"Long Title - Type In All Capital Letters"
NORAD REGION GROUND ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
This North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) instruction defines NORAD region and sector ground environment resources, geographical areas of responsibility (AOR), and AOR expansion capabilities. It applies to forces under the operational control (OPCON) of the Commander in Chief, NORAD (CINCNORAD), including all NORAD regions, assigned units, and contractors. This regulation applies to the Air National Guard (ANG) when published in the ANGIND 2. This does not apply to the Air Force Reserve (AFRES).
SUMMARY OF REVISIONS
This revision updates the CONUS (Continental United States) NORAD Region sectors, sector boundaries, operational radar sites and site numbers, equipment types, and expansion procedures/tapes.
NORAD Area of Operations 1.1
Site Equipment and Type 1.2
Terms Defined 1.3
Chapter 2--CONUS NORAD Region
Southeast Air Defense Sector (SEADS) 2.2
Northeast Air Defense Sector (NEADS) 2.3
Western Air Defense (WADS) 2.4
Chapter 3--Regional Expansion Responsibilities
Timing Criteria 3.2
Acceptance of Responsibility 3.4
Reporting Procedures 3.5
Alaskan NORAD Region Outages 3.6
Communication Outages 3.7
Exercising Expansion Procedures 3.8
Chapter 4--Alaskan NORAD Region
Chapter 5--Canadian NORAD Region
Canada East Sector Operations Control Center (SOCC) 5.2
Canada West Sector Operations Control Center 5.3
2.1 SEADS 5
2.2 SEADS Ground Environment Facilities 5
2.3 SEADS Associated ARTCCs 6
2.4 NEADS 6
2.5 NEADS Ground Environment Facilities 7
2.6 NEADS Associated ARTCCs 7
2.7 WADS 8
2.8 WADS Ground Environment Facilities 8
2.9 WADS Associated ARTCCs 9
3.1 Eastern Expansion Tape 11
3.2 Western Expansion Tape 11
3.3 Alaskan Expansion Sites 12
4.1 Alaskan NORAD Region 12
4.2 Alaskan NORAD Region Ground Environment Facilities 13
5.1 Canada East 14
5.2 Canada East Ground Environment Facilities 14
5.3 Canada East Associated ACCs 14
5.4 Canada West 15
5.5 Canada West Ground Environment Facilities 15
5.6 Canada West Associated ACCs 16
1.1 NORAD Configuration 4
1.1. NORAD Area of Operations. Coordinates for primary geographical area and facilities for each region under the operational control of each region commander are assigned and detailed in this regulation. Figure 1.1 depicts the three NORAD regions.
1.2. Site Equipment and Type. Use the following to interpret tables found in subsequent chapters:
22.214.171.124. 1 = Search/Selective Identification Feature (SIF), and Height data plus Ground/Air/Ground (G/A/G) radios.
126.96.36.199. 2 = Search/SIF and Height data.
188.8.131.52. 3 = Search/SIF.
184.108.40.206. 4 = Search/SIF and G/A/G.
220.127.116.11. 5 = Search data only.
18.104.22.168. 6 = Ground/Air Transmit/Receive (GATR) only.
22.214.171.124. 7 = SIF only.
126.96.36.199. 8 = Search and G/A/G.
188.8.131.52. M = Military.
184.108.40.206. F = Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
220.127.116.11. J = USAF/FAA joint use.
18.104.22.168. MC = Military Contract.
22.214.171.124. TC = Transport Canada.
1.3. Terms Defined:
1.3.1. Air Control Centre (ACC). Transport Canada counterpart to Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC).
1.3.2. Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC). A facility established to provide air traffic control service to aircraft operating on instrument flight rules (IFR) within controlled airspace and principally during the en route phase of flight. When equipment capability and workload permit, certain advisory assistance services may be provided to aircraft operating under visual flight rules (VFR).
