US Space Command

Headquarters United States Space Command
Peterson Air Force Base Colorado 80914-4100 14 April 1993

Administrative Practices


This regulation establishes the United States Space Command
(USSPACECOM) Support to Theater Operations Management Program
(STOMP) and supporting organizational structure. It applies to
Headquarters USSPACECOM, and USSPACECOM component commands. The
purpose of STOMP is to provide a single forum for the management
review, oversight, and approval of initiatives and proposals to
enhance space operations.

Enhances, expands and redefines responsibilities, guidelines and
procedures to include the addition of support to R&D efforts using
operational systems under combatant command of USSPACECOM. The
Flag Officer Steering Group (TOSG) and the AN will review requests
for USSPACECOM support, and determine the level of support
provided; the TOSG will resolve any issues that cannot be resolved
at the working level.

1. References:

1.1. Unified Command Plan (UCP).

1.2. Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP).

1.3. Forces For Unified and Specified Commands.

1.4. JCS Pub 0-2, Unified Action Armed Forces (UNAAF).

1.5. DoD Directive 5100.1, Functions of the Department of Defense
and Its Major Components.

Supersedes UR 11-5, 15 February 1988. (For summary of changes, see
No. of printed pages: 12
OPR: J30T (CDR Robert Goodman)
Approved by: Col Durand E. Cleveland
Editor: Susan E. Gillespie
Distribution: F; X (Naval Space Command/N32, Dahlgren VA 22448-
5170 ............................................................. 5)
2 UR 11-5 14 April 1993

2. General:

2.1. Authority. USSPACECOM is tasked in the calendar year (CY)
93-95 Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP) to provide assured
mission support from space systems throughout the spectrum of
conflict to the National Command Authority (NCA), Chairman Joint
Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), combatant commands and other agencies.
2.2. Program Objectives. The USSPACECOM STOMP was established to
enhance support to unified and specified Commands through more
effective use of space forces by:

2.2.1. Improving operational exploitation of existing space

2.2.2. Developing new operational applications for existing space

2.2.3. Providing support and direction to research and development
initiatives,, experiments and projects which employ operational
forces under combatant command (COCOM) of Commander in Chief,
United States Space Command (USCINCSPACE).

2.2.4. Providing a forum for coordination of theater operations
support activities involving USSPACECOM, its components, and
supported commands and organizations.

2.2.5. Ensuring that risks and possible impacts or degradations to
operational missions are adequately understood and addressed when
operational forces (units and equipment) under USCINCSPACE COCOM
are proposed for use in support of development initiatives,
experiments, or research projects.

2.3. Scope. The STOMP applies to all operational forces under
COCOM of USSPACECOM as well as other space and supporting forces to
the extent that USSPACECOM and its components are engaged in
providing or sponsoring support from these forces to other unified
and specified commands and agencies. The scope of STOMP
encompasses ongoing support to external commands to include
exercises, education and training, demonstrations, planning
activities and operations. It also encompasses new support to
theater operations proposals and initiatives throughout their
development, testing, and fielding. New support activities also
fall within the scope of the STOMP if they: involve significant
risk or change to normal operations; require acquisition of
significant resources or personnel; test concepts which may
significantly affect future operations if implemented; are likely
to be the subject of public controversy; significantly alter
command roles and relationships; or involve foreign nations or non-
DoD organizations. The STOMP does not apply to support requests
that are consistent with normal operations.

2.4. Policy. Below is a summary of existing policy positions

UR 11-5 14 April 1993 3

regarding management of USSPACECOM support to other commands and
organizations. It is the basis on which the STOMP program is
structured. Present to HQ USSPACECOM for review and approval:

2.4.1. All proposals and initiatives involving mission data or
information from USSPACECOM COCOM forces to be released in support
of other commands and organizations.

2.4.2. New external support requirements of USSPACECOM COCOM
forces which have been processed through the appropriate unified or
specified chain of command for presentation to USSPACECOM.
USSPACECOM component commands will maintain dialogue with originat-
ing counterpart commands to facilitate coordination of the
requirement. Support requirements outside the resource capabili-
ties of USSPACECOM shall be identified, then processed through
joint and/or service requirements channels.

NOTE: USSPACECOM and component commands establish and maintain
standing bodies for periodic staff review and coordination of space
activities and operations in support of external commands and

3. Terms and Functions:

3.1. Support to Theater operations Management Program (STOMP).
The STOMP is the USSPACECOM structure responsible for management
direction and control of new initiatives and proposals which employ
operational space forces in support of theater operations. It also
provides the forum for oversight and coordination of support plans
and development activities. The STOMP is comprised of standing and
ad hoc organizations which are the Flag Officer Theater Operations
Steering Group (TOSG) , the Theater Operations Working Group (TWG) ,
and the Coordinating Agency for Technical Support (CATS). It is
also the forum for interface with the national community for
activities involving USSPACECOM and its components.

