March 1996

RDT&E, Defensewide / BA 04 (Dem/Val) PE: 0603872C (Proj: 2259)

PE Title: Joint TMD (U)

Project Number / Title:
2259 Israeli Cooperative Projects

FY1995FY1996FY1997FY1998FY1999FY2000 FY2001
Program Name:ActualEstimateEstimate EstimateEstimateEstimateEstimate To
0603872C RDT&E39,73352,90637,18037,87437,402 37,13536,942ContinuingContinuing
0603870C RDT&E40,610000000 ContinuingContinuing


(U) These projects include the Arrow Continuation Experiments (ACES) Project, the Arrow Deployability Project (ADP), the Israeli Test Bed (ITB), the Israeli System Architecture and Integration (ISA&I) Project, and the Israeli Cooperative Research and Development project. The U.S. derives considerable benefits from its participation in these projects. The primary benefits are in U.S. gains in technology and technical information that will reduce risks in U.S. TMD development programs. The U.S. also benefits from the eventual presence of an anti-ballistic missile defense system in Israel, which provides deterrence of future tactical ballistic missile (TBM) conflicts in that region. This defensive system also contributes to a more robust defensive response should deterrence fail. In FY1996 the BPI program technology efforts transition into this project and PE.

(U) The Israeli effort to develop a ballistic missile defense system includes the U.S.-Government of Israel (GOI) initiative to assist the GOI development of an anti-tactical ballistic missile (ATBM) interceptor. Comprised of three phases, this intiative began with the Arrow Experiments project (Phase I) that developed the preprototype Arrow I interceptor. The ACES project (Phase II) is a continuation of Phase I, and consists of critical lethality tests using the Arrow I interceptor with the Arrow II warhead and the design, development and test of the Arrow II interceptor. Arrow I also provides the basis for an informed GOI engineering and manufacturing decision for an ATBM defense capability. If successful, the Arrow II will satisfy the Israeli requirement for an interceptor for defense of military assets and population centers and will support U.S. technology base requirements for new advanced anti-tactical ballistic missile technologies that could be incorporated into the U.S. theater missile defense (TMD) systems.

(U) The third phase is the Arrow Deployability Project (ADP), which is planned to begin in FY96. This project will pursue the research and development of technologies associated with the deployment of the Arrow Weapon System (AWS) and will permit the GOI to make a decision regarding deployment of this system without financial participation by the U.S. beyond the R&D stage. This effort will include system-level flight tests of the U.S.-Israeli cooperatively developed Arrow II interceptor supported by the Israeli-developed fire control radar and fire control center. Studies will be done to define interfaces required for AWS interoperability with U.S. TMD systems and to assess lethality, kill assessment and producibility. Prior to obligation of funds to execute ADP efforts, the President must certify to the Congress that a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) exists with Israel for these projects, that each project provides benefits to the U.S., that the Arrow missile has completed a successful intercept, and that the Government of Israel continues to adhere to export controls pursuant to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). Subsequent U.S.-Israeli cooperative R&D on other ballistic missile defense concepts would occur in the future.

(U) The Israeli Test Bed (ITB) Program is a medium-to-high fidelity theater missile defense simulation that provides the capability to evaluate potential Israeli missile defenses, aids the Israeli Ministry Of Defense (IMOD) in the decision of which defense systems to field, provides insights into command and control in TMD, and trains personnel to function in a TMD environment. A structured set of joint U.S./Israeli experiments is being executed to evaluate the role of missile defenses in both mature and contingency Middle East theater operations. This funding also provides for a portion of the operation and maintenance of the ITB and planned enhancements. Completed experiments identified additional enhancements needed to improve the ITB as an analysis tool. The enhancements incorporated in the ITB to date include a radar model, a weapons model, and a Boost Phase Intercept (BPI) simulation. The BPI enhancement benefited the Israeli BPI study completed in January 1996. The planned Adaptive Battle Management Center (BMC) enhancement will benefit the U.S. by enabling the ITB to simulate a wide variety of command and control and interoperability issues.

(U) The ISA&I tasks provide on-going analysis and assessment of the baseline, evolutionary, and responsive threats to support the definition and evaluation of an initial Israeli Reference Missile Architecture (IRMA), a baseline missile configuration. Evolutionary growth paths to enhance the IRMA robustness against future threats will be identified. Critical TMD system architecture issues and technologies will be analyzed, and the conformance to established requirements of various Israeli anti-tactical ballistic missile (ATBM) programs, including the Arrow missile development activity, the ADP, and the ITB will be conducted. Finally, previously developed simulations and models will be used selectively to address significant TMD issues. Collectively, the tasks conducted under this cooperatively sponsored ISA&I project will provide critical insights and technical data to both the U.S. and Israeli governments for improving near-term and evolutionary defenses against ballistic missile threats.

