RDT&E, Defensewide / BA 04 (Dem Val) PE: 0603872C (Proj: 3261)

PE Title: Joint TMD (U)

Project Number / Title:
3261 TMD BM/C3I (BM/C3I Concepts)

FY1995FY1996FY1997FY1998FY1999FY2000 FY2001
Program Name:ActualEstimateEstimate EstimateEstimateEstimateEstimate To
0208864C PROC031,99619,25620,18625,98100 CompletedCompleted
0603864C RDT&E19,89323,16000000 Completed Completed
0603872C RDT&E0031,38836,56239,01847,861 46,676ContinuingContinuing
0604864C RDT&E013,88500000 Completed Completed


(U) The primary mission of this project is to provide the warfighter with an integrated and interoperable Theater Missile Defense (TMD) Battle Management/Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (BM/C3I) capability having the flexibility to meet a wide range of threats and expected needs. The BM/C3I architecture for TMD is built upon the existing command and control (C2) structure for Theater Air Defense (TAD) and adds the communications linking TMD C2 nodes, weapons, and sensors, and the TMD interfaces to intelligence systems and other supporting capabilities. The BMDO, from its joint perspective, uses this project to oversee independent weapon systems development and to provide guidance, standards, equipment, integration, and analysis to maximize the performance of a multitude of sensors, interceptors, and C2 nodes and to synergize their individual contributions to an integrated Joint theater-wide TMD system. BMDO has three major thrusts to the TMD BM/C3I integration program.

(U) The first thrust establishes the links and means for receipt and in-theater early warning and dissemination of launch warning information from space-based and intelligence systems external to TMD. This project supports the system engineering of their capability and prototype development of items such as improved displays for early in-theater warning information. This project focuses on linking separate external systems into the theater.

(U) The second thrust of the BM/C3I program focuses on communication of and interoperability among systems. Interoperability includes both the communications equipment, and protocols as well as the common command and control procedures among different weapons systems to ensure a truly integrated theater-wide ballistic missile defense system. The initial cornerstone of TMD interoperability is the Joint Data Net (JDN) which uses the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS) and the Tactical Data Information Link-JTIDS (TADIL-J) message format. This project integrates JTIDS terminals into existing TBMD C2 platforms and provides the necessary software upgrades. This funding is critical for timely inter-Service interoperabiltiy.

(U) The third thrust of the BM/C3I program directs attention to the Service upgrades of C2 centers. Various command center upgrades are included in this project to reduce decision making time necessary to effectively engage ballistic missiles. Again, BMDO leverages off several existing Service funded theater air defense command center upgrades and this project funds only the specific TMD related aspects of these upgrades. BMDO's central direction and support of hardware and software developments will produce an integrated C2 capability for TMD.

(U) The joint warfighters and BM/C3I developers evaluate the effects of early warning, improved interoperability, integration, and command center upgrades on joint TBMD doctrine through BM/C3I work shops and analysis.

(U) All of the efforts in this project are designed to provide a seamless interoperable architecture to provide timely warning and information necessary to reduce decision times and allow more opportunities to efficiently and effectively engage hostile missiles. The end result will kill more missiles and will reduce casualties to U.S. and other friendly forces.


(U) This project has accomplished the following: The approval of the TADIL-J Interface Change Proposal (ICP) by the DoD Configuration Control Board and the NATO Allied Data System Interoperability Agency; initial analysis of correlation algorithm for the satellite broadcast systems disseminating TBMD messages; conducted the first joint Theater Missile Defense Wargame distributed simulation; demonstrated benefits of an Air Defense Command Post during joint exercises and completed the first phase of the TAD/TMD information exchange requirements needed for interoperability among the Services.

(U) FY 1995 Plans and Accomplishments:

o ($6.767M) BM/C3I Integration - Army: Integrated prototype capabilities into Air Defense Tactical Operation Center (TOC) weapon systems; automated existing TOC capabilities; developed communications needline analysis; developed a BM/C3I joint Service capabilities/interfaces document; supported Data/Interface standardization activities for interoperability.

o ($7.738M) BM/C3I Integration - Air Force: Developed TMD Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace (IPB) support templates; developed TMD message software; developed implementation plan for TMD messages on USAF platforms; initiated first platform integration; continued TMD automation under Contingency TACS Automated Planning System (CTAPS)/Theater Battle Management Core Systems (TBMCS); continued gateway software development and testing; supported data/interface standardization activities for interoperability.

o ($2.780M) BM/C3I Integration - Navy: Developed implementation plan for TMD messages on Navy platforms; began C2 trade studies for Navy Area TBMD; software modification to Navy simulation models for TMD wargame support; supported data/interface standardization activities for interoperability.

o ($2.608M) BM/C3I Integration - Joint/Combined: Continued TMD BM/C3I work shops; obtained NATO approval to test TMD message standard; developed Air Defense Data model extensions to the DoD C2 Core; standardized TAD/TMD data elements and interfaces; completed TAD/TMD process models "As Is " and dictionary of service terms; developed TAD/TMD process models for Command, Control, Communications and Computers (C4) system upgrades; performed analysis of Information Architecture (IA) to set environments for wargame, exercises, and simulations; prepared a TMD Command and Control Plan (TMD C2 Plan) in response to the OSD directed TMD Comprehensive Analysis.

