US Space Command

Headquarters United States Space Command 24 December 1987
Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado 80914-5001



This regulation identifies procedures for obtaining and processing radar electronic countermeasures (RECM) clearances
in the United States. It also establishes procedures for approval or denial of RECM and radar electronic counter-
countermeasures (RECCM) exercises which may affect component commands and units and restricts ECM affecting
missile warning and space surveillance (MW&SS) activities. It applies to HQ USSPACECOM and component com-
mands under the operational command (OPCOM) of the Commander in Chief, United States Space Command

1. References: e. Ensure all activities adhere to security limitations
a. AFR 55-44 Ooint with Army Regulation (AR) and the need to maintain adequate surveillance
105-86, Operational Navy Instruction (OPNAVINST) coverage and space operations.
3430.9C, and US Marine Corps Order (USMCO)
3430. 1 A, Performing ECM in the United States and 3. Responsibilities:
a. USSPACECOM Deputy Director of Command
b. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Hand- and Control Countermeasures Division (j3G):
book 7610.4E, Special Military Operations.
(1) Identifies command and control
c. USSPACECOM Regulation 55-IO(S), countermeasures (C2CM) operational requirements and
USSPACECOM Emergency Actions Procedures (U). recommends policy for units under the operational
d. NORAD Regulation 55-33, Electronic command of USSPACECOM.
Countermeasures (ECM) Clearance Requirements. (2) Coordinates C2CM plans with other agencies
2. Objectives. USSPACECOM objectives are to: and commands who have continuous or overlapping
areas of responsibility.

a. Allow maximum use of RECM and RECCM ex-
ercises by component forces supporting space b. USSPACECOM Space Command Center
operations. (SPACC) Space Director (SD):
b. Minimize adverse effects of RECM and RECCM (1) Approves or denies requests for RECM and
employed by other commands and services in pursuit RECCM training and exercises and in-flight requests
of their own mission objectives, including government which may affect USSPACECOM components or
and contractor-conducted operational test and evalua- units.
tion (OT&E) activities.
(2) Follows procedures for suspending and
c. Protect friendly forces' RECM and RECCM tac- reinstating in-flight RECM activities according to AFR
tics from exploitation by unfriendly electronic in- 55-44. The SD may request immediate termination of
telligence (ELINT) collectors. RECM.
d. Protect USSPACECOM missile warning, space (3) Maintains a record of in-flight RECM
surveillance, and satellite control systems from clearance requests, approvals, denials, suspensions,
unauthorized RECM interference. and reinstatements.

No. of Printed Pages: 3
OPR: J3G (Capt J. Nunamaker and SSgt J. Leukam)
Approved by: Lt Col T. Sherman
Editor: S. Gillespie
Distribution: F;X(Naval Space Command/VNI7, Dahlgren VA 22448-5170 ............................... 5)

2 USSPACECOMR 55-14 24 December 1987

c. USSPACECOM Director of Intelligence (J2): (3) Provides intelligence in support of RECM
(1) Informs SPACC SD of unfriendly signal in- coordination and clearance to include participation in
telligence (SIGINT) collector locations. nonsecure conferencing as required.
(2) Ensures component commands receive ad- 4. Organizational Structure. For C2CM organiza-
visories on unfriendly SIGINT collector locations. tional structure, see figure 1.

Figure 1. USSPACECOM C2CM Involvement.

5. Processing RECM Clearances and Notifications. (2) When the request is completed, the MWC
AFR 55-44 gives coordination requirements for pro- crew commander recommends approval or denial
cessing RECM clearances and notifications within the based upon current or potential degradations of missile
United States. warning and space surveillance sensors and satellite
control systems. In addition, the SOIC and the Indica-
6. Procedures: tions and Warning Center provide the location of
a. For RECM activities affecting USSPACECOM unfriendly SIGINT collectors in the vicinity of the re-
(including external noise), component commands get quested RECM and RECCM activity. The presence
specific concurrence of the USSPACECOM SPACC of SIGINT collectors does not automatically require
SD and the NORAD Command Director (CD). CD or SD denial of the request. Under normal cir-
cumstances, all daily RECM and RECCM requests can
b. Components coordinate all unit-generated ECM be approved. If a special classified RECM exercise is
exercises, including external noise, with the Missile scheduled, the location of a SIGINT collector may dic-
Warning Center 30 minutes and 5 minutes prior to start tate denial of the request. If the request is denied, the
time. Upon initial receipt of an RECM/RECCM re- center denying the request activates the operations loop
quest, a nonsecure conference is convened between the and states the reasons why.
NORAD Command Post (NCP), Space Command (3) The MWC crew commander relays approval
Center (SPACC), Missile Warning Center (MWC), or denial of the clearances.
and the Aerospace Defense Intelligence Center
(ADIC). (4) The CD or SD and MWC crew commander,
(1) For all RECM and RECCM training requests, SSC commander, or SPADOC commander makes sure
the MWC crew commander and SSC or SPADOC RECM are promptly terminated in compliance with
commanders conference the SD and Assistant for restrictions specified in this regulation.
Displays (AD) using the direct line and advise that (5) All personnel ensure classified information
RECM and RECCM is requested. The AD immediate- is not revealed over unsecure communications.
ly conferences the SOIC. When the SOIC answers, the
MWC crew commander, SSC commander, or 7. Restricted Frequencies. USSPACECOM compo-
SPADOC commander directs the site to proceed with nent commands are granted restricted frequencies
the request. within the restricted bands identified in AFR 55-44.

USSPACECOMR 55-14 24 December 1987 3

8. RECM Restrictions: 9. Advanced Alert Condition (LERTCON). At ad-
vanced LERTCONS, the MWC crew commander and
a. Interference with other users of electromagnetic SSC, SPACC, and SPADOC commanders notify ap-
radiations needs to be minimized. Where interference propriate agencies that previously-granted RECM
is possible, the component unit coordinates with all af- clearances are rescinded and deny all subsequent
fected agencies prior to the start of active RECM. This RECM requests.
coordination continues during the training or testing
period to ensure safety and to provide a rapid, effec- 10. Training:
tive response to unexpected or adverse effects.
a. All component commands perform required
b. RECM and RECCM exercise or test reports are simulated or real-world RECM training according to
released only to nations participating in the test or ex- their individual requirements.
ercise. These reports include technical details of elec- b. If any imposed restrictions result in serious train-
tronic warfare (EW) equipment or techniques used for ing deficiencies, notify HQ USSPACECOM Deputy
the test or exercise. DO NOT RELEASE INFORMA- Director of Command and Control Countermeasures

General, USAF
Commander in Chief
Colonel, USAF
Director of Administration