Milstar I (U)
(U) The Milstar satellite system provides operational forces, especially highly mobile tactical units, secure, survivable, and flexible communications on a worldwide basis. The Milstar system operates in a previously unused part of the radio spectrum: Extremely High Frequency (EHF). This attribute plus other design features, like advanced signal processing and crosslinks, provide unique mission capabilities required by today's warfighters around the globe.
Description User Impact Programmatics Images Related Initiatives Related Requirements Related Categories Road Map Placements Additional Hotlinks Lead Office POC
(U) Milstar communication satellites provide protected (anti-jam) and survivable (anti-scintillation) communication services to maintain freedom of action during the deployment, maneuver, and engagement phases of military operations. Milstar I satellites (Flight 1 and Flight 2) are equipped with an EHF Low Data Rate (LDR) payload which provides 192 highly survivable, minimal essential communications channels at 75 to 2400 bps. The Milstar satellites will be placed in geosynchronous orbits that provide 24 hour coverage from 65 degrees north latitude to 65 degrees south latitude. The EHF frequency band use allows for low probability of interception and detection, and anti-jamming. Satellite cross links allow Milstar satellites to communicate without routing via intermediate ground stations. Combinations of earth coverage, agile, wide and narrow spot beam antennas provide appropriate power levels for each type of earth terminal.
(U) All strategic and nuclear users will migrate to EHF terminals using the Milstar satellites. These SATCOM systems will provide one of two primary means to provide command and control of U.S. strategic nuclear forces.
(U) The first Milstar satellite was launched on 7 Feb 94 and the second was launched on 6 Nov 95.
User Impact (U):
(U) The Milstar satellite system provides operational forces, especially highly mobile tactical units, secure, survivable, flexible communications on a worldwide basis.
Name Title Milstar I Milstar This Table Is Unclassified.
Related Initiatives (U):
Name Title Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) AN/USC-38 (V) AN/USC-38 (V) Automated Comms Management Sys Automated Communications Management System (ACMS) Centaur Centaur Command Post Terminals (CPTs) Command Post Terminals (CPTs) Eastern Range Eastern Range ICBM EHF Terminals Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) EHF Terminals Milstar II Milstar II SCAMP Terminal Single Channel Anti-Jam Man Portable (SCAMP) Terminal SMART-T Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical-Terminal (SMART-T) Titan IVA Titan IVA Titan IVB Titan IVB This Table Is Unclassified.
Related Requirements (U):None.
Related Categories (U):
Name Title EHF Satellite Systems Extremely High Frequency (EHF) Satellite Systems MILSATCOM Military Sattelite Communications Satellite Operations Satellite Operations Spacelift Spacelift This Table Is Unclassified.
Road Map Placements (U):
Name Title Major DoD Space Programs Evolution of the Selected Space Programs MILSATCOM SPACE FORCE ENHANCEMENT: MILSATCOM National Security Space Road Map Integrated System Road Map This Table Is Unclassified.
Requirements, Funding and Additional Hotlinks (U):
Name SPAWAR MILSTAR 1998 Strategic Master Plan MILSTAR Reports MILSATCOM Homepage Sattelite Control ORD (95) RDT&E Budget Item Project 5010 This Table Is Unclassified.
Lead Office (U):
(U) Air Force.
(U) DoD: OASD(C3I), Pentagon, Washington, DC
(U) Service Staff: Air Force: SAF/AQS, HQAF/XOR Pentagon; HQAF/SCM, Pentagon, Washington, DC
(U) Major Command: AFMC, Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles AFB, CA
(U) Program Management: AF PEO (Space), Pentagon, Washington, DC; MILSATCOM Joint Program Office, Los Angeles AFB, CA
Point of Contact (U):
(U) Maj Steven Cliatt, SMC, Open Phone: (310) 336-4475.
Date Of Information (U):
(U) 01 February 1997
(U) Road Map Production Date: 12 July 1999