(U) FY 1996 Plans:

o ($7.342M) BM/C3I Integration - Army: Complete debris techniques analysis plan and track correlation and flexible firing doctrine analysis; evaluate software maturity for operational tests; develop a data link handbook; establish a software library and re-use database

o ($10.871M) BM/C3I Integration - Air Force: Start integration of JTIDS on multiple additional USAF platforms; complete JTIDS integration on AWACS; produce two additional TMD intelligence support templates; prototype the decision support aids for Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC) battle management; complete gateway software development and testing; multi-sensor tracking algorithm development; implement situation targeting algorithms; develop, simulate, and demonstrate prototypes of the recommended CTAPS application for the distributed C2 nodes; update Information Exchange Requirements (IER) and resolve interoperability issues; produce technical baseline for Time Critical Target Aid (TCTA) and JTIDS gateway.

o ($6.646M) BM/C3I Integration - Navy: Conduct JTIDS network design analysis; enhance evolution of Joint Maritime Command Information System (JMCIS) TBMD segments; participate in Joint TMD BM/C3I work shops; complete testing of JTIDS C2P modifications; begin development of ICD for AEGIS/JMCIS interface; begin implementation of TBMD modifications necessary for ACDS. The last two efforts are critical to maintain schedule with AEGIS and ACDS.

o ($3.500M) BM/C3I Integration - USMC: Integrate additional JTIDS terminals into Air Defense Communications Platform (ADCP); commence development of cue acceptance software in the AN/TPS-59 radar; initiate integration efforts for JTIDS (TADIL-J) into the Tactical Air Operations Module (TAOM).

o ($8.686M) BM/C3I Integration - Joint/Combined: Conduct TMD BM/C3I work shops; conduct command and control (C2) tests to refine C2 procedures; initiate Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS) Army development efforts; complete rapid & contingency deployable prototypes of the Combat Integration Capability (CIC) and the Sector Anti-air Warfare Facility (SAAWF); conduct modeling and analysis of JTIDS network structure in support of TMD; support inter-Service integration efforts; initiate joint TMD planning capability; develop follow-on TADIL-J messages; test and refine existing messages.

(U) FY 1997 Plans:

o ($7.500M) BM/C3I Integration - Army: Integrate JTIDS into Army systems; develop terminal initialization parameters; demonstrate enclave interoperability; integrate User Operational Evaluation System (UOES) upper/lower tier; continue TMD Cell/TOC automation.

o ($12.504M) BM/C3I Integration - Air Force: Continue JTIDS integration efforts, initiate integration into two additional existing platforms; Air Operations Center/Command Report Center (AOC/CRC) upgrades for TMD; begin development of JTIDS range extension capability; start software integration and test of JTIDS gateway

o ($5.700M) BM/C3I Integration - USMC: Create a joint Navy/USMC acquisition strategy for Naval littoral BMC3I; complete development of AN/TPS-59 cue acceptance software; commence development of TAOM BM/C3I TMD software.

o ($5.684M) BM/C3I Integration - Joint/Combined: Conduct TMD BMC3I work shop; approve additional TADIL-J TMD messages; transition MIDS development to the Army; conduct C2 tests to refine C2 procedures; conduct tests of operational JTIDS networks; begin software integration of TMD messages; deploy joint TMD planning capability to command centers for initial user testing; obtain NATO approval of additional TADIL-J messages.

(U) FY 1998 Plans:

o ($7.500M) BM/C3I Integration - Army: Perform analysis and develop BMC3I test capability to evaluate data from system integration demonstrations; provide software life cycle evaluations and maturity criteria; provide enclave communications integration support; maintain a capability to simulate enclave operations for evaluation and verification.

o ($12.100M) BM/C3I Integration - Air Force: Develop an automated intelligence database function; continue JTIDS platform integration; initiate one additional platform; integrate range extension into host platform; technology development of distributed battle management; and validate TMD battlefield situation display software.

o ($2.500M) BM/C3I Integration - USMC: Complete testing of AN/TPS-59 cue capability; and continue TAOM BMC3I software development.

o ($14.462M) BM/C3I Integration - Joint/Combined: Continue BMC3I work shops; update TADIL-J message set approval; update joint TMD planner based on initial user test results; and initiate definition and development of joint fire control network.

(U) Acquisition Strategy:

The 3261 Project acquisition strategy leverages existing system acquisition programs (which are subject to milestone decisions and testing) and accomplishes supporting tasks to satisfy BM/C3I performance requirements. A significant portion of this project entails systems engineering of separately funded and managed service programs so that all systems will interoperate when fielded.


FY1995FY1996FY1997FY1998 TOTAL COST
Previous President's Budget20,00924,23124,42525,23793,902
Current Budget Submit19,89323,1600043,053
Previous President's Budget53414,30117,97625,97758,788
Current Budget Submit013,8850013,885

Change Summary Explanation:

Funding: Congressional direction eliminated the TMD BM/C3I program elements 0603864/0604864C and placed this project under the Joint TMD activities program element. Consistent with this direction, a determination was made that this program is more appropriately funded with Dem/Val funds. Navy tasks directly supporting the Navy Area TBMD program were deleted from this project for FY97 and beyond and funded under the Navy Area TBMD program element (Project 2263) to unify control.

Schedule: None

Technical: None


Related RDT&E:

(U) While this program is not dependent upon funding from other programs, it supports these programs by providing capstone systems engineering, common BM/C3I guidance, government furnished equipment, interface support, joint network design analysis, and other actions necessary to achieve interoperability among independent systems.

D. (U) Schedule Profile

1234123412 341234
Engineering Milestone
Data link handbook published (Army) X
TMD software library & re-use database established (Army) X
Two CIC/SAAWF prototypes fielded (USAF/USMC) X
AWACS TMD message implementation (AF) X
Complete two additional AF platform implementations (AF) X
Joint TMD Planner prototype for initial user testing X
TMD Battlefield Situation display (AF) X
Complete two additional AF platform implementations (AF) X
AN/TPS-59 cue capability (USMC) X