(U) The Israeli Cooperative Research and Development Project will advance emerging TMD technologies for the technology demonstration phase to provide for the defense of the State of Israel, support U.S. technology base needs for these technologies, and pursue interoperability with U.S. TMD systems. Candidate technologies include the continuation of the advancement of the Israeli Boost Phase Intercept concepts. Efforts in this area will begin FY 1996/97. This timing provides for maturation of U.S. requirements in this area of TMD technologies.


(U) Since program initiation in 1988, Israel successfully improved the performance of its pre-prototype Arrow I interceptor to the point that it achieved a successful intercept and target destruction in June 1994. Arrow II design and component testing progressed to the successful demonstration of the new warhead, electro-optical seeker, radar fuse, first stage booster, sustainer booster, launcher canister, and launcher. Negotiations are complete for the new Arrow Deployability Project (ADP) MOA. The Congressionally-required Presidential certification is expected in FY 1996. Activities in the ADP will begin at that time.

(U) The ITB became operational in the second quarter of FY 1992. The ITB experiments validated the performance of the prospective near-term Israel Theater Missile Defense System. It provided valuable insight into the potential role of Human-In-the-Loop (HIL) for a TMD system. Also, the Testbed Product Office at the Strategic and Space Defense Command benefited from the application of ITB Project experience to the U.S. and United Kingdom Extended Air Defense Test Bed (EADTB) Projects.

(U) The ISA&I Project activities demonstrated that defense of the State of Israel from tactical ballistic missile (TBM) attacks is feasible and cost-effective. The ISA&I effort analyzed and addressed numerous TMD system issues including HIL, resource allocation, and threat analysis. The U.S. benefited from the architecture analysis work, including identification and progress toward resolution of critical TMD system issues such as kill assessment and the lethality study of a novel interceptor warhead.

(U) FY 1995 Plans and Accomplishments:

o ($29.307M) ACES and Support. Completed Arrow II interceptor design, development and fabrication. Initiated Arrow II interceptor aerodynamic flight tests. Transferred Arrow data for risk reduction in the THAAD and SM-2 Block IVA programs. Developed and used high fidelity seeker models to analyze seeker performance.

o ($7.525M) Arrow Deployability Project Support*. Completed negotiation of the MOA. Continued plans for initiating interoperability studies.

o ($2.236M) ITB. Awarded contract for continuation of ITB effort. Initiated Adaptive Battle Management Center assessments.

o ($0.665M) ISA&I. Analyzed technical issues associated with TMD system performance including Kill Assessment and Lethality. Evaluated the performance of the near-term TMD against near-term and evolutionary threats.

o ($26.500M) Continued KKV design; evaluated cooled window hardware and seeker in aero-optic shock tunnel and aero-thermal wind tunnel tests; and initiated fabrication of flight configured seekers.

o ($10.610M) Continued BPI flight experiment mission planning and range requirements definition. Investigated early technology demonstration flight test to characterize KKV seeker performance, validated KKV flight performance for TMD mission, and measured the flight environment; began defining A/C mods and off-board sensors for previously planned BPI flight tests; and defined axial propulsion modification requirements for interceptor missile to achieve high accelerations.

o ($3.500M) Continued development of Air Force and Navy CONOPS architectures.

*Execution pending Presidental Certification to Congress

(U) FY 1996 Plans:

o ($29.500M) Arrow Continuation Experiments (ACES) and Support. Complete Arrow II interceptor design, development and fabrication. Initiate Arrow II interceptor flight tests. Continue to transfer Arrow data for risk reduction in the THAAD and SM-2 Block IVA programs. Develop and use high fidelity seeker models to analyze seeker performance.

o ($19.500M) Arrow Deployability Project and Support*. Program implementation of procurement of long lead items. Conduct interoperability studies.

o ($1.800M) ITB. Award contract for continuation of ITB effort. Initiate Adaptive Battle Management Center enhancements.

o ($1.500M) ISA&I. Analyze technical issues associated with TMD system performance including Kill Assessment and Lethality. Evaluate the performance of the near-term TMD against near-term and evolutionary threats. Award follow-on contract modification. Continue architecture analysis works for near term and future threats.

o ($.606M) Cooperative R&D. Identify and assess key technologies. Assess technologies and interoperability

*Execution pending Presidental Certification to Congress

(U) FY 1997 Plans:

o ($1.580M) ACES Support. Complete lethality analysis of Arrow II. Evaluate Arrow II performance against surrogate threat HE and bulk chemical warhead targets. Complete analysis of Arrow II flight test data. Provide Arrow II flight data to U.S. TMD interceptor developers.