3.1.1. Space Support to Theater Operations is defined as military,
civil or commercial space based resources used in support of
military theater operations. Categories of Space Support to
Theater Operations include, but are not limited to: communications,
environmental monitoring, navigation, surveillance, missile
warning, and intelligence.

3.2. Flag Officer Theater operations Steering Group (TOSG):

3.2.1. Is chaired by the HQ USSPACECOM Director of Operations
(J3). For review of research and development initiatives and
proposals, J3 will pass chairmanship to the HQ USSPACECOM Director
of Plans (J5).

3.2.2. Meets semiannually or as required to provide guidance,
direction, coordination, and oversight to the STOMP. The TOSG is

4 UR 11-5 14 April 1993

the senior standing body responsible for management oversight of
support initiatives which employ operational space forces.

3.2.3. The TOSG (not a voting forum) is composed of: HQ USSPACECOM Director of Intelligence (J2). HQ USSPACECOM Director of Operations (J3). HQ USSPACECOM Director of Command Control Systems and
Logistics (J4-J6). HQ USSPACECOM Director of Plans (J5). HQ USSPACECOM Director, Center for Aerospace Analysis
(AN). Flag Officer Component Command Representative. HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director for Space Operations (J30)
(serves as executive secretary).

3.3. Theater Operations working Group (TWG). The TWG is the 0-6
level review group comprised of USSPACECOM and component command
staffs responsible for management of activities under purview of
the STOMP and responsive to the TOSG. The TWG:

3.3.1. Is normally chaired by the HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director
for Space Operations (J30). When addressing proposals, initiatives
or other activities within the functional or operational responsi-
bility of another office, the TWG will be co-chaired by the
appropriate deputy director; directive authority will be assumed by
the co-chairman having functional or operational responsibility for
a given issue or area.

3.3.2. Meets quarterly to coordinate and review status of
USSPACECOM and component commands' operational and programmatic
activities relating to the support of theater operations. The TWG
will, also meet in preparatory session to review issues and actions
prior to meetings of the TOSG.

3.3.3. Is composed of permanent representatives from: HQ USSPACECOM Directorate of Intelligence (J2). HQ USSPACECOM Directorate of Operations (J3). HQ USSPACECOM Directorate of Command Control Systems and
Logistics (J4-J6). HQ USSPACECOM Directorate of Plans (J5).

UR 11-5 14 April 1993 5 Center for Aerospace Analysis (AN). Inspector general (IG) as an observer to the TWG. Component commands. Other subject matter experts as required.

NOTE: Once each year, the TWG will formally expand its representa-
tion to include the widest possible participation from national
organizations and other DoD organizations providing space based
support to theater forces.

3.4. Coordinating Agency for Technical Support (CATS):

3.4.1. The CATS is an ad hoc body established upon direction of
the TOSG by the USSPACECOM component having OPCON over the affected
space forces. The CATS will provide technical support to research
and development initiatives as required and will provide the TOSG
with technical appraisals upon request. CATS support may include,
but is not limited to: Information on sensors and sites.

3.4.,I.2. Dissemination architectures or communications under COCOM
of USCINCSPACE which are pertinent to the effort. Scheduling of USSPACECOM assets. Release of required crypto and associated materials. Recommendations on experimental sources of information
which may support the requesting agency. The CATS will ensure support from USSPACECOM assets is
consistent with existing policies. The CATS will coordinate with
the requesting agency on behalf of USSPACECOM. The CATS and/or
Technical Support Liaisons (TSL) and the requesting agency will
provide a briefing to the TOSG through the TWG at established
milestones or as issues arise, but at least semiannually. Addi-
tionally, the CATS shall provide basic information and assistance
to a requesting agency when they are preparing their research and
development proposal for the TOSG.

3.4.2. CATS is composed of: A service component designated lead element for specific
space forces (program office, staff, etc.). Technical Support Liaisons (TSL) as designated by service
components for each research and development initiative or effort
and shall include other components and organizations which have
essential information necessary to the situation or project
6 UR 11-5 14 April 1993

3.4.3. The CATS and TSL will coordinate with USSPACECOM through

3.5. Technical Support Liaison (TSL). The TSL is identified upon
direction of the TOSG by the USSPACECOM component having OPCON over
the affected forces. The TSL is an individual who serves as the
single point of contact within the component command to coordinate
and provide technical support required for R&D initiatives,
experiments, and demonstrations sanctioned by the TOSG. In the
event of multiple options, there will be a TSL for each to ensure
that all potential options are considered.

