FY1998 Missile Defense Budget


FY1998 President's Budget Press Release


The Ballistic Missile Defense Program is structured to respond to existing and emerging ballistic missile threats to the United States, its forward deployed forces, allies, and friends around the world. The highest priority is Theater Missile Defense, (TMD), the next highest priority is National Missile Defense (NMD) and, third priority is an investment in BMD advanced technologies in order to enhance future BMD capabilities for both TMD and NMD.


Recognizing that a single TMD system cannot defend against all the potential theater missile threats or protect the myriad of targets, the Department is pursuing a "family of systems" approach to the theater missile challenge. This family of systems will ensure a defense in depth, using multi-tiered defenses against both long and short-range theater class missiles. In general, these programs include the Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3), Navy Area Defense, Medium-Extended Air Defense System (MEADS), Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), and Navy Theater Wide systems. In addition, the Air Force, in coordination with the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO), is developing a boost-phase intercept system called the Airborne Laser (ABL). Lastly, BMOO is developing the command and control mechanisms that will ensure these systems are interoperable.

PAC-3: The PAC-3 is a mobile, field Army and Corps air defense system, which uses guided missiles to simultaneously engage and destroy multiple targets at varying ranges. The PAC-3 upgrade Program is the latest evolution of the phased material change improvement program to PATRIOT. The material changes will provide improved performance across the spectrum for system and threat intercept performance. The material changes include a new PAC-3 hit-to-kill missile, remote launch capabilities, communications and computer / software improvements, and radar upgrades to improve tracking if and target handling capability against air breathing, ballistic and cruise missile threats. The PATRIOT operates as the ground-based, lower-tier of the TMD system architecture .

Navy Area Theater Ballistic Missile Defense {TBMD): The Navy Area TBMD Program leverages the existing AEGIS cruisers and destroyers equipped with the standard missile. The AEGIS Weapon System will be modified to detect and track TBMs with the AN/SPY-1 radar and engage TBMs with the SM-2 Block IVA missile. Changes from the baseline SM-2 Block IV include addition of an IR Seeker and modifications to the warhead, autopilot and fuse to enable intercept of TBMs. The program includes a phased development with early demonstration of AEGIS TBM detection capability. A User Operational Evaluation System (UOES) is planned to allow early warfighter testing and to provide a limited endo-atmospheric defense capability against tactical ballistic missiles in case of national emergency.

THAAD SYSTEM: The THAAD system fulfills the user requirement for multiple shot opportunities to intercept theater ballistic missile threats. Multiple shot opportunities are necessary to neutralize threats carrying weapons of mass destruction at higher altitudes and longer ranges to achieve the required level of defense.

The THAAD Program is currently in Demonstration / Validation and undergoing a series of flight tests. The program will reach Milestone II in FY 1997. Another key feature of the THAAD Program is the User Operational Evaluation System (UOES). The UOES will allow early operational assessment of system capabilities and provides a limited high endo-exoatmospheric defense capability in case of national emergency.

The THAAD missile portion consists of the interceptor, palletized launcher system (PLS}, and battle management, command, control and communication (BM/C3). The interceptor is a hit-to-kill vehicle incorporating the latest guidance and control and kill vehicle technology. The PLS provides transportation of the missile launch canister and the platform for control and execution of the launch itself. The BM/C3 consists of the communication and data systems required to execute the THAAD mission. The THAAD BMIC3 also provides the interoperability interface into the Theater Air Defense Command and Control system, and provides the interface link to the THAAD radar.

The THAAD radar meets an immediate requirement for a more capable wide-area-defense radar. It provides surveillance and fire control support as an integral part of the THAAD System, and cueing support to lower tier systems such as PATRIOT. The THAAD radar utilizes state-of-the-art radar technology to accomplish its required functions of threat attack early warning, threat type classification, interceptor fire control, external sensor cueing, and launch

and impact point estimation. In particular, the THAAD radar will provide a capability to perform threat classification against tactical ballistic missiles, and kill assessment after intercept. The THAAD radar will undergo a series of integrated characterization tests in preparation for a THAAD System Milestone Il. THAAD radar development activities will be the basis for the NMD-sBR Radar Technology Demonstrator program.

Navy Theater-Wide (NTW) TBMD: The Navy Theater Wide TBMD program will provide an exo-atmospheric sea-based capability to counter medium/long range TBM threats. The program is a Concurrent engineering effort including concept exploration and advanced technical demonstration phases. The concept exploration phase provides for a joint system engineering study of technological alternatives to optimize the NTW interceptor configuration. The advanced technical demonstration begins with preparation for technical demonstration flights based on the current SM-2/AEGIS/LEAP configuration.

Medium Extended Air Defense Svstem MEADS): MEADS will continue to be funded through Project Definition-Validation {PD/V) with a decision in FY 1998 regarding out year funding requirements. The decision will be made at that time, consistent with our international commitments, on the future of the program.