o ($31.300M) Arrow Deployability Project and Support. Purchase Arrow II interceptors and targets. Evaluate Arrow interoperability with other TMD systems. Evaluate expected AWS test performance. Provide AWS test plans and flight data to U.S. TMD developers.

o ($1.750) ITB. Complete Adaptive Battle Management Center enhancements. Conduct experiments on near-term improvements to the TMD system.

o ($1.250M) ISA&I. Provide independent oversight and assessment of near-term TMD system to include capability conformance with operational requirements and test plan traceability with operational specifications. Conduct architecture effectiveness/cost/risk trade study to examine evolution from near-term TMD system.

o ($1.300M) Cooperative R&D. Identify and assess key technologies. Assess technologies and interoperability

(U) FY 1998 Plans:

o ($34.474M) Arrow Deployability Project and Support. Initiate AWS integrated flight tests. Evaluate U.S. and Arrow components for electro-magnetic interference. Transfer the results of the AWS tests to U.S. TMD interceptor developers.

o Continue interoperability, lethality, kill assessment and producibility studies.

o ($1.400M) ITB. Continue experiments on near-term improvements to the TMD system and on deployability.

o Provide improved threat model and Arrow II update enhancements.

o ($1.000M) ISA&I. Analyze results of ITB Interoperability experiments. Continue evaluations of the performance of the near-term TMD system based on ADP system engineering flight tests. Continue analysis of TMD refinements for future threats.

o ($1.000M) Israel Cooperative Research and Development. Support U.S. technology base needs. Pursue interoperability with U.S. TMD systems. Transfer design data to U.S. TMD programs.

(U) Acquisition Strategy:

This is a cooperative U.S./Government of Israel (GOI) development program. By completing the Arrow Deployability Project, U.S. TMD programs will be afforded state-of-the-art technical data for program risk reduction and the GOI will have developed information to make a sound Arrow Weapon System deployment decision. The planned ISA&I and ITB efforts will continue to refine the operational tactics and techniques of the fielded near-term TMD system. The IBIS will provide requirements and concept of operations needed for further acquisition strategy development. The U.S. and the GOI, under the umbrella of the various Memoranda of Agreements, share project costs. The U.S. share of total funding is based upon the maturity of the development. Each contract associated with the individual projects is a firm-fixed price (FFP) contract.


FY1995FY1996FY1997FY1998 TOTAL COST
Previous President's Budget48,06856,55844,20047,539196,365
Current Budget Submit39,73352,90637,18037,874167,693

FY1995FY1996FY1997FY1998 TOTAL COST
Previous President's Budget40,00049,06144,30066,300199,661
Current Budget Submit40,61000040,610

Change Summary Explanation:

Funding: Negotiations for an extended ADP reduced the Cooperative R&D budget after the U.S.-GOI agreement to cap Arrow-related programs at $40M per year starting in FY 1997. FY95 funding reduced to fund higher priorities. By Congressional direction, BPI funding was zeroed in FY96 and beyond with the transition of all BPI technology to the AIT program into Project 2259 (PE 0603872C).

Schedule: Planned tests of five flights in FY96 in the ACES project were delayed. Two flights in FY96 and three flights in FY97 are now scheduled.

Technical: None


Related RDT&E:Funding Dependency (Yes1/No)
2257 - PATRIOT (PAC-3) - 0604225CNo
2260 - THAAD - 0603861CNo
1266 - Navy Theater Wide TBMD - 0603868CNo
1265- Boost Phase Interceptor- 0603870CYes
3359System Test & Evaluation, PE 603872CYes
3251System Engineering &
Technical Support, PE 0603872C
3352Modeling and Simulations, PE 0603872CNo
1265Boost Phase Intercept, PE 0603870CNo

1Funding data for related RDT&E efforts that have a funding dependency can be found in the respective project summary/program element.

D. (U) Schedule Profile

FY1996FY1997FY1998FY1999 FY2000
1234123412 3412341234
Engineering Milestone
T&E Milestone
Tech Demo Milestone
Contract Milestone
Complete six Arrow II Flight TestsX
Complete Arrow Interceptor DevelopmentX
Complete ITB EnhancementX
Arrow Weapon System Test CompletionX
Initiate Integrated Flight TestsX
Initiate Arrow Weapon System Flight TestsX
Arrow Weapon System Test Completion X
Engineering Milestonexxbxc
T&E Milestone xd
Tech Demo Milestone
Contract Milestone xe xf

bComplete U.S. Concept/Technical Requirements Development

cComplete Risk Mitigation Program

dComplete Hardware In-the-Loop Demonstrations

eAward Contract for Cooperative U.S./Israeli Risk Mitigation Effort

fAward Contract for Technology Demonstration Effort