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*AFR 200-2

No. 200-2                                     WASHINGTON, 12 AUGUST 1954


      Unidentified Flying Objects Reporting (Short Title: FLYOBRPT)

               Purpose and Scope . . . . . . . . . . 1
               Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
               Objectives  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
               Responsibility  . . . . . . . . . . . 4
               Guidance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
               ZI Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
               Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
               Evidence  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
               Release of Facts  . . . . . . . . . . 9
1. Purpose and Scope:  This Regulation establishes procedures for information 
and evidence materiel pertaining to unidentified flying objects and sets forth 
the responsibility of Air Force activities in this regard.  It applies to all 
Air Force Activities. 

2. Definitions:

    a. Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOB) relates to any airborne object which 
by performance, aerodynamic characteristics, or unusual features, does not 
conform to any presently known aircraft or missile type, or which cannot be 
positively identified as a familiar object. 

    b. Familiar Objects - Include balloons, astronomical bodies, birds, and so 

3. Objectives: Air Force interest in unidentified flying objects is twofold: 
First as a possible threat to the security of the United States and its forces, 
and secondly, to determine technical aspects involved. 

    a. Air Defense.  To date the flying objects reported have imposed no threat 
to the security of the United States and its Possessions. However, the 
possibility that new air vehicles, hostile aircraft or missiles may first be 
regarded as flying objects by the initial observer is real.  This requires that 
sightings be reported as rapidly and as completely as information permits. 

    b. Technical  Analysis thus far has failed to provide a satisfactory 
explanation for a number of sightings reported.  The Air Force will continue to 
collect and analyze reports until all sightings can be satisfactorily 
explained., bearing in mind that: 

      (1) To measure scientific advances, the Air Force must be informed on 
          experimentation and development of new air vehicles. 

      (2) The possibility exists that an air vehicle of revolutionary 
          configuration may be developed. 

      (3) The reporting of all pertinent factors will have a direct bearing on 
          the success of the technical analysis. 

4. Responsibility:

    a. Reporting.  Commanders of all Air Force activities will report all 
information and evidence that may come to their attention, including that 
received from adjacent commands of the other services and from civilians. 

    b. Investigation.  Air Defense Command will conduct all field 
investigations within the ZI, to determine the identity of any UFOB. 

    c. Analysis.  The Air Technical Intelligence Center (ATIC), Wright-
Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, will analyze and evaluate:  All information and 
evidence reported within the ZI after the Air Defense Command has exhausted all 
efforts to identify the UFOB; and all information and evidence collected in 
overseas areas. 

    d. Cooperation.  All activities will cooperate with Air Defense Command 
representatives to insure the economical and prompt success of an 
investigation, including the furnishing of air and ground transportation, when 

5. Guidance.  The thoroughness and quality of a report or investigation into 
incidents of unidentified flying objects are limited only by the 
resourcefulness and imagination of the person responsible for preparing the 
report.  Guidance set forth below is based on experience and has been found 
helpful in evaluating incidents. 

    a. Theodolite measurements of changes of azimuth and elevation and angular 

    b. Interception, identification, or air search

*This Regulation supersedes AFR 200-2, 26 August 1953, Including Change 200-2A, 
2 November 1953. 

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AFR 200-2

action.  these actions may be taken if appropriate and within the scope of 
existing air defense regulations. 

    c. Contact with local aircraft control and Warning (AC&W) units, ground 
observer corps (GOC) posts and filter centers, pilots and crews of aircraft 
aloft at the time and place of sighting whenever feasible, and any other 
persons or organizations which may have factual data bearing on the UFOB or may 
be able to offer corroborating evidence, electronic or otherwise. 

    d. Consultation with military and civilian weather forecasters to obtain 
data on:  Tracks of weather balloons released in the area, since these often 
are responsible for sightings; and any unusual meteorological activity which 
may have a bearing on the UFOB. 

    e. Consultation with astronomers in the area to determine whether any 
astronomical body or phenomenon would account for or have bearing on the 

    f. Contact with military and civilian tower operators, air operations 
offices, and so forth, to determine whether the sighting could be the result of 
misidentification of known aircraft. 

    g. Contact with persons who might have knowledge of experimental aircraft 
of unusual configuration, rocket and guided missile firings, and so forth in 
the area. 