Theater Missile Defense Command, Control, and Communications (TMD C3) : TMD C3 systems provide the framework for synchronizing and integrating TMD operations. TMD C3 is considered an extension of the Commanders'-in-Chief existing air defense command and control structure. The acquisition strategy takes advantage of the large inventory of C3 assets already available in the theater and maximizes the use of existing command center and communications capabilities. This approach minimizes costs and provides an enhanced early combat capability. Some modifications were required to account for the unique features of TMD. The primary focus is on interoperability and the free exchange of improved warning and surveillance data.

Joint TMD support: BMDO funds the costs of critical engineering and support activities associated with the development and testing requirements of TMD systems. This approach results in overall reduced costs by avoiding duplication among the Services while pursuing standardized approaches to threat definition, countermeasures, phenomenology, test and evaluation, user interfaces, technology insertion, target development, and lethality. Centralized systems engineering and BMfC3 definition insure interoperability while meeting user requirements.


The NMD program is in a deployment readiness posture that involves developing hardware that will be used in an FY1999 integrated system test (IFT-5) intended to demonstrate an NMD capability. The acquisition strategy is to complete the development of NMD elements necessary to accomplish this FY 1999 test. In addition, contract strategies are being implemented that will allow for fielding and maintaining an initial NMD system by FY 2003. Program risk is being reduced by performing the maximum nether of system level tests between FY 2000 and FY 2003. Directly supporting the NMD program is the Space Based Infrared System Low Component (funded by the Air Force).

Ground-Besed Interceptor {GBI): The GBI project is continuing to take advantage of prior BMDO interceptor accomplishments to develop a prototype exo-atmospheric kill vehicle (EKV), The emphasis is on demonstrating early term intercept of high-speed, Long-range ballistic missiles. The

EKV must acquire a threat cluster using commit and handover information provided by the NMD system sensors. It must combine the sensor data with the scene that its on-board seeker observes, use its on-board seeker and discrimination algorithms to select the lethal object, and maneuver [divert] to destroy it by force of impact. EKV seeker fly-by tests are planned to demonstrate seeker operation in the actual engagement environment, and reduce risk for subsequent intercept flight tests. Current acquisition strategy calls for both contractors to fly intercept flights in FY 1998 and a down-select to follow. This will support a system demonstration in FY 1999.

Ground-Based Radar (GBR): The NMD Ground Based Radar Prototype (GBR-P) effort is developing an ABM treaty-compliant testbed radar to resolve critical technology issues associated with development of an NMD-GBR and to provide the primary fire control sensor to support integrated NMD system testing at the U . S . Army Kwajalein Atoll missile test range. The effort leverages developments made under the THAAD radar project to resolve the critical issues of discrimination, target object map, kill assessment, and electromechanical scan. It includes algorithm development, real-time software and hardware in the loop simulation, and finally a radar technology demonstration. The software and hardware simulations will be enhanced versions of the TMD models and executed on existing NMD data processors. The NMD-GBR-P will convert existing TMD-GBR Dem/Val radar hardware into a larger limited field-of-view unit with sufficient range to support NMD test requirements. The program will develop required NMD unique software, modify existing TMP operations and applications software, and will be on-line at Kwajalein in FY 1998 and support the system demonstration in FY 1999.

Battle Managemant, Command, Control & Communications (BM/C3 ): The NMD BM/C project is developing a prototype NMD BM/C3 Demonstrator to demonstrate the capability to perform and deploy BMIC, functions t commend control decision support, integrated engagement planning, in-flight target update {IFTU), target object map (TOM) development and transmission, and communications), and to support the NMD System technology deployment demonstration by implementing the inter-element integration (BM/C3 to/from GBI, GBR, SBIRS LEO, and External Systems). The development approach is based on the streamlined acquisition process mandated by OSD and implemented as an evolutionary, incremental development. This development is based on the definition and implementation of an open-system supporting infrastructure, and the incremental balanced development of individual NMD BM/C3 functions to support the evolving NMD architecture test and contingency requirements. Previous NMD BM/C3 developments are selectively integrated into NMD BM/C3 infrastructure to support early demonstration and developmental analysis. Incremental NMO BMfC development continues until objective NMD BMfC3 functional requirements have been implemented to their full capability.

Additionally, an In-Flight Interceptor Communications System (IFICS) prototype is planned for development. The IFICS supports the transmission of BM/C3 IFTU and TOM messages to the in-flight exo-atmospheric kill vehicle (EKV) that are required to refine targeting information and intercept the intended target. This effort will make use of available government communications systems to leverage an NMD IFICS prototype development.

To supplement the NMD BM/C3 element track information requirements in advance of SETS availability, the NMD BM/C3 project is developing software prototypes to demonstrate readiness to modify existing early warning radar systems for an NMD role.

