I and Attack Operations. Unit Field Standing Operating Procedures (FSOP) will dictate detailed layouts of unit Tactical Operations Center (TOC) / Command Post (CP) layout figure A-3 depicts a notional AAMDC TOC layout. The layout is flexible and may change due to terrain limitations and operational requirements. Brigade Air Defense TOC operations are defined in FM 44-71-1, "Brigade Air Defense Tactical Operations Center (ADTOC) Tactics Techniques and Procedures (TTP)".
a. The following section describe the responsibilities of each section within the TOC. The descriptions align with figure A-3. Each section will continuously monitor their respective functional areas.
FIGURE A-3 TACTICAL OPERATIONS CENTER LAYOUT
(1) Air Defense System Integrator (ADSI)/FAAD-Identify and engage threats; build air track profiles; perform C2 of EAC ADA assets (Also MCS/P and STACCS).
(2) All-Source Analysis System (ASAS)-Develops air Defense IPB; receives and process reports. Imports intelligence data from CORPS G-2 and forwards it to the central data base.
(3) THADD/PATRIOT Planner- Develop LCC/Theater Air Defense/Missile Defense Plan; Adjust defense designs.
(4) Commanderís Real time Tactical Display(CRTD)ASI-Coordinate air defense ; Synchronize with coordinating agencies through LNOs. Provides situation awareness, and builds track profiles. (FAAD/CRTD- identifies and engages threats)
(5) Display Aided Maintenance System (DAMS)- Consolidated display of required repair parts.
(6) Standardized Theater Army Command and Control System (STACCS), Maneuver Control System (MCS)- provides command and control, warning/alert, weather and NBC monitoring, and electronic mail (email) functions.
(7) G1/G4 SARSS-O- Exercise operational CSS responsibilities to all ADA units; plan and coordinate theater wide CSS support for ADA units; Manage missile peculiar Class IX.
(8) Contingency Theater Automated Planning System (CTAPs)-Requests and disseminates Airspace Control Measures (ACMs).
(9) Map Boards- Maintains air / ground / space situation overlays; assess TAD / TMD IPB.
(10) ADOCS- Coordinates final clearance of fires and executes attack guidance matrix.
(11) GALES- Develops TMD sensor / collection requirements and develops TMD IPB
(12) MSTS-Develops third dimensional IPB.
b. Functions of the TOC across the Operational Pillars.
(1) Attack Operations
· Develop TMD IPB · Build Track Profiles
· Develop TMD Sensor/Collections · Identify Trigger Events
· Develop/ Coordinate HPT / Sensor · Coordinate final clearance of fires
· Develop Attack Guidance Matrix · Execute Attack guidance matrix
· Establish target selection standards · Identify strike results / requirements for
· Monitor Execution of Collection / · Updates- HPT list, Collection / R & S R and S Plans / Sensor Returns plan and guidance Attack matrix
(2) Active Defense - The AAMDC active defense pillar consist of four primary functions, Plan the active defense, Coordinate active Defense, executes active defense, and assess. The following list sub-functions within each primary function.
(a) Plan the Active Defense-
· Develop TMD IPB · Develop / Recommend TMD Priorities
· Develop Third Dimensional IPB · Develop LCC / Theater TMD Defense Plan
(b) Coordinate Active Defense
· Synchronize with LCC (TAADCOORD) · Synchronize with JFACC (DAADC)
(c) Executes Active Defense
· Identify and engage threats (ADAFCO) · Adjust Defense Design
(3) Passive Defense - The four primary functions of the passive defense pillar are Plan the passive defense, execute passive defense and assess. The following list sub-functions of each primary function.
(b) Executes Passive Defense
· Disseminate alert warning messages · Disseminate early warning messages (event warning) (effect assets)
· Continuous evaluation of threat · Adjust passive defense plan
(d) BM / C4I
· Provide situation awareness to higher HQ
· Receive, Process, Display, Attack operations, Active Defense, Passive Defense, Passive Defense For LCC
· Capability to perform JFMDC