3.6. Research and development (R&D) initiatives. R&D initiatives
are those which require programming and budgeting of R&D funds for
the development of hardware, software and facilities necessary to
field systems which comprise the initiative. once a project has
been sanctioned by the TOSG, the TSL will fully support the
research and development initiative in accordance with approved
procedures. The TSL will interface with the CATS in providing this

4. Responsibilities:

4.1. HQ USSPACECOM Director of Intelligence (J2):

4.1.1. Is a member of the TOSG (see paragraph 4.2).

4.1.2. Identifies an action officer for the TWG (see paragraph

4.1.3. Provides intelligence subject matter and policy experts to
STOMP as required.

4.2. HQ USSPACECOM Director of Operations (J3):

4.2.1. Has executive responsibility for the USSPACECOM STOMP.

4.2.2. Assigns lead staff responsibility for proposals and initia-
tives under purview of the STOMPS according to whether the
initiatives are principally research and development or operational
in nature.

4.2.3. Chairs the TOSG meetings (see paragraph 4.2).

4.2.4. Provides direction and approval of STOMP activities.

4.2.5. Provides operations subject matter experts to STOMP as

4.2.6. Upon direction of the TOSG performs an operational

UR 11-5 14 April 1993 7

assessment of proposed initiatives.

4.2.7. Becomes office of primary responsibility (OPR) for research
and development initiatives upon satisfactory completion of
developmental testing and evaluation (DT&E).

4.3. HQ USSPACECOM Director of Command Control Systems and
Logistics (J4-J6):

4.3.1. Is a member of the TOSG (see paragraph 4.2).

4.3.2. Identifies an action officer for the TWG (see paragraph

4.3.3. Provides computer and communications subject matter experts
to STOMP as required.

4.4. HQ USSPACECOM Director of Plans (J5):

4.4.1. Is a member of the TOSG (see paragraph 4.2).

4.4.2. Chairs the TOSG when research and development initiatives
(see paragraph 4.2.1)and proposals are being reviewed. Serves as
OPR for such initiatives through completion of developmental tests
and evaluation (DT&E).

4.4.3. Processes requests from components or other agencies
requesting USCINCSPACE support for research and development initia-
tives and proposals involving operational forces under USCINCSPACE
COCOM. Directs establishment of a CATS, if deemed necessary.

4.4.4. Identifies an action officer for the TWG (see paragraph

4.4.5. Serves as a focal point for CATS input to the TOSG.

4.4.,6. Provides plans subject matter experts to STOMP as required.

4.5. HQ USSPACECOM Director, Center for Aerospace Analysis (AN):

4.5.1. Is a member of the TOSG when research and development
initiatives or proposals are being reviewed (see paragraph 4.2).

4.5.2. Identifies an action officer for the TWG (see paragraph

4.5.3. Provides analysis subject matter experts to STOMP as re-

4.5.4. Upon direction from the TOSG, conducts a technical assess-
ment of proposed initiatives.

8 UR 11-5 14 April 1993

4.6. HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Director for Space operations (J30):

4.6.1. Is executive secretary of the TOSG (see paragraph 4.2).

4.6.2. Chairs the TWG (see paragraph 4.3).

4.6.3. Provides deputy director level guidance to STOMP and TENCAP

4.7. HQ USSPACECOM Chief Of Theater operations and Exploitation
Division (J30T):

4.7.1. Implements space based support to theater operations and
activities as directed by the HQ USSPACECOM Director of Operations
(J3). This includes, but is not limited to, development of
specific descriptions for STOMP tasks, justifications, milestones,
and other project management data.

4.7.2. Schedules TOSG meetings, in coordination with HQ USSPACECOM
Director of Operations (J3) upon request of TOSG members.

4.7.3. Schedules and provides administrative support for the
Theater Operations Working Group (TWG).

4.7.4. Participates in Joint Staff, Defense Intelligence Agency
(DIA), and other external reviews, as required, to ensure program
continuity within national and military communities.

4.7.5. Obtains staff support as required.

4.7.6. Acquires and directs contractor support for STOMP activi-

4.7.7. With inputs from OPRS, prepares minutes of the TWG and TOSG
meetings for release by the J30 and J3 respectively.

4.8. Service Component Commands:

4.8.1. Serve as members of the TOSG (see paragraph 4.2).

4.8.2. Identify an action officer for the TWG (see paragraph 4.3).

4.8.3. Designate a CATS to support research and development
initiatives and proposals (see paragraph 4.5).

4.8.5. Designate a Technical Support Liaison Officer for each
system under Operational Control (OPCON), supporting research and
development initiatives being conducted by other components of
agencies involving USSPACECOM COCOM forces. The TSL will act as a
single point of contact to coordinate directly with the requesting
agency. The component having OPCON will ensure full support is
provided to approved research and development efforts in a timely

UR 11-5 14 April 1993 9

manner consistent with the effort's milestones and in accordance
with current NCA, CJCS and USCINCSPACE policies.