1.3.3. Ground Environment Facilities. Radar and radio facilities used for surveillance and aircraft control.
Figure 1.1 NORAD Configuration
CONUS NORAD REGION
2.1.1. Geographical Area. Encompasses three air defense sectors: Southeast, Northeast, and Western. See figure 1.1.
2.1.2. Command and Control Facility. The CONUS Region Operations Control Center (ROCC) is located at Tyndall AFB FL.
2.1.3. Ground Environment Facilities. Radar and radio sites as listed in tables 2.2, 2.5, and 2.8.
2.2. Southeast Air Defense Sector (SEADS):
2.2.1. Geographical Area. Refer to table 2.1 .
DIRECTION LATITUDE LONGITUDE
Beginning at 32-00 072-00
West along 32-00N to 32-00 074-00
North to 34-14 073-57
Northwest to 36-00 076-00
West along 36-00N to 36-00 097-00
South along 97-00W 24-00 097-00
East along 24-00 to 24-00 072-00
Table 2.1 SEADS
2.2.2. Command and Control Facility. The Sector Operations Control Center (SOCC) is located at Tyndall AFB FL.
2.2.3. Ground Environment Facilities. See table 2.2.
Table 2.2. SEADS Ground Environment Facilities
SITE EQUIP TYPESITE EQUIP TYPE
J02 Fort Fisher AFS NC 4 J J12 Citronelle AL 3 F
J03 Jedberg SC 4 J J13 Slidell LA 4 J
J04 Whitehouse FL 4 J J14 Lake Charles LA 4 MC
J05 Patrick AFB FL 4 J J15 Ellington AFB TX 4 J
J06 Tamiami FL 4 J B46 Matagorda TX (Aerostat) 3 MC
J07 NAS Key West FL 4 J B90 Morgan City LA (Aerostat) 3 MC
J09 Ft Lonesome FL 4 J B92 Horseshoe Beach FL (Aerostat) 3 MC
J10 Cross City FL 4 J B94 Cudjoe Key FL (Aerostat) 3 MC
J11 Tyndall AFB FL 4 J East Coast Radar System (ECRS) 5 MC
Bangor ME (in storage)
2.2.4. Associated ARTCCs: See table 2.3.
Table 2.3 SEADS Associated ATRCCs
2.3. Northeast Air Defense Sector (NEADS):
2.3.1. Geographical Area. Refer to table 2.4 for specific information.
Table 2.4 NEADS
DIRECTION LATITUDE LONGITUDE
Beginning at 39-00 063-45
Northwest to 43-00 065-48
Northwest to US/Canadian border at 44-40 067-00
West along US/Canadian border to 49-00 097-00
South along 97-00W to 36-00 097-00
East along 36-00N to 36-00 076-00
Southeast to 34-14 073-57
Southeast to 32-00 074-00
East along 32-00N to 32-00 072-00
2.3.2. Command and Control Facility. The SOCC is located at Rome NY.
2.3.3. Ground Environment Facilities. See table 2.5.
Table 2.5 NEADS Ground Environment Facilities
SITE EQUIP TYPE
J01 NAS Oceana VA 4 J
R51 Barrington NS 1 M
J50 The Plains VA 3 F
J51 Gibbsboro AFS NJ - J
J52 Riverhead NY 4 J
J53 North Truro AFS MA 4 J
J54 Bucks Harbor ME 4 J
J55 Remsen NY 4 J
J56 Dansville NY 3 F
G56 Sandborn/Lockport NY 6 M
J58 Empire MI 3 F
J60 Nashwauk MN 4 J
J61 Trevose PA 3 F
J62 Detroit/Canton MI/OH 3 J
G62 Alpena (CRTC) MI 6 M
G63 Plattsburg NY 6 M
G51 McGuire AFB NJ 6 M
ECRS Bangor ME ( in storage) 5 MC
2.3.4. Associated ARTCCs: See table 2.6.
Table 2.6 NEADS Associated ARTCCs
2.4. Western Air Defense Sector (WADS)
2.4.1. Geographical Area. Refer to table 2.7 for specific information.
DIRECTION LATITUDE LONGITUDE
Beginning at 48-20 132-00
East along 48-20N to 48-20 128-00
Northeast to 48-30 125-00
Southeast to 48-29'30" 124-43'35"
