US Space Command


"Series Number"


2 January 1996

Manpower and Organization


This mission directive describes the concept of operations for United States Space Command Joint Space Support Teams (JSST), component space support teams, and the services they provide to unified and service forces.

1. Mission and Responsibilities:

1.1. Mission. JSSTs and component space support teams provide expertise, advice and liaison regarding the application of space systems capabilities for Theater Commanders, Joint Task Forces, and theater component commanders. Space Support Teams (SST) emphasize staff contact and coordination regarding USSPACECOM's assigned missions in order to make space systems' capabilities understandable, and useful for warfare. The four space mission areas are:

1.1.1. Space Forces Support (launch and operate systems).

1.1.2. Space Force Enhancement (i.e., "support to the warfighter" for weather, communications, intelligence, remote sensing (MSI), navigation (GPS) and ballistic missile attack warning).

1.1.3. Space Force Application (application of force through or from space).

1.1.4. Space Control (space surveillance, protection, and counterspace operations to ensure space superiority).

1.2. JSSTs and component support teams will also provide briefings and information back to USSPACECOM staff identifying theater problems and issues, current theater operational plans, current intelligence, and recommendations to improve theater space support.

2. Organization and Command Relations:

2.1. Organization:

2.1.1. SSTs are formed at the joint command level (USSPACECOM), and at the component space command level. Commands which are the focus of SSTs are:


JSSTs USSPACECOM Unified Command/JTF Headquarters

AFSSTs AFSPACE (14AF) Air Force Organizations, Air Component
Commanders, Staff, and Organizations

ARSSTs ARSPACECOM Army Organizations, Land Component
Commanders, Staff, and Organizations

NSSTs NAVSPACECOM Navy Organizations, Sea and Maritime
Component Commanders, Staff and
2.2. Command Relations:

2.2.1. USSPACECOM has three component commands with space missions (see figure 1).

Figure 1. Command Relations Chart.

2.2.2. Operational Control (OPCON) and Tactical Control (TACON) for JSST and components: JSSTs will remain OPCON to USCINCSPACE and TACON to theater CINC. will deploy OPCON to USCINCSPACE and TACON to the land component commander. NAVSSTs will deploy OPCON to USCINCSPACE and TACON to the maritime components. AFSSTs will deploy TACON to the air component commander.

2.2.3. JSSTs deployed to a theater or unified command headquarters are responsible for coordinating the efforts of all deployed SSTs including requests for space support and Situational Report (SITREP) inputs.

3. Services/Tools/System:

3.1. Services. JSSTs and component space support teams are designed to provide space information, support and assistance to warfighting CINCs and their component commands. JSSTs will be prepared to:

3.1.1. Train. JSSTs will provide training and education to support the warfighter at the unified level.

3.1.2. Plan. JSSTs will assist their respective theaters and unified command headquarters with both deliberate (Annex "N") and crisis action planning.

3.1.3. Exercise. JSSTs will participate in exercise and wargame planning for their respective theaters and assist in exercise play.

3.1.4. Deploy. JSSTs deploy in support of Crisis/Contingencies and Exercises.

3.1.5. JSSTs will accomplish other tasks as deemed necessary by their respective theater "customers."

3.2. Tools. JSSTs will be conversant and capable to deliver the respective theater warfighter briefings as prepared by USSPACECOM/J3 (lead agency). The Space Support to the Warfighter briefings are designed to educate and inform, encompass a wealth of information on specific space capabilities tailored to the regional theater. The briefs can be augmented as appropriate, but the basic briefings will not be altered. Specific area warfighter briefings are currently available for: (1) Balkans, (2), Korea, (3) SWA, (4) Algeria, and (5) Libya.

3.3. System. The Theater Space Operations Cell (TSOC) is the combination of equipment, facilities, and personnel intended to enhance USSPACECOM and its components' coordinated space operations support to theater forces. The portable TSOC equipment, consisting of a Silicon Graphics computer and software, will be acquired and operated by each team for deployment, employment and application by the teams and their customers. Use of standardized equipment and software will lead to interoperability between the teams and the same space picture being presented at each level of command. The eventual goal is to migrate TSOC system capabilities to the Global Command and Control System.

4. JSST/Component Teams Composition:

4.1. JSST Team Composition:

4.1.1. JSSTs will be comprised of four teams made up of two or three permanent, full time members per team plus additional staff augmentees from SPJ2, SPJ3, SPJ4, SPJ5 and SPJ6. Teams will be dedicated to the following theaters: USACOM/USSOUTHCOM/USSTRATCOM/NORAD. USCENTCOM/USSOCOM. USPACOM/USFK/USFJ. USEUCOM/USTRANSCOM.

4.2. ARSST Team Composition:

4.2.1. ARSSTs consist of three teams made up of three members per team dedicated to: USACOM/USCENTCOM. USEUCOM/USSOUTHCOM. USPACOM.

4.3. NSST team Composition:

4.3.1. NSSTs consist of three teams dedicated to: East Coast (five members). West Coast (five members). Marines (three members). Teams are further assigned to specific Battle Groups.

4.4. AFSST Team Composition:

4.4.1. AFSSTs consist of four to six members per team dedicated to: PACAF. USAFE. CENTAF. ACC/8AF/12AF. AMC/AFSOC.

5. Coordination:

5.1. JSST External Coordination.

5.1.1. USSPACECOM JSSTs are responsible for complete coordination with: Component SSTs prior to and during deployment/exercise. National Intelligence Support Teams (NIST) prior to and during deployment. Operational Support Office (OSO) prior to and during deployment.

UMD38-2 15 November 1995 5

5.1.2. To improve coordination between component space support teams, NIST, and OSO, USSPACECOM/J3 will sponsor SST meetings at least semi-annually.

5.2. JSST Internal Coordination:

5.2.1. JSSTs fall under J3 but are command representatives and can call upon the full resources of USSPACECOM staff directorates. Staff directorates will augment the JSST as required to support theater CINCs.

6. JSST and Augmentee Operational Employment:

6.1. Mobilization:

6.1.1. Mobilization will be in accordance with established USSPACECOM procedures. JSST and staff augmentee personnel will be available for overseas deployment within 24-hours of notification.

6.1.2. JSST and augmentees are responsible for coordinating and maintaining a complete mobilization kit, to include: Government Passport. Updated Shot Record. NBC Equipment (Gas Mask, Suit, Injectors, etc.). Field Gear. Weapon. Legal (Last Will and Testament, Power of Attorney).

7. Training Requirements:

7.1. Background. JSST member qualifications will be accomplished through an extensive training program.

7.1. JSST Training. USSPACECOM/J3 is responsible for managing and tracking the overall JSST training program.

8. Summary:

8.1. Conclusion. JSSTs together with component space support teams serve a critical role in providing space support to theater operations.

Director of Operations


1. References

2. Terms Explained

3. General

4. Objectives/Goals

5. Responsibilities

6. Procedures

7. Reports

8. Forms Prescribed

9. Tables

10. Figures