6. ZI Collection.  The Air Defense Command has a direct interest in the facts 
pertaining to UFOB's reported within the ZI and has, in the 4602d Air 
Intelligence Service Squadron (AISS), the capability to investigate these 
reports.  The 4602d AISS is composed of specialists trained for field 
collection and investigation of matters of air intelligence interest which 
occur within the zone of the ZI.  This squadron is highly mobile and deployed 
throughout the ZI as follows:  Flights are attached to air defense divisions, 
detachments are attached to each of the defense forces, and the squadron 
headquarters is located at Peterson Field, Colorado, adjacent to Headquarters, 
Air Defense Command.  Air Force activities, therefore, should establish and 
maintain liaison with the nearest element of this squadron.  This can be 
accomplished by contacting the appropriate echelon of the Air Defense Command 
as outlined above. 

    a. All Air Force activities are authorized to conduct such preliminary 
investigation as may be required for reporting purposes; however, 
investigations should not be carried beyond this point, unless such action is 
requested by the 4602d AISS. 

    b. On occasions - after initial reports submitted - additional data is 
required which can be developed more economically by the nearest Air Force 
activity, such as narrative statements, sketches, marked maps, charts, and so 
forth.  Under such circumstances, appropriate commanders will be contacted by 
the 4602d AISS. 

    c. Direct communication between echelons of the 4602d AISS and Air Force 
activities is authorized. 

7. Reporting.  Information relating to unidentified flying objects will be 
reported promptly.  The method (electrical or written) and priority of the 
dispatch will be selected in accordance with the apparent intelligence value  
of the information.  In most instances, reports will be made by electrical 
means:  Information over 24 hours old will be given a "deferred" precedence.  
reports over 3 days old will be made by written report prepared on AF Form 112, 
Air Intelligence Information report, and AF Form 112a, Supplement to AF Form 

    a. Addressees:
      (1) Electrical Reports.  All electrical reports will be multiple 
          addressed to: 
        (a) Commander, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, Colorado 
            Springs, Colorado. 
        (b) Nearest Air Division (Defense) (For ZI only.) 
        (c) Commander, Air Technical Intelligence Center, Wright-Patterson Air 
            Force Base, Ohio. 
        (d) Director of Intelligence, Headquarters, USAF, Washington 25, D.C. 
      (2) Written Reports: 
        (a) Within the ZI, reports will be submitted direct to the Air Defense 
            Command. Air Defense Command will reproduce the report and 
            distribute it to interested ZI intelligence agencies.  The original 
            report together with the notation of the distribution effected then 
            will be forwarded to the Director of Intelligence, Headquarters, 
            USAF, Washington 25, D.C. 
        (b) Outside the ZI, reports will be submitted direct to the Director of 
            Intelligence, Headquarters, USAF, Washington 25, D.C. as prescribed 
            in "intelligence Collection Instructions" (ICI), June 1954. 
    b. Short Title.  "UFOB" will appear at the beginning of the text of 
electrical messages and in the subject of written reports. 
    c. Negative Data.  The word "negative" 

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                                                              AFR 200-2

in reply to any numbered item of the report format will indicate that all 
logical leads were developed without success.  The phrase "not applicable" 
(N/A) will indicate that the question does not apply tot he sighting being 