East along US/Canadian border to 097-00
South along 097-00W to US/Mexico border
Northwest along US/Mexico border to 32-30 117-23
South-Southeast to 27-00 115-30
West along 27-00N to 27-00 124-30
Table 2.7 WADS
2.4.2. Command and Control Facility. The SOCC is located at McChord AFB WA.
2.4.3. Ground Environment Facilities. See table 2.8.
SITE EQUIP TYPE SITE EQUIP TYPE
J75 Finley ND 4 J J29 Phoenix AZ 3 J
J76 Watford City ND 4 J J28 Silver City NM 4 J
J77 Malmstrom AFB MT 4 J J27 El Paso TX 4 J
J78 Kalispell MT 4 J J26 Odessa TX 4 J
J79 Mica Peak WA 4 J G25 Laughlin AFB TX 6 M
J80 Makah AFS WA 4 J J25 Sonora TX 3 F
J81 Salem OR 4 J J16 Oilton TX 4 J
J82 Keno OR 4 F B40 Yuma AZ (Aerostat) 3 MC
J83 Crescent City CA 4 J B41 Ft Huachuca (Aerostat) 3 MC
G84 McChord WA 6 M B42 Deming NM (Aerostat) 3 MC
G85 Roy MT 6 M B43 Marfa TX (Aerostat) 3 MC
G86 Lakeview OR 6 M B44 Eagle Pass (Aerostat) 3 MC
G35 Lompoc CA 6 M B45 Rio Grande TX (Aerostat) 3 MC
J34 Point Arena AFS CA 4 MC T01 Harlingen TX 3 F
J33 Mill Valley AFS CA 4 J T02 Laughlin TX 3 F
J32 Paso Robles CA 4 J T03 El Paso TX 3 F
J31 San Pedro AFS CA 3 J T04 Tucsan AZ 3 F
J30 Mt Laguna AFS CA 4 J T05 Yuma AZ 3 F
G36 San Clemente Is CA 6 M T06 Miramar CA 3 F
G29 Mt Lemmon AZ 6 M West Coast Radar System 5 MC
(WCRS) Mountain Home ID (in storage)
Table 2.8 WADS Ground Environment Facilities
2.4.4 Associated ARTCCs: See table 2.9.
Table 2.9 WADS Associated ARTCCs
Salt Lake City
REGIONAL EXPANSION RESPONSIBILITIES
3.1. General. Expansion is conducted by the CONUS NORAD sectors to provide continuity of operations when possible or practical during peacetime, transition, and wartime. Regions coordinate ROCC/SOCC system downtime according to NR 55-17, Requesting, Scheduling and Approving Region System Downtime. Peacetime expansion uses the Joint Surveillance System (JSS) peacetime communications configuration. During crisis situations, regions request and provide contingency or additional communications according to provisions of the National Security Emergency Act. The Alaskan NORAD Region does not expand into the CONUS and no expansion capability exists for the Canadian NORAD Region. Functions within expansion include identification, surveillance, and limited control.
3.1.1. Peacetime. During peacetime, surveillance within air defense identification zones must be provided by accessing sufficient radar sites to provide coverage to accomplish the air sovereignty mission. If a protracted outage occurs, regions request additional communications under the provisions of the National Security Emergency Act. The minimum required information available to the expanded region during peacetime includes: search, SIF, height (if available) and G/A/G communications. Manual tell may be required to provide some information (e.g. air movement data (AMD)). G/A/G communications include, as a minimum, airborne intercept control common (AICC), UHF Guard and two tactical channels. Manual data inputs provided to the expanding SOCC from the non-mission capable ROCC/SOCC may include, but are not limited to: fighter status, weather information, and AMD.
3.1.2. Transition and Wartime. The capability provided for peacetime expansion is the basis for expanding during transition and wartime periods. If more circuits are needed based on strategic information, request them through the provisions of the National Security Emergency Act.
3.2. Timing Criteria. To determine whether to request expansion or not, base the decision on how quickly the problem can be isolated and repaired. Determine the problem and estimated time to return to operations (ETRO) within 5 minutes of the outage. If the ETRO is 20 minutes or less, expansion is not initiated. If the ETRO is more than 20 minutes or if the problem cannot be isolated within 5 minutes, initiate expansion. If after the problem has been isolated and a 20-minute ETRO has been established, it becomes clear the ETRO cannot be met, initiate expansion.
3.3. Prioritization. Consider expansion a dynamic situation. Surveillance and G/A/G coverage may vary depending upon activity in a specific area. When expansion is ordered, the expanding sector picks up sites on a priority basis with coastal sites being first, followed by other sites of high priority to complete the air defense picture. The CONUS NORAD Region (CONR) sectors are responsible for establishing and following this criteria. In the event designated units and or facilities are non-operational, senior directors (SD) may determine which, if any, substitute sites are picked up. The SD may also change the prioritization based on reliable threat indicators. In all cases, the expanding SOCC ties in the maximum number of sites within its capability. As a minimum, circuit requirements for operational control consist of one data circuit for each site reporting to the expanded SOCC, G/A/G circuits to accommodate AICC, UHF Guard and two tactical channels for designated sites.