This effort is focused on ensuring that any U.S. NMD system meets all user requirements while providing the proper balance of system performance, lifecycle cost, schedule, and risk. This goal is achieved through a balanced allocation and flowdown of system level technical requirements to the elements, along with the definition of comprehensive integrated test and deployment requirements. Closely aligned with this effort is the evaluation of the system architecture for alternative deployment timelines and associated system maturities, outlining required activities (including schedules and costs,, and defining the impacts of fielding an operationally-effective NMD System in the shortest possible time.


To maintain the vitality of a BMD architecture over time, technologies that provide options for improvements to planned and deployed defenses must be developed. Among the most important technological requirements are capabilities to defeat straightforward countermeasures, counter threat evolution, particularly advanced munitions that complicate an effective defense, reduce the perceived advantages of weapons of mass destruction and the potential for proliferation of currently deployed theater ballistic missile systems, and increase affordability and sustainability as users gain operational experience with deployed systems.

To meet future needs, advanced technology programs are investing in high leverage technologies that yield improved capabilities in kinetic energy interceptors and advanced sensors. Limited directed energy efforts are programmed for developing and validating technologies, and integrating subsystems, leading to a robust global boost phase intercept defense. New technologies and concepts applicable to missile defense are being investigated by the Innovative Sciences program.

Potential high payoffs of the Advanced Technology Program include continuous theater presence that provides defensive capabilities against surprise attack and during the early stages of rapidly escalating conflicts. Technologies that lower the cost of exo- and endo-atmospheric intercepts with a high probability of kill are being explored. These technologies will expand battlespace, enlarge defended areas, and overcome countermeasures. Fused multi-sensor detection and tracking that extends throughout the missile flight path will aid identification and discrimination to support assured targeting.


When the TMD systems are deployed, U.S. forces overseas will have state-of-the-art defensive capability against a broad spectrum of short and longer-range theater-class ballistic missiles. Meanwhile, BMDO is committed to maintaining a well-focused deployment readiness program for

National Missile Defense of the United States. BMDO also will continue to demonstrate advanced technologies as options for enhancing evolving BED systems. The Department of Defense remains committed to ensuring that as new ballistic threats arise, highly effective ballistic missile defenses will be in place to defend U.S. forces and our allies.

logobmdo.gif - 3.9 KFY 98 BMDO FUNDING

( TY $ In Millions)

Note: Procurement Funding in TMD for FY98-03
Has Been Deleted From the BMDO Budget
And Transferred To the Services

logobmdo.gif - 3.9 KFY 98 BMDO FUNDING

( TY $ In Millions)


Ballistic Missile Defense Program
($ Millions)

Navy Theater Wide304195192191191145149
SMTS (AF)231219158172244419925
Airborne Laser (AF)54157297323157183445
Joint Aerostat (Army)2686134110113------
Patriot PAC-3601555471459445433397
Navy Area TMD310 283271351318287263
Joint TMD (BMDO)508545516546551540523
Total BMD Programs3,9803,4903,3673,3473,2323,6304,356

Ballistic Missile Defense Organization Funding

  • HAWK Procurement
  • 13.98014.6650.000
  • TMD BM/C3 Procurement
  • 27.10119.6960.000
  • PAC-3 Procurement
  • 285.989219.4130.000
  • Navy Area Wide
  • 16.2769.1510.000
    Total Procurement343.346262.9250.000
  • Support Tech - Applied Research
  • 96.092102.510101.932
  • Support Tech - Adv Tech Development
  • 130.611251.294147.557
  • THAAD System - Dem / Val
  • 565.818341.307294.647
  • HAWK - Dem / Val
  • 22.8190.0000.000
  • TMD BM/C3
  • 27.1470.0000.000
  • Navy Area Wide - Dem / Val
  • 277.56559.3150.000
  • Navy Theater Wide - Dem / Val
  • 200.442304.171194.898
  • MEADS - Dem / Val (PD-V)
  • 20.12356.23247.956
  • Boost Phase Intercept - Dem / Val
  • 0.00023.27612.885
  • NMD - Dem / Val
  • 730.656828.864504.091
  • Joint TMD - Dem / Val
  • 429.137506.492542.619
  • THAAD System - EMD
  • 0.000277.508261.480
  • TMD BM/C3 - EMD
  • 10.1180.0000.000
  • PAC-3 - EMD
  • 352.547381.092206.057
  • PAC-3 Risk - EMD
  • 23.3580.0000.000
  • Navy Area Wide - EMD
  • 0.000241.330267.822
  • Management
  • 158.7480.0000.000
    Total RTD&E3,045.1813,373.3912,581.944
  • PAC-3
  • 1.3490.0000.000
  • National Missile Defense
  • 0.0000.0000.540
  • Joint Theater Missile Defense
  • 1.6421.4041.965
  • THAAD System
  • 13.1040.0004.565
    Total MILCON16.0951.4047.070
    Total BMDO Program3,404.6223,637.7202,589.014