    d. Report Format  Reports will include the following numbered items: 
      (1) Description of the object(s): 
        (a) Shape 
        (b) Size compared to known object (use one of the following terms: Head 
            of a pin, pea, dime, nickel, quarter, half dollar, silver dollar, 
            baseball, grapefruit, or basketball) held in the hand at about arms 
        (c) Color. 
        (d) Number. 
        (e) Formation, if more than one. 
        (f) Any discernible features or details. 
        (g) Tail, trail, or exhaust, including size of same compared to size of 
        (h) Sound.  If heard, describe sound. 
        (i) Other pertinent or unusual features. 
      (2) Description of course of object(s): 
        (a) What first called the attention of the observer(s) to the 
        (b) Angle of elevation and azimuth of the objects when first observed. 
        (c) Angle of elevation and azimuth of the objects upon disappearance. 
        (d) Description of flight path and maneuvers of object(s). 
        (e) Manner of disappearance of objects(s) 
        (f) Length of time in sight 
      (3) Manner of observation: 
        (a) Use one or a combination of the following items:  Ground-visual, 
            ground-electronic, air-electronic. (If electronic, specify type of 
        (b) Statement as to optical aids (telescopes, binoculars, and so forth) 
            used and description thereof. 
        (c) If the sighting is made while airborne, give type of aircraft, 
            identification number, altitude, heading, speed and home station. 
      (4) Time and date of sighting: 
        (a) Zulu time-date group of sighting. 
        (b) Light conditions (use one of he following terms): Night, day, dawn, 
      (5) Locations of observer(s).  Exact latitude and longitude of each 
          observer or Georef position, or position with reference to a known 
      (6) Identifying information of all observer(s): 
        (a) Civilian - Name, age, mailing address, occupation. 
        (b) Military - Name, grade, organization, duty, and estimate of 
      (7) Weather and winds-aloft conditions at time and place of sightings: 
        (a) Observer(s) account of weather conditions. 
        (b) Report from nearest AWS or U.S. Weather Bureau Office of wind 
            direction and velocity in degrees and knots at surface, 6,000', 
            10,000', 16,000', 20,000', 30,000', 50,000', and 80,000', if 
        (c) ceiling. 
        (d) Visibility. 
        (e) Amount of cloud cover. 
        (f) Thunderstorms in area and quadrant in which located. 
      (8) Any other unusual activity or condition, meteorological, 
          astronomical, or otherwise, which might account for the sighting. 
      (9) Interception and identification action taken.  (Such action may be 
          taken whenever feasible, complying with existing air defense 
     (10) Location of any air traffic in the general area at the time of the 
     (11) Position title and comments of the preparing officer, including his 
          preliminary analysis of the possible cause of the sighting(s). 

     (12) Security. Reports should be unclassified unless inclusion of data 
          required by c and d below mandates a higher classification. 

8. Evidence.  The existence of physical evidence (photographs or materiel) will 
be promptly reported. 
    a. Photographic:
      (1) Visual:  the negative and two prints will be forwarded, all original 
          film, including wherever possible both prints and negatives, will be 
          titled or otherwise properly identified as to place, time, and date 
          of the incident 

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AFR 200-2

          (see "Intelligence Collection Instructions" (ICI), June 1954)
      (2) Radar  Two copies of each print will be forwarded.  Prints of 
          radarscope photography will be titled in accordance with AFR 95-7 and 
          forwarded in accordance with AFR 95-6.

    b. Materiel  Suspected or actual items of materiel which come into the 
       possession of any Air Force Echelon will be safeguarded in such manner 
       as to prevent any defacing or alteration which might reduce its value 
       for intelligence examination and analysis. 

9. Release of Facts:  Headquarters USAF will release summaries of evaluated 
data which will inform the public on this subject.  In response to local 
inquiries, it is permissible to in form news media representatives on UFOB's 
when the object is positively identified as a familiar object (see paragraph 
2b), except that the following type of data warrants protection and should not 
be revealed:  Names of principles, intercept and investigation procedures, and 
classified radar data.  For those objects which are not explainable, only the 
fact that ATIC will analyze the data is worthy of release, due to many unknowns 

    By Order of the Secretary of the Air Force:

Official:                           N.F. Twining
                                    Chief of Staff, United States Air Force
Colonel, USAF
Air Adjutant General

  S; X
     ONI, Department of the Navy 200
     G-2, Department of the Army 10




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