3.4. Acceptance of Responsibility:
3.4.1. When Full Communication Service (FCS) shows data and tactical radio line hookup complete, and the expanded area is displayed and running on the consoles, the expanding sector commander or designated representative has full air defense responsibility for the non-mission capable (NMC) region or sector. Tactical control (TACON) of forces assigned to the NMC region or sector (the parent region or sector) will be transferred to expanding sector when the expanding sector SD has notified the NMC region or sector SD that FCS hookup is complete. Operational control (OPCON) of forces remains with the NMC region or sector under the expansion concept as long as the NMC region or sector has communications with the expanding sector. The NMC region or sector executes scramble actions and coordinates with FAA agencies upon request of the expanding sector. AMD information is passed by the NMC region or sector identification (ID) personnel to the expanding sector ID personnel for associated ARTCCs where no Air Movement Information Service (AMIS) line is installed. TACON returns to the parent region or sector when the NMC condition no longer exists and the SDs have coordinated the transfer.
3.4.2. During periods when communications do not exist with the NMC region or sector, the expanding sector assumes both OPCON and TACON of the NMC region or sector forces. The expanding sector uses all available means to establish communications with the appropriate FAA facilities and alert fighter bases in the NMC region or sector's area.
3.4.3. The expanding sector will report to job control all lines that were not established by FCS and determine the priority for restoration based on area of activity, if any.
3.4.4. All outage and status reports for the NMC region or sector's area are forwarded according to NR 55-1, Aerospace Reporting System, by the expanded sector (information will also be forwarded to the NMC region or sector).
3.5. Reporting Procedures. When a sector or region becomes NMC and expansion is initiated, the expanding sector notifies the CONUS ROCC and the NMC region or sector subordinate units via telephone. The expanding sector sends an OPREP-3 voice message to CONR and a hard copy OPREP-3 IAW NR 55-1 (not required for scheduled outages). The CONR ROCC then notifies the Air Defense Operations Center (ADOC). During periods of increased readiness, report changes of command and control IAW NR 55-5, Vol III (S), NORAD Emergency Action Procedures (U).
3.5.1. NORAD Eastern Expansion Tape. This is used by the SEADS when the NEADS is NMC, by the NEADS when the SEADS is NMC, or by the SEADS when the WADS is NMC and the NEADS is expanding into the WADS. The eastern tape contains the appropriate geography and adaptation data as depicted in table 3.1.
Table 3.1 Eastern Expansion Tape
Site Designator Site Designator
Bucks Harbor ME J54 Tamiami FL J06
North Truro MA J53 Key West FL J07
Riverhead NY J52 Cudjoe Key FL B94
Trevose PA J61 Ft Lonesome FL J09
The Plains VA J50 Cross City FL J10
Oceana VA J01 Tyndall FL J11
Ft Fisher NC J02 Citronelle AL J12
Jedburg SC J03 Slidell LA J13
Whitehouse FL J04 Lake Charles LA J14
Patrick FL J05 Ellington TX J15
Note: To avoid track loading limits it may be necessary to deselect some of the above radars during expansion. The expanding sector will coordinate radar priorities with CONR.
3.5.2. Western Expansion Tape. Used by the NEADS when the WADS is NMC. The western tape will contain, as a minimum, the geography and adaptation data depicted in table 3.2. Additional sites can be selected as system limits allow.
Table 3.2 Western Expansion Tape
Site Designator Site Designator
Makah WA J80 Odessa TX J26
Salem OR J81 Sonora TX J25
Crescent City CA J83 Oilton TX J16
Point Arena CA J34 Laughlin AFB TX G25
Mill Valley CA J33 Mt Lemmon AZ G29
Paso Robles CA J32 Lompoc CA G35
San Pedro AFS CA J31 Yuma AZ B40
Mt Laguna CA J30 Ft Huachuca AZ B41
Phoenix AZ J29 Deming NM B42
Silver City NM J28 Marfa TX B43
El Paso TX J27 Eagle Pass TX B44 Rio Grande B45
3.6. Alaskan NORAD Region Outages:
3.6.1. During outages of short duration, the WADS will not expand into the Alaskan Region. In the event the Alaskan NORAD Region suffers a catastrophic outage with an extended ETRO, the WADS may be tasked to expand into the Alaskan Region. Sites to be picked up by the WADS via satellite are as depicted in table 3.3.
Site Designator Site Designator
Cold Bay AK A08 Cape Lisburne AK A13
Cape Newenham AK A09 Point Barrow AK A17