4.8.6. The USSPACECOM component which has OPCON over the forces
being used is responsible for: (1) identifying any operational
risk inherent in proposed demonstrations or experiments; (2)
working with the testing agency to mitigate any risk; and (3)
ensuring USCINCSPACE is apprised of operational risks to forces
under his COCOM. In those cases in which two or more
demonstrations or experiments using forces under the COCOM of
USCINCSPACE are being conducted simultaneously, the component with
OPCON will serve as lead for coordinating the multiple demonstra-
tions. This leadership role is to minimize duplication of effort
and assure efficient use of USSPACECOM resources, not to limit or
impact sponsoring agency test objectives.

4.8.7. Support the USSPACECOM STOMP as directed by USCINCSPACE.

4.8.8. Notify HQ USSPACECOM Director of Plans (j5) when it is
envisioned that USCINCSPACE COCOM forces will support research and
development initiatives, experiments, or demonstrations, regardless
of origin of the concept.

4.9. Inspector General (IG):

4.9.1. Is an observer to the TWG.

5. Procedures:

5.1. USSPACECOM of f ices and component commands submit requests f or
a meeting of the TOSG to the HQ USSPACECOM Director of operations
(J3). For research and development proposals, requests should be
submitted to J3 through J5.

5.2. The HQ USSPACECOM Deputy Dircetor for Space Operations (J30)
will schedule meetings of the TWG in preparation for TOSG meetings.
Coordination of attendees and agenda will be accomplished by the
subject matter OPR.

5.3. Service requests for TOSG meetings shall go through component
commands. Defense agency requests should be submitted directly to
USSPACECOM for coordination with the appropriate component.

5.4. The TWG shall consolidate outstanding issues and desired
decisions prior to proceeding to the TOSG.

5.5. J30 will submit a call for the quarterly meetings of the TWG.
The call shall request each component command and appropriate
USSPACECOM staff office brief the TWG on the schedule and status of
planned exercise support, operational planning support, support to
operations, and all active space system support proposals and
initiatives. Additional agenda items may be proposed by TWG members in answer to the call.

10 UR 11-5 14 April 1993

5.6. J30 will publish minutes of all TWG and TOSG meetings.
Project OPRs will draft inputs to minutes and any decision papers
resulting from the meetings.

6. Proposal Evaluation Process: When USSPACECOM, one of its
components, or an external organization formulates a new proposal
to employ operational USSPACECOM space systems or other command
resources in support of other unified commands and agencies, the
proposal shall be brought to the TOSG for review and approval at
specified milestones. Depending upon the proposal, the TOSG may
determine that CINCSPACE approval is required. Proposals will be
evaluated for operability, technical soundness and programmatic
completeness as illustrated in Attachment 1. Proposals which can
be executed within existing resources will not require programmatic
review. A nominal set of milestones for proposal review is
included at Attachment 2. The TOSG may modify the nominal
milestones as appropriate to specific proposals.

General, USAF
Commander in Chief

Lieutenant Colonel, USAP 1. Theater Operations
Director of Innformation Management Steering Group
2. Milestones

11 14 April 1993

UR 11-5 Attachment 2 14 April 1993 12

Milestone #1:
Concept Introduction: Sponsoring organization introduces
the proposal to USSPACECOM and requests assistance with technical
definition and guidance. Milestone 1 is not mandatory for
proposals originated by commands having OPCON over the affected
space forces.

Milestone #2:
Proposal Review: Sponsoring organization presents the
detailed proposal to the TOSG for technical, operational and
programmatic evaluation. upon approval, the proposal enters
DT&E/demonstration phase.

Milestone #3:
Development Test and Evaluation Review: The sponsoring
organization presents DT&E/demonstration results to the TOSG for
review and approval. Upon approval, USSPACECOM commits to
operational support of the proposal and enters the proposal into
operational test and evaluation.

Milestone #4:
Operational Test and Evaluation Review: The operational
organization (in conjunction with the sponsoring command, if not
the same) presents the OT&E results to the TOSG. Upon satisfac-
tory resolution of test discrepancies and TOSG approval, the
proposed initiative transitions to an operational status.