(Policies, Treaties and Agreements)


"Trying to define the path from here to there requires the identification of all elements, whether you control them or not."
                    LRP Briefing, January 1998

Our preeminence in space has been secured by decades of brilliant, dedicated work by NASA, the NRO, the Space and Missile Systems Center and its legacy organizations, the Services, USSPACECOM and its Components, several other government agencies and, of course, the greatest space industry in the world. As our capabilities and national dependence on space have grown, more federal agencies and commercial developers have a stake in it. Several military and civil missions are poised to migrate to space and commercial use of space is accelerating. To invest prudently and build the right force structure, we must sharpen or develop our policies on space.

As we began planning, we knew several key policies, agreements, and treaties would require attention. But we didn't fully anticipate the volume that would emerge. As discussed in Chapters 5-8, policy issues arise for all four of our Operational Concepts-Control of Space, Global Engagement, Full Force Integration, and particularly Global Partnerships. Although they are "out of USCINCSPACE's lane," they're essential to shaping our leadership in space for the 21st Century.

Some policies unambiguously belong to particular Services and federal agencies so we look forward to future dialogue. Others issues might require discussion and decisions at the national level, perhaps by an invigorated National Space Council. Regardless of where we find resolution, these concerns are urgent and critical. The broad and varied members of our space com-munity enable USSPACECOM to complete its missions. Though there is no single chain of command, we all need clarifying policy to harness the strengths of our interdependence, improve efficiency, and ensure our nation's continued preeminence in space. Policies, treaties and agreements needing to be addressed, and recommendations (n) are listed below.

  1. Establish National Space Surveillance Network and Sensor Policies
  2. Establish National and International Debris Mitigation Policy
  3. Review Global Surveillance and Sensor Policies and PDD 23
  4. Establish International Shared Characterization of Space High Interest Object Policy
  5. Establish International Space Sovereignty Policy
  6. Review National Commercial Space Launch Act
  7. Establish Communications Acquisition, Interoperability, and Standards Policies
  8. Review Aeronautics and Astronautics Coordination Board (AACB)
  9. Establish International SATOPS Policy
  10. Review ABM Treaty
  11. Review National and Foreign Command and Control Agreements to include Space C2 Issues
  12. Review and Update National and Shared Warning Policies
  13. Establish International METOC/ERM Standardization Policy
  14. Establish Space System Protection, Negation, and Force Application Policies
  15. Establish Space Faring Nations Treaty
  17. USSPACECOM/Industry MOAs
  18. USSPACECOM Interagency MOAs
  19. Review National